四川省成都市石室中学 2014 届高三上学期“一诊模拟”考试(二)英语试题
本试卷分第 I 卷(选择题)和第 II 卷(非选择题)两部分。
第一部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 40 分）
第一节 语法和词汇知识（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 1. --It’s a lovely day, isn’t
it? --Yes. I love _______ when the weather is like this. A. this B. that C. it D. one 2. Don’t hurry me. One more minute, _______ I will solve this problem. A. or B. so C. but D. and 3. What’s the _______ of having a public open space where you can’t eat, drink or even simply hang out for a while? A. sense B. matter C. case D. opinion 4. Can you image that a well-behaved gentleman _______ be so rude to a lady? A. might B. need C. should D. would 5. --What did you say? I’m sorry, Mrs White, but … --So you _______ to me, Peter. A. haven’t listened B. weren’t listening C. don’t listen D. hadn’t listened 6. The protection of our environment is not _______ to be left to the government. Everyone should be concerned. A. something B. anything C. nothing D. everything 7. Children under six are not _______ to school except those of extraordinary intelligence. A. permitted B. admitted C. accepted D. received 8. He can speak four languages, _______ English, French, Japanese, and Chinese. A. such as B. for instance C. for example D. namely 9. – Tom didn’t pass the English test. -- _______. She is better than any of us in English. A. No wonder B. Don’t mention it C. Come on D. I’m not sure 10. The news of his death shocked the public, _______ to great concern about students’ safety at school. A. having led B. leading C. being led D. to have led 第二节 完形填空 （共 20 小题）(共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项， 并在机读卡上将该项涂黑。 One Monday morning, news got 11 in the schoolyard about a fire over the weekend. Soon Mr. Smith, my teacher, came to explain that the Art class would be 12 due to the fire. He also warned us not to approach the Art Room because it could be dangerious.
During the morning break, Kirn and I decided to take a 13 . A first hand observation would make us heroes at lunch. At the appointed time, Kirn and I 14 the Art Room, ignoring the consequence I would face 15 I got caught. We stood on tiptoes looking hard 16 the door window, trying in vain to see 17 was forbidden. Suddenly a firm 18 on our shoulders stopped us. Turing around, I found a teacher staring angrily at us. In those seconds millions of 19 flashed through my mind. My father would beat me hard. 20 than that, my mom might be so mad that she might not stop him. My spirits 21 even lower while realizing how 22 Mr. Smith would be. When Kirn and I were led back to our classroom, I could found 23 to hide and wanted to melt into the 24 . However, Mr Smith had a different 25 to teach. Slowly, he bent down to look me in the eyes, and I was met with a look of concern 26 anger. He spoke softly as he explained why he was 27 in my decision to go where I may have got hurt. He cared more about my 28 than the fact that I’d broken a rule. My heart was 29 with regret, and I discovered that he still loved me even after I disappointed him. The rest of the day, he didn’t even mention it in class publicly, nor did he tell my parents. For the first time I felt the 30 of being given an unexpected second chance. 11. A. over B. out C. around D. across 12. A. cancelled B. examined C. confirmed D. suggested 13. A. test B. risk C. check D. chance 14. A. searched B. appeared C. entered D. reached 15. A. if B. unless C. as D. until 16. A. over B. within C. through D. across 17. A. what B. how C. why D. which 18. A. word B. hold C. cry D. order 19. A. excuses B. feelings C. solutions D. thoughts 20. A. Easier B. Less C. More D. Worse 21. A. changed B. lifted C. sank D. lost 22. A. strange B. angry C. kind D. sad 23. A. somewhere B. anywhere C. nowhere D. everywhere 24. A. fire B. laugh C. table D. floor 25. A. course B. lesson C. knowledge D. ability 26. A. rather than B. more than C. other than D. less than 27. A. embarrassed B. excited C. disappointed D. moved 28. A. grade B. honesty C. interest D. safety 29. A. full B. heavy C. relaxed D. empty 30. A. power B. strength C. purpose D. secret
第二部分：阅读理解(共两节，满分 50 分)
第一节 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中，选出最佳选项，并在 答题卡上将该项涂黑。(共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分) A Once Dr. Mellinkoff invited me to join him at the hospital to discuss interesting cases with his students. The case at hand was a Guatemalan man, aged 34, who had a fever and many other medical problems. His condition was not improving, and there was not much hope he would live. Dr. Mellinkoff asked to see the patient. He introduced himself in Spanish and, in a very gentle voice, asked how he felt. The patient smiled and said everything was all right. Then the doctor asked if he was able to eat. The patient said that he had no desire to eat.
“ Are you getting food you like? ” The patient said nothing. “ Do you get the kind of food you have at home? ” The answer was no. The doctor put his hand on the man’s shoulder and his voice was very soft. “ If , you had food that you liked , would you eat it? ” “ Yes , yes. ” the patient said. The change in the patient’s appearance couldn’t have been more obvious. Nothing was said , but it was easy to tell that a message had been sent and had also been received. Later, the doctor asked why the Guatemalan man wasn’t getting food he could eat. One of the students said, “ We all know how difficult it is to get the kitchen to make special meals. ” “ Suppose, ” the doctor replied, “ you felt a certain medicine was absolutely necessary but that our hospital didn’t carry it, would you accept defeat or would you insist the hospital meet your request? ” “ I would probably insist, ” the student said. “ Very well, ” the doctor said. “ You might want to try the same method in the kitchen. It won’t be easy, but I can help you Meanwhile, let’s get some food inside this man as fast as possible, and stay with it. Or he’ll be killed by hunger. By the way, there must be someone among you who can speak Spanish. If we want to make real progress, we need to be able to talk with him. ” Three weeks later, Dr. Mellinkoff told me that the Guatemalan man had left the hospital under his own power. It takes more than medicine to help sick people; you also have to talk to them and make them comfortable. 31. The patient had no desire to eat because __________. A. he was not hungry C. he was given special meals A. the patient was from another country . B. the patient’s illness was caused by hunger C. Dr. Mellinkoff performed an operation on the patient D. the hospital failed to provide the right medicine for the patient 33. Which of the following words can be used to describe Dr. Mellinkoff ? A. Cold. C. Curious . B. Considerate. D. Confident. B. he was seriously ill D. he was not satisfied with the food
32. According to the passage , we can conclude that __________.
34. What do you think Dr. Mellinkoff wanted to tell his students in this case? A. Doctors should know their patients’ real problems. B. Doctors should be able to speak foreign languages. C. Doctors should try to improve their medical skills. D. Doctors should give more medicine to patients. B Eight Things a Burglar Won’t Tell You Should you spend your money on a home security system? A look inside a burglar’s(夜盗) mind might help you decide. 1. Of course I look familiar. I was here just last week cleaning your carpets, painting your shutters, or delivering
your new refrigerator. 2. Hey, thanks for letting me use the bathroom when I was working in your yard last week. While I was in your home, I unlatched(拔下插销) the back window to make my return a little easier. 3. To you, leaving that window open just a crack during the day is a way to let in a little fresh air. To me, it’s an invitation which I am more than happy to accept. 4. If it snows while you’re out of town, get a neighbor to create car and foot tracks into the house, or it will be a dead giveaway. By the way, loud dogs and nosy neighbors are the two things I hate most. 5. It’s raining, you’re fumbling with your umbrella, and you forget to lock your door---understandable. But understand this: I don’t take a day off because of bad weather. 6. Do you really think I won’t look in your sock drawer? I always check dresser drawers, the bedside table, and the medicine cabinet(柜子). Here’s a helpful hint: I almost never go into kids’ rooms. 7. You’re right: I won’t have enough time to break into that safe where you keep your valuables. But if it’s not fastened, I’ll take it with me. 8. Avoid announcing your vacation on your Facebook.com page. It’s easier than you think to look up your address. 35. Money and valuables might be the safest if kept in your______. A. kids’ room C. medicine cabinet B. sock drawer D. safe
36. The underlined words “a dead giveaway” here may probably be something that______. A. throws away useless things at home B. warns a burglar that someone is dead C. tells a burglar the truth D. frightens a burglar away 37. We can draw a conclusion from the text that______. A. burglars seldom steal in bad weather B. if you do housework yourself, you’ll stay away from burglars C. you yourself are sometimes to blame for a theft D. you can always count on your neighbors when you are out 38. The main purpose of the article is to _____. A. summarize when burglars steal most frequently B. encourage people to spend money on home security systems C. explain why burglars take up stealing D. teach people how to protect their homes C You may not pay much attention to your daily elevator ride. Many of us use a lift several times during the day without really thinking about it. But Lee Gray, PhD, of the University of North Carolina, US, has made it his business to examine this overlooked form of public transport. He is known as the “Elevator Guy”. “The lift becomes this interesting social space where etiquette (礼仪) is sort of odd (奇怪的),” Gray told the BBC. “The elevators are socially very interesting but often very awkward places.” We walk in and usually turn around to face the door. If someone else comes in, we may have to move. And here, according to Gray, liftusers unthinkingly go through a set pattern of movements. He told the BBC what he had
observed. He explained that when you are the only one inside a lift, you can do whatever you want – it’s your own little box. If there are two of you, you go into different corners, standing diagonally (对角线地) across from each other to create distance. When a third person enters, you will unconsciously form a triangle. And when there is a fourth person it becomes a square, with someone in every corner. A fifth person is probably going to have to stand in the middle. New entrants to the lift will need to size up the situation when the doors slide open and then act decisively. Once in, for most people the rule is simple – look down, or look at your phone. Why are we so awkward in lifts? “You don’t have enough space,” Professor Babette Renneberg, a clinical psychologist at the Free University of Berlin, told the BBC. “Usually when we meet other people we have about an arm’s length of distance between us. And that’s not possible in most elevators.” In such a small, enclosed space it becomes very important to act in a way that cannot be understood as threatening or odd. “The easiest way to do this is to avoid eye contact,” she said. 39. According to Gray, when people enter an elevator, they usually _____. A. turn around and greet one another B. look around or examine their phone C. make eye contact with those in the elevator D. try to keep a distance from other people 40. Which of the following describes how people usually stand when there are at least two people in an elevator?
41. According to the article, people feel awkward in lifts because of _____. A. someone’s odd behaviors C. their unfamiliarity with one another 42. What’s the passage mainly about _____. A. Bad manners in the elevator B. Some unwritten rules of elevator etiquette C. An interesting but awkward elevator ride D. The strange behaviors in the elevator D By far the most common difficulty in study is simple failure to get down to regular concentrated work. This difficulty is much greater for those who do not work to a plan and have no regular routine of study. Many students muddle along , doing a bit of this subject or that, as the mood takes them, or letting their set work pile up until the last possible moment. Few students work to a set timetable. They say that if they did work out a timetable for themselves they would not keep to it, or would have to change it frequently, since they can never predict from one day to the next what
B. a lack of space D. their eye contact with one another
their activities will be. No doubt some students take much more kindly to a regular routine than others. There are many who shy away from a self-controlled weekly timetable, and dislike being tied down to a fixed program of work. Many able students state that they work in cycles. When they become interested in a topic they work on it attentively for three or four days at a time. On other days they avoid work completely. It has to be admitted that we do not fully understand the motivation to work. Most people over 25 years of age have become used to a work routine, and the majority of really productive workers set aside regular hours for the more important areas of their work. The “ tough-minded ” school of workers doesn’t fully accept the idea that good work can only be done naturally, under the influence of inspiration. Those who believe that they need only work and study as the fit takes them have a mistaken belief either in their own talent or in the value of “ freedom ”. Freedom from control and discipline leads to unhappiness rather than to “ self-expression ” or “ personality development ”. Our society insists on regular habits, timekeeping and punctuality ( being on time ), and whether we like it or not, if we mean to make our way in society, we have to meet its demands. 43 The most widespread problem in applying oneself to study is __________ . A. changing from one subject to another B. the failure to keep to a set timetable of work C. the unwillingness to work out a systematic plan D. working on a subject only when one feels like it 44. Which of the following is TRUE ? A. Many students are not interested in using a self-controlled timetable . B. Many students don’t like being told to study to a fixed timetable . C. Most people over 25 years of age don’t work to a set timetable . D. Tough-minded people agree that good work is done naturally . 45. The underlined part “ as the fit takes them ” means __________ . A. when they have the energy C. when they feel fit A. Attitudes to Study C. The Difficulties of Studying E A mathematician who goes mad is not a subject most directors consider commercially attractive, but then Ron Howard isn’t among most directors, despite an impressive list of credits, a Beautiful Mind is his most successful work to date, combining psychological drama with a moving love story to produce a film that is as interesting as it is entertaining. The Oscar winning Russel Crowe has put himself in line for further honors with his acting John Nash, the Nobel Prize-winning mathematician troubled by schizophrenia(神经分裂症). A Beautiful Mind pictures Nash as an unusual hero, not just because of his academic achievements, but also because of the courage he displays while battling his illness. In 1947, Nash was one of many great young minds at Princeton. “To find a truly original idea is the only way
B. when they are in the mood D. when they find conditions suitable B. A Study Plan D. Study and Self-discipline
46. A suitable title for the passage might be __________ .
to distinguish myself.” The proud and determined student declared. His exploration of such an idea afforded him little time for the normal socializing. His shyness and straightforward approach brought him few friends. After finally hitting on a revolutionary new idea, Nash’s career took off and his reputation was secured. He balanced research work with teaching, which is where he met the bright and beautiful student Alicia (Jennifer Connelly). Things in his life were going well when his talent for code breaking brought him to the attention of the military who employed him during the early stages of the cold war with Russia. However, the stress of his work made Nash’s illness develop. Crowe’s performance is perfect. He and Connelly ignite (make something exciting) the film’s passionate love story and Connelly’s wonderful performance makes the audience moved by Alicia, whose courage, strength and faith in her husband are the primary reasons for his recovery. 47. The passage is most probably _____. A. a book review C. a movie poster A. put up with C. put on B. a movie review D. an advertisement B. come on D. come up with
48. Which can replace the underlined phrase “hit on” in the fourth paragraph?
49. Which of the following statements is not true? A. John Nash did not go mad totally. B. Ron Howard is an outstanding director. C. The stress of the academic work caused Nash’s illness. D. Nash didn’t have many friends. 50. We can infer form the text that _____. A. without Alicia, John Nash would not have recovered from schizophrenia. B. John Nash gave up his career when troubled by schizophrenia. C. Russell Crowe won another Oscar Award after this movie. D. John Nash volunteered to serve in the army.
第二节 根据对话内容，从对话后的选项中选出能填如空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） Li Hua, who is planning to travel with his parents, is now calling Hyatt Travel Agency in Xi’an. Assistant B: Li Hua) A: Hello, this is Hyatt Travel Agency. May I help you? L: Yes. This is Li Hua. I’ll have a short holiday, and I’m thinking about traveling abroad with my parents. 51 A: Of course. May I ask how long your holiday will be? L: L: A: L: About a week. 52 53 Great! We have a special offer for European tours. 54 I`d love to go to Europe. A: OK. (A:
A: Sure. For family tours, we have five European cities on the list, and we’ll see the Big Ben in London, the
Eiffel Tower in Paris and other places of interest. L: 55 I’ll talk about this with my parents and call you back. Thank you.
A. You are welcome. B. You are very lucky. C. What do you have in mind? D. Can you give me some advice? E. That’s just what I am thinking of. F. Can I have some extra information? G. I hope you’ll have a good journey there.
成都石室中学高 2014 级一诊模拟英语试题（二）
第Ⅱ卷（非选择题，共 60 分）
注意事项： 1. 用钢笔或圆珠笔直接答在试卷上。 2. 答卷前，将密封线内的内容填写清楚。
写作 (共三节，共 60 分)
第一节 阅读表达（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 阅读下面短文，并按照题目要求用英语回答问题（请注意问题后的词数要求） Speaking English is not only about using proper grammar. To use English effectively, you need to understand the culture in which it is spoken. Here are a number of important tips to remember when speaking English in the United States. General Points to Remember Most Americans only speak English: while it is true that more and more Americans speak Spanish, most Americans . Don’t expect them to understand your native language. Americans have difficulties in understanding foreign accents: many Americans are not used to foreign accents. This requires patience from both of you! Conversation Tips Speak about locations: Americans love to talk about locations. When speaking to a stranger, ask him/her where he/she is from and then make a connection with that place. For example: “Oh, I have a friend who studied Los Angeles. He says it’s beautiful place to live in.” Most Americans will then willingly talk about their experiences while living in or visiting that particular city or area. Talk about sports: Americans love sports! However, they love American sports! When speaking about football, most Americans understand “American Football”, not soccer. Addressing People Use last names with people you do not know: address people using their titles(Mr, Ms, Dr) and their last names. Always use “Ms” when addressing women: it is important to use “Ms” when addressing a woman. Only use “Mrs” when the woman has asked you to do so! Public Behaviors Always shake hands: Americans shake hands when greeting each other. This is true for both men and women.
Other forms of greeting are generally not appreciated. Smoking is out! Smoking, ever in public places, is strongly disapproved of by most Americans in the modern United States. 56. What is the main idea of the text? (within 10 words) ★ ★ ★ 57. Fill in the blank in Part 2 of the text with proper words? (within 5words) ★ ★ ★ 58. What are the proper topics when speaking to a stranger in the United States? (within 3 words) ★ ★ ★ 59. When you meet an American woman Karen Smith for the first time, how do you address her?(within 2 words) ★ ★ ★ 60. What do Americans do when greeting each other? (within 6 words) ★ ★ ★ 第二节 短文改错（共10小题；每小题1.5分，满分15分） 下面短文中有10处语言错误。请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧），并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（﹨）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意： 1. 每句不超过两个错误； 2. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 3. 只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 There are many different signs in the public. They tell you what to do or what not to do in a place. Do you know what they exact mean? For example, if you go to see a film, you should enter the cinema at the ENTRANCE and leave for the EXIT. You will either find NO SMOKING signs in many cinemas. If you visit a museum, don’t take some photos inside the halls. You are not allowed. You will find NO PHOTOS signs in many museum. When you drive a car, don’t park in a street without a NO PARKING sign. Making sure you understood the signs and you won’t get into any trouble. 第三节 书面表达 （共 35 分） 江苏省提出高考改革方案，英语可能不再计入高考总分。某英文报就此征集文章。请你写一篇短文， 包括下列内容要点： 1．赞成的理由：英语降温，有利于其它科目，减轻负担； 2．反对的理由：影响英语教学；不利于长远发展； 3．你的观点和两条理由。 注意： 1．词数 120 左右；开头已经给出，不计入总词数。 2．可以适当增加细节，不可逐字翻译； 3．参考词汇：高考 the college entrance examination Recently Jiangsu Provinces has made a plan to reform its college entrance examination. ★ ★ ★ ★ ★ ★
答案： 单选：CDACB ABDCB 完形：CABDA CABDD CBCDB ACDBA 阅读：31-34：DABA 35-38: ACCD 39-42: DCBB 47-50: BDCA
补全对话 D C B F E 任务型阅读 (少一个关键词，扣 1 分) 1. Tips on/about speaking English in the United States. (关键词：tips, speak English; the USA) 2. only speak English. （only; English） 3. Locations and sports. 4. Ms Smith. (Ms; Smith) 5. They shake hands(with each other). Shaking / To shake hands. 改错 1. 去掉第一行 the 2. exact-exactly 3.for-through 4.either-also 5. some-any 6. allow 后加 to 7. museum-museums 8. without-with 9. Making-Make 10. understood-understand
书面表达 【参考范文】 Recently Jiangsu Provinces has made a plan to reform its college entrance examination. It is said that probably English will not be included in the college entrance examination. Opinions are greatly divided on this topic. Those who support the plan hold the view that when students’ enthusiasm in learning English is reduced, they will have more time to learn other subjects. Moreover, they will have less homework, thus no longer suffering from so much pressure. However, every coin has two sides. People who are against it think the reform will not only have a bad influence on the teaching and learning of English, but also affect students’ long-term development.
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Personally I am not in favor of it. Firstly, English is more than an international language. It is an important tool. Also, we cannot get along well with other countries and learn about their cultures if we don’t understand their language.