Book 5 Unit 1 Great Scientists A general review of Unit 1 Period 1 Word study, Warming up, pre-reading Period 2 Reading (P2) Period 3 Language points, learning about language Period 4 Using l
anguage( listening), Grammar Period 5 Listening & Reading (p44-45) Period 6 Reading & writing (p6) Period 7 Exercises & Summary Period 1 Pre-class task: 1. Preview new vocabulary of Unit 1, and especially pay attention to the pronunciation of the new word 2. Finish the quiz in Warming up( p1) in groups of four by referring to books or surfing the net. Step 1 Learning Goals Get Ss to go through the summing up form on p 8 in order to have a general idea of the learning goals of Unit 1 Step 2 Word Study 1. (Pair work) Get Ss to learn the new words and phrases on p92 within 3 mins, by reading them aloud to each other to make sure that they can pronounce the words correctly------> Get Ss to read aloud the words in pairs by turns, e.g. 1 pairs read 4 words then go to next pair 2. Practice Use the correct form of the words to fill in the blanks. infection examination=exam science /scientist conclude analysis defeat value instructor/instruction contribution /contributor contributive create calculate move completion enthusiasm 3. Fill in the blanks using the new words in this unit 1) Mrs. White bought a pan with a long ________. (handle) 2) The pollution is so ________ that we have to take some measures to stop it. (severe) 3) He has a big nose that is a ________ of his family. (characteristic) 4) Water and salt are ________ into our blood stream every day. (absorbed) 5) If a doctor or a medical treatment ________ someone's illness, they make the person well again. (cure) 6) A ________ is a kind of germ that can cause disease. (virus) Step 3. Warming up (Group competition) Check the answers to the quiz to find out which group know the most . Show pictures to introduce some scientists while Ss giving the correct answers----> congratulations to the winning group Step 4 Pre-reading 1. (Pair work) What five most important qualities do you think a scientist should have? Give reasons. clever/talented strict patient creative determined/strong-willed positive honest energetic
intelligent/hard-working ambitious careful co-operative confident brave 2. (Group work) Ex2, p1 Do you know how to prove a new idea in scientific research? Discuss in groups the stages in examining a new scientific idea. What order would you put them in? Draw a conclusion Think of a method Collect results Make up a question Find a problem Analyse the results Repeat if necessary Step 5. Summary 1. Seeing much, suffering much, and studying much are three pillars (支柱，要素) of learning. 2. learning without thought is a labour lost; thought without learning is perilous(危险的) 3. To know the disease is half the cure. 找出病根等于医治了一半。 . Step 6 Homework 1. Preview the reading passage John Snow Defeats "King Cholera"(p2) 2. Speaking task (p46) write some key words to the Qs to help your talk on your book and prepare to introduce the scientist you admire most to the class 3. Read notes ①--⑨ to Unit 1, p76-77 4. Listening exercise P41,Ex 1&2 Period 2 Step 1 Homework checking p41 Listening Step 2 Lead in 1. Invite 2-3 Ss to introduce the scientists they admire most to the class 2. Background introduction to John Snow John Snow (1813-1858) was born and worked as a doctor in Great Britain. He was originally an anesthetist(麻醉师).He was so famous that he became the doctor for Queen Victoria at the births of her many children. Four outbreaks of cholera in the 1830s and 1840s killed many people in England. In 1854, the most terrible outbreak of cholera which ever occurred in the kingdom began. It was so violent and sudden that 127people died in the first three days. 3. Give information of the deadly disease cholera 1) What infectious diseases do you know? (AIDS, SARS, H5N1,pig-borne disease 猪链球菌) 2) What kind of disease is it ? Name of cholera Symptom(症状) severe vomit (呕吐) and diarrhoea (腹泻) Aftereffect die quickly from a loss of liquid 4. Make up a question What was the cause of this disease ? How did John Snow find it out? Get Ss to imagine and describe How John Snow defeat cholera by making use of the key words cholera, outbreak, severe, deadly, infectious, examine, expose, analyse, control, cure, defeat Step 3 Reading 1. Fast reading : Read the text quickly and find out the main idea of each paragraph Para 1: the problem Para 2: the cause----two theories Para 3: the method
Para 4: the discovery Para 5: the result and conclusion Para 6: the suggestion 2. Show pictures of water pump and teach handle 3. Careful reading: Read the text carefully and fill in the chart (Ex 1, p3) Step 4 Discussion 1. (Group work) Discuss how John Snow investigate cholera. Put the stages in examining the disease in the right order. Draw a conclusion Think of a method Collect results Make up a question Find a problem Analyse the results Repeat if necessary 2. P3, Ex2, Q3: Do you think John Snow would have solved this problem without the map? Give your reasons. Step VI. Homework 1. Finish P4, Ex 1,2(on SB) Ex3 make sentences on exercisebook (make one's way to, make up one's mind, make sure, make room for) 2. Find out the phrases according to the Chinese (part 1 on the paper for language points) 3. Retell the story John Snow Defeats "King Cholera" by following the 7 steps on p1 4. Read notes to Unit 1, p78-79, find out some difficult points while reading the text Period 3 Step 1 Homework checking 1. Retelling: get 2 Ss to retell the story John Snow Defeats "King Cholera" by following the 7 steps 2. P4, Ex 1,2 Step 2 Language points 1. Ss give the phrases and expressions according to the Chinese T gives 2. Ss raise Qs on some difficult points they found while reading the text 3. Deal with the Language points exercises with the help of the notes on the paper Step 3 Homework 1. Finish P42, Ex 1, P43, Ex 3, 4, P44,Ex 1 2. Finish P4, "Discovering useful structures" Ex1 (explain) 3. Preview the notes of Grammar on the paper for language points 4. Review the words for tomorrow's dictation. Period 4 Step1 Dictation Step 2 Homework checking P42, Ex 1, P43, Ex 3, P44 Ex1 Step 3 Grammar 1. Look at the sentences carefully. Pick out the attributes& predicative of the sentences. Give reasons for why you divide them into these groups. 1) I was angry with him for keeping me waiting so long. 2) She is a beautiful young lady.
3) He got worried about losing the money. 4) Sally was so excited at the good news. 5) So many thousands of terrified people died. 2. Discovering Useful Structures ( P4 ) (1).Find more examples in the reading passage where the past participle is used as attribute and predicative. 1) Doctor John Snow was a well-known doctor in London. (attribute) 2) John Snow told the astonished people in Broad Street. (attribute) 3) He got interested in the two theories.(predicative) 4) Neither its cause, nor its cure was understood. (predicative)
(2).Go over the Grammar rules on the paper for language points and emphasize the focus (3) Finish Ex 2 on P 5 "Complete the table with phrases that have the same meaning"(in halves, Ss should finish half of the exercises and listen to the others for the answers to the rest exercises) (4) Exercises Step 4. Listening ( P5-6 ) Using language Ex1 Step 5 Summary Step 6 Homework 1. Finish P44, Using structures Ex.2 , P5, Ex 3 (on SB) 2. Try P45, Ex 4 (explain) 3. Preview reading P45-46 Period 5 Step 1 Homework checking P5, Ex 3., P44, Using structures Ex.2 Step 2 Lead in P45, Ex 4 "Can you solve the problem?" T: Do you know why you can't go over it without missing any points or going over a line twice? Step 3 Listening P44 1. "Who is Leonhard Euler? What achievement has he made?" Then go over Ex.1 and teach new words 2. Listen to the tape twice 1st listening: find out the answers to Ex3 and Ex 2----> check Ex3 2nd listening: finish Ex 2 Step 4 Reading----- Finding The Solution ( P45 ) 1. Background Leonhard Euler (1707-1783)
Born: 15 April 1707 in Basel, Switzerland Died: 18 Sept 1783 in St Petersburg, Russia Euler was a famous mathematician in the eighteenth century, he introduced a new branch of mathematics called topology. It is a form of geometry that help you understand things by turning them into diagrams.
2.Reading comprehending 1) Q: What is Euler path? Can you go over it without missing any points or going over a line twice? AAA DDFE BCBCBC Euler said, "If a figure has more than two odd points, you cannot go over it without lifting your pencil from the page or going over a line twice." 2) underline some useful phrases 3) Try to prove Euler rule Step 5 Play a Puzzle game (Work out puzzles on 46 or leave it as HW)
Step 6 Homework 1. P42 Ex. 2 Translation (on exercisebook) 2. Review the words for tomorrow's dictation. 3. find out information of Copernicus( Who is he? What achievement did he make? When? ...) and find out the names of the nine planets of the solar system. You can try this following website: http://www.blupete.com/Literature/Biographies/Science/Copernicus.htm http://www.library.rdg.ac.uk/colls/special/featureditem/copernicus Period 6 Step 1. Warming up 1.Get 1-2 Ss to report to the class information of Copernicus ( Who is he? What achievement did he make? When? ...) 2. Background Nicolaus Copernicus was a Polish astronomer (1473-1543). Born in Torun, he began his university studies in Krakow in 1491, where he studied canon law and Latin and Greek classics. However he also had an interest in mathematics and astronomy. After obtaining his degree of Doctor of Canon Law (教会法规博士学位)in Italy in 1503, Copernicus returned home to Warmia in Poland to serve as Canon (=priest) . In 1530, Copernicus completed his great work De Revolutionibus (《天体运行论》).Copernicus knew that these findings would lead him into trouble with the Roman Catholic Church (罗马天主 教教徒), so he wasin no hurry to publish his theory. He only published it as he lay dying in 1543. Though Copernicus did not live to hear of its extraordinary impact, the book which first
suggested that the Sun, not the Earth, is the centre of the universe is now recognized as one of the most influential scientific works of all time. 3 Get Ss to give the names of the nine planets of the solar system . Mercury Venus Earth Mars Jupiter Saturn Uranus Neptune Pluto Can you use a good method to memorize them ?My Very Easy Method: Just Set Up Nine Planets Step 2 Reading ----Copernicus' Revolutionary Theory (P6-7) 1. Fast reading: Listen to the tape, and find out the answers to the questions. 1). What did Copernicus think was the center of the solar system? 2). When did Copernicus publish his theory? 3) Why didn't Copernicus publish his theory before he died?2. Reading comprehension P7. 1.Use the reading to help you draw the two theories of the universe. Before Copernicus' theory A diagram showing the solar system with the earth at its centre Showing Copernicus' theory A diagram showing the solar system with the sun at its center Step 3. Persuasive writing 1. Please refer to P8 Learning Tip 2. Writing Task: P7. Ex 3. (write a short letter asking Copernicus to publish his ideas so everyone can read them) Go over the steps and try to follow them (P7-8) 3. Offer a period of time for Ss to write a draft 4. Get several Ss to read their writing to the class, T gives some comments 5.Give a sample writing One possible version: Dear Nicolaus Copernicus, I am a student studying astronomy and I would very much like to read your new theory about the solar system. I hope you will publish it for several reasons. I understand the problems with the present theory. The way the planets move is not what you would expect if the earth was the certre of the universe. It is also odd that the brightness of some stars seems to change. So I agree with you that we need a new theory. I know your observations have been very carefully carried out over many years. Now you must have the courage to publish them. Science can never advance unless people have the courage of their beliefs. I know you worry about what will happen if you publish your new theory. No matter how people oppose it, time will show if your ideas are right or wrong. So I hope you will feel you can publish your new theory. Yours sincerely, Zhang Hua Step 4. Homework 1 Revise the composition and hand it in tomorrow. 2 Revise the language points for tomorrow's quiz. Period 7
Step 1 Quiz Finish then check the answers Step 2 Exercise checking Step 3. Talking (P41) Imagine you are going to meet your pen-friend at the weekend party. You both need a description of the other so you can recognize each other when you meet. Now ring your pen-friend to sort out the necessary information.(Pair work) Making a telephone call---refer to the expressions on P42 Step 4. Summary to Unit 1 Finish the summing up chart on P8