惠州市 2014 届高三模拟考试 英 语 试 题
2014.04 Ⅰ 语言知识及应用(共两节，满分 45 分) 第一节 完形填空(共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分) 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 1~15 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳 选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Life comes in a package. This pack
age includes happiness and sorrow, failure and success, 1 and despair. Experiences in life 2 us new lessons and make us a better person. With each passing day we learn to 3 various situations. Materialistic happiness is short-lived, but happiness achieved by bringing a smile on others’ face gives a certain level of 4 . Peace of mind is the main link to happiness. No mind is happy without 5 . We 6 the true worth of happiness when we are in sorrow. Sorrow is 7 due to death of a loved one, failure and despair. But these things are 8 and pass away. Failure is the path to 9 . It helps us to touch the sky, teaches us to live and shows us a specific way. Success brings in money, fame, pride and self-respect. Here it becomes very important to keep our head on our shoulder. The only way to show our 10 to God for giving success on us is by being humble,modest and respectful to the less fortunate ones. Hope is what keeps life going. Parents 11 hope their children will do well. Life teaches us not to despair even in the 12 hour. Nothing remains the same in life, and we have only one choice—to keep moving on in life and be 13 . Life teaches us not to __14 over yesterday,for it has passed and is beyond our control.Tomorrow is 15 ,for it could either be bright or dull. So the only alternative is work hard today, so that we will enjoy a better tomorrow. 1. A. love B. hope C. depression D. loss 2. A. help B. care C. teach D. take 3. A. handle B. explain C. share D. design 4. A. amazement B. achievement C. improvement D. movement 5. A. surprise B. belief C. thoughts D. peace 6. A. judge B. develop C. realize D. seek 7. A. personally B. basically C. scarcely D. occasionally 8. A. temporary B. important C. different D. strange 9. A. success B. sorrow C. despair D. pride 10.A. attitude B. prediction C. emotion D. appreciation 11.A. sometimes B. often C. always D. usually 12.A. happiest B. darkest C. brightest D. shortest 13.A. hopeful B. helpful C. thankful D. careful 14.A. forgive B. forget C. hate D. regret 15.A. unimportant B. unfair C. unknown D. unsatisfying 第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分) 阅读下面短文，按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求，在空格处填入一个适当的 词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空，并将答案填写在答题卡标号为 16～25 的相应位置上。 This was the touching moment when a giraffe bid a sad farewell to a dying worker who had spent his entire adult life 16 (clean) the animal's enclosure(围场) at a Dutch zoo.
The 54-year-old care worker, Mario, was coming to the end of his life due to a 17 (die) disease. According to his wish, his hospital bed 18 (take) into the giraffe enclosure at the zoo. 19 the man’s amazement, one of the giraffes approached him and gave him a tender kiss goodbye. ―It was such a heartbreaking scene 20 we couldn’t hold back our tears.‖ One of the staff at the zoo said afterwards. Mario, weak 21 in high spirits , then asked for a moment to say goodbye to his colleagues at the zoo. ― 22 was very nice that we were able to work on the last wish of this man,‖ Mr Veldboer said. The Ambulance Wish Foundation， an organization 23 (found) in 2007 by Veldboer, is a charity 24 volunteers specialize in helping terminally-ill patients fulfill dying their wishes. Last year the charity took 25 86-year-old terminally-ill man back to his farm in Holland to say goodbye to his horses. Ⅱ 阅读 (共两节, 满分50分) 第一节 阅读理解(共20小题；每小题2分，满分40分) 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该 项涂黑。 A Produced by Hunan Satellite TV, Where Are We Going, Dad? invites five male celebrities (名 人)from different fields and their children to spend quality time together in new environments while accomplishing various survival tasks. Since it first aired in January,2013, Where Are We Going, Dad? has been sweeping the whole nation and has become China’s most popular show, averaging more than 600 million viewers each week and 640 million downloads online. Even the China Daily, the official mouthpiece of the Chinese government praised its success, ―The deep affection on display in the show is heart-warming.‖ But what accounts for the show’s popularity? Part of the appeal is the chance to peek(窥探) into the lives of popular Chinese celebrities and their children. Audiences are delighted to watch the failed attempts of celebrity dads making dinner, combing hair, and disciplining children. At the same time, the cute kids themselves and their authentic and entertaining behaviors are very impressive and attractive. "Another reason for the success of the show lies in the fact that it is a reexamination of the father's role in traditional Chinese culture," said Xie Dikui, general director of the show. In a society still influenced by the concept that ―men rule outside and women inside.‖, many Chinese fathers are poor at expressing their feelings toward their children. Usually, they appear strict and distant. But on the show, we see fathers are much gentler on their kids and more involved in their upbringing. This show raises an important question for modern Chinese society—what is the role of fathers in today’s China? A fascinating part of the show is that you can see many parenting styles. The five fathers on the show all have very diverse parenting styles, which is great because it shows people there isn’t just one way to raise a child. But Chinese parents increasingly realize that discussing and respecting their children’s choices may be a more appropriate way to prepare them for modern society. Meanwhile, the show can remind adults of their own childhood and the love of father. For those parents, they will rethink their own responsibility as parents and understand their kids better.
26. The second paragraph is mainly about _______. A. the show’s success B. the reason for the show’s success C. the China Daily’s praise D. deep affection between fathers and their kids 27. The chief function of ―But what accounts for the show’s popularity?‖ (in Paragraph 2) is _____. A. to sum up the main idea of the paragraph B. to introduce a new topic C. to arouse reader’s interest D. to express strong feelings 28. What can be inferred from the fourth paragraph? A. Traditionally, children are left to be brought up by mothers alone in China. B. The role of fathers is changing in China. C. Modern Chinese fathers wonder how to treat their children. D. More and more mothers go out to work. 29. Which of the following is NOT the reason for the show’s success? A. People are curious about celebrities’ life and their kids. B. The show makes people reconsider father’s role in today’s China. C. The show displays various parenting styles. D. The audience think highly of the celebrities’ parenting styles on the show. 30. What is the best title of the passage? A. The great success of Where Are We Going, Dad? B. Why is Where Are We Going, Dad so popular ? C. What is the role of fathers in today’s China? D. Various parenting styles in China B Foxes and farmers have never got on well. These small dog-like animals have long been accused of killing farm animals. They are officially classified as harmful and farmers try to keep their numbers down by shooting or poisoning them. Farmers can also call on the services of their local hunt to control the fox population. Hunting consists of pursuing a fox across the countryside, with a group of specially trained dogs, followed by men and women riding horses. When the dogs eventually catch the fox they kill it or a hunter shoots it. People who take part in hunting think of as a sport; they wear a special uniform of red coats and white trousers, and follow strict codes of behavior. But owning a horse and hunting regularly is expensive, so most hunters are wealthy. It is estimated that up to 100,000 people watch or take part in fox hunting. But over the last couple of decades the number of people opposed to fox hunting, because they think it is cruel, has risen sharply. Nowadays it is rare for a hunt to pass off without some kind of conflict between hunters and hunt saboteurs (阻拦者). Sometimes these incidents lead to violence, but mostly saboteurs attempt to stop the hunt by misleading riders and disturbing the trail of the fox’s smell, which the dogs follow. Noisy conflicts between hunters and saboteurs have become so common that they are almost as much a part of hunting as running after foxes itself. But this year supporters of fox hunting face a much bigger threat to their sport. A Labor Party Member of the Parliament(议会), Mike Foster, is trying to get Parliament to approve a new law which will make the hunting of wild animals with dogs illegal. If the law is passed, wild animals like foxes will be protected under the ban in Britain. 31. Why are foxes considered as harmful animals? A. Because they can’t get on well with farmers. B. Because they are very cruel.
C. Because they are shot by hunters. D. Because they kill farm animals. 32. British hunters have been hunting foxes_________. A. for recreation B. for the benefit of the farmers C. to limit the fox population D. to show off their wealth 33. How do fox hunting saboteurs often prevent foxes being hunted? A. By means of violence. B. By confusing the fox hunters. C. By taking illegal action. D. By making laws. 34. Which of the following statements is NOT true according to the passage? A. Only the rich can be regular fox hunters. B. Hunters kill foxes by shooting or poisoning them. C. Hunting foxes has some rules to follow. D. More and more British people object to fox hunting. 35. What can be inferred from the last paragraph? A. Mike Foster is a firm supporter of fox hunting. B. Fox hunters and saboteurs seldom have conflicts nowadays. C. The law to ban hunting wild animals will be passed in Britain this year. D. As a sport, fox hunting may disappear in Britain in the future. C Situated at the gate to the Tianjin Children's Welfare Institute, a government-run orphanage, the baby hatch ---also known as a babies' safety island --- allows desperate parents to leave unwanted newborns, press an alarm button, and depart anonymously. After a delay of about five minutes, someone from the institute will arrive to get the child. But facilities(设施) such as this have been under fire recently. While some people have approved of the idea, saying it protects the lives of unwanted children; critics argue that it encourages the immoral to abandon such babies, which is illegal in China. It's difficult to obtain statistics about the number of abandoned children in China, but the 2010 China Child Welfare Policy Report, released by the China Philanthropy Research Institute, estimated that 100,000 babies are abandoned every year, most of them with disabilities and illnesses. In July ,2013, when the Ministry of Civil Affairs launched a pilot project to set up baby hatches across China, Tianjin was one of the first cities to launch a facility and there were 24 baby hatches in 10 provinces, municipalities and autonomous regions(地区). A further 18 regions are preparing to open facilities by the end of this year, according to the China Center for Children's Welfare and Adoption. ―The baby hatch guards an unwanted baby from harm and increases its chances of survival,‖ said Xu Shuming, who is in charge of the reception of unwanted children and their following adoption at the Tianjin Children's Welfare Institute, is also in favor of the project. "Before the baby hatch came into use, the babies we took in were usually brought by the police. They had been found at bus stations, public rest rooms, or parks; it could be anywhere. One baby we received last year was almost frozen to death," she said. ―For our part, we hope parents will leave more information with their unwanted babies, such as medical records so that we can understand the real situation, avoid repeated medical checkups, and save time,‖ Xu said. 36. A baby hatch is a place where . A. parents can leave their baby for some time B. unwanted newborns can be left. C. unhealthy babies can be treated free of charge D. the chances of babies’ survival can be increased
37. The underlined phrase ―under fire‖ in Paragraph 2 is closest in meaning to . A. ignored B. attacked C. supported D. discussed 38．Why some people are against the baby hatch? A. Because it encourages parents to abandon the unwanted babies. B. Because it is illegal to abandon a baby in China. C. Because it wastes an amount of money. D. Because it protects unwanted babies. 39. According to passage, we know ____________. A. All the people approve of the baby hatch. B. It's easy to figure out exactly the number of abandoned children in China C. Most of the unwanted babies are in poor condition D. There will be 42 baby hatches in China at the end of this year 40. We can infer from the passage . A. Parents usually leave little information in case that they are found out. B. Less and less unwanted babies are abandoned in China C. The police used to take charge of attending abandoned babies D. The information left by parents may be of great help to protect unwanted babies D Researchers at the University of Kansas say that people can accurately judge 90 percent of a stranger's personality simply by looking at the person's shoes. "Shoes convey a thin but useful slice of information about their wearers," the authors wrote in the new study published in the Journal of Research in Personality. "Shoes serve a practical purpose, and also serve as nonverbal cues（线索） with symbolic messages. People tend to pay attention to the shoes they and others wear." Medical Daily notes that the number of detailed personality traits（特质）detected in the study include a person's general age, income, political tendency, and other personality traits, including someone's emotional stability. Lead researcher Omri Gillath said the judgments were based on the style, cost, color and condition of someone's shoes. In the study, 63 University of Kansas students looked at pictures showing 208 different pairs of shoes worn by the study's participants. Participants in the study were photographed in their most commonly worn shoes, and then filled out a personality questionnaire. So, what do your shoes say about your personality? Some of the results were expected: People with higher incomes most commonly wore expensive shoes, and flashier footwear was typically worn by outgoing people. However, some of the more specific results are interesting. For example, "practical and functional" shoes were generally worn by more "friendly" people, while ankle boots were more closely connected with "aggressive" personalities. The strangest of all may be that those who wore "uncomfortable looking" shoes tend to have "calm" personalities. And if you have several pairs of new shoes or take exceptional care of them, you may suffer from ―attachment anxiety,‖ spending too much time worrying about what other people think of your appearance. There was even a political calculation in the mix with wearing ―shabbier and less expensive‖ shoes. The researchers noted that some people will choose shoe styles to mask their actual personality traits, but researchers pointed out that volunteers were also likely to be unaware that their footwear choices were revealing deep insights into their personalities. 41. By looking at a person’s shoes, it’s possible for people to___________. A. know the wearer thoroughly B. estimate the wearer’s character
C. have exact cues about the wearer’s social status D. judge the wearer’s educational background 42. Which statement is Not true according to the passage? A. In the study, people’s personality traits were detected. B. In the study, participants wore 208 different shoes. C. In the study, 63 students were asked to fill out questionnaire about personality. D. In the study, judgments were made according to various characteristics of people’s shoes. 43. What can we know about the passage? A. Wealthy people favor shiny shoes. B. Calm people prefer shoes with uncomfortable appearance. C. Friendly people are likely to wear ankle boots. D. Outgoing people always wear shoes with practical functions. 44. Taking exceptional care of new shoes shows that ____________. A. the owners care much about others’ opinions on their appearance B. the owners are in a relaxed state C. the owners are particular about their appearance D. the owners have too many shoes to choose from 45. What is the best title of the passage? A. How To Choose Suitable Shoes B. How To Judge People’s Personality Traits C. People Are What They Wear D. Shoes Reflect People’s Personalities 第二节 信息匹配 (共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分) 阅读下列应用文及相关信息，并按照要求匹配信息。请在答题卡上将对应题号的相应选 项涂黑 首先，请阅读下面六条旅游线路的介绍。 A. 14 days Tracks of Marco Polo Tour Early traders blazed a trail from Europe to the Orient and found exotic treasures and peoples. Find you own treasure on as you wander the same vast countryside. You can experience many cultures, people groups, food and much more traveling from Beijing to the western most boundaries of China. Destinations: Beijing → Xi'an → Lanzhou → Xiahe → Wuwei → Zhangye → Jiayuguan → Dunhuang → Turpan → Urumqi → Guangzhou Tour Price: from $2832 USD Discount Price: from $2549 USD (10% off) Departure Dates: You Choose! B. 12 days Memories of China Tour See its stunning transformation in Beijing and Shanghai as China has burst onto the world stage. Marvel at the unforgettable scenery on Li River at Guilin and then Hong Kong, "the Pearl of the Orient". Destinations: Beijing → Xi'an → Shanghai → Guilin → Guangzhou → Hong Kong Tour Price: from $2832 USD Discount Price: from $2549 USD (10% off) Departure Dates: From January to June! C. 12 days China Dreams Tour Have you been dreaming of visiting in China? Your dream will come true in these 12 days. From China's most famous historical sites to the stunningly beautiful Li River and mysterious Yangtze River.
Destinations: Beijing → Xi'an → Guilin → Yangshuo → Shanghai Tour Price: from $2317 USD Discount Price: from $2085 USD (10% off) Departure Dates: You Choose! D. 15 days China Relaxation Tour Marvels - new and ancient present themselves on every day as you visit places like the Great Wall, the Forbidden City and the Entombed Warriors. The beauty of the Yangtze River will astound and finally Shanghai, the modern miracle. Destinations: Beijing → Xi'an → Chongqing → Yangtze → Yichang → Shanghai Tour Price: from $3631 USD Discount Price: from $3268 USD (10% off) Departure Dates: From June to September! E. 7 days Essence of China Tour China is a time capsule: ancient cultures and modern miracles in seven days. The mysteries of the Great Wall and the Entombed Warriors are there to be discovered alongside the amazing New China. Destinations: Beijing → Xian → Shanghai Tour Price: from $1571 USD Discount Price: from $1414 USD (10% off) Departure Dates: You Choose! F. 8 days Culture Explosion Tour Immerse yourself in China's diverse cultures as we take you to some of the best and most diverse of China's cultural heritages. Feast on Peking Duck, climb the Great Wall and visit beautiful classical gardens in Suzhou & Hangzhou which live up to their name of "Paradise on earth". Destinations: Beijing → Xi'an → Hangzhou → Suzhou → Shanghai Tour Price: from $1826 USD Discount Price: from $ 1643USD (10% off) Departure Dates: You Choose! 阅读以下人物的度假需求，将人物和相宜的旅游线路匹配起来。 46. Amy is a student from America, who dreams to visit China. She plans to realize her dream this summer holiday, when she can experience the differences of ancient and modern Chinese culture, but it is a pity that she can afford not more than $1500 USD. 47. Bill is crazy about different cultures and people in different parts of the world. He travels a lot and each summer he goes to a different place. Now, his application for a fortnight’s holiday has been permitted. 48. Jack, a teenager, plans to spend his school autumn holidays with his parents who are both teachers. All of them not only want to enjoy the beautiful scenery in Guilin but also are fascinated by modern cities like Shanghai. 49. Maria, a business woman, who is busy with her business all the time, wanting to enjoy a long relaxing holiday. She likes China very much. Not only is she interested in cultural heritages but also modern cities in China. 50. Kevin, a university student who majors in art and history, likes studying different cultures from different countries as well as enjoy the beautiful scenery there. Besides, he likes to taste local delicious food. Also, he can’t afford a long holiday.
Ⅲ 写作(共两节，满分 40 分) 第一节：基础写作 （共 1 小题，满分 15 分） 高考在即，你在班上做了一个题为“报考省内大学还是省外大学”的调查， 了解同学们 在填报高考志愿时的一些想法。以下你所在班级的同学的观点： 赞成报考省内大学 赞成报考省外大学 比例 75% 25% 1．离父母较近，可以得到他们及时 1．锻炼独立生活的能力； 的照顾； 2．结交来自五湖四海的朋友；体验 2．气候、生活方式和饮食习惯等没 异地风土人情； 理由 有大的区别； 3．毕业后留在省外工作，获得更大 3．大学毕业后在省内找工作相对较 的发展空间。 容易。 【写作内容】 请根据以上信息，写一篇英语短文，反映你班上同学的观点。内容包括： 1．班上同学持两种观点的比例； 2．支持每种观点的理由； 【写作要求】1. 只能用 5 个句子表达全部内容。2. 文章开头已给出，不计入总词数。 Recently, I conducted a survey among my classmates on whether to enter a university in our own province or in other provinces. ________________________________________________________________________________ 第二节：读写任务（共 1 小题，满分 25 分） 阅读下面短文，然后按要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 Through the wonders of modern technology, our world is more connected than ever before. Ideas can cross oceans with the click of a button. Companies can do business and compete with companies across the globe. And we can text, email, Skype with people on every continent. So studying abroad isn’t just a fun way to spend a semester; it is quickly becoming the key to success in our global economy. Because getting ahead in today’s work places isn’t just about getting good grades or test scores in school, which are important. It’s also about having real experience with the world beyond your borders –- experience with languages, cultures and societies very different from your own. Or, as the Chinese saying goes: ―It is better to travel ten thousand miles than to read ten thousand books.‖ But let’s be clear, studying abroad is about so much more than improving your own future. It’s also about shaping the future of your countries and of the world we all share. Because when it comes to the defining challenges of our time -– whether it’s climate change or economic opportunity or the spread of nuclear weapons -- these are shared challenges. And no one country can confront them alone. The only way forward is together. (Adapted from US First Lady Michelle’s speech in Peking University) 【写作内容】 1．以约30个词概括这段短文的内容； 2．然后以约120个词谈谈你对“读万卷书，不如行万里路”的看法，内容包括： (1) 你如何理解这一说法？ (2) 你是否认同这种说法？为什么？ (3) 针对这一说法，作为中学生，你会怎么做？
惠州市 2014 届高三模拟考试 英语试题答案
完形填空： 1—5 BCABD 6—10 CBAAD 11—15 CBADC 语法填空： 16. cleaning 17. deadly 18.was taken 19.To 21. but 22. It 23. founded 24.whose/where 单词拼写错误、大小写未区分不给分。 阅读理解 26—30 ABBDB 31—35DABAD 36—40 BBACD 41—45 BCBAD 信息匹配 46—50 EACDF 基础写作： （One possible version）
20. that 25. an
Recently, I conducted a survey among my classmates on whether to enter a university in Guangdong province or in other provinces. ①75% of the respondents are for the opinion that we should enter a university in our own province, saying that while living close to parents, we can get timely care and support from them. ② They also hold that the climate, life style and eating habits differ little from what we are having now, so it won’t be difficult to fit in there. ③It is specially pointed out that it may help in some way if we prefer to find a job within our province after graduation. ④However, the rest 25% approve of entering a university in other provinces, arguing that as well as being able to cultivate our ability to live independently, we can still seize the chance to make friends of different backgrounds and from different parts of our country and to experience various customs and traditions. ⑤What’s more, it is helpful if we choose to work in a anther province after graduation, which provides bigger room for our own development.
读写任务： （One possible version） 概括 1：As modern technology gets people much closer than ever before, it is of great significance for people to study abroad, which not only improves themselves but also helps people confront a variety of challenges together. 概括 2： In the modern world with a closer link, to experience different cultures and societies is what studying abroad is more about, which may benefit both the individual’s future and the future of the country. In her speech made in Peking University, Michelle mentioned a famous Chinese saying: ―It is better to travel ten thousand miles than to read ten thousand books.‖ This saying highlights the importance of travelling, which means if one wants to understand people and the world profoundly, travelling is a better way than just reading books directly. I am strongly for this idea, which is really meaningful and helpful to us. As we know, we gain knowledge from books, and put them into practice finally. Yet most of time, we find that the knowledge of the book is quite different from that of reality. Travelling can tell us the truth, helping us learn the world more clearly. Sometimes, what the books tell us is rather idealized. Not until we experience in person do we realize that the world is not as pure and simple as we think. As students, we of course should read as much as we can, but meanwhile if possible，we can travel to other places personally, contacting different people, experiencing various cultures, learning different languages. These may not be acquired by reading, but can help us understand the world better and live a better life in the future.