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2013-2014学年高一英语课件: Unit4 Earthquakes- Reading (新人教版必修1)


2nd Period

Revision Reading Comprehending Practice

Do you know what would happen before an earthquake? What can we do to keep ourselves safe from an earthquake?


Why the title is A NIGHT THE EARTH DIDN’T SLEEP? Why were so many people killed or injured?

What does the sentence “ Slowly, the city began to breathe again” mean?

1. What natural signs of a coming disaster were there? 2. Can you think of some reasons why these signs weren’t noticed? 3. What events probably made the disaster worse? 4. What situations probably made the disaster worse? 5. How were the survivors helped?

Look at the each part and write down its main idea.

Part 1

Paragraph 1
Paragraph 2

Before the earthquake strange things began to happen but no one took any notice of them.

Part 2

Paragraph 3

The earthquake destroyed the city of Tangshan and shocked the people very much.

Part 3

The army came to help the survivors, bringing hope for a new life.

Paragraph 4

Language points

1. Imagine your home begins to shake and you must leave it right away. imagine: form a mental picture imagine + n. /pron./ G./ cl. imagine sb. to be shake : cause to move to and fro right away : at once ; in no time ; immediately right now : at this very moment Make up your mind___________. right now right away I’ll return the book___________.

2. The water in the village well and _______. rose ______ fell ______

cracks in it. The walls had deep _______

Compare: rise & raise
He ______from his chair when the door bell rang. rose raising Her job is _________chickens. Her temperature is still________. rising He ______________in rank recently. has risen

out ____ of the cracks 3. A ______ smelly gas came ____ smelly : having a noticeable,

usually unpleasant odor
smell+ y = adj.

smell n./v

(smelt/ smelled)

They were all hungry and the food ______good. smelt

I can ______something burning in the kitchen. smell
Please throw the _______fish away. smelly smells paint. The house _______of

4. water pipes in some buildings________and cracked _______. burst burst : to come open or fly apart suddenly The balloon suddenly burst. burst into + n. Some robbers burst into that house. burst out burst out + doing They burst out laughing.

Compare:

burst into+ n. burst out + doing……
He burst into laughter. = He burst out laughing He burst into tears. = He burst out crying.

5 . But the one million people of the city, who thought little of these events, went to bed as usual that night. ( Non- Defining Attributive Clauses ) Do you want a friend whom you could tell everything to like your deepest….. (Unit 1 ) ……because those who ruled England at that time spoke French. ( Unit 2 ) The plains where rice grows. ( Unit 3 ) ( Defining Attributive Clause )

at ____ an _____. end 6. It seemed that the world was __
Compare: at the end of , 1. His father will return by the end of , at the end of home ______________ in the end
this year.
2. He will be a scientist

in the end ____________.
3. How many English

words had you learned
______________ by the end of last term?

A large number of
burnt buildings were_____

Hard hills of rock became dirt rivers of ______.
cracks that was eight kilometers A huge _______
long and thirty meters wide cut across ______houses and roads

8. In fifteen terrible seconds ruins a large city lay in_______. lie (lay, lain ): to be, remain or be kept in a certain state in ruins : severely damaged or destroyed

Compare: ruin ; destroy ; damage

The village _____in ruins after the war. lay lain These machines have _____idle since the factory closed. An earthquake left the whole town_________. in ruins in ruins His career is__________.

Everywhere they looked nearly everything was destroyed _________. He __________ his girl friend’s prospects ruined Soft wood ________easily. damages

9. Two-thirds of the people died or were ________ injured during the earthquake.

two-thirds= two thirds

More than 61% of the surface of the surface of is the earth ____covered by water. Seventy percent of the workers in this factory ______young. are
injure: to hurt oneself / sb / sth. physically

Compare: injure ; hurt ; wound Their criticisms _________him deeply. have hurt injured Smoking will _________his health. He was slightly ________in the car accident. injured He got ___________in the fighting. wounded What you said ________my feeling. hurt

________covered the Bricks ground like autumn

leaves. People were _________. shocked

10. The number of people who were killed or reached more than 400,000. injured _______ reach : to achieve of obtain sth. 11. Some of the ________workers and doctors were rescue trapped _______under the ruins.

rescue : (n) an act of rescuing or being rescued rescue : (v) to save or set free from harm, danger, or loss trap : (v) in a place form which one wants to escape but cannot

12.People began to ________how long the disaster wonder would last. wonder : v. A. to have a feeling of surprise. B. to be filled with curiosity or doubt. n. one that arouses astonishment, surprise ; admiration It is no wonder (that )= No wonder (that) ---Tom often works deep into the night every day. ---No wonder he always gets first in the examinations.

13. All hope was not lost. all…not … = not all….: some but not all Not all the children are left. (= Only some of them left early.) Not all the children are noisy. (= Some of the children are not noisy.) ? none of ….. None of us were allowed to go there. None of these reports is very helpful.

The railway tracks useless were_______pieces of ______. steel
organized teams to ______ The army _________ dig _______ out those were trapped and to_____ bury the dead

14. … bury the dead. bury : A. to place in the ground: B. to occupy (oneself) with deep concentration; absorb: The dog buried the bone in the ground. I buried myself in my studies. bury oneself in = be buried in devote oneself to = be devoted to

People became__________ homeless as a ______of result the earthquake. They had to look for ______ shelters necessary from the earthquake with their__________ things.

Some of the _______ rescue workers and doctors were ruins trapped __________under the ______.

To the north of the city,most of the100,000
from the ____ coal mines miners were _____ _____ ____. rescued

Workers built ________ shelters for _______ survivors whose homes had been destroyed.

the water in the village wells rise and fall a deep crack come out of in the farmyard too nervous to eat look for place to hide bright lights in the sky the water pipes one million people of the city think little of

as usual begin to shake at an end directly below the city one -third of the nation

rivers of dirt in ruins reach more than be destroyed

eight km long thirty km wide cut across houses steam burst from holes on/in the ground hard hills of rock

bricks covered the ground all hope red autumn leaves dig out be not safe for traveling the people who were trapped tens of thousands bury the death half a million instead of coal mines be shocked build shelters rescue workers and doctors begin to breathe again be trapped under the ruins begin to wonder

1. Farmers’ wives noticed that the well had deep cracks
in them.

2. It seemed that the world was at an end.
3. Bricks covered the ground like read autumn leaves. 4. The army organized teams to dig out those who were trapped and to bury the dead. 5.. Workers built shelters for survivors whose homes had been destroyed. P 26

Homework
Do exercises on page 27—28. Ex. 1,2 & 3
( Learning about language)

Do exercises 1 & 2 on page 63.
( Using words and expressions)


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