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高考英语强调句型课件. 2


强调句型

It is /was +强调部分+that+其他成分 这个句型用来强调除谓语以外的各种句子成分,被 强调部分必须放在it is/was 后面,如果强调的部 分是人,可以who 来代替that.
They will have a meeting in the hall tomorrow.
强调主语: ItIt is they that/who will have a meeting in the hall tomorrow. 强调宾语: ItIt is a meeting that they will have in the hall tomorrow. 强调地点状语: ItIt is in the hall that they will have a meeting tomorrow. 强调时间状语: ItIt is tomorrow that they will have a meeting in the hall.

结论
强调句型的特点: 用来强调一个句子中除谓语 以外的句子成分。去掉强调句式 It is/was…that…后,剩余句子的 结构和句意是完整的。

强调句的一般疑问句和特殊问句
一般疑问句形式是:Is/Was it + 被强调部分+that+ 句子的其他部分? It was this car that you bought in that shop last month. → Was it this car that you bought in that shop last month? 特殊问句形式是:Wh-疑问词 + is/was it+that+句子 的其他部分?如: It was last month that you bought this car in that shop . → When was it that you bought this car in that shop?

It was Tom that/who broke the window. →Who was it that broke the window?

It was in the park that she met him.
→Where was it that she met him? It was because it rained that he didn't attend the meeting. →Why was it that he didn't attend the meeting?

1. Was ______ that I met at the railway station the other day? A. it you B. not you C. you D. that you 2.Who was it ______ put so many large stones on the road? A. this B. that C. he D. she 3.Why was ______ that the old woman was sent to prison? A. he B. it C. that D. because 4. --“How was _________ they discovered the entrance to the underground palace?” --“Totally by chance.” A. it that B. he that C. it when D. he which

从句的强调: (1)I came home late because it was raining hard. It was because it was raining hard that I came home late.(强调原因状语从句) (2) What you said really made us sad. It was what you said that really made us sad.(强调主语从句) (3)When he was young, he learnt English by himself.(强调时间状语从句) It was when he was young that he learnt English by himself.

“not…until…”句型的强调结构为
“It is/was not until…that…”
I didn't finish my homework until 5:00.

→It was not until 5:00 that I finished my homework. He didn't realize his mistakes until he graduated from high school . →It was not until he graduated from high school that he realized his mistakes.

We did not get off the bus until it stopped . It was not until it stopped that we got off the bus. (注意:强调该结构时not until不能分开)
1.It was _________ back home after the experiments. A. not until midnight did he go B. until midnight that he didn’t go C. not until midnight that he went D. until midnight when he didn’t go 2. It was not until he came back ______ he knew the police were looking for him. A. which B. since C. that D. before 3. It was _____ I reached there _____ I began to know something about the matter. A. until, when B. until, that C. not until, that D. not when, that

1. It was after he got what he had desired _________ he realized it was not so important. A. that B. when C. since D. as 2. David said that it was because of his strong interest in literature _________ he chose the course. A. how B. what C. why D.that 3. It was when she was about to go to bed ____the telephone rang. A. since B. as C. that D. then

强调时间状语和地点状语时与定语从句的区别: (1)It was in 1921 that our Party was founded. (2)It was 1921 when our Party was founded. (3) It was on the farm that we practised planting crops. (4) It was the farm where we learned a lot . (5) It was yesterday that we chatted a lot on line. (6) It was there that Mike was drowned yesterday.
如果去掉it is/ was ... that句子仍然通顺成立,则为强 调句型,不成立不通顺,则为定语从句。如果句子通顺, 意思完整,那么,这就是一个强调句型。

It was in the small house ___was built with stones by his father ____he spent his childhood. A. which; that B. that; where C. which; which D. that; which It is/was + 被强调部分+关系代词/副词+定语从句 +that+其他成分 1.It was the house_______he where was born______caught that fire last night. who 2.It is the little boy_______our teacher often speaks of__________is that/who good at English. 3.---When did you get to know each other? when ---It was in 1999______our school was started. (that we got to know each other)

1.It was last year ____ you taught me how to drive. A. when B.that C. where D. which 2.It was ___ he said ____ disappointed me. A.that/what B.what/that C.what/what D.that/that 3.It was in the factory___ produced TV sets ____ our friend was murdered. A. which / which B. that / which C. that / that D. where / that

4. ______ find my wallet ,Tom ? A.Where did you that B.Where was it you C.Where have you D.Where was it that you 5.It was not until 1920___ regular radio broadcast began. A. while B. which C. that D. since 6.It is the ability to do the job___ matters, not where you came from or what you are. A. one B. it C. what D. that

7.It was the training ____he had as a young man____ made him such a good engineer. A. what; that B. that; what C. that ; which D. which; that 8.(2011四川卷)Was it on a lonely island ______ he was saved one month after the boat went down? A. where B. that C. which D. what 9.(2011陕西卷)It is not how much we do but how much love we put into what we do______benefits our work most. A. who B. which C. that D. what

10(2011重庆卷)—Have you seen the film Under the Hawthorn Tree? — Of course, I have. It was in our village _______ it was made. A.that B.where C.when D.which 11.(2011湖南卷) It’s not what we do once in a while ______ shapes our lives, but what we do consistently A .which B. that C. how D. when 12.Was it _____ he was seriously ill that he didn't come to school yesterday . A. as B. for C. because D. since

13. It was through Jack _____ Mary got to know Bob . A. who B. whom C. how D. that 14. It was on October 1st 1949 _____ new China was founded . A. which B. when C. as D. that 15. Was it in this palace _____ the last emperor died ? A. that B. in which C. in where D. which 16. It was the school gate ______ I met an old friend of mine after class . A. that B. which C. where D. why


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