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How


How to write a

summary?

Summary is a short passage giving the main points of an original article.

Find the main idea

Find key sentences

Preparation for writing a summary

Find key words

Recently, students in our class have had a discussion on whether space is worth exploring. 30% of us think space exploration is not worthwhile. They think space is too far away from us and our daily life. And the money spent on space exploration can be used to solve the earth’s problem such as starvation and pollution. On the other hand, 70% think space is worth exploring because we have benefited a lot from it. We use satellites for communication and weather forecast. Also, space research will enable us to find new sources to solve the problem of energy shortages on the earth. What’s more, with further space research, we may solve the population problem by moving to other planets one day.

1 Recently, students in our class have had a discussion on whether space is worth exploring. 2 30% of us think space exploration is not worthwhile. 3 They think space is too far away from us and our daily life. 4 And the money spent on space exploration can be used to solve the earth’s problem such as starvation and pollution. 5 On the other hand, 70% think space is worth exploring because we have benefited a lot from it. 6 We use satellites for communication and weather forecast. 7 Also, space research will enable us to find new sources to solve the problem of energy shortages on the earth.8 What’s more, with further space research, we may solve the population problem by moving to other planets one day.

Part 1:

What—A survey on whether…

Recently, students in our class have had a discussion on whether space is worth exploring.

Part 2: (Result ) Disagreement 30% of us think space exploration is not worthwhile. They think space is too far away from us and our daily life. And the money spent on space exploration can be used to solve the earth’s problem such as starvation and pollution.

What does the writer want to tell us in each part?

Part 3:

(Result) Agreement

On the other hand, 70% think space is worth exploring because we have benefited a lot from it. We use satellites for communication and weather forecast. Also, space research will enable us to find new sources to solve the problem of energy shortages on the earth. What’s more, with further space research, we may solve the population problem by moving to other planets one day.

Outline What:
A survey on whether space is worth exploring

not worthwhile ;

Disagreement: too far away…our daily life;
a waste of money.
worth; benefit a lot;

Agreement : solve problem of communication ,

weather forecast, energy shortages, even the population.


because… and … . While … because … and … .

Summary
A survey, whether space is worth exploring, of our class, shows 30% of the students think it unnecessary, because the exploring has little to do with our daily life and it will be a waste of money. While 70% think it worthwhile because it brings us benefit and helps to solve the problem of communication, weather report , energy shortage, and even population problem.

(64words)

Summary
A survey, whether space is worth exploring, of our class, shows 30% of the students think it unnecessary, because the exploring which wastes money has little to do with our daily life . While 70% think it worthwhile because it brings us benefit . (42words)

Steps for writing a summary(步骤)
Read the passage for overall content.(通读全文领略大意) 1._____

2.Reread carefully, high lightening the ____ mainidea and any key ____ supporting idea.(仔细阅读,突出大意和关键词)
3. ______ Group the passage into sections according to the author’s topic divisions.(根据作者的写作意图将文章划分为 几个部分) one-sentence summary of each section, 4.Write a _____________ own words focusing on the main point and then use your ____ to combine them logically. (用一个句子分别概括各部分的大 意,用自己的话连接成文) 5 .In your final draft, insert transitional _________ words and phrases where necessary. (用连词连接各部分,使连贯)

Tips for writing a summary
1. Focus on main ideas and omit(省去) examples, specific details, and minor supports.

2. Mainly use the words and phrases in the original passage. Do not include your own opinion, but be sure to use your own words.(主要引 用原文的词句,不能添加自己的见解,但是要用自己的语 言概括) 3.Try to change the sentence structure or the voice(语态) of the sentence, and use the synonyms (同义词)

4. Start with the following suggestive expressions and make sure the first sentence is correct. According to the passage, we know… This article is mainly about… The writer states that… 5. Check it to avoid spelling and grammatical mistakes

Have a try !

1. Write a summary 2. Check in pairs

Checklist: ? 1.All main points included? ? 2.In your own words? ? 3. Insert any transitional words? ? 4.Any grammar, spelling, and punctuation(标点) mistakes?

? 读写任务 ? 阅读下面的短文, 然后按照要求写一篇150词 左右的英语短文
Do Examinations Do More Harm Than Good? As anxiety-makers, examinations are second to none. That is because so much depends on them. They are the mark of success or failure in our society. It doesn’t matter that you weren’t feeling very well, or that your mother died. The moment a child begins school, he enters a world of terrible competition where success and failure are clearly cut and measured. A good education should train you to think for yourself. The examination system does anything but that…

One possible version: The article tries to tell us ______ exams do more harm than good to students. nervous Besides making students _______, they can neither help students think _____ for themselves nor serve as a fair way test students’ abilities. (36 words) to ____

Home work:
Continue to finish writing the next part of the composition and exchange with your partner and evaluate each other’s composition according to the checklist.

Checklist:
1.All main points included? 2.In your own words? 3. Insert any transitional words? 4.Any grammar, spelling, and punctuation(标点) mistakes?

Thank You !

Good luck &Success’s ahead!

Understanding
As anxiety-makers, examinations are second to none. Examinations cause anxiety. A good education should train you to think for yourself. The examination system does anything but that. Examinations do not help to train students to think for themselves.

There must surely be many simpler and more effective ways of assessing a person’s true abilities. Examination is not the best way to test a person’s true abilities.

Recently, students in our class have had a discussion on whether space is worth exploring. 30% of us think space exploration is not worthwhile. They think space is too far away from us and our daily life. And the money spent on space exploration can be used to solve the earth’s problem such as starvation and pollution. On the other hand, 70% think space is worth exploring because we have benefited a lot from it. We use satellites for communication and weather forecast. … 1.Read the passage for overall content.

1 Recently, students in our class have had a discussion on whether space is worth exploring. 2 30% of us think space exploration is not worthwhile. 3 They think space is too far away from us and our daily life. 4 And the money spent on space exploration can be used to solve the earth’s problem such as starvation and pollution. 5 On the other hand, 70% think space is worth exploring because we have benefited a lot from it. 6 We use satellites for communication and weather forecast. 7 Also, space research will enable us to find new sources to solve the problem of energy shortages on the earth. …2.Reread carefully, high lightening the main idea and any key supporting idea.

Part 1:

What—A survey on whether…

Recently, students in our class have had a discussion on whether space is worth exploring.

Part 2: (Result ) Disagreement 30% of us think space exploration is not worthwhile. They think space is too far away from us and our daily life. And the money spent on space exploration can be used to solve the earth’s problem such as starvation and pollution.
3. Group the passage into sections according to the author’s topic divisions.

Summary
A survey, whether space is worth exploring, of our class, shows 30% of the students think it unnecessary, because the exploring which wastes money has little to do with our daily life . While 70% think it worthwhile because it brings us benefit . (42words)
4.Write a one-sentence summary of each section, and then use your own words to combine them logically.

5 .In your final draft, insert transitional words and phrases where necessary.


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