当前位置:首页 >> 英语 >>

How


How to write a

summary?

Summary is a short passage giving the main points of an original article.

Find the main idea

Find key sentences

Preparation for writing a summary

Find key words

Recently, students in our class have had a discussion on whether space is worth exploring. 30% of us think space exploration is not worthwhile. They think space is too far away from us and our daily life. And the money spent on space exploration can be used to solve the earth’s problem such as starvation and pollution. On the other hand, 70% think space is worth exploring because we have benefited a lot from it. We use satellites for communication and weather forecast. Also, space research will enable us to find new sources to solve the problem of energy shortages on the earth. What’s more, with further space research, we may solve the population problem by moving to other planets one day.

1 Recently, students in our class have had a discussion on whether space is worth exploring. 2 30% of us think space exploration is not worthwhile. 3 They think space is too far away from us and our daily life. 4 And the money spent on space exploration can be used to solve the earth’s problem such as starvation and pollution. 5 On the other hand, 70% think space is worth exploring because we have benefited a lot from it. 6 We use satellites for communication and weather forecast. 7 Also, space research will enable us to find new sources to solve the problem of energy shortages on the earth.8 What’s more, with further space research, we may solve the population problem by moving to other planets one day.

Part 1:

What—A survey on whether…

Recently, students in our class have had a discussion on whether space is worth exploring.

Part 2: (Result ) Disagreement 30% of us think space exploration is not worthwhile. They think space is too far away from us and our daily life. And the money spent on space exploration can be used to solve the earth’s problem such as starvation and pollution.

What does the writer want to tell us in each part?

Part 3:

(Result) Agreement

On the other hand, 70% think space is worth exploring because we have benefited a lot from it. We use satellites for communication and weather forecast. Also, space research will enable us to find new sources to solve the problem of energy shortages on the earth. What’s more, with further space research, we may solve the population problem by moving to other planets one day.

Outline What:
A survey on whether space is worth exploring

not worthwhile ;

Disagreement: too far away…our daily life;
a waste of money.
worth; benefit a lot;

Agreement : solve problem of communication ,

weather forecast, energy shortages, even the population.


because… and … . While … because … and … .

Summary
A survey, whether space is worth exploring, of our class, shows 30% of the students think it unnecessary, because the exploring has little to do with our daily life and it will be a waste of money. While 70% think it worthwhile because it brings us benefit and helps to solve the problem of communication, weather report , energy shortage, and even population problem.

(64words)

Summary
A survey, whether space is worth exploring, of our class, shows 30% of the students think it unnecessary, because the exploring which wastes money has little to do with our daily life . While 70% think it worthwhile because it brings us benefit . (42words)

Steps for writing a summary(步骤)
Read the passage for overall content.(通读全文领略大意) 1._____

2.Reread carefully, high lightening the ____ mainidea and any key ____ supporting idea.(仔细阅读,突出大意和关键词)
3. ______ Group the passage into sections according to the author’s topic divisions.(根据作者的写作意图将文章划分为 几个部分) one-sentence summary of each section, 4.Write a _____________ own words focusing on the main point and then use your ____ to combine them logically. (用一个句子分别概括各部分的大 意,用自己的话连接成文) 5 .In your final draft, insert transitional _________ words and phrases where necessary. (用连词连接各部分,使连贯)

Tips for writing a summary
1. Focus on main ideas and omit(省去) examples, specific details, and minor supports.

2. Mainly use the words and phrases in the original passage. Do not include your own opinion, but be sure to use your own words.(主要引 用原文的词句,不能添加自己的见解,但是要用自己的语 言概括) 3.Try to change the sentence structure or the voice(语态) of the sentence, and use the synonyms (同义词)

4. Start with the following suggestive expressions and make sure the first sentence is correct. According to the passage, we know… This article is mainly about… The writer states that… 5. Check it to avoid spelling and grammatical mistakes

Have a try !

1. Write a summary 2. Check in pairs

Checklist: ? 1.All main points included? ? 2.In your own words? ? 3. Insert any transitional words? ? 4.Any grammar, spelling, and punctuation(标点) mistakes?

? 读写任务 ? 阅读下面的短文, 然后按照要求写一篇150词 左右的英语短文
Do Examinations Do More Harm Than Good? As anxiety-makers, examinations are second to none. That is because so much depends on them. They are the mark of success or failure in our society. It doesn’t matter that you weren’t feeling very well, or that your mother died. The moment a child begins school, he enters a world of terrible competition where success and failure are clearly cut and measured. A good education should train you to think for yourself. The examination system does anything but that…

One possible version: The article tries to tell us ______ exams do more harm than good to students. nervous Besides making students _______, they can neither help students think _____ for themselves nor serve as a fair way test students’ abilities. (36 words) to ____

Home work:
Continue to finish writing the next part of the composition and exchange with your partner and evaluate each other’s composition according to the checklist.

Checklist:
1.All main points included? 2.In your own words? 3. Insert any transitional words? 4.Any grammar, spelling, and punctuation(标点) mistakes?

Thank You !

Good luck &Success’s ahead!

Understanding
As anxiety-makers, examinations are second to none. Examinations cause anxiety. A good education should train you to think for yourself. The examination system does anything but that. Examinations do not help to train students to think for themselves.

There must surely be many simpler and more effective ways of assessing a person’s true abilities. Examination is not the best way to test a person’s true abilities.

Recently, students in our class have had a discussion on whether space is worth exploring. 30% of us think space exploration is not worthwhile. They think space is too far away from us and our daily life. And the money spent on space exploration can be used to solve the earth’s problem such as starvation and pollution. On the other hand, 70% think space is worth exploring because we have benefited a lot from it. We use satellites for communication and weather forecast. … 1.Read the passage for overall content.

1 Recently, students in our class have had a discussion on whether space is worth exploring. 2 30% of us think space exploration is not worthwhile. 3 They think space is too far away from us and our daily life. 4 And the money spent on space exploration can be used to solve the earth’s problem such as starvation and pollution. 5 On the other hand, 70% think space is worth exploring because we have benefited a lot from it. 6 We use satellites for communication and weather forecast. 7 Also, space research will enable us to find new sources to solve the problem of energy shortages on the earth. …2.Reread carefully, high lightening the main idea and any key supporting idea.

Part 1:

What—A survey on whether…

Recently, students in our class have had a discussion on whether space is worth exploring.

Part 2: (Result ) Disagreement 30% of us think space exploration is not worthwhile. They think space is too far away from us and our daily life. And the money spent on space exploration can be used to solve the earth’s problem such as starvation and pollution.
3. Group the passage into sections according to the author’s topic divisions.

Summary
A survey, whether space is worth exploring, of our class, shows 30% of the students think it unnecessary, because the exploring which wastes money has little to do with our daily life . While 70% think it worthwhile because it brings us benefit . (42words)
4.Write a one-sentence summary of each section, and then use your own words to combine them logically.

5 .In your final draft, insert transitional words and phrases where necessary.


相关文章:
How引导的特殊疑问句与练习
How引导的特殊疑问句与练习_英语_初中教育_教育专区。1.用来询问方式或手段。 How are they going to Poland? 他们怎样去波兰? 2.用来询问程度。 How is your...
疑问词how用法总结
疑问词how用法总结_英语_初中教育_教育专区。初中阶段how相关的疑问词用法总结how 的短语归纳 词组 提问内容 常见词组 always, usually, often, sometimes, hardly,...
what还是how——感叹句用法归纳
what还是how——感叹句用法归纳_英语考试_外语学习_教育专区。“what 还是 how?”——感叹句语法归纳 句型 例句 备注 What +a/an+形容 What a careful girl ...
How 用法小结
How 用法小结_英语学习_外语学习_教育专区。How 用法小结 提起 how 这个单词,同学们并不陌生,在初中阶段 how 是个比较活跃的单词。它本身的词 义广泛,而且和不...
how 的用法
how 的用法_英语_初中教育_教育专区。How 的本领有多大? 1.how 用在问候语中。如: How do you do? (你好!)这是初次见面时的问候语,答语也用 How do yo...
How 用法练习1001
How 用法练习 100 题 1. – How far apart do they live?--___ I know, they live in the same neighbourhood. A. As long as B. As far as C. ...
How_many和_how__much的用法
How_many和_how__much的用法_英语学习_外语学习_教育专区。How_many和_how__much的用法 How many 和 how much 的用法 所谓的名词,即是指物品、动、植物,...
关于how的疑问词的用法和区别
关于how的疑问词的用法和区别_六年级英语_英语_小学教育_教育专区。how long ,how often,how soon,的却别;how many,how much的区别;how far,how about等用法...
how is用法
◆ 额外句型一: 如果是问候一项正在进行的动作,则还可以用“How’s...going?”这个句型。 A: How’s it going? B: Everything is going just great. And ...
你how我how大家how短语归纳
howhow大家how短语归纳_英语_初中教育_教育专区。你 howhow 大家 how——how 的短语归纳 词组 提问内容 常见词组 always, usually, often, sometimes, ...
更多相关标签: