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【2014届高三一轮复习英语精品资料 题库语法练习(新课标专用)专题十 定语从句Word版含解析]


定语从句
1.Patience,without________ you can't do the work well,is a kind of quality. A.that C.which B.it D.what

解析:句意为:耐心是一种品质。没有了耐心,你不能做好工作。此处考查了定语从句 中“介词+which”的情况,which 指代的

是先行词 patience。 答案:C 2.Shopping on the Internet has a lot of advantages, ________ the most important is perhaps its convenience. A.of which C.that B.whose D.in which

解析:考查定语从句。句意:在因特网上购物有很多优点,其中最重要的也许是它的便 利。分析句子结构和语意可知,此处定语从句修饰 advantages,表示其中的某一部分,故选 择 of which,也可以写成 the most important of which。 答案:A 3.I still can't believe my eyes when I remember the scene________ the best player should miss the pass. A.that C.where B.which D.how

解析:where 引导定语从句修饰先行词 scene,where 在从句中作状语。句意为:当我 记起当时那个最好的选手没有过关时,我简直不敢相信我的眼睛。 答案:C 4.In order to get started in this career, I'm willing to accept any position ________ I can show my abilities. A.where C.when B.which D.that

解析:考查定语从句。根据语意和句子结构分析可知:where 引导定语从句并在定语从 句中作地点状语,所以选 A。 答案:A 5.China's new food law provides for a food recall system________producers have to stop production if their food isn't up to standards. A.where C.when B.that D.which

解析:考查定语从句。句意为:中国新的食品法规定了食品召回制度,即如果食品达不 到标准,生产者就必须停止生产。先行词为 a food recall system,定语从句为 producers have to stop production if their food isn't up to standards(in the food recall system),故选 A。 答案:A 6.Remember that there is still one point________ we must make clear at the conference tomorrow. A.where C.when B.why D.that

解析:考查定语从句。解定语从句题的关键是:在主句中找出先行词,该句的先行词是 one point,然后把先行词“代入”从句中,判断其在从句中的“地位”和“作用” ,这里先行词在从 句中作 make clear 的宾语,所以用关系代词 that/which 引导定语从句并在从句中作宾语,据 此选 D 项。 答案:D 7.With the rapid development of agriculture, the people in ________ village I taught before have lived a happy life. A.who C.whose B.where D.which

解析:考查定语从句的引导词。句意:随着农业的快速发展,我以前教书的那个村子里 的人们过着幸福的生活。解答此题时可以将定语从句还原成:I taught in the people's village

before。可以看出所选用的关系代词在从句中作定语,因此选 C。 答案:C 8.The moment________ John will never forget is________ Mr Smith gave him a lot of valuable advice on how to improve his writing. A.that;that C.when;that B.that;when D.when;when

解析:考查从句引导词。第一空用 that 引导定语从句,修饰先行词 The moment;第二 空用 when 引导表语从句,并在从句中作时间状语,故答案为 B。 答案:B 9. The mountain, ________ the peak is hardly seen, is the highest mountain in the area. A.whose C.of which B.which D.that

解析: 考查定语从句。 句意: 顶峰很难被看到的那座山是当地最高的山。 of which the peak =the peak of which=whose peak。 答案:C 10.John,________ money is no problem,still leads a simple life. A.for whose C.of whom B.of whose D.for whom

解析:考查定语从句。可以把定语从句部分变化成“Money is no problem for John”,这样 便不难看出用介词 for+关系代词 whom(指代 John)来引导定语从句。 答案:D 11.He didn't put the things________ they belonged,for________ he got his punishment. A.which;that C.that;whose B.what;this D.where;which

解析:考查复合句。从句子结构看前半句中的从句是状语从句表示放东西的地方,因此 使用 where 引导;后半句是非限制性定语从句,使用 which 指代前面整个句子的意思,这是 which 的典型用法。 答案:D

12.As to the unemployment,the government has taken a series of measures in many areas, ________ , I am sure, will benefit the people out of work. A.which C.what B.that D.where

解析:考查非限制性定语从句。which 引导的从句修饰前面整个句子,I am sure 为插入 语。 答案:A 13. Soon we came to a little stream which winds through the hill, _____ banks are thick trees. A.on its C.on whose B.on that D.on which

解析:考查定语从句。banks 与 stream 是所属关系,应用关系代词 whose。又因空处在 从句中作状语, 故用 on whose。 此处定语从句为倒装程序, 正常语序为 thick trees are on whose banks。 答案:C 14.Cone were the days ________ women had to depend on men. Seeking a life partner has become a matter of choice for women. A.that C.when B.which D ./

解析:考查定语从句。语意:女性必须依赖男性生活的日子已经过去,女性可以自己选 择她的终身伴侣。when 引导定语从句修饰 days,相当于 on which。 答案:C 15.I took my daughter to the park last Sunday, ________ we walked back and forth for two hours. A.when C.which B.who D.where

解析:考查宾语从句。语意:上个星期天,我带女儿去公园,在公园里,我们来回走了 两个小时。先行词是 the park,不是 last Sunday,在定语从句中作地点状语,因此用 where 引导定语从句。 答案:B


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