雅安中学 2013-2014 学年下期高三 3 月试题 英 语
出题人：赖丽娟 审题人：罗志玲 本试卷分第Ⅰ 卷（选择题）和第Ⅱ 卷（非选择题）两部分，第Ⅰ 卷 1 页至 8 页，第Ⅱ 卷9 至 10 页。考生作答时，须将答案答在答题卡上，在本试题卷、草稿纸上答题无效。满分 150 分，考试时间 120 分钟。考试结束后，将本试卷和答题卡一并交回。 第Ⅰ 卷
（选择题 共 100 分） 注意事项： 1.必须使用 2B 铅笔在答题卡将所选答案对应的标号涂黑。 2.第Ⅰ 卷共两部分，共计 100 分。 第一部分 英语知识运用（共两节，共 40 分） 第一节 单项填空（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 1 ---I will go to Hainan with the children this weekend. ---_________________ A. Have fun . B. Excuse me C. No problem D. No thanks. 2. People develop ______ preference for a particular style of learning at ______ early age . A. a; an B. a; ;不填 C.不填;the D. the; an 3. He was driving back home ______ suddenly a woman ran into his car. A while B since C before D when 4. With his new car_______ in the parking lot,Mr Brown went into the supermarket to buy some food. A parked B to park C parking D to be parked 5. Sina’s users spend much more time on average on the microblog than _____ of its competitors. A.one B. ones C. that D those 6. ---- With a little care I＿＿＿＿the disaster. ----But you were too careless. A could avoid B could have avoided C must avoid D must have avoided 7. To our great surprise, the disabled person made a requirement that he ______ as a volunteer. A received B was received C receive D be received 8. He advised me to live _______________the air is fresher. A. in where B. in which C. the place where D. where 9. So interested in the ancient town _______ that they decided to stay there for another few days. A. did the visitors get B. got the visitors C. did get the visitors D. the visitors got 10. Can you explain ______ the OPEC can control the price of oil? A. how is it that B. what it is that C. how it is that D. what is it that 第二节，完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面的短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项中（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出可以填 入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该选项涂黑。
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In my early childhood, my parents and teachers taught me to be persistent (执着) in every task I devoted myself to. I was __11__ that persistence is the only way towards success. But a small __12__ made me change my mind. One day my twoyearold son, __13__ at a dozen of “stood” color marker?pens, cheered excitedly，“Mummy, look! I did it.” Afterwards, he collected some ball?pens, __14__ to do the same. Hard though he tried, the ballpens just lay __15__. He turned to me for help. Noticing they had either sharp or round ends, I said _16__， “Mummy can't help you.” To my surprise, he wouldn't listen and continued trying... I was struck by his persistence. My son's behaviour reminded me of George who was always __17__ in his work and rarely talked to anyone. To him, _18__， there was no such thing called weekends or holidays. Our boss praised __19__ about him and _20__ us to look up to him as a role model. One day I met George. “Gonna work late again tonight？” “Probably can't leave till midnight，” he said. “How many hours have you put in here each week, eighty or ninety？” “__21__.” “Don't you have time to be with your family at all？” He shook his head slowly and _22__ a sigh. “It's not what I wanted. But I have worked on it for so long. It's much too __23__ to even think about letting go.” A year later I resigned. The __24__ thing I heard about him was that his wife divorced him. Since then I've never seen him. But occasionally his aged _25__ would come to my mind. Until that day, __26__ knowing why the ballpens couldn't stand up, the twoyearold had __27__ the impossibility after many failures. He put aside all the ballpens and kept only those water markers for his “game”. __28__， he already learned to let go of his previous _29__ attempts. In our daily life, many headaches can be avoided if we know how to _30__ them and then decisively let go of them immediately. 11．A.confident B．consistent C．conscious D．convinced 12 A.event B．incident C．accident D．affair 13．A.pointing B．shouting C．screaming D．laughing 14． A.insisting B．requiring C．intending D．urging 15．A.flat B．silent C．still D．quiet 16．A.deliberately B．casually C．unintentionally D．enthusiastically 17．A.interested B．busy C．devoted D．buried 18．A.therefore B．however C．otherwise D．though 19．A.little B．highly C．well D．much 20．A.promised B．ordered C．inspired D．appealed 21．A.At random B．At times C．At most D．At least 22．A.let off B．let out C．sent off D．sent out 23．A.encouraging B．comfortable C．painful D．ashamed 24．A.latter B．later C．last D．lately 25．A.picture B．figure C．reflection D．image 26．A.for B．with C．without D．besides 27．A.received B．accepted C．refused D．rejected 28．A.Generally B．Eventually C．Additionally D．Obviously 29．A.useless B．endless C．hopeful D．meaningful 30．A.clarify B．realise C．identify D．acknowledge 第二部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 50 分） 第一节 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选项， 并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 （共 20 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 40 分） A
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Besides containing attractive flowers, trees and other plants that beautify the community, ecofriendly rain gardens(雨水花园) are healthy for the environment and the people living and working nearby. A rain garden is not very different from a traditional garden. It is just a far more ecofriendly garden. Usually it is built lower than the ground. Rain gardens make smart use of rain and storm water by temporarily holding water from rain and storms and letting it soak(浸入)slowly into the ground before it runs into streams or enters the public drinking water supply. Thus, a rain garden keeps the water, allowing it to be used as needed by plants in the rain garden, rather than flowing immediately into nearby streams and going unused. The water will soak slowly into the ground within a day or two. This creates an advantage that the rain garden does not allow mosquitoes to breed. This is a simple, attractive, and eco?friendly “green” way to treat storm water. What's more, planting a rain garden helps reduce pollution and improve the environment. Without using expensive machinery and chemicals, rain gardens remove harmful chemicals in the rainwater and cut down on the amount of pollution reaching streams and rivers by up to 30%. Native plants are recommended for rain gardens because they are more used to the local climate, soil, and water conditions. They may attract local wildlife such as native birds. Water your rain garden immediately after planting and once a week, unless you have had at least an inch of rain during the week. Once native plants establish the necessary root system, they will require little care. Often, local governments and private businesses develop large rain gardens in their yards and in public parks as a way to improve the environment and solve flooding problems. However, you don't need to be a professionally environmental engineer to create a rain garden. As long as you're ecoconscious homeowners, you can help the environment by building smaller rain gardens in your yards. 31. Which of the following is NOT true for the function of rain gardens? A．They are good for living conditions. B．They increase pollution. C．They can beautify the community. D．They improve the environment. 32. Which of the following is the ecofriendly function of rain gardens discussed in Paragraph 4? A．They can keep the rain and storm water B．They can help reduce the pollutionproblem. C．They can be healthy for the people around. D．They can make the environment more beautiful. 33. One of the main reasons why native plants are recommended is that________． A．they cost less and are much easier to get B．they may attract local wildlife to come C．they require little care from the local gardener D．they are more used to the local growing conditions 34. What do we know about rain gardens? A．They need little water after all the plants are planted. B．They usually need at least an inch of rainwater a week. C．They may attract local birds and change the local climate.
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D．They may reduce the water pollution problem by 70%. B An “apple polisher” is one who gives gifts to win friendship or special treatment. It is not exactly a bribe(贿赂), but is close to it. All sorts of people are “apple polishers” ， including politicians and people in high offices—just about everybody. Oliver Cromwell, the great English leader, offered many gifts to win the support of George Fox and his party, but failed. There are other phrases meaning the same thing as “apple?polishing”—“soft?soaping” or “buttering?up”. A gift is just one way to “soft?soap” somebody, or to “butter him up”. Another that is just as effective is flattery, giving someone high praise—telling him how good he looks, or how well he speaks, or how talented and wise he is. Endless are the ways of flattery. Who does not love to hear it? Only an unusual man can resist the thrill of being told how wonderful he is. In truth, flattery is good medicine for most of us, who get so little of it. We need it to be more sure of ourselves. It cannot hurt unless we get carried away by it. But if we just lap it up for its good value and nourishment, as a cat laps up milk, then we can still remain true to ourselves. Sometimes, however, flattery will get you nothing from one who has had too much of it. A good example is the famous 12th century legend of King Canute of Denmark and England. The king got tired of listening to endless sickening flattery of his courtiers(朝臣). They overpraised him to the skies, as a man of limitless power. He decided to teach them a lesson. He took them to the seashore and sat down. Then he ordered the waves to stop coming in. The tide was too busy to listen to him. The king was satisfied. This might show his followers how weak his power was and how empty their flattery was. 35. Which of the following activities has nothing to do with “apple?polishing”？ A．A boy tells his girlfriend how pretty she looks. B．An employee tells her boss how good he is at management. C．A knight is said to be of limitless power by his followers. D．A teacher praises her students for their talent and wisdom. 36 What does the writer want to prove with Cromwell's example? A．Everybody can be an “apple?polisher”． B．Cromwell was not a good “apple?polisher”． C．George Fox and his party were not “apple?polishers”． D．There are people who don't like being “apple?polished”． 37. Which of the following statements about flattery is TRUE according to the author? A．Too much flattery can carry us away. B．Flattery is too empty to do people any good. C．Flattery can get you nothing but excessive(过度的) pride. D．Flattery is one of the ways to applepolish people. 38. Why did King Canute of Denmark and England take his followers to the seashore? A．Because he was sick of his normal life. B．Because he disliked being overpraised any more. C．Because he wanted them to realize how wise he was.
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D．Because he wanted them to see how weak he was as a king. C Big Brothers Big Sisters is based on the simplicity and power of friendship. It is a programme which provides friendship and fun by matching vulnerable_ young_people (ages 7～ 17)with a volunteer adult who can be both a role model and a supportive friend. Volunteer tutors come from all walks of life—married, single，with or without children. Big Brothers and Big Sisters are not replacement parents or social workers.They are tutors: someone to trust, to have fun with, to talk and go to when needed. A Big Sister and Little Sister will generally spend between one and four hours together three or four times each month for at least twelve months. They enjoy simple activities such as a picnic at a park，cooking，playing sport or going to a football match.These activities improve the friendship and help the young person develop positive selfrespect，confidence and life direction. Big Brothers Big Sisters organizations exist throughout the world. It is the largest and most wellknown provider of tutor services internationally and has been operating for 25 years. Emily and Sarah have been matched since March 2008. Emily is a 10yearold girl who has experienced some difficulties being accepted by her schoolmates at school. “I was pretty sure there was something wrong with me.” Emily's mum came across Big Brothers Big Sisters and thought it would be of benefit to Emily by “providing different feedback ( 反 馈 ) about herself other than just relying on schoolmates to measure her self?worth”． Sarah wanted to get involved in a volunteer programme. “I googled it and found out how to be a part of it. I thought it would be fun for me to get involved in making time to do something because sometimes it's all work and no play.” Big Brothers Big Sisters has been of great benefit and enjoyment to both Emily and Sarah. They love and look forward to their time together and the partnership has certainly helped Emily be more comfortable in being the wonderful, happy and unique girl she is! 39. What is the aim of Big Brothers Big Sisters? A．To offer students public services. B．To help students improve their grades. C．To organize sport activities for young people. D．To provide partnership and fun for young people. 40. A volunteer is usually expected to work within a year for at least ________． A．24 hours B．36 hours C．48 hours D．72 hours 41. According to Emily's mother, this programme may provide Emily with ________． A．advice from her teachers B．a new way to assess herself C．a new way to judge her schoolmates D．more comments from her schoolmates 42. According to the passage, “vulnerable young people” are probably those who are ________． A．popular at school B．rather weak physically C．easily hurt emotionally D．confident in themselves D Animals can move from place to place, but plants cannot. When an animal is under attack, it can run away or fight back. Plants certainly cannot run away, and they lack teeth and claws. But plants can defend themselves by using both physical and chemical means.
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Some plants have their own ways to keep animals away. For example, the leaves of the holly plant have sharp spines (刺) that discourage grass eating animals. Holly leaves on lower branches have more spines than leaves on upper branches. This is because the lower leaves are easier for most animals to reach. Some plants, such as the oak tree, have thick and hard leaves that are difficult for animals to eat. Some grasses may contain a sandy material; eating such grasses wears down the animal's teeth. Many plants also have chemical defenses. Some plants produce chemicals that taste bitter or cause an unpleasant reaction. Some plants may fight against an attack by increasing the production of these chemicals. When a caterpillar (毛虫) bites a tobacco leaf, the leaf produces a chemical messenger. This messenger sends to the roots the information to produce more nicotine. The higher levels of nicotine discourage the caterpillar. Many plants depend on both physical and chemical defenses. A certain plant in China, for instance, has prickly (多刺的) leaves, and each prickle contains poisonous venom (毒液). A single experience with this kind of plant will teach an animal to stay away from it in the future. 43．The holly plant has more spines on the lower leaves because most animals________． A．are not tall enough B．like the lower leaves only C．are not clever enough D．can get the lower leaves easily 44．To defend themselves, oak trees use________． A．chemical means B．physical means C．bitter chemicals D．sandy materials 45．How does tobacco protect itself against an attack from a caterpillar? A．Its leaves fight against the attack by physical means. B．Its roots send a messenger to discourage the caterpillar. C．Its roots increase the production of nicotine when it is attacked. D．Its leaves produce poisonous sand to drive the caterpillar away. 46．What would be the best title for this passage? A．Plants and animals B．How plants defend themselves C．Attacks and defenses D．How animals eat plant leaves E In today's throwaway society，dealing with the city's growing mountain of waste is an increasing challenge for the city council(市议会)． Recently, Edinburgh is faced with the problem of disposing of(处理)about 250,000 million tons of waste a year. Despite different ways to dispose of much of it in a green manner—largely through encouraging recycling—its aging facilities such as the Powderhall landfill do not have the ability to deal with it. The European Union(EU) has issued a new policy，regulating how such mountains of waste are to be disposed of. The five councils (Edinburgh，East Lothian, West Lothian，Midlothian and Borders) face fines around ￡18 million a year from 2013 if they don't increase recycling levels and rely less on landfill. With this in mind，the councils got together with the idea of building a large incinerator plant (垃圾焚烧厂)to burn half of the waste produced in their districts. But this plan fell apart after the change of target levels by a new UK government waste policy which required that no more than 25% of the city's waste should be disposed of in this way by 2025. After the plan was abandoned，a private company which already transported millions of tons
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of the city's waste by train to a landfill site near Dunbar，offered an alternative solution when it suggested opening a huge waste site near Portobello. Since Powderhall is supposed to close in 2015，it seemed necessary for the members of the Edinburgh Council to accept the suggestion. But soon they turned it down—after 700 local objections reached them—because it would have meant hundreds of lorries a day making loud noise through heavily populated areas. That still leaves the council with a problem. By 2013，only 50% of 1995 levels of waste will be allowed to be sent to landfill. Even if recycling targets are met， there will still be a large amount of rubbish to be burnt up. Due to this，Edinburgh and Midlothian councils have now decided to work together to build an incinerator plant as time to find a solution is fast running out. 47．The main way of handling waste in a green manner in Edinburgh is ________. A．recycling B．restoring C．burying D．burning 48．The five councils worked out a plan to build an incinerator plant to ________. A．reduce the cost of burying waste B．meet the EU requirements C．speed up waste recycling D．replace landfill sites 49．The city council of Edinburgh rejected the suggestion to open a huge landfill site near Portobello because ________. A．it came from a private company B．the council was not interested in it C．it was not supported by EU D．the local people were against it50．What is the final decision of Edinburgh and Midlothian councils? A．To open a new landfill nearby. B．To close the Powderhall landfill in 2015. C．To set up a plant for burning waste. D．To persuade people to reduce their waste. 第二节 根据对话内容，从对话后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项，并在 答题卡上将该项涂黑。选项中有两项多余选项。 （共 5 小题：每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） —— Sit down, please, take it easy. What’s your name, please? —— Alice. —— 51 . —— My house was broken into last night. ——Can you describe what happened last night? ——Yes. At 6 o’clock, my husband and I left home attend a friends birthday party. 52 . When I opened the door, we found that someone had entered our house by the window. —— 53 . ——Yes. My diamond necklace is gone, 54 . ——Can you tell me anything more? ——The man living opposite our house said he had heard a sound of glass being broken at about 11. After a while, he saw a tall man with long hair come out of my house. ——Well, 55 . If we have any news, we’ll let you know. A. Have you got anything stone? B. we’ll look into the case right away. C. What’s the matter, Madam? D. don’t worry too much about such a case.
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E. so are the my computer and two valuable vases. F. We didn’t get home until midnight. G. We are sure to find out the thief.
第Ⅱ 卷（非选择题 共 60 分） 注意事项： 1. 必须使用 0.5 毫米黑色墨迹签字笔在答题卡上题目所指是的答案区域内作答。 答在 试题卷上无效。 2. 第Ⅱ 卷共计 50 分） 第三部分 写作（共三节 共 50 分） 第一节 阅读表达（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，共 10 分） 阅读下面短文，并按照题目要求用英语回答问题（请注意问题后的词数要求。 ） People who drink a little, exercise, quit smoking and eat five servings of fruit and vegetables each day live on average 14 years longer than people who adopt none of these behaviors, researchers said on Tuesday ．A collection of evidence has shown that these things contribute to healthier and longer lives, but the new study actually qualified their mixed effect, the British team said． “These results may provide further support for the idea that even small differences in lifestyle may make a big difference to health, ” the researchers wrote in the journal PLOS Medicine． Between 1993 and 1997 the researchers questioned 20，000 healthy British men and woman about their lifestyles．They also tested every participant’s blood to measure vitamin C intake．an indicator（指标）of how much fruit and vegetables people ate． Then they assigned the participants-aged 45-79 a score of between 0 and 4，giving one point for each of the healthy behaviors．After allowing for age and other factors that could affect the likelihood of dying．the researchers found people with a score of 0 four times as likely to die． The researchers, who tracked deaths among the participants until 2006，also said a person with a health score of 0 had the same risk of dying as someone with score of 4 who was 14 years older． The lifestyle change with the biggest benefit was _____________________ ,which led to an 80 percent improvement in health．the study found．This was followed by eating fruits and vegetables．Drinking a little and keeping active brought the same benefits,．Kay-Tee Khaw at the University of Cambridge said．Do you have the four healthy living habits? 56．What is the best title of the passage?（within 10 words） ______________________________________________________________________57．Which sentence in the passage is the closest in meaning to the following one? It is well known that each living habit is good for health，but now the study has made it clear
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how nice the four habits cooperate． ______________________________________________________________________58．Fill in the blank in the last paragraph with a proper sentences． （within 10 words） ______________________________________________________________________59 ． What should be encouraged according to the result of the research?（within 10 words） ______________________________________________________________________60．Transl ate the underlined sentence in Paragraph 2 into Chinese． ______________________________________________________________________ 第二节 短文改错（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 下面短文中有 10 处语言错误。请在有错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏字符号（∧ ） ，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（﹨）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1. 每句不超过两个错误； 2. 每处错误及其修改均公限一词； 3. 只允许修改 10 处，多者（从第 11 处起）不计分。 Dear Susan, I’m very glad to hear about you are coming to visit me the next Friday. Unfortunately, I won’t be able to meet you at the airport although I have classes in the afternoon. You won’t find difficult to get to the city center. The airport bus leaves every 30 minute and will take you rightly to the Friendship Hotel. My class will be over by then or I will pick you up there. I will take you together to a hot-pot restaurant for dinner and we’ll talk with our plan for the weekend over dinner. Having a pleasant trip and see you Friday. Yours, Zhang Ming 第三节 书面表达（共 35 分） 有报道表明，中国中学生的健康状况已经不如以前。你作为一名中学生,请结合本 人实际及以下提示，分析原因，提出合理建议，说明中学生应当如何保持身体健康。 1. 吃太多肉类，糖类食物和垃圾食物, 暴饮暴食。需平衡饮食结构，多吃蔬菜水果。 2. 花太多时间看电视，上网或玩游戏，肥胖问题较多。应当摆脱不良生活习惯，须增加 户外活动,加强锻炼 3. 睡眠不足。须劳逸结合，早睡早起 注意：词数 120 左右
座位号 雅安中学 2013-2014 学年下期高三 3 月试题 英 语答题卷 第二卷 第一节 阅读表达 56. 57. 58. 59. 60.
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第二节 改错 Dear Susan, I’m very glad to hear about you are coming to visit me the next Friday. Unfortunately, I won’t be able to meet you at the airport although I have classes in the afternoon. You won’t find difficult to get to the city center. The airport bus leaves every 30 minute and will take you rightly to the Friendship Hotel. My class will be over by then or I will pick you up there. I will take you together to a hot-pot restaurant for dinner and we’ll talk with our plan for the weekend over dinner. Having a pleasant trip and see you Friday. Yours, Zhang Ming 第二节 书面表达 请根据下面的信息提示写一篇短文： 有报道表明，中国中学生的健康状况已经不如以前。你作为一名中学生,请结合本 人实际及以下提示，分析原因，提出合理建议，说明中学生应当如何保持身体健康。 1. 吃太多肉类，糖类食物和垃圾食物, 暴饮暴食。需平衡饮食结构，多吃蔬菜水果。 2. 花太多时间看电视，上网或玩游戏，肥胖问题较多。应当摆脱不良生活习惯，须增加 户外活动,加强锻炼 3. 睡眠不足。须劳逸结合，早睡早起 注意：词数 120 左右
雅安中学 2013-2014 学年下期高三 3 月试题
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1-5 AADAD 6-10BDDAC 11-15DBACA 16-20BDABC 21-25DBCCD 26-30 CBDAC 31-34BBDB 35-38DADB 39-42DBBC 43-46DBCB 47-50ABDC 51-55 CFAEB 56 Four health changes can prolong life 14 years/ Four health habits are helpful to longer lives 57．A collection of evidences has shown that these things contribute to healthier and longer lives, but the new study actually quantified their mixed effect· 58．giving up smoking／quitting smoke 59．Developing a good living habit． 60．研究结果进一步证明，生活方式的微小变化会对人们的身体健康产生很大影响。 第一行：去掉 about 或者改成 that；去掉 the 第二行：although 改为 because / as 第三行：find 后加 it 第四行：minute 改为 minutes；rightly 改为 right 第五行：or 改为 and ；去掉 together； 第六行：with 改为 about 第七行：Having 改为 Have
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