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特殊句型


1. 完全倒装:1)here,there,now,then,out,off,down… 2)介词短语 3)表系主 2. , 部分倒装 1)否定词 2)only+adv/介短/状语从句 3)so/such 4)as/though 5)were/had/should (if 虚拟)

3. 感叹句: what+n/n 短语, how+adj./adv./adj-

a-n/句子 , 4. 强调句 :1)it is/was ….that … 2) do/did /does +谓语原型 5. 省略句:1)状语从句中的省略( 主从主语一致或从
句的主语是 it,谓语是 be 动词时, )

2) 不定式的省略(留 to, be/have 例外)

6. 反意疑问句: 注意的几点(常见错误) : 1. Only he apologizes for his rudeness will I speak to him again. 2. Among the girls are my maths teacher. 3. So clearly he speaks English that he can always make himself understood. 4. So sudden the accident was that we didn’t react. 5. Such is the boy that we all like him. (翻译) 6. A girl as/though she is , she is outgoing. 7. Were it to rain tomorrow, I would not go. (汉译英

7-9) 8. I would go, should it be necessary . 9. I would be sitting in my ideal university ,had I studied hard then. 10. Not only will help be given to people to find jobs, but also will medical treatment be provided for people who need it. (改错,翻译) 11. Not until did he come, I realized that he was late. (改错)
12. Was it on a lonely island___he was saved one month after the boat went famous. 【B】

A.where 13.

B.that

C.which

D.what

It was _____ he came bank from Africa that year

____ he met the girl he would like to marry. 【C】 A. when; then only; when
14. 【2011 湖南卷 35】It’s not what we do once in a while ______ shapes our lives, but what we do consistently A .which B. that C. how D. when

B. not; until

C. not until; that D.

15. 昨天你什么时间交的作业?(强调什么时间) 16. I have no idea _______________ 17. It was at 8 o’clock that he returned. It was 8 o’clock when he returned. (翻译比较)

18. He did has a brother.(改错)
19. If you have a job,____yourself to it and finally


you’ll succeed. 【A】 A.do devote devoting B. don't devote C. devoting D. not

20. The driver wanted to park his car near the roadside but was asked by the police ___ a. not to do b. not to c. not do d. do not. 15. Are you a sailor? No, but I ____. A. used to b. used to be c. used to do 21. Why didn’t you join in the game? _____, but I was ill. a. I’d like to b. I’d like to have c. I’d like
在并列结构中为了避免重复,后一个 to 省略。 I'm really puzzled what to think or say. 但两个不定式有对照或对比的意义时,则后一个 to 不能省略。 I came not to scold but to praise you.

16. you must have seen the film over the past few years, _____? a. mustn’t you b. didn’t you c. haven’t you d. don’t you 17. There used to be a river here, ____? a. don’t there b. isn’t there c. usedn’t there 18. He said that he would come here, _____? a. didn’t he b. wouldn’t he 19. I don’t believe that he will win the game, _____? a. do I b. will I c. won’t he d. will he 20.Be sure to write to us, ____? A. don’t you b. will you 21. Don’t be here, ___? A. will you b. won’t you

c. do you 22. I’m a teacher, ______? A. aren’t I b. am not I 23. He could hardly walk without a stick, _____? A. could he b. couldn’t he 24. He disagreed with me, _____? A. didn’t he b. did he 25. Aren’t you a student, are you? _____. I’m a teacher. a. No, I am b. Yes, I’m not c. No, I’m not. D. Yes, I am.
五年高考 A组 2012 年全国高考题组 D. might have had 1.【2012 浙江卷,19】 Had they known what was coming next, they________ second thoughts. A. may have B. could have C. must have had 【考点】虚拟语气中的情态动词 【答案】D

【解析】本句是一个倒装句,可还原为:if they had known what was coming next, they might have had second thought。根据 had known 提示,可知是与过去事实相反,因此虚拟语气主句中应该用 would/might +have done,由此可见答案 D 符合语境。 2.【2012 江苏卷,25】 There is little doubt in your mind that he is innocent, _______________? A. is there B. isn't there C. is he D. isn't he 【考点】特殊句式—反义问句 【答案】A 【解析】根据前面 there be 句里含有否定意义的词 little,所以反意疑问句用肯定形式,其主谓应与陈述部分的主谓保持一致,故选 A 项。 3.【2012 山东卷,31】 — I don’t know about you, but I’m sick and tired of this weather. — _________. I can’t stand all this rain. A. I don’t care C. So am I 【答案】C 【解析】当表示后者与前者具有相同特征的时候,后者用倒装的形式;肯定用 so,否定用 nor 或 neither 构成。根据后面一句中的 I can’t stand all this rain 可知,此处与上一句中的 I’m sick and tired of the weather 表达同样的感受,因此应该用 So am I,表示“我也是”。句意:---我不了解 你。我讨厌这种天气。---我也是。我无法忍受整天下雨。 【考点】考查倒装句的用法。 4.【2012 全国新课程,34】 You have to move out of the way A. so C. and 【答案】B 【解析】此处 or 表示“否则”。句意:你必须躲开,否则卡车过不去。 【考点】考查并列连词。 5. 【2012 湖南高考真题,30】 It was not until I came here ____ I realized this place was famous, for not only its beauty but also its weather. A. who B. that C. where D. before 【答案】B 【考点】本题考查强调句。 B. or D. but the truck cannot get past you. B. It’s hard to say D. I hope not

【解析】把 it was 及空去掉,可转换为一个完整的句子。且这是表示“直到……时才”的句型之一:it was not until … that …。复合句 强调句型 that 7.【2012 辽宁卷,32】Not until he retired from teaching three years ago A. he had considered C. he considered 【考点】特殊句式—倒装。 【答案】D 【解析】Not until 位于句首时句子要倒装,consider having a holiday abroad 这个动作发生在 retire 之后,所以用一般过去时。 8.【2012 四川卷,4】At school, some students are active ______ some are shy, yet they can be good friends with one another. A. while 【答案】 A 【考点】本题考查并列连词。 【解析】题干句意为:在学校,一些学生很活跃而一些却很害羞,然而他们都可能彼此成为好朋友。根据句意选 while,表示两个分句中两种情况的 对比。 9.【2012 四川卷,5】This is not my story, nor ______ the whole story. My story plays out differently. A. is there 【答案】 C 【考点】本题考查倒装句。 【解析】nor 位于句首引起部分倒装,排除 B、D;再根据句意“这并不是(关于)我的故事,它也不是故事的全部。我的故事的结局不同。”选代词 it。故答案选 C。 B组 2008-2011 年全国高考题组 1.【2011 重庆卷 32】—Have you seen the film Under the Hawthorn Tree? — Of course, I have. It was in our village _______ it was made. A. that 【答案】A 【考点】考查强调句。 【解析】问话人询问对方是否看过《山楂树之恋》这部电影,答话人回答说当然看过,这部电影是在自己的村庄拍摄的。本句是强调句,被强调的部 B. where C. when D. which B. there is C. is it D. it is B. although C. so D. as B. had he considered D. did he consider having a holiday abroad.

分是地点状语 in our village。强调状语 in our village。 2.【2011 湖南卷 35】It’s not what we do once in a while ______ shapes our lives, but what we do consistently A .which 【答案】B 【考点】本题考察强调句型。 【解析】本题考察强调句型。强调主语。故选 B。句子意思:决定我们生活的东西不是我们偶尔所做的事情而是那些我们自始至终所做的事情。 3.【2011 全国卷 II13】Jane won’t join us for dinner tonight and A. neither won’t Tom C. Tom will too 【答案】B 【考点】考查特殊句式。 【解析】句意:简不会来参加我们今晚的宴会,汤姆也不会来。此处是否定句,故使用 either,而 too 一般用于肯定句中。此处也可以用 so 倒装的 否定式,即 neither/nor will Tom.注意 A 项中 neither 表否定意义,所以不能用 won’t。 4.【2011 江苏卷 33】It sounds like something is wrong with the car’s engine._______ , we’d better take it to the garage immediately. A. Otherwise 【答案】D 【考点】考查省略和替代。 【解析】句意:听起来车的发动机好像有问题,如果那样的话,我们最好立刻把它弄到汽修厂去。前后两句话之间是顺承关系。Otherwise 否则,要 不然;if not 要不,不然;but for that 若不是因为那件事;if so 若是这样。 5.【2011 辽宁卷 33】_____ a strange plant! I've never seen it before. A. Which where 【答案】B 【考点】考查感叹句。 【解析】句意:多么奇怪的植物啊!我以前从没见过。此处为“What+a/an 十 adj.+n.+it is/was”的省略结构,故 B 项正确。 6.【2011 上海卷 30】It doesn’t matter if they want to come to your party, _______? B. What C. How D. Whether B. If not C. But for that D. If so B. Tom won’t either D. so will Tom . B. that C. how D. when

A. doesn’t it B. does it C. don’t they D. do they 【答案】B 【考点】考查反义疑问句。 【解析】反义疑问句的基本原则就是与主句主谓保持一致。陈述部分为否定,故附加部分为肯定,句意:他们是否来参加你的派对,没有关系,是吗? 7.【10 浙江】The experiment shows that proper amounts of exercise, if A. being carried out B. carrying out 【答案】C 【考点】本题考查 if 条件句中的省略情况。 【解析】本句的句子的主语是 the experiment;谓语动词是 shows;that 引导宾语从句, 宾语从句的主干事:proper amounts of exercise can improve our health, if_____ regularly 是插入的条件从句, 从句的主语是 proper amounts of exercise, 此时应用 it 代替前面提到的主语, 条件句 的主语与主句的主语一致, 并且含有 is, 故省略了 it is, 完整形式是:if it is carried out。句意为:这项实验表明, 适当的运动, 如果有规律的进行, 能够有助于我们的身体健康。 8.【10 江西】Not until he left his home ______ to know how important the family was for him. A did he begin 【答案】A 【考点】考查倒装。 【解析】not until 放在句首要用部分倒装, 翻译为直到, 所以 begin 发生在 left 之后或同时发生 9.【09 湖南】You and I could hardly work together, A. could you B. couldn’t I C. couldn’t we D. could we 【答案】D 【考点】反义疑问句的用法。 【解析】根据陈述部分是肯定形式, 疑问部分用否定形式;反之。陈述部分中含有否定词 hardly, 故疑问部分用肯定形式, 主语是 you and I。故应 选 D。 10.【09 江西】According to statistics, a man is more than twice as likely to die of skin cancer _________ a woman. A. than 【答案】D B. such C. so D. as ? B had he begun C he began D he had begun C. carried out D. to carry out regularly, can improve our health.

【考点】比较级的结构 【解析】比较级的结构, as ….. as , 注意句中的 more than 只是修饰 twice 11.【08 福建】—Who should be responsible for the accident? —The boss, not the workers. They just carried out the order A. as told 【答案】A 【考点】此题考查状语从句的省略 【解析】as told=as they were told, 此处是 as 引导的方式状语从句的省略。当从句主语与主句主语一致, 且谓语动词含有 be 时, 将从句的主语和 be 省略。又因为 workers 与 tell 之间是被动关系, 排除 C、D。 12.【08 辽宁】 Bill wasn’t happy about the delay of the report by Jason, and ______. A. I was neither 【答案】B 【考点】本题考查倒装。 【解析】句意为:Bill 对 Jason 耽误了报告的事不高兴, 我也是(我也不高兴)。表示 “某人也不……时”, 应该用 “neither/nor+助动词/系动词/情 态动词+主语”。 三年模拟 A组 A. Face 2012 年全国模拟题组 B. Faced C. Facing D. To be faced 1.(浙江省杭州十四中 2012 届高三 3 月月考,8)________this problem, they don’t know how to deal with it. 2.(浙江省 2012 届重点中学协作体高三第二学期 3 月调研试题,6)_____ read newspapers for pleasure, but also to improve their minds. A. Not only old men C. Not only do old men A. I realized B. Not only old men do D. Old men not only do C. had I realized D. did I real ize D. Having understood B. neither was I C. I was either D. either was I B. as are told C. as telling D. as they told .

3.(浙江省部分重点中学 2012 届高三下学期 2 月联考,5)Only when I left my parents for Italy, ________how much I loved them. B. I had realized 4.(浙江省东阳市南马高中 2012 届高三下学期入学考试,16)______ how mirrors produce image, we need to know what light does. A. Understanding B. Understood C. To understand

5.(浙江省奉化市第二中学 2012 届高三上学期第三次月考,6)It is always those _____ forgive first _______ achieve more happiness. A. 不填; and B. who; and C. who; that D. that; but 6.(浙江省杭州市 2012 届高三第一次高考教学质量检测,19) —How many students will attend James’ course? —I suppose there will be not more than ten, A.if so B.if possible C.if any D.if ever 7.(浙江省杭州市西湖高级中学 2012 届高三 3 月月考,17)________, he does get annoyed with her sometimes. A. Although much he like her C. As he likes her much B. Much although he likes her D. Much as he likes her , for it is too abstract.

8.(浙江省嘉兴市 2012 届高三下学期教学质量检查(二),1) --- Nice to meet you. You can call me Sarah. --- Oh, ! My name is Sarah, too. We have the same name. A.what a shame B.what a small world C.what a joke D.what a coincidence 9.(金华十校 2012 年高考模拟考试,14)The school library provides a variety of books, _______ they will meet the needs of different students. A.to hope A. you must B.hope B. you can C.hoped D.hoping D. must you 10.(浙江省宁波市 2012 届高三上学期期末试题,18)On no account _______ tell him about our plans. C. can you 11.(浙江省绍兴市第一中学 2012 届高三下学期回头望考试题,11)I don’t think my mother will come to Shaoxing, but in case she ______, I will ask for a few days to show her around the East Lake. A. will B. would C. did D. does C. allowed to D. allowing to 12.(浙江省名校新高考研究联盟 2012 届第一次联考,3)We were told not to touch the equipment in the laboratory unless ________. A. allowed to do B. allowing to do B组 2010-2011 年全国模拟题组

1.(2011 年浙江省高考模拟卷,6) ______ to the victims in the mud-flow struck areas, you can contact the local charity organizations.

A. Contributing

B. To contribute

C. Being contribute

D. Contributed

2.(温州中学高三年级第一次模拟考试,35)In my opinion, learning is life long and the more knowledge you get_______. A. the more for life are you equipped C. the more life you are equipped for thrilling. A.If anything B.If something C.If necessary D.If so 4.(浙江省 2011 届高考考试样卷 ,6)If not _______, you’re allowed to return everything within 10 days for a full refund and no further duties. A. to satisfy B. being satisfied C. satisfied D. satisfying 5.(浙江省 2011 届高三模拟考试试题(一),23) —Do you know ____ the 2011 Xiamen International Marathon was held? —On January 2. A.when it was that C.what it was that A. I saw A. Wake them. A. do you realize B. you realize C. you will realize D. will you realize 9.(温州市 2009 学年高三八校联考英语试卷,6) Not until I went through his paper _________ what rapid progress he had made in writing. A. I did find B. did I find C. I had found D. was I found 10.(温州中学 2009 学年第一学期第一次月考,12)______ with some research findings, I decided on three possible approaches. B.when was it that D.what was it that C. did I see C. Wakes D. I have seen B. the more equipped for life you are D. you are equipped the more life , it is more

3.(浙江省绍兴市 2011 年高三教学质量调测,11)The latest edition of Harry Potter is as attractive as the previous editions.

6.(浙江省富阳二中 2011 届高三 3 月月考,6) It is the best play I have ever seen, and never before _______ a film of so high quality. B. have I seen B. Waking 7.(浙江省温州二中 2010 届高三上学期期中,11)_______ up , the young man found himself covered with a red blanket. D. woke 8.(浙江省瑞安中学 2010 届高三暑期总结性测试,10) Only when you leave your parents for college education _______ how much you love

A. Preparing C. To prepare

B. Having prepared D. Prepared


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英语特殊句型 | 英语句型 | 特殊句式 | 高中英语特殊句型 | 特殊疑问句句型 | 强调句型的特殊疑问句 | 高中英语特殊句型课件 | 比较级的特殊句型 |