长宁区 2015 学年第一学期高三英语教学质量检测试卷
第 I 卷（共 103 分）
I. Listening Comprehension
Section A Directions: In Section A, you will hear ten short conversations between two speakers. At the end
of each conversation, a question will be asked about what was said. The conversations and the questions will be spoken only once. After you hear a conversation and the question about it, read the four possible answers on your paper, and decide which one is the best answer to the question you have heard. 1. A. At an airport. C. At a bus station. 2. A. She has been late. C. She has sold something. 3. A. Walk to the zoo. C. Cross the street. 4. A. She really wants to study in class. B. She is reluctant to go to the movies. C. The man shows great interest in the movies. D. The man is too tired to remain in class. 5. A. Professor Brown is giving his speech in this room. B. Professor Brown’s going to speak more some other night. C. He has never heard about Professor Brown before. D. He had no idea of Professor Brown’s speech tonight. 6. A. The man should go to another counter. B. The man gives the woman too many choices. C. The woman dislikes the icecream offered there. D. The woman is hesitating about her decision. 7. A. He broke the woman’s calculator. B. He lost his classmate’s homework. C. He cannot help the woman with her physics. D. He doesn’t know where the “on” button is. 8. A. Concerned. B. Disappointed. C. Exhausted. D. Puzzled. 9. A. She is inviting the man to go to the lake. C. It will clear up in the lake area tomorrow. B. She is going to cancel her plan if it rains. D. The lake will be clear after the heavy rain. B. At a train station. D. At a travel agency. B. Her throat hurts. D. Her drink tastes sour. B. Wait for the bus. D. Take a taxi to the zoo.
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10. A. He hopes to attend a good fashion school. B. Fashion designing is a booming business. C. School learning is a must for fashion designers. D. The woman should become a fashion designer. Section B Directions: In Section B, you will hear two short passages, and you will be asked three questions on each of the passage. The passages will be read twice, but the questions will be spoken only once. When you hear a question, read the four possible answers on your paper and decide which one would be the best answer to the question you have heard. Questions 11 through 13 are based on the following passage. 11. A. The Seventh Duchess (公爵夫人) wanted to start a custom. B. Wealthy people loved showing off their fine china cups. C. Wealthy people enjoyed eating something in the late afternoon. D. Duchess Anna liked the company of others in her sitting room. 12. A. Cream tea. B. Full tea. C. Low tea. D. Regular tea.
13. A. The routine of afternoon tea. C. The facilities for afternoon tea.
B. The dress code for afternoon tea. D. The introduction to afternoon tea.
Questions 14 through 16 are based on the following passage. 14. A. Scientific studies. C. Egyptian royal jewelry. B. Ancient tools. D. Modern radar.
15. A. The result of a comet (彗星) explosion was revealed. B. A special black stone has lately been found in the Sahara Desert. C. A stretch of sand littered with unique yellow-brown glass was discovered. D. The research on the solar system formation has been greatly encouraged. 16. A. A science fiction. C. An astronomy magazine. B. A travel brochure. D. A jewelry advertisement.
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Section C Directions: In Section C, you will hear two longer conversations. The conversations will be read twice. After you hear each conversation, you are required to fill in the numbered blanks with the information you have heard. Write your answers on your answer sheet. Blanks 17 through 20 are based on the following conversation. Complete the form. Write ONE WORD for each answer.
BRITISH AIRWAY TICKET INFORMATION Flight: Passenger: Destination: Departure time: Type & Price: Check-in items: BA168 Bill Smith London 2:00 pm; 18 17 29th, 2015
trip; ? 19 20
2 pieces of
Blanks 21 through 24 are based on the following conversation. Complete the form. Write NO MORE THAN THREE WORDS for each answer.
How does the lady spend her weekend? Why doesn’t she think it hard work? How does the man spend his leisure time? What does the English proverb mean?
She works in her garden and grows She He 22 doing garden work.
23 in the bar. 24 .
II. Grammar and Vocabulary
Section A Directions: After reading the passages below, fill in the blanks to make the passages coherent and grammatically correct. For the blanks with a given word, fill in each blank with the proper form of the given word; for the other blanks, use one word that best fits each blank.
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(A) A Night Out Michelle walked out the theater humming (哼唱) a tune. She’d just seen a wonderful musical at the beautiful Paramount Theater. (25) _____ he closed her eyes, she could still see the beautiful costumes and stage sets. It was now after 11 p.m., and she really didn’t like being out late by (26) _____. Since no one else had wanted to go to the show, she (27) _____ _____ go alone. She headed down the dark Seattle Street toward her car. No car. The parking space was empty. “That’s odd,” she thought. “Am I on the wrong street?” She checked the street signs. No, she was on Pine Street. And she was sure that this was (28) _____ she’d left her car. But her car was nowhere to be seen. She began to feel nervous. Someone had stolen her car! What was she going to do? Should she call the police or call someone to give her a ride? She decided to call someone. She took out her cellphone only (29) _____ (find) that her battery was dead! Now what? Maybe she could take a cab. She only had $1 in cash (30) _____ she checked every corner of her wallet. And to her horror, her credit card was missing! Then she remembered. She’d ordered something on the Internet and left the card by her computer. She headed back toward the theater and the lights on Pike Street. Then she saw something familiar. Her car! She realized she (31) _____ (park) on Pike Street not Pine Street! Once again (32) _____ (sing) a song from the show, she got into her car and headed home. (B) The Koran Most religions have some kind of holy text on which the religious beliefs are based. For Christians this text is the Holy Bible; for Jews it is the Torah and for Muslims it is the Koran. Muslims believe that the Koran (33) _____ (consist) of revelations from God to Muhammad during the years 610 to 632 when Muhammad died. These revelations were written down by those (34) _____ were close to him during this time and for several years after his death. They were gathered into the text (35) _____ (know) as the Koran during the years 630 to 650. The interpretation of the Koran has always been a difficult task, even for Islamic scholars. For example, the meanings of some words are determined by dots above the vowels (元音). In ancient Arabic, however, very often these dots (36) _____ (omit). As a result some letters looked identical. Thus, the meanings of these words depended in many cases (37) _____ the memories of the men who had written them. Early Muslims had to try to get the exact meanings of the words (38) _____ these people died and it was too late. Unlike the Bible, in which the events are provided in time order, there is no reference to (39) _____ things occurred in the Koran. In any case, unlike the Bible, most the suras—sections—are composed of orders and warnings. Unlike in the Bible, there are very few stories in the Koran. Muslins believe that by (40) _____ (recite) the book, they create a holy atmosphere, and there are many Muslims who have learned the Koran by heart. Section B
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Directions: Complete the following passage by using the words in the box. Each word can only be used once. Note that there is one word more than you need. A.accommodate G. maintaining B. alternative H.possessions C. boast I.regulate D. budget J.tempting E. elimination K.unaccompanied F. enclosed
When young people begin to live independently, home-hunting can involve some stress. But they would do well to remember that a new 41 is available—micro-homes. Fondly called “tiny houses,” these houses have all living necessities in a small package, including kitchen, bedroom and bathroom. Generally under 50 square meters, most tiny houses 42 just one or two people though some claim the space for more. What’s lost in size is not lost Besides an attractive appearance, tiny houses can also 43 unique practical features. in design as these homes are often quite unique and modern in design. Making the best of urban space, the 72-to 122-centimeter-wide Keret House in Warsaw, the world’s narrowest home, filled in an alley (小巷). The sample home Ecocapsule uses solar power, wind power and rainwater collection to enable its owner to live practically anywhere. A system of rails allows the DALE micro-home to option of an open or As visually 46 45 courtyard. as micro-homes are, there are a few disadvantages to consider before 47 of most 44 room size and number as well as adding the
getting comfortable on a minicouch. Moving into a tiny house requires the question as the limited space may even cause a(n) will probably start families and acquire more 49 . 50 48
non-essentials, no matter the emotional connection to them. Guests will also mostly be out of the individual to experience some cabin fever. And finally, a micro-home is likely a temporary living option for most people since they Though the limitation will scare some, there is usually a benefit. A small size results in a small price tag and small bills, making tiny houses easier to save up for and . And though you won’t have much stuff around the house, this can provide the comfort of simple living and maintenance. Micro-homes are also practically mobile and claim eco-friendliness that can’t be matched by other homes. They probably aren’t for everyone or forever, but when it comes to your next (or first) home, they could be just what you need.
III. Reading Comprehension
Section A Directions: For each blank in the following passage there are four words or phrases marked A, B, C and D. Fill in each blank with the word or phrase that best fits the context. At 1:30 p.m. on March 31, 1981, John Hinckley Jr. stepped from a crowd of onlookers and
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tried to kill Ronald Reagan, the president of the United States. Although he failed, he did cause injury to the president. The crime was committed in clear view of many people. end of his trial, Hinckley was found not 52 prison, Hinckley was sent to a mental hospital, where he remains. The judgment in Hinckley’s case did more than annoy a few people. It they did it. If they were capable of law. Very young children cannot be 55 if they do not know right from wrong, because they cannot be held morally responsible for their actions. For most people, moral responsibility comes with age and maturity. Psychologists, however, say that there are some adults who cannot recognize right from wrong. Since these adults cannot tell the insane. Hinckley was judged insane because functioning like a(n) be treated for his illness. People who are against the use of an insanity defense say that criminals like Hinckley do know what they are doing. commit the crime People who have 64 63 60 62 59 of the insanity defense say that everyone who commits a serious crime like Hinckley’s could be said to be mentally ill. Otherwise, the person would not . There are many people who struggle with severe mental illness who 61 for violent behavior. the insanity defense believe that mental illnesses are not always do not commit crimes. The illnesses should not be used as a(n) 58 57 56 , they should not be held morally responsible for their actions. In a U.S. court of law, an adult like this may be considered determined that his mind was not adult’s so he had no idea what he was doing. Instead of spending 54 53 a nationwide debate about whether people accused of a crime can claim they were insane when and then committing a crime, how could they later claim to have been insane? One starting point is to identify what insane means in a U.S. court of 51 , at the by reason of insanity (精神失常). Instead of
the rest of his life in prison, Hinckley would be committed to a mental hospital, where he could
treatable. Psychologists have been able to detect patterns of behavior. These mental detectives evidence that a person can be insane but seem normal. Hinckley and others with conditions suffer from delusions (错觉). Even though people with delusions may seem
normal, the world does not appear to them as it does to other people. Therefore, experts say, such people cannot be held to the rules of behavior other people are held to. Their punishments should be 65 . B. However B. healthy B. cleared up B. starting B. punished B. truth B. psychologists C. Otherwise C. safe C. let out C. planning C. annoyed C. responsibility C. experts D. Moreover D. guilty D. put away D. discovering D. defended D. difference D. detectives
51. A. Therefore 52. A. hurt 53. A. kicked off 54. A. confessing 55. A. sentenced 56. A. insanity 57. A. judges
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58. A. mature 59. A. Opponents 60. A. on the contrary 61. A. example 62. A. study 63. A. destroyed 64. A. realistic 65. A. severe Section B
B. independent B. Onlookers B. by this means B. excuse B. refuse B. compared B. ordinary B. negotiable
C. normal C. Victims C. in the first place C. defense C. transform C. examined C. similar C. acceptable
D. capable D. Researchers D. at the same time D. idea D. support D. gathered D. treatable D. legal
Directions: Read the following three passages. Each passage is followed by several questions or unfinished statements. For each of them there are four choices marked A, B, C and D. Choose the one that fits best according to the information given in the passage you have just read. (A) Death is a serious theme worthy of great poets. For example, John Keats’s “When I Have Fears That I May Cease to Be” and John Donne’s “Death, Be Not Proud” both discuss death in reflective ways. However, the imagery (意象) in these poems shows that while Keats believes that death can only destroy, Donne believes that death can be overcome. Keats is afraid of death, because to him death means the loss of those things that make his life worth living: “On the shore/ of the wide world I stand alone, and think / Till Love and Fame to nothingness do sink.” Earlier in the poem, Keats says that he hopes this “Love” will be a “high romance” with a “fair creature.” He also says that he hopes the “Fame” he seeks will be the result of the “high piled books” produced by his “crowded brain.” In other words, Keats’s fear is that death is a “nothingness” that will arrive before he can finish his life’s work or find his true love. Donne has a different attitude toward death, and so the imagery in his poem is different, too. To Donne, death should “be not proud,” because it is not “mighty and dreadful.” Unlike Keats, Donne sees death as weak and merely a “slave to Fate, chance, kings, and desperate men.” He also says that death is like “rest and sleep”. Donne believes that we will all wake from the sleep of death to everlasting life, just as we wake from our normal sleep to our everyday lives. In fact, Donne believes that only death itself will die: “One short sleep past, we wake forever, / And Death shall be no more; Death, thou shalt die.” Keats and Donne both know that death is a part of life, and both poets use powerful imagery to talk about that difficult theme. The differences in this imagery show two very different attitudes toward the subject, one of which is much more positive than the other. Which poet to believe is up to the reader to decide. Not surprisingly, the readers’ own experiences may play a part in the way they respond to these poets’ approaches. Like the two poets and their beliefs, contemporary readers also may be divided on the subject. This may explain why Keats’s and Donne’s poetry remains fascinating
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years after their own deaths. 66. According to the passage, ______ makes Keats’s life worth living. A. expressing his grand passion for poetry B. walking on the shore with a pretty lady C. defeating nothingness with his true love D. pursuing the fame of being a romantic poet 67. In Donne’s poems he believes that death is ______. A. generally powerful and terrible C. merely the loss of work and love B. only a ceaseless sleep D. hardly worth the fear
68. Contemporary readers may view the two poets’ serious subject differently because ______. A. they are attracted to the two poets’ everlasting opposite beliefs B. they are divided naturally by their positive or negative personalities C. their own life experiences affect the understandings of the poems D. their preferences for the poets’ strong imageries are various 69. Which of the following best describes the main writing style of the passage? A. Analysis. B. Argument. C. Comparison. (B) Friends and fellow citizens: I stand before you tonight under accusation of the unproven crime of having voted at the last presidential election, without having a lawful right to vote. It shall be my work this evening to prove to you that in thus doing, I not only committed no crime, but, instead, simply exercised my citizen’s rights, guaranteed to me and all United States citizens by the National Constitution (宪法), beyond the power of any State to deny. Our democratic-republican government is based on the idea of the natural right of every individual member to a voice and a vote in making and executing the laws. We declare the duty of government to be to secure the people in the enjoyment of their unchallengeable right. We throw to the winds the belief that government can give rights. “All men are created equal, and gifted by their Creator with certain undeniable rights. Among these are life, liberty, and the pursuit of happiness. To secure these, governments are established among men, gaining their just powers from the agreement of the governed.” Here is no shadow of government authority over rights, or exclusion of any class from their full and equal enjoyment. Here is pronounced the right of all men, and “therefore,” as the Quaker minister said, “of all women,” to a voice in the government. And here, in this first paragraph of the Declaration, is the declaration of the natural right of all to the vote; for how can “the agreement of the governed” be given, if the right to vote be denied? D. Reasoning.
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The introduction of the Federal (联邦的) Constitution says: “We, the people of the United States, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure domestic peacefulness, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the blessings of liberty ourselves and our posterity ( 子嗣 ), do establish this Constitution for the United States of America.” It was we, the people; not we, the white male citizens; nor we, the male citizens; but we, the whole people, who formed the Union. And we formed it, not to give the blessings of liberty, but to secure them; not to the half of ourselves and the half of our posterity, but to the whole people—women as well as men. And it is absolute ridicule to talk to women of their enjoyment of the blessings of liberty while they are denied the use of the only means of securing them provided by this democratic-republican government—the vote. 70. The speaker was standing in front of the audience to ______. A. accuse the government of having denied treating her unfairly B. fight for the legal right to vote in the United States as a woman C. share a recent victory on voting for the president of the States D. guarantee that they could better understand the National Constitution 71. The expression “throw to the winds” (Paragraph 2) is closest in meaning to “______”. A. abandon B. emphasize C. shake D. spread
72. Which of the following statements is true according to the speech? A. The Quaker minister holds conflicting opinions on women’s right to vote. B. Government authority has the right to bar some of the governed out of liberty. C. The policy is undeniably adopted that all the governed in America have the equal rights. D. There’s no way to the real agreement of the governed if women’s vote right is robbed. 73. It can be inferred from the speech that ______. A. it’s more important to have liberty than have good wishes of it. B. the Federal Constitution comes from the National Constitution. C. it’s ridiculous that women enjoy liberty while their rights are not secured. D. racial and gender issues are among the major social problems of the USA. 74. Which of the following might be the best title of the speech? A. For the Sake of Liberty and Happiness C. In the Name of Equal Right to Vote (C) B. Vote on the Women’s Rights D. Power of American Constitution
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“I’m pleased to say that 2015 is our third year sponsoring the IATEFL information desk. This year, we are running three workshops covering some of the key areas of our wide-ranging special skills: testing, editing and vocabulary. We hope to see you.” —— Russell Whitehead Director
Vocabulary testing: why, what and how? By Felicity O’Dell & Russell Whitehead Saturday 11th April 3:50-4:35 pm Charter 4
Should vocabulary be one of the language features that we test and, if so, why? What vocabulary—and what aspects of vocabulary—should we focus on in our tests? What methods can we use to test vocabulary? We will discuss answers to these questions, considering the strengths and weaknesses of different types of vocabulary test for different teaching contexts. There’s something missing from your project—the editor! By David Baker & Fiona MacKenzie Sunday 12 April 10:25—11:10 am Central 8
Big publishing companies no longer offer the single route to publication. Whether you are self-publishing, a teaching institution developing its own materials, or a digital start-up, in a highly competitive environment it isn’t enough to write something and just put it out there. Quality still matters — you can’t afford to forget one of the key roles in successful publishing. Vocabulary levels: which words are at which level? By Stephen Bullon Monday 13th April 1:35-2:20 pm Central 8
While students develop their competence in the four skills and in their ability to master grammatical structures, they are together building their vocabulary. We will try to establish the standards involved in selecting appropriate vocabulary at the various levels students pass through: frequency, teaching requirements, and register are all factors that need to be weighed in the balance. LT123 is the new name for Language Testing 123, and we are proud sponsors of the 49th Annual International IATEFL Conference and Exhibition. Manchester, April 2015. 75. To help improve vocabulary teaching and testing, the workshops will focus on ______. A. how to employ more scientific methods in vocabulary testing B. how to test vocabulary as the most important language feature C. what advanced standards to set for the students of different levels D. what to be concentrated on rather than four basic language skills
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76. From this handout we can know that ______. A. the audience are editors in the field of language teaching B. the director of LT123 will be talking in one of the workshops C. some publishing companies will sponsor similar workshops soon D. each workshop lasts 45 minutes in the same meeting room 77. What is the purpose of this handout? A. To sell newly published books on language testing. B. To get the audience informed of the events. C. To show the breakthrough in vocabulary teaching. D. To attract the attention of the host of 2015 IATEFL. Section C Directions: Read the passage carefully. Then answer the questions or complete the statements in the fewest possible words. Financial setbacks in the form of pay cuts are having a trickle-down effect (涓滴效应) as the depression persists. Families across America are cutting or even axing kids’ allowances (零用钱) to reflect what’s going on with household finances and the economy as a whole. Some jobless parents are doing it out of necessity. Other parents are using allowance adjustments to teach children about economic realities and how to budget in leaner times. “Try to use relevant news to explain the reasons behind the depression and how it’s hitting home. If they see it obvious in their own allowance, they’ll feel the impact and see how it all ties in,” says financial consultant Antwone Harris. Any reduction in allowance should be understood in age-appropriate communication, says Dr. Tony Meyer, a child psychiatrist (精神科医生) and medical director of Aurora Psychiatric Hospital. Six-to 12-year-olds are mature enough for a frank talk, but don’t set them back with a lot of details. It’s sufficient to say their allowance is lower because Mom or Dad is getting paid less at work, so there’s less money for the family to spend. With 12-to 18-year-olds, you can broaden the discussion to include the banking crisis and other factors that contributed to the depression, Meyer says. Younger kids have the idea that they’re at the center of things, and adolescents by nature are especially self-concerned. “They’ll think they’re responsible,” Meyer says. A cut in allowance might seem punishing, so the message that the child is not at fault needs to come across. Depending on the child’s age, “You can also ask them to bring some income by working a job or helping more around the house so Mom or Dad can work more,” he says. Kids can also contribute by means of taking over landscaping services previously done by a paid
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professional. “You’ll pay lower rates, and the money stays in the family, ” financial consultant Antwone Harris remarks. Meyer also suggests implementing a stimulant program to cut household expenses. Anyone who comes up with a cost-cutting idea gets 10 percent of the savings. That way, they’ll come to understand that a paycheck only goes so far, and decisions and sacrifices are part of responsible money management. (Note: Answer the questions or complete the statements in NO MORE THAN EIGHT WORDS.) 78. __________ is American families’ response to the financial depression. 79. What are both jobless and other parents using allowance adjustments to teach their children about? 80. When communicating with 12-to 18-year-olds about reduction in allowance, parents can broaden the discussion through __________. 81. Besides “working a job or helping more around the house”, what are the other two suggestions put forward by Meyer to bring some income to kids?
第 II 卷 （共 47 分）
Directions: Translate the following sentences into English, using the words given in the
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brackets. 1. 今年除夕你计划在哪里过？(plan) 2. 下雨天上海的道路总是比平时更拥堵。(than) 3. 是一个外国人不顾自己的安危救了那个轻生的男子。(It) 4. 那天傍晚我一走出校门就遇到了一个多年不见的小学同班同学。 (No sooner) 5. 无论谁想要成功必先明白这个道理“成功来自艰苦的付出和坚持不懈” 。(Whoever)
II. Guided Writing
Directions: Write an English composition in 120-150 words according to the instructions given below in Chinese. 一家服装店的橱窗外，两只狐狸在对话： ——爸爸快看，妈妈在对我笑呐！ ——走吧儿子，有人过来了。 请简要描述这幅图片， 并就其传达的信息 和意义谈谈你的看法。
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