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【优化方案】2014大纲版语法专项突破四 动词和动词短语


Ⅰ.单项填空 1.(2012· 高考湖北卷)Two lawyers have donated $50,000 to ________our school’s cam paign “Help the Needy”,which was started by our former headmaster three years ago. A.sponsor B.launch C.orga

nize D.plan 解析:选 A。考查动词词义辨析。sponsor 意为“赞助,资助”;launch 意为“发动;着手(事 业等)”;organize 意为“组织”;plan 意为 “计划,打算”。句意:两名律师已捐款 5 万 美元来________我们学校的“帮助贫困学生”的活动, 这个活动是 3 年前我们的前任校长发 起的。根据后面的定 语从句 which was started by our former headmaster three years ago 可知这 个活动已经“发起”了,故排除 B、C、D 三项。所以选 A 项,应为“赞助”这一活动。 2.(2013· 滨州模拟)—Do you still remembe r the name of the place?
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—I’m afraid that __________ me for the moment. A.reminds B.puzzles C.disturbs D.e scapes 解析: D。 选 考查动词词义辨析。 remind 意为“提醒, 使想起”; puzzle 意为“迷惑”; disturb 意为“打扰”;escape 意为“逃避,被忘掉”。答句句意:“我”怕是暂时忘记了。故选 D 项。 3.(2013· 聊城模拟)It is required that all traffic participants should __________ the traffic rules to make traffic safer and faster. A.perform B.observe C.possess D.support 解析:选 B。考查动词词义辨析。perform 意为“执行;表演”;observe 意为“遵守,奉行 (法律,规律等)”;possess 意为“拥有”;support 意为“支持”。句意:按照要求,所有 与交通有关的参与人员应该遵守交通法规,让我们的交通更安全,更快捷。故选 B。 4.(2013· 聊城模拟)Since the earthquake hit Japan,suggestions for detecting the radiation materials have been __________. A.put up B.put away C.put forward D.put out 解析:选 C。考查动词短语。put up 意为“张贴;建造”;put away 意为 “收好;储存”; put forward 意为“提出”;put out 意为“扑灭”。句意:自从地震袭击了日本,检测核材料 的建议就已被提出。根据句意可知,应选 C。 5.(2012· 高考福建卷 )You had better ________ some time every day for sports so that you can keep yourself energetic. A.set aside B.take up C.put away D.give out 解析:选 A。考查动词短语。A 项为“留出,省出”;B 项为 “开始从事;把??继续下去; 着手处理;占去”;C 项为“放好,收好”;D 项为“分发;耗尽”。根据句意“为了能使 你自己保持精力充沛,你最好每天留出一些时间进行体育锻炼”可知 A 项为正确答案。 6.(2013· 泰安一轮质量检测)Everyone should learn something about first aid,because every second __________ in an emergency. A.urges B.costs

C.needs D.counts 解析: D。 选 考查动词词义辨析。 urge“力劝, 催促”; cost“花费”; need“需要”; count“计 数;有价值”。句意:每个人都应该学习一些急救护理知识,因为在紧急情况下每一秒都非 常有用。根据语境可知,D 项正确。 7.(2013· 日照模拟)Before __________ on our camping trip,we made sure that we had plenty of food and water in store. A.running out B.making out C.working out D.setting out 解析:选 D。考查动词短语辨析。A 项意为“用光”;B 项意为“弄清楚”;C 项意为“算 出,制定出”;D 项意为“出发,动身”。根据题意可知,D 项正确。句意:在动身去野营 前,我们要确保带有足够的食物和水。 8.(2013· 青岛统一质量检测)The plan __________ just because people were unwilling to cooperate(合作). A.broke down B.pulled down C.turned down D.put down 解析:选 A。考查动词短语辨析。break down 意为“分解;发生故障;失败”;pull down 意为“摧毁;推翻”;turn down 意为“关小;拒绝”;put down 意为“镇压;记下”。由 语境知,由于人们不愿意合作,因此计划失败了。故 A 项正确。 9.(2013· 德州模拟)The old man was lost and got on a wrong bus,__________ 300 miles away from home several hours later. A.breaking down B.making out C.ending up D.holding on 解析:选 C。考查动词短语辨析。break down 意为“分解,发生故障”;make out 意为“理 解,辨认出”;end up 意为“结束,死亡”;hold on 意为“坚持住,不挂断电话”。句意: 老人迷路后上错了车,几小时后终于在离家三百多英里的地方停下了。故 C 项正确。 10.(2013· 山东省实验中学一模)Liu Xiang trained hard before the Asian Games in Guangzhou, and it __________.He won the gold medal in 110 meters’ hurdles. A.worked out B.paid off C.marked out D.got through 解析:选 B。考查动词短语。work o ut 解决,计算出;pay off 使得益,有报偿;mark out 划出(界线、范围),选出;get through 穿过,通过。句意:在亚运会之前刘翔训练得很辛苦, 努力终有回报。他在广州亚运会上获得 110 米跨栏赛的金牌。故选 B。 Ⅱ.选词填空 1. The air has leaked out of this football.Could you get it __________ (blow, blown, blow)up? to 答案:blown 2.We had a really bad time about six months ago but now things are __________(looking up, coming up,making up). 答案:looking up 3.Some laid- workers delightedly took up the work to __________(take on,look on,wait off on)patients in hospitals. 答案:wait on 4.During the longterm cooperation,Mr.Li __________(made,turned,proved)a smart,honest and trust worthy man. 答案:proved

5.When Kathy was very young,she was terribly frightened of snakes,but she soon ______________(got over,got through,got across)it. 答案:got over 6.—What do you think of the color of my new blouse? —Very good.You look nice in green.Green __________(suits,matches,fits)you. 答 案:suits 7.Being out of work,Jane can n o longer __________(treat,urge,appeal)friends to dinner and movies as she used to. 答案:treat 8.—Will you walk a little faster?The meeting is about to begin. —Faster?I was afraid you could not ______________(walk up,keep up,go up). 答案:keep up 9.—Why did you arrive late? —The fog ______________(turned down,broke up,held up) our airline for half an hour. 答案:held up 10.It is no good trying that method,because it won’t __________(work,practise,use). 答案:work Ⅲ.阅读下列短文,用所给提示词的适当形式填空,使短文合理、连贯
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A university graduate described as a “respectable and intelligent” woman is seeking professional help after being convicted of(证明有??罪)shoplifting for the second time in six months. Aha Luz, recently studying for PhD 1._______ _____(tell)she could end up behind bars unless she can control the desire to steal from shops. Luz,who 2.____________(live)with her partner in Fitzwdliam Road,Cambridge, 3.____________(admit)stealing clothes worth 9.95 pounds from Lewis in Oxford Street, Lond on, on March 9. Philip Lomoyne, prosecuting(起诉), Luz 4.__________(select)some clothes from display and said
[来源:学科网][来源:学§科§网]

5.____________(take)them to the ladies toilet in the store.When she came out again she 6.____________ (wear)one of the skirts she had selected, having taken off the antisecurity alarm. She 7.____________(stop)and caught after leaving the store without paying,Mr.Lomoyne said. He added that she was upset on her arrest and 8.____________(apologize)for her actions. 答案:1.has been told 2.lives 3.admitted 4.se lected 5.took 6.was wearing 7.was stopped 8.apologized


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