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Unit 1 Living well 新人教版选修7

新课标人教版 Unit 1

Living well


核心词汇 1.The teacher’s words were a great____________(鼓舞)to him. 2.He has a(n)____________(伤残)pension because he lost his legs while he was in the army. 3.Please look after my house during my____________(缺席,不在). 4 . A few weeks ’ ____________( 社区 )service can make self?willed teenagers into co?operative and caring members of society. 5.This method of measurement is ____________(适合的)for most island waters and coastal areas. 6. We are____________(管理, 执行)a survey of consumer attitudes towards organic food. 7.As we know,the Internet helps people have easy____________ (方法,接近)to all kinds of information. 8.用 ambition 的适当形式填空 (1)You have to let people know you are____________and waiting for bigger and more rewarding challenges. (2)His ____________was to meet his favourite pop star face to face. 9.用 benefit 的适当形式填空 (1)The improvement in sales figures had a____________effect on the company as a whole. (2)The discovery of oil brought many ____________to the town. (3)They are working together to ____________the whole community. 10.用 annoy 的适当形式填空 (1)It really____________me when people expect me to tip as well as pay a service charge in a restaurant. (2)My parents were rather____________that I hadn’t told them about the accident. 1.encouragement 2.disability 3.absence 4.community 5.suitable 6.conducting 7.Access 8.(1)ambitious (2)ambition 9.(1)beneficial (2)benefits (3)benefit 10.(1)annoys (2)annoyed 高频短语 1.________________ 换句话说 2.________________ 适合 3.________________ 切去;省略;停止(做某事) 4.________________ 上气不接下气 5.________________ 总而言之 6.________________ 闲坐着 7.________________ 和;也 8.________________ 在很多方面 9.________________ 取笑 10.________________ 不必担心 11.________________ (口语)(祝你)一切顺利 12.________________ 遇到;经历;会晤


1.in other words 2.adapt to 3.cut out 4.out of breath,5.all in all 6.sit around 7.as well as 8.in many ways,9.make fun of 10.never mind 11.all the best 12.meet with 重点句式 1.Unfortunately,the doctors don’t know ____________,but I am very outgoing and have learned to____________my disability. 不幸的是,大夫们不知道如何治好我的病,但是我很开朗乐观,学会了适应身体的残疾。 2. ____________, I have a good life.I am happy to have found many things ____________, like writing and computer programming. 总而言之,我生活得挺好。我很高兴地发现我能做许多事情,比如写作和计算机编程。 重点句式 3.I have a very busy life____________for myself. 我的生活很充实,没有时间闲坐着顾影自怜。 4.____________going to the movies and football matches with my friends,I spend a lot of time with my pets. 我会同我的朋友一起去看电影和足球比赛,此外,我还花很多时间和我的宠物在一起。 5 . Just accept them for who they are , and give them encouragement to live ____________rich and full a life____________you do. 接受他们,给予他们鼓励,让他们能像你一样过得丰富多彩、充实美满。 6.Disabled people should have____________opportunities______________able?bodied people to enjoy the cinema and to do so with dignity. 残疾人应当与健全人一样有同样的机会欣赏电影,同时能保持自己的尊严。 1.how to make me better;adapt to 2.All in all;I can do,3.with no time to sit around feeling sorry 4.As well as ,5.as;as 6.the same;as 知识详解 1 .beneficial adj. 有益的;受益的 (回归课本 P1)Glance at the title and picture,then discuss with a partner what kind of thing you think people would write about and why disabled people find the website beneficial. 浏览标题和图片, 然后和你的伙伴讨论你认为人们会写什么样的内容以及为什么残疾人觉得 这家网站对他们有益。 [归纳拓展] [例句探源] ①This is an agreement that will be beneficial to both parties. 这是一个对双方都有利的协议。 ②A good diet is beneficial to health. 良好的饮食有益于健康。 ③I have typed out some lecture notes for the benefit of those who were absent last week. 我帮上星期缺席的人打印了些上课的要点。 1. The new policy will________the elders a lot that people over 65 can take buses free of charge. A.discount B.support C.approve D.benefit


解析:选 D。句意:这项新政策将使老年人受益很多,超过 65 岁的老年人可以免费乘坐公 交车。discount 打折;support 支持;approve 赞成;benefit 使??受益。 [即境活用] 2 .adapt vt. 使适应;改编 Unfortunately,the doctors don’t know how to make me better,but I am very outgoing and have learned to adapt to my disability. 不幸的是,大夫们不知道如何治好我的病,但是我很开朗乐观,学会了适应身体的残疾。 [归纳拓展] [例句探源] ①It took him a while to adapt himself to his new surroundings. 他过了好一阵子才适应了新环境。 ②Three of her novels have been adapted for television. 她的长篇小说中有三部已改编成电视节目。 ③We have had to adapt quickly to the new system. 我们不得不迅速适应新制度。 ④After graduation from college,I gradually adapted/adjusted myself to living on my own. 大学毕业后,我逐渐适应了独自生活。 2.The good thing about children is that they________very easily to new environments. A.adapt B.appeal C.attach D.apply 解析:选 A。句意:孩子们的一个很好的优势是他们很容易适应新的环境。adapt to 适应; appeal to 呼吁 ;attach to 附属于;apply to 向??申请。 [即境活用] 3 .absence n. 缺席;不在某处 Every time I returned after an absence , I felt stupid because I was behind the others. 每次请过假之后,我觉得自己笨了许多,因为比别人又落后了一些。 [归纳拓展] [例句探源] ①The decision was made in my absence/while I was not there. 这个决定是我不在的时候作出的。 ②We did not receive any news during his long absence. 我们在他长期离开的时候没有得到一点消息。 ③Tom was absent from school because he was ill. 汤姆因病没去上学。 [即境活用] 3.完成句子 (1)然而,在缺乏母语环境的情况下学习作为外语的英语相当困难。 However,learning English as a foreign language is very difficult ________ ________ ________ ________a native language environment. 答案:in the absence of (2)The reason why he ________ ________ ________(缺席)his best friend’s birthday party was that he had to look after his sick mother. 答案:was absent from


4 .congratulate vt. 祝贺,庆贺 Listen to the latter part of Barry’s story where Joan congratulates Barry and wishes him future success,then complete the sentences. 听 Barry 故事的后半部分,在此部分 Joan 祝贺 Barry 的将来能成功,然后完成句子。 [归纳拓展] [例句探源] ①I’d like to congratulate you on your wonderful performance. 祝贺你表演如此出色。 ②You can congratulate yourself on having done an excellent job. 你应该为你出色的工作感到自豪。 ③Congratulations on your happy marriage! 祝贺你喜结良缘! ④I want to express my sincere congratulations on your success. 我想对你的成功表示诚挚的祝贺。 [易混辨析] celebrate,congratulate 两者的中文意思很接近,但在英语中却有所不同。 (1)celebrate 意思是举行仪式、典礼的“庆祝” ,只能用事(节日、胜利、成功等)作宾语, 构成 celebrate sth.。 (2)congratulate 意思是“祝贺、道贺” ,只能用人作宾语,若要表明所祝贺的事情,后面 要用 on (upon)连接,构成 congratulate sb.on (upon) sth.。 ①We had a party to celebrate parents’ silver wedding. ②We congratulated her on winning the contest. [即境活用] 4.The two sportsmen congratulated each other________winning the match by shaking hands. A.with B.on C.in D.to 解析:选 B。congratulate sb.on sth.“就某事向某人祝贺” 。 5.—I’m entering for 800?meter race. —________! A.Congratulations B.Enjoy yourself C.Good luck D.No way 解析:选 A。本题考查了 congratulation 的用法。句意:——我进入八百米决赛了。—— 祝贺你。当别人取得成功或做了一些好的事情时,向对方表示祝贺,用 congratulations, 故选 A。 6.—Mike,our team will play against the Rockets this weekend.I’m sure we will win. —________! A.Congratulations B.Cheer up C.Best wishes D.Good luck 解析:选 D。考查习惯用语。从对方的谈话中可知将要在周末进行比赛,因此应祝对方好运, 用“Good luck! ” 。Congratulations 用于向对方表示祝贺;Cheer up“振奋点” ,用于鼓励, 安慰对方;Best wishes 用于祝愿对方。


5 .access n. (接近的)方法;通路;可接近性 I am sure many people will praise your cinema if you design it with good access for disabled people. 我确信许多人会表扬你的电影院,如果你把它设计得非常适合残疾人使用的话。 [归纳拓展] [例句探源] ①Across the world,1.1 billion people have no access to clean drinking water. 全世界有 11 亿人无法获取干净的饮用水。 ②You need a password to get access to the computer system. 使用这个计算机系统需要口令。 ③Students must have access to good resources. 学生必须有机会使用好的资源。 ④The Internet is the biggest source of information in the world, and it’ s accessible through a computer. 互联网是世界上最大的信息资源库,只要通过一台电脑就可以访问。 [即境活用] 7. The system has been designed to give students quick and easy________to the digital resources of the library. A.access B.passage C.way D.approach 解析: 选 A。 句意: 设计这个系统的目的是让学生迅速、 方便地使用图书馆的数字资源。 access to 固定短语,意为“有权使用,有机会接近” 。 8.Frank put the medicine in a top drawer to make sure it would not be________to the kids. A.accessible B.relative C.acceptable D.sensitive 解析:选 A。句意:弗兰克把药放到最上面的抽屉里,确保它不被孩子们够到。accessible “易接近的” ;relative“相对的,比较的” ;acceptable“合意的,受欢迎的,可接受的” ; sensitive“敏感的” 。根据句意应该选 A。 6 .in other words 换句话说 In other words,there are not many people like me. 换句话说,像我这样的人并不多见。 [归纳拓展] [例句探源] ①They asked him to leave—in other words he was fired. 他们请他走人,换句话说,他被开除了。 ②I soon found that the work I was doing had been done by other people—in other words,I was wasting my time. 我很快发现我在重复别人已做过的事情,换句话说,我是在浪费时间。 ③In a word,we must try our best to do the work. 总之,我们必须尽最大努力做这项工作。 ④He has broken his word so many times that I cannot trust him any more. 他经常食言,我再也不能相信他了。 [即境活用]


9. Your performance in the driving test didn’ t reach the required standard—________, you failed. A.in the end B.after all C.in other words D.at the same time 解析:选 C。本题考查介词短语的用法。由语境可知,选项之后是对前面所说内容的解释, 故选 in other words。in the end “最后” ;after all “毕竟、终究” ;at the same time “同时” 。 10.She is organized,friendly to people,hard?working and clever.________,I can’ t speak too highly of her. A.In other words B.In a word C.As a result D.In addition 解析:选 B。句意:她有组织能力,对人友好,勤奋又聪明。总之,我怎样高度评价她都不 过分。in other words“换句话说” ;in a word“总之” ;as a result“结果” ;in addition “除此之外” 。 7 .out of breath 上气不接下气 So sometimes some children in my primary school would laugh,when I got out of breath after running a short way or had to stop and rest halfway up the stairs. 当我跑了很短的一段路之后,我就会喘不过气来,或者爬楼梯才爬到一半就得停下来休息。 因此上小学时有的孩子见了我这种情况就会笑话我。 [归纳拓展] [例句探源] ①Eric came running into the room,out of breath and red in the face. 埃里克上气不接下气地跑进屋,满脸通红。 ②If you run very fast,you may lose your breath. 如果跑得太快你可能喘不过气来。 ③The children are completely out of control since their father left. 这些孩子自他们的父亲离开后就无法无天了。 ④I’m sorry,but this phone is out of order. 很抱歉,这部电话机出故障了。 [即境活用] 11.Having lived in the town for quite a few years,Mr.Johnson no longer felt ________ among the local people. A.out of order B.out of place C.out of control D.out of the question 解析:选 B。考查短语辨析。out of place(作表语)不适宜,不得体;out of order 发生故 障,失调;out of control 失去控制;out of the question 不可能。 12.We ran all the way to the cinema,arriving there quite out of________. A.mind B.breath C.sight D.reach 解析:选 B。句意:我们一路跑到电影院,到达那里时已经上气不接下气(out of breath) 了。 8 .cut out 切去;省略;停止(做某事) I think I had at least a billion tests,including one in which they cut out a piece of muscle from my leg and looked at it under a microscope.


我想我做过无数次检查了,包括有一次检查,他们从我的腿部切下一小块儿肌肉,放在显微 镜下观察。 [归纳拓展] cut into 插进来;参加(谈话);打断(别人的话) cut off 切断;隔断;断绝 cut in 插入;插话;插队;超车 cut down 砍倒;削减;压缩;缩减 cut up 切碎;割碎;剪碎 [例句探源] ①I cut this article out of the newspaper. 我从报纸上剪下了这篇文章。 ②My doctor says I must cut out smoking and strong drinks. 我的医生说我必须戒烟和戒烈酒。 ③I’d feel very cut off if I didn’t know what was happening in the world. 如果我不知道世界上发生了什么,我会感到与世隔绝。 ④It seems that they might have used sharpened stone tools to cut up the animals and remove their skin. 看样子他们可能曾用磨尖的石器来切割野兽并剥皮。 [即境活用] 13.用 cut in;cut down;cut off 填空: (1)I was just talking to Margaret when Jackson ________ ________. 答案:cut in (2)Deserts are also created because people ________ ________ trees and dig up grass. 答案:cut down (3)Then he ________ ________ the leather top of the shoe as if it were the finest steak. 答案:cuts off 句型梳理 1【教材原句】 As_well_as going to the movies and football matches with my friends, I spend a lot of time with my pets. (P2) 除了同我的朋友一起去看电影和足球比赛外,我还花很多时间和我的宠物在一起。 【句法分析】 (1)as well as 除??之外;和;也,连接两个并列成分。 (2)as well as 还可以用作连词,表示“和??一样好” ;另外连接两个主语时,谓语动词 和最前面的主语保持一致。 ①As well as writing stories,I love reading and listening to music. 除了喜欢写小说,我还喜欢阅读和听音乐。 ②They sell books as well as newspapers. 他们既卖报也卖书。 ③I wish I could speak English as well as he can. 我希望自己英语讲得跟他一样好。 ④The teacher as well as his students is going to plant trees tomorrow. 和学生一样,这位老师明天也去植树。 【温馨提示】 as well 单独使用于句尾表示“也” “既??,又??” ,但是不能用于否定


句。 ⑤(四川高考)Of course,I’ll do some reading for fun,and for knowledge as well. 当然,我会读些书,为了消遣,也为了获取知识。 14 . Mr.Smith ________ ________ ________two of his students ________ ________ ________ ________(正在做实验)with care. 答案:as well as;is doing the experiment [即境活用] 2【教材原句】 Until I was ten years old I was the_same_as everyone else.(P2) 我和别人都是一样的直到十岁的时候。 【句法分析】 the same as 表示“相似或同一类的人和事” 。 ①Many of the sports were the same as they are now. 过去的很多体育项目和现在的一样。 ②This is the same book as Mr.Wang lost. 这本书跟王先生丢失的那本一模一样。 [归纳拓展] the same...that 表示“同一个人或同一件事” 。 ③That is the same bike that I lost. 那辆就是我丢失的自行车。 [即境活用] 15. The book that you bought yesterday is________interesting________the one you lost last month. A.as;as B.so;that C.the same;as D.such;that 解析:选 A。 “as+形容词+as...”意为“像??一样??” 。句意:你昨天买的那本书和 你上个月丢了的那本书一样有趣。


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