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-选修6 Unit4


Unit 4 Global warming

考纲知识预览

1. compare (v.) 比较 2. phenomenon (n.) 现象 3. quantity (n.) 数量,量 4. measurement (n.) 测量,衡量,尺寸 5. data (n.) 数据,资料 6. catastrophe (n.) 大灾难,浩劫 7

. state (vt.) 陈述,说明

考纲知识预览

8. environmental (adj.) 环境的 9. consequence (n.) 后果,影响,结果 10. range (n.) 范围,种类 11. glance (vi.& n.) 扫视,看一下;一瞥 12. widespread (adj.) 分布广的,普遍的 13. decrease (v.) 减少

考纲知识预览

14. steady (adj.) 稳固的,持续的 15. emphasis (n.) 强调 16. average (adj.) 平均的 17. existence (n.) 存在 18. individual (adj.& n.) 个别的,单 独的;个人,个体 19. pollution (n.) 污染,弄脏 20. electrical (adj.) 电的,与电有关的

考纲知识预览

21. appliance (n.) 器具 22. nuclear (adj.) 原子核的,核的, 核能的 23. disagreement (n.) 分歧,不一致 24. oppose (vt.) 反对,反抗,与(某人) 较量

重点单词
1. quantity n. 量;数量 in quantity= in large amounts = in large quantities
quantities of ? ? ?大量的 a quantity of ? ?

大量地

【注意】 a quantity of后同样可接不可数 名词或可数名词的复数形式。其后的谓语 动词由quantity的形式决定。

完成句子 (1)It’s a lot cheaper if you buy it in quantity ____________________(大量购买). (2)My brother bought a large quantity of books ____________________(大量的书). (3)There are __________________(雨量 large quantities of rain 很大)in this area.

2. state n. 州,政府,形势,状态 v. 陈述,说明 (1) in a state of nature 处于原始状态 (2) state+n./thatclause/whclause 声明……,说明…… It is stated that... 据宣布…… (3) statement n.陈述,叙述;声明 stated adj.指定的,预定的,宣布的 stateless adj.无国籍的

完成句子 (1)The roads are ____________________(路况极差)after in a terrible state the severe winter weather. (2)The witness ________(证实说)that he stated had not seen the woman before. (3)These industries ____________________(国家经营). are run by the state (4)________________(据宣布)that all It is stated the people in the accident were killed. (5)____________________(所宣布的事 The stated facts 实)disagreed with what actually happened.

3. oppose vt. 反对;反抗;与(某人)较量 (1) oppose sth./doing sth./sb.doing sth. 反对某事/做某事/某人做某事 oppose sth.to/against sth. 使某事物与另一事物对照或对抗 (2) opposed adj.相反的;对立的 be opposed to...反对……;与……对立

完成句子 (1)He opposed the proposal ________________________ (反对那个建议)to build a new hall. (2)Do not oppose your will against mine ________________________________ (用你的意愿和我的相抗衡). (3)She seems very much opposed to your going abroad __________________________________ __________________________________ (反对你出国). (4)I strongly oppose ________________________________ building a factory near the river (在河边建厂).

4. range n. 种类;范围;幅度;界限 v. (在一定范围内)变动, 变化;排列 (1) a wide range of 一系列…… a full range of 各种…… in/within range在射程以内,在……范围内 beyond/out of range 在射程外,在……范围外 in/out of the range of 在/超出……范围 out of one’s range 某人能力达不到的,某人知识以外的

(2) range from...to... 在……范围内变动,包括(由…到……) 之间的各类事物 range between...and...在……和……范 围内变动

完成句子 (1)The price of the house is well beyond our range __________________________________ (超过了我们能承受的范围). (2) It came within my range of vision __________________________________ (在我的视野内). range from 25 to 50 (3)Their ages_______________________ (在25岁到50岁之间).

5. average adj. 平均的;普通的;正常 的;平常的 n. 平均数;平均水平;一般水准 v. 平均为;计算出……的平均数 (1) an average rate/cost/price 平均比率/成本/价格 above/below average 高于/低于平均水平 on average 平均地;通常;按平均值 up to average 达到平均数,达到一般水准 (2) average sth.out 算出……的平均数

完成句子 (1)His living standard is below average __________________________________ (低于一般水平). (2)_______________________________ The average age of the boys in this class (这个班级男生的平均年龄)is fifteen. (3)My school work is _________________________________ well above average (远远高于平均水平). (4)________________(平均看来)men On average smoke more cigarettes than women.

6. compare v. 比较 (1) compare...with/to... 把……与……比较;对照 compare...to... 把……比作…… compare...and... 比较……和…… compare notes(with sb.) (与某人)交换看法或意见

(2) comparison n.比较,对照,对比 for comparison供比较,对照 by comparison比较起来,较之 by/in comparison(with...)(与……)相比较
comparable adj.可比较的,类似的 compared to/with... 与……相比较而言(常置于句首作状语)

完成句子 (1)You can ________________________ compare the two (比较两者)and take the better one. (2)He compared her to a rose _____________________________ (把她比作玫瑰). (3)He compared his camera with/to mine _____________________________ (拿他的相机与我的比较). Compared to/with 40 years ago (4)_______________________________ (与40年前相比),standards in health care have improved enormously.

7.subscribe vi. 同意;捐赠;订阅 vt. (签署)文件;捐助 常用结构: subscribe to ... 同意,赞许;(在文件等下面)签名,署名 subscribe sth. to ... 捐助 subscribe to/for ... 订阅;订购(书籍等) He did not subscribe to my proposal. 他不赞同我的建议。 He subscribed a large sum to the relief fund. 他向救济基金捐赠巨资。 He subscribed his name to a petition. 他在请愿书上签名。

翻译句子 ①只有疯子才会同意这样的观点。 __________________________ No one but mad people would subscribe to such views. __________________________ ②我订了一份《妇女周刊》。 I subscribed to a Weekly __________________________ Women’s magazine. __________________________

8.consequence n.[C]结果;后果;影响 I’m quite willing to accept the consequences. 我完全愿意承担后果。 You should know the consequence of not studying hard. 你应该知道不用功学习的后果。 This had the unexpected consequence that he got fired. 这件事有了意外的后果,那就是他被革职了。

常用结构: as a consequence (of ...) =in consequence (of ...) =as a result (of ...) 结果;因此;由于……的原因 联想拓展 consequent adj.(+on/upon) 因……而起的;随之发生的 consequently adv. 结果;因此;必然地

翻译句子 ①降雨量很大,结果田地被淹了。 ___________________________ The rain was heavy and consequently the land was flooded. ___________________________ ②他努力学习,因此通过了考试。 ___________________________ He studied hard, and in consequence he passed the exam. ___________________________

重点短语
9. come about 发生;造成 (1) come about是不及物动词短语,不能接宾 语,也没有被动语态。 (2) come across偶然碰见,无意中找到 come on跟着来,跟上来;[口]得啦,快点 come out出来,出现;(芽)生出来;(花)开; 出版,发行 come to总计,达到;归纳为 come up走近;上(楼)去;(从土中)长出,发 芽;被提出 come up with赶上;提出(建议)

完成句子 How did it come about (1)_______________________________ (这种情况是如何发生的)that the dairy products were harmful to children? (2)He had never come across a person quite like Jim __________________________________ (遇见过像Jim这种人). (3)Is that the best excuse you can come up with __________________________________ (你能想出的)?

10. put up with 忍受;容忍 put aside节省,储蓄,储存 put down写下,记下;击败,平定 put forward提出建议;把……向前拨 put off延期,推迟 put on穿上,戴上;演出 put out熄灭,扑灭 put through接通电话

完成句子 (1)I __________________________________ can’t put up with your rudeness any more (不能再忍受你这种无礼的态度了); leave the room,please. (2)We are trying to put aside some money every month __________________________________ (每月存些钱)for our vacation. (3)I’ll just put your phone number down __________________________________ (记下你的电话号码)in my notebook. (4)One moment please,I’m just trying put you through to ________________________________ (给你接通电话).

11. There is no doubt that the earth is becoming warmer(see Graph 1)and that it is human activity that has caused this global warming rather than a random but natural phenomenon. 毫无疑问,地球正变得更加暖和(见图 表1),而且全球转暖是人为造成的,而不是 随意的自然现象。

(1)在本句型中,that从句是同位语从 句,表示doubt的内容。用法与There is a chance that...是一样的。 ①doubt作为名词,若用于否定句或疑 问句中,后面接that引导的同位语从句;若 用于肯定句中,后面接whether引导的同位 语从句。注意此时不可以用if替换 whether。

②doubt作为动词,若用于否定句和疑 问句中,后面接that引导的宾语从句;若用 于肯定句中,后面一般接whether或if引导 的宾语从句。 (2)doubt组成的一些短语: in doubt怀疑,拿不定主意 no/without/beyond doubt无疑地,必定

完成句子 (1)_______________________________ There is no doubt that (毫无疑问)they will agree with you on this matter. have no doubt that (2)I ______________________________ (我相信)he will succeed. (3)The future of the public library is in doubt ______________________(难以预料). (4)Sally was without/beyond doubt _______________________ (确实是)one of the finest swimmers in the school.

12. as long as 只要(引导条件状语从句) as long as(=so long as)用作连词,意思 是“只要,如果”,等于on condition that,provided(that),providing(that),if, only if。 as long as有时表示“像……那么久”。 only if用于句首,后接从句主谓倒装。 if only表示“要是……该多好”,句子用 虚拟语气。

完成句子 As long as you are happy (1)_______________________________ (只要你高兴),it doesn’t matter what you do. (2)I don’t mind Guy coming with us, provided he pays for his own meal __________________________________ (只要他自付餐费). (3)要是他在这就好了!(汉译英) If only he were here! __________________________________ __________________________________


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