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高考英语作文高级词汇


① 词汇篇 单词可以说一个人单词量的展现,如果总停留在使用 very good 等小学词汇,那老师把你当 成发育不完全也正常.所以要使用一些高级词汇(就象是给文章穿上了成人内衣) ,我不建议 大家用考纲以外的词汇(当然你能用更好) ,这里可以教你用高级替换简单词汇~~ severe 替换掉 serious(严重的) a severe water shortage 严重缺水 nee

dy 替换掉 ppor( 贫穷的) wealthy 替换掉 rich ( 富裕的) benificial 替换掉 good (有益的) undesirable 替换掉 bad (不好的,不受欢迎的) nevertheless 替换掉 however(然而,不过) fundamental / significant 替换掉 important( 重要的) relevant 替换掉 related (有关的) ....is highly relevant to....... extraodinary 替换掉 surprising (惊人的,非凡的) provided/providing (that)替换掉 if (如果.....) promote /strengthen 替换掉 improve (提高,加强) More should be done to strengthen industry's links with universities. 应该做更多的事情加强工业界和大学的联系. cope with 替换掉 solve( 解决) motivate 替换掉 encourage( 激励) We are looking for someone who will be able to motivate the staff to work hard.我们在寻找能激 励职员们努力工作的人. jeopardize 替换掉 be bad to (损害,危及) Failing exams could jeopardize her future. 考试不及格危及她的前程. ease 替换掉 relieve (减轻,缓解) To ease the problem of ..... 为了缓解....的问题.....

well-being 替换掉 happiness (幸福,安康) pros and cons 替换掉 advantages and disadvantages(好处和坏处) You must consider all the pros and cons of the matter before you make a decision.在你做决定之 前,必须考虑这个问题的正反两个方面. approach / method 替换掉 way(方法,方案) adopt 替换掉 use (采用,采取) the aged 替换掉 old people(老人) adolescents 替换掉 the young (青少年) employment 替换掉 job(就业) affair 替换掉 thing (事情,东西) bent 替换掉 gift (天赋,爱好) catastrophe 替换掉( disaster 灾难) subscribe to 替换掉 agree with( 同意) tend 替换掉 want(趋向于..想要.....) I am tending to another customer at he moment. acquire 替换掉 gain (获得(尤指知识上的) ) administration 替换掉 government (政府部门) contribute to 替换掉 cause (引起) extremely 替换掉 very (非常的) frown on sth 替换 disagree with sth ( 不同意)

for instance 替换掉 for example (例如) advocate 倡导 compensate for 弥补..... Spare no efforts for 努力 In contemporary society 在当今社会 A vast amount of 大量的 be abundant in 富有... on ones own account 为了某人自己的利益

at ones own risk 自行负责 on account of 由于 On no account 绝不要 arise from 由....引起 Are these any matters arising from the last meeting? 这些事情都是由上次的会议引起的吗? assess 评估,评价 Examinations are not the only means of assessing ones ability. 考试不是评价一个人能力的唯一方法. authentic 真实的,可信的 gradual 逐渐的 There has been a gradual improvment in ...over the last two years. 过去的两年中...逐渐改善. ....multiply rapidly ...迅速增加. ripe 时候成熟的 The country is ripe for change. 国家已是时候改变. trend 趋势,趋向,潮流 The trend at the moment is that .... 现在..是一个趋势..... emphrasize 强调,重视 I’d like to emphrasize how important it is to .... sustainable development 可持续发展

② 句型篇 英语里面常用的句型也就那么几个,尽量往里套。能用到以下句型的千万别用一般陈述句, 能用长句千万别用短句,最好一句话老长.每个句型我都弄个例句~~ 倒装:

Not only di he speak correctly,but he spoke easily. Here comes a bus. Seldom have we felt as comfortable as here . 双否: The postman never fails to come on time . 被动: Many things can be done to solve this problem . 非限定: The man is from the UK,which we can tell from his accent. 定从: This is the reason why he came late. This is the reason for which he came late. The school (that/which) he once studied in is very famous 让步: Child as he is ,he can speak many foreaign languages. 独立主格: (With)There being no bus, we had to go home on foot. The men moved slowly forward, neck deep in the water, with their officers guiding them.

③ 常用句子篇——起到一个首饰的作用,让文章更销魂~~~~ 这个有点头疼,多背一背吧~~~ Some changes have taken place in the past five years. 在过去的 5 年中这里发生的一些变化. A great change will certainly be produced in the world’s communications. 在世界的沟通与交流方面产生了巨大的变化. This is a phenomenon that ..... 有一个...的现象........ It has increased(decreased)from..to.. . .

...从...增加到了........... People have(take,adopt,assume)different attitudes towards sth. 人们对..有不同的态度. When it comes to ..., some think ... 当谈到...一些人认为.......... There is a public debate today that ... 当今有一个公共的争论关于........... Recently the problem has been brought into focus. 最近这个问题得到了关注. Now there is a growing awareness that... 现在....的意识增强了. Many individuals, if not most, harbor the idea that…. 有许多人,不是特别多,怀有这样的想法..... it is universally acknowledged that..... ....是一个社会的共识..... Just imagine what would be like if... 设想一下如果...... It is of great benefit to us. ...对我们是有很大的好处的. It has more disadvantages than advantages. 它有很多的优点和缺点. It plays an important role in our life. 它在我们的人生中扮演了很重要的角色. ... this story is not rare. 这样的故事不少见. ..., such dilemma we often meet in daily life. 这样的事情我们在生活中经常遇到. ..., the story still has a realistic significance.这个故事很有现实意义. But some others have just the opposite opinion. 一些人有相反的意见. But every coin has two sides. 每个硬币都有两面.(即每件事情都有两面)

As for me, I'm in favour of the latter opinion.我支持后者. promote the public awareness of 增强了...的公共认识 The government should take effective measures and immediate actions. 政府应该采取及时有效的措施. To understand the truth of ..., it is also important to see... 为了理解...的真相......,认识到....也是重要的. A study of ... will make this point clear .一项研究使这个观点更清楚了. There is no point(use) in doing.....做...是没有意义的. Distinguished scientific accomplishment is a matter of opportunity and of continuous and concentrated effort over long years. (很优美的句子,值得借鉴) from the …point of view 从…角度来看 最近, XXXXX 现象引起了人们的广泛关注 Recently, the phenomenon of (that) …… has aroused wide public concern 随着社会(科技)的发展,人们开始注意到 XXXX 的重要性 Along with the advance of the society (science and technology), people are attaching much importance to …… Take ... for an example, it is a very obvious case . 拿..来说,这是个很明显的案例. Some people argue that….., whereas others maintain that…. 一些人争论.....另一些人支持....观点. 就我个人而言(老实说), 我全力支持前者(后者) As for me, I am in high favor of the former (latter) Personally, I side with the former (latter) Frankly speaking/ To be frank/ To be honest/ Honestly speaking, it is the former (latter) that I approve of 我认为(在我看来,就我看来,我的观点是, 我想….) I am convinced that…. As far as I am concerned, ….. To my point of view, ….. From where I stand, …… We should take some effective measures. 我们应该采取有效的措施.

We should try our best to overcome(conquer)the difficulties. 我们应该努力克服困难. Certainly, B has its own advantages, such as... 当然,B 有自身的优势,比如........ As far as we know....正如我们所知道的... In a certain sense......在某种情况下...... There is no denying the fact that .....不可否认的事实是..... 结尾常用句: From what has been discussed above, we may safely draw .... the conclusion that ... In summary, it is wiser ... In short..... From what has been mentioned above,we can come to the conclusion that ...



书面表达中的高级结构

们高三英语教师在讲评书面表达时,经常告诉学生说,书面表达要得高分,就 得有高级句型和高级词汇;但很多同学在写书面表达时,总认为高级句型和高

级词汇很神秘,高不可及。其实,未必如此!通过研读一些优秀的学生习作和历年高考书面 表达的范文,我们发现,很多所谓的高级句型和高级词汇正是我们老师反复讲解和训练的。 下面列举一些常见且高级的词汇和句型,供同学们参考。 一.高级词汇 1.occur 替换 think of Suddenly I had an idea that someone had broken into my house. → An idea occurred to me that someone had broken into my house. It occurred to me that someone had broken into my house. 2.devote 替换 spend He spends all his spare time in reading. → He devotes all his spare time to reading. 3.seek 替换 want / look for They sought ( wanted ) to hide themselves behind the trees. 4.average 替换 ordinary I’m an average ( ordinary ) student. 5.but 替换 very The film we saw last night was very interesting. → The film we saw last night was nothing but interesting. The film we saw last night was anything but boring. 6.seat 替换 sit On his way to school, he found an old lady seated (sitting) by the road, looking worried.

7.suppose 替换 should He is supposed to ( should ) have driven more slowly. 8.appreciate 替换 thank Thank you very much for you help. → We appreciate your help very much. / Your help is much appreciated. 9.the case 替换 true I don’t think it is the case ( true ). 10.on 替换 as soon as As soon as he arrived, he began his research. → On his arrival, he began his research.. 11.due to 替换 because of He arrived late due to ( because of ) the storm. 12.cover 替换 walk/read After covering (walking) 10 miles, we all felt tired. 13.contribute to 替换 be helpful/useful Plenty of memory work is undoubtedly helpful to English study. → Plenty of memory work will undoubtedly contribute to English study. 14.round the corner 替换 coming soon/ nearby ①The summer vacation is round the corner ( coming). Do you have any plans? ②Li Ming studies in a school round the corner (nearby). 15.come to light 替换 discover The family were so pleased when they discovered the lost jewels. → The family were so pleased when the lost jewels came to light. 16.have a ball 替换 have a good time/ enjoy oneself After visiting the workshop, we went back to school. Every one of us had a ball ( had a good time ). 17.come up with 替换 think of Jack is very clever. He often comes up with ( thinks of ) new ideas. 18.set aside 替换 save Some students think that they should set aside some of their pocket money for books. (2004 天津卷) 19.be of + n. 替换 adj. The products are of high quality (very good ) and are sold everywhere in China. 20.refer to 替换 talk about/of, mention The professor you referred to (talked about ) is very famous. 21.can not but / can not help but 替换 have to do I could not but (had to) go home. 22.more often than not 替换 usually More often than not (Usually), the meaning of many words can be easily guessed. 23.lest 替换 so that /in order that I wrote down his telephone number so that I would not forget it. → I wrote down his telephone number lest I (should) forget it. 24.be long for sth. / be long to do sth. 替换 want to do sth./wish for I want to see you very much. → I am long to see you. 25.be caught up in/be crazy about/be absorbed in/be addicted to 替换 be interested in He is caught up in ( very interested in ) collecting stamps. 26.more than 替换 very

①I’m very glad to learn that you are coming in September. → I’m more than glad to learn that you are coming in September. ( NMET 2003 ) ② If there is anything I can do for you, I would be more than glad to help.(2004 全国 卷) 27.perfect (ly) 替换 good/ very well He speaks perfect ( good ) English./ He speaks English perfectly ( very well ). 28.do sb a/the favor 替换 help Would you please do me the favor ( help me ) to turn down the radio? 29.the other day 替换 a few days ago The other day my brother and I went to the cinema by bicycle. ( NMET 1997 ) 30.in the course of 替换 during In the course of (During) the mountain-climbing, please help each other and pay special attention to your safety. 31.the majority of 替换 most The majority of (Most of ) the interviewees prefer watching TV at home to going to the cinema. 32.consist of 替换 be made up of Our class consists of ( is made up of ) 50 students. 33.be worn out 替换 be tired / broken ①After five hours’ non-stop work, we were all worn out (tired). ②My shoes are worn out (broken). Please buy me a new pair. 34.become of 替换 happen What do think has become of ( happened to ) him ? 35.attend to 替换 look after 36.on condition that 替换 as long as 37.nevertheless 替换 however 38.express one’s satisfaction with 替换 be satisfied with 39.spare no efforts to do 替换 try one’s best to do 40.many a 替换 many 41.be rushed off one’s feet 替换 be busy in doing 42.a handful of 替换 a little / some 43.meanwhile 替换 at the same time 44.get to one’s feet 替换 stand up 45.beneath 替换 under 46.occasionally 替换 sometimes /once in while 47.for instance 替换 for example 48.seldom 替换 not often 49.wealthy 替换 rich 50.amazing 替换 surprising 51.as a matter of fact 替换 in fact 二.高级句型结构 ◆It 句型 ①It will be + some time + before… It won’t be long before humans visit the Mars. ②It is + adj./n.+ for sb to do sth. It is very important for us to learn computer well, because it has changed our life so much. He said since it was a new model in China, it was impossible to fix it without the right spare parts.(2008 年湖北卷)

③It is + 被强调部分 + that… 1) It is what Yang Liwei has done that encourages us a lot. 2) Those who like reading extensively say it is through reading that we get our knowledge. ◆more …than any other 表示最高级 Among the optional courses, spoken English and computer study are more popular than any one else. ◆ 名词从句 ① It would mean a great deal to me to listen to the tape and learn what is covered in the talk. ( 2004 全国卷 Ⅲ) ②My hometown is no longer what it used to be. ◆ (非限制性)定语从句 ① The flat is in a building on Fangcao Street. It is not far from Jianxin Chinese School.→ The flat is in a building on Fangcao Street, which is not far from Jianxin Chinese School. (NMET 2003) ② It was quite an experience for us both, which I’ll never forget for the rest of my life. (2002 北京卷) ◆ 分词结构 ① I don’t know about others, but I used to have to work even at weekends doing endless homework and attending classes as well. (NMET 2001) ② We’ll mostly stay at home in the evening watching TV, playing games, and meeting people. (2004 全国卷Ⅱ ) ③Hearing this, a few people began to run after him.(2004 辽宁卷) ④ Born in American, Thomas Edison was a great scientist and inventor.(2008 年湖 南卷) ◆with 结构 ① A terrible accident happened yesterday, with nine people killed and almost eighty injured. ②He was carrying a bedroll and a large bag on his shoulder, with a large suitcase in his left hand. ◆ 倒装句 ①The library is to the east of the teaching building. → East of the teaching building is the library. ②Although we are tired, we are happy.→ Tired as we are, we are happy. ③Only in this way can he grow to be a useful man. (2002 上海卷) ④ May all your dreams come true! May our friendship last till the end of the universe.!(2007 年湖南卷) ◆ 被动语态 ①Opinions are divided on the question. (NMET 2002) ②All classes are taught by teachers with rich experience in teaching foreign students. (2004 全国卷 Ⅳ ) ③New factories, houses and roads have been built.(2004 江苏卷) ◆ 巧妙的改写

(1) .Only 改成 no one but Only Tom passed the exam last week. → No one but Tom passed the exam. (2) .as soon as …改成 No sooner…than…/Hardly…when…/Immediately…/The moment No sooner had we arrived at the cinema than the film started. (3) .have sb/sth do/done The girl was knocked off her bicycle and had her leg broken (her leg was broken.). (4) .变换插入语的位置 ①However, they suggest fees should be charged low. → They suggest, however, fees should be charged low. (NMET 2002) ② I think this is a good chance for you to show your singing talent, and how well you’ve learned Chinese. → This is a good chance for you, I think, to show your singing talent, and how well you’ve learned Chinese. (2004 全国卷Ⅰ ) (5). 用同位语代替非限制性定语从句 Meimei, who is seven years old, has been learning to ride a bicycle for several days.→ Meimei, a girl of thirteen, has been learning to ride a bicycle for several days. (2002 上海卷) Shakespeare, a son from a poor family, a man of little education, wrote plays and poems that are read all over the world.(2008 年湖南卷) ◆ 其它 (1)注重句子的开头 ① 用 with 复合结构开头 With the sun setting in the west, we had to wave goodbye to the workers. With his help, we've learned how to analyze and settle problems.(2006 年湖南 卷) With the functions of inserting, deleting, moving and copying, it enables us to edit test, browse web page and download what we want.(2009 年江苏卷) ② 用非谓语动词形式开头 ⅰ )In order to improve our English, our school held an English contest. ⅱ )Walking towards the cinema, he met a foreigner. (2)长短句交错使用(注意:应突出主题句;长句子并非越长越好) ◆ 相关过渡语 ◆ 1). 表示时间顺序: first, then, afterwards, meanwhile, later,first of all, finally, at last… 2). 表示空间顺序: near, next to, far from, in front of, on the left, on one side… 3). 表示比较、对照: like, unlike, such as, but, however, on the other hand, on the contrary, nevertheless, otherwise… 4). 表示因果关系: because, for, as a result, therefore, thus… 5). 表示递进关系: besides, what’s more, what was worse, moreover, furthermore, in addition, on top of… 6). 表示并列关系: and, as well as, also… 7). 表示总结性: in general, in a word, in short, on the whole, to sum up, in brief, to conclude…

提高英语写作分数的 88 个词组 1.经济的快速发展 the rapid development of economy
2.人民生活水平的显著提高/ 稳步增长 the remarkable improvement/ steady growth of people’s living standard 3.先进的科学技术 advanced science and technology 4.面临新的机遇和挑战 be faced with new opportunities and challenges 5.人们普遍认为 It is commonly believed/ recognized that? 6.社会发展的必然结果 the inevitable result of social development 7.引起了广泛的公众关注 arouse wide public concern/ draw public attention 8.不可否认 It is undeniable that?/ There is no denying that? 9.热烈的讨论/ 争论 a heated discussion/ debate 10. 有争议性的问题 a controversial issue 11.完全不同的观点 a totally different argument 12.一些人 ?而另外一些人 ? Some people? while others? 13. 就我而言/ 就个人而言 As far as I am concerned, / Personally, 14.就?达到绝对的一致 reach an absolute consensus on? 15.有充分的理由支持 be supported by sound reasons 16.双方的论点 argument on both sides 17.发挥着日益重要的作用 play an increasingly important role in? 18.对?必不可少 be indispensable to ? 19.正如谚语所说 As the proverb goes: 20.?也不例外 ?be no exception 21.对?产生有利/不利的影响 exert positive/ negative effects on? 22.利远远大于弊 the advantages far outweigh the disadvantages。 23.导致,引起 lead to/ give rise to/ contribute to/ result in 24.复杂的社会现象 a complicated social phenomenon 25.责任感 / 成就感 sense of responsibility/ sense of achievement 26. 竞争与合作精神 sense of competition and cooperation 27. 开阔眼界 widen one’s horizon/ broaden one’s vision 28.学习知识和技能 acquire knowledge and skills 29.经济/心理负担 financial burden / psychological burden 30.考虑到诸多因素 take many factors into account/ consideration 31. 从另一个角度 from another perspective 32.做出共同努力 make joint efforts 33. 对?有益 be beneficial / conducive to? 34.为社会做贡献 make contributions to the society 35.打下坚实的基础 lay a solid foundation for? 36.综合素质 comprehensive quality 37.无可非议 blameless / beyond reproach 39.致力于/ 投身于 be committed / devoted to?

40. 应当承认 Admittedly, 41.不可推卸的义务 unshakable duty 42. 满足需求 satisfy/ meet the needs of? 43.可靠的信息源 a reliable source of information 44.宝贵的自然资源 valuable natural resources 45.因特网 the Internet (一定要由冠词,字母 I 大写) 46.方便快捷 convenient and efficient 47.在人类生活的方方面面 in all aspects of human life 48.环保(的) environmental protection / environmentally friendly 49.社会进步的体现 a symbol of society progress 50.科技的飞速更新 the ever-accelerated updating of science and technology 51.对这一问题持有不同态度 hold different attitudes towards this issue 52.支持前/后种观点的人 people / those in fovor of the former/ latteropinion 53.有/ 提供如下理由/ 证据 have/ provide the following reasons/ evidence 54.在一定程度上 to some extent/ degree / in some way 55. 理论和实践相结合 integrate theory with practice 56. ?必然趋势 an irresistible trend of? 57.日益激烈的社会竞争 the increasingly fierce social competition 58.眼前利益 immediate interest/ short-term interest 59.长远利益. interest in the long run 60.?有其自身的优缺点 ? has its merits and demerits/ advantages and disadvantages 61.扬长避短 Exploit to the full one’s favorable conditions and avoid unfavorable ones 62.取其精髓,取其糟粕 Take the essence and discard the dregs。 63.对?有害 do harm to / be harmful to/ be detrimental to 64.交流思想/ 情感/ 信息 exchange ideas/ emotions/ information 65.跟上?的最新发展 keep pace with / catch up with/ keep abreast with the latest development of … 66.采取有效措施来? take effective measures to do sth 67.?的健康发展 the healthy development of ? 68.有利有弊 Every coin has its two sides。 No garden without weeds。 69.对?观点因人而异 Views on ?vary from person to person。 70.重视 attach great importance to? 71.社会地位 social status 72.把时间和精力放在?上 focus time and energy on? 73.扩大知识面 expand one’s scope of knowledge 74.身心两方面 both physically and mentally 75.有直接/间接关系 be directly / indirectly related to?

76. 提出折中提议 set forth a compromise proposal 77. 可以取代 “think”的词 believe, claim, maintain, argue, insist, hold the opinion/ belief that 78.缓解压力/ 减轻负担 relieve stress/ burden 79.优先考虑/发展? give (top) priority to sth。 80.与?比较 compared with?/ in comparison with 81. 相反 in contrast / on the contrary。 82.代替 replace/ substitute / take the place of 83.经不起推敲 cannot bear closer analysis / cannot hold water 84.提供就业机会 offer job opportunities 85. 社会进步的反映 mirror of social progress 86.毫无疑问 Undoubtedly, / There is no doubt that? 87.增进相互了解 enhance/ promote mutual understanding 88.充分利用 make full use of / take advantage of


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