湖北省黄冈中学 2016 届高一英语测试题
考试时间：2014.5.18 本试卷共四部分。满分 150 分。考试时间 120 分钟。
第一部分：听力（共两节，满分 30 分） 做题时，先将答案划在试卷上。录音内容结束后，你将有两分钟的时间将试卷上的答案 涂到答题卡上。 第一节 （共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话，每段对话
后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题 和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 1. How is the weather in the woman’s opinion? A. Warm B. Cold C. Hot 2. What does the man mean? A. He already has plans. B. The woman should decide C. He will make a reservation 3. Why did the man go to Beijing? A. To visit his parents. B. To have an interview C. To receive job training 4. What are the two speakers talking about? A. What to take up as a hobby B. How to keep fit C. How to handle pressure 5. What will the man do first? A. Tidy his room. B. Go on a picnic. C. Wear clothes 第二节(共 15 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分) 请听下面 4 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三 个选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试题卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读 各个小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题将给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两 遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6 至 7 题。 6. What are the two speakers doing? A. Seeing a movie. B. Having dinner. C. Making soup. 7. What makes the man unhappy?
A. The woman doesn’t cook very well. B. The woman seldom talks to him at dinner. C. The woman watches too many commercials. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8 至 9 题。 8. What is the woman going to do after dinner? A. Watch TV. B. Give a speech. C. Listen to a speech. 9. What do we know about the woman? A. She feels very tired. B. She enjoys the election very much. C. She likes to shake hands with many people. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. Where is the woman from? A. The UK B. America C. Russia 11. What do the kids ask for on Halloween? A. Candy. B. Masks. C. Clothes. 12. What will the woman do? A. Buy some candy. B. Attend a party. C. Make masks. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. What is the man reading? A. A textbook. B. A magazine. C. A novel. 14. Why are some people against kung fu novels? A. They think kung fu novels are bad for teenagers. B. They think kung fu novels are not useful today. C. They don’t think highly of kung fu writers. 15. What are kung fu novels considered as by some people? A. Old Chinese literature. B. Modern Chinese literature. C. Future Chinese literature. 16. What does the woman think of the new textbooks? A. She is indifferent (漠然，无所谓) to them. B. She is in favor of them. C. She is against them. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. How long has the woman been coughing? A. Two days. B. Three days. C. Four days. 18. What is wrong with the woman? A. She has a headache. B. She is tired. C. She has got the flu. 19. What does the man tell the woman to do? A. Stay in bed for some time. B. Go around from time to time.
C. Come to see him tomorrow morning. 20. Where does the conversation most probably take place? A. In the street. B. In the man’s office C. At the woman’s 第二部分：词汇知识运用（共两节，满分 30 分） 第一节：多项选择（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 从 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 21. One of the viewers says he was deeply ________ by the White Cloud and Black Earth series performed by Zhao Benshan and Song Dandan. A．crashed B．impressed C．expressed D．inspired 22. —Are you worried about her safety? —Just ________.She isn't alone. A．entirely B．gradually C．generally D．slightly 23. After working abroad for several years，Gill wants to________ to a permanent job in Britain. A．settle in B．settle down C．pull in D．pull out 24. I called the airline to________ my flight reservation a week before I left for Toronto. A．permit B．consult C．confirm D．strengthen 25. We're trying to create a(n)________ of trust between management and staff. A． atmosphere B．amount C．scene D．tradition 26． ________， dear！ Things won't be as bad as you think. There certainly will be chances for you. A．Hurry up B．Look up C．Cheer up D．Make up 27．People try to avoid public transportation delays by using their own cars，and this________ creates further problems. A．in short B．in case C．in doubt D．in turn 28. He has ______ his fortune many times since he began to deal in second-hand car business. A. multiplied B. created C. lessened D. risen 29. He is said to be very wealthy, but I don’t understand why he is always _______. A. in uniform B. in fashion C. in trouble D. in rags 30. Oxygen usually ______ in the form of gas in nature but when made cold enough, it can also take the form of solid. A. remains B. floats C. exists D. survives 第二节：完形填空（共 20 小题，每小题 1 分, 满分 20 分） 阅读下面短文，从短文后所给各题的四个选项（A、B、C、D）中选出能填入空白处的 最佳选项。 When I was in primary school，I got into a major argument with a boy in my class. I can't __31__ what it was about，but I have never forgotten the __32__ I learned that day. I was __33__ that I was right and he was wrong－and he was sure that I was wrong and he was right. The __34__ decided to teach us a very important lesson. She __35__ both of us up to the __36__ of the class and __37__ him on one side of her desk and me on __38__.In the middle of her desk was a large，round object. I could __39__ see that it was black. She asked the boy what __40__ the object was. “White，”he answered.
I couldn't believe he said the object was white，__41__ it was obviously black！Another __42__ started between my classmate and me，this __43__ about the color of the object. The teacher told me to go stand where the boy was standing and told him to come stand where I had been. We changed __44__， and now she asked me what the color of the object was. I had to answer，“45.”It was an object with two __46__ colored sides，and from his side it was white.__47__ from my side was it black. My teacher taught me a very important lesson that day：You must __48__ in the other person's shoes and look at the __49__ through their eyes in order to __50__ understand their view. 31．A. think B．suppose C．remind D．remember 32．A. lesson B．lecture C．class D．text 33．A. told B．wished C．convinced D．allowed 34．A. officer B．teacher C．doctor D．parent 35．A. told B．came C．brought D．woke 36．A. back B．front C．middle D．side 37．A. planted B．placed C．had D．fixed 38．A. the other B．another C．other D．others 39．A. happily B．fortunately C．clearly D．nearly 40．A. width B．shape C．color D．size 41．A. when B．unless C．until D．if 42．A. fight B．argument C．conversation D．game 43．A. time B．year C．month D．day 44．A. places B．seats C．attitudes D．glasses 45．A. colorful B．gray C．black D．white 46．A. similarly B．differently C．beautifully D．surprisingly 47．A. Still B．Since C．Only D．Also 48．A. seat B．stand C．lie D．put 49．A. situation B．movement C．condition D．behaviour 50．A. unexpectedly B．suddenly C．quietly D．truly 第三部分:阅读理解（共 20 小题;每小题 2 分, 满分 40 分） 阅读下列短文，从每篇短文后所给各题的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中，选出最佳选 项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 A Teens' lives hit by economy Some teenagers are crossing their dream colleges off their lists. Others are thinking of skipping their senior trips or reducing prom(毕业舞会)costs. Many are finding their work hours cut while their expenses rise. So，who exactly is punishing them？Is it their parents，teachers or employers？No，it's the economy. If you are like most teenagers，you probably don't understand what“ recession(经济衰 退)”，“negative economic growth ”and“ subprime mortgage crisis(次贷危机)”actually mean.And you probably don't spend your days watching the ups and downs of the stock market. It's safe to say that most teens don't know much about the economy except for one thing：it's bad.But just how exactly is the economy affecting teens? “The single largest thing I have noticed is the recession's ability to affect my college choice，”said Heather Richars from Downey High School in California，US. “With the economic situation the way it is，I have thought less about going to a private or
outofstate university， and more about public schools in California， mainly because of the price of tuition，”said Richars. “I had been a fan of attending a private school up until this year.” The economy cuts into other areas of teenagers' lives，too. Joey Camarda，a student at Modesto High School in California，who works at an ice cream store， said， “Probably due to the economy， I have been getting less hours at my job， and because of that，I am not getting enough money to help pay for college.” Tara Mooney，a senior at Beyer High School，has also begun to notice that money is tight. “Things are getting expensive，”she said. “When it comes to applying for colleges and wanting to go on senior trips，I have to pick and choose instead of doing it all.” 51．The purpose of writing the passage is mainly to tell us ________. A．the economic recession has had a big impact on teens' work，life and study B．teenagers are now having difficulty in deciding which colleges to apply for C．teenagers don't know much about the economic recession D．teenagers are considering giving up their senior trips to save money 52．Because of the bad economic situation，Heather Richars will most probably ________. A．go to a private university B．attend an outofstate college C．attend a public college in California D．find a good university as he planned 53．How has Joey Camarda found the recession affects him? A．He has to find more parttime jobs. B．He has to help his mother do more chores. C．He has found that he had more time to study. D．His plan to pay for college will be hard to realize. 54．What can we conclude from the passage? A．Parents punish their teens by giving them less money. B．Most teens understand what negative economic growth means. C．Teenagers are finding it harder to do what they want than before. D．Teenagers have realized the importance of managing their own money. B Guide to Stockholm University Library Our library offers different types of studying places and provides a good studying environment. Zones The library is divided into different zones. The upper floor is a quiet zone with over a thousand places for silent reading, and places where you can sit and work with your own computer. The reading places consist mostly of tables and chairs. The ground floor is the zone where you can talk. Here you can find sofas and armchairs for group work. Computers You can use your own computer to connect to the wi-fi specially prepared for notebook computers; you can also use library computers, which contain the most commonly used applications, such as Microsoft Office. They are situated( 位于 ) in the area known as the Experimental Field on the ground floor. Group-study places
If you want to discuss freely without disturbing others, you can book a study room or sit at a table on the ground floor. Some study rooms are for 2-3 people and others can hold up to 6-8 people. All rooms are marked on the library maps. There are 40 group-study rooms that must be booked via the website. To book, you need an active University account and a valid University card. You can use a room three hours per day, nine hours at most per week. Storage of Study Material The library has lockers for students to store course literature. When you have got at least 40 credits(学分), you may rent a locker and pay 400 SEK for a year’s rental period. Rules to be Followed Mobile phone conversations are not permitted anywhere in the library. Keep your phone on silent as if you were in a lecture and exit the library if you need to receive calls. Please note that food and fruit are forbidden in the library, but you are allowed to have drinks and sweets with you. 55. The library’s upper floor is mainly for students to __________. A. read in a quiet place B. have group discussions C. take comfortable seats D. get their computers fixed 56. Library computers on the ground floor __________. A. help students with their field experiments B. contain software necessary for schoolwork C. are for those who want to access the wi-fi D. are mostly used for filling out application forms 57. What condition should be met to book a group-study room? A. A group must consist of 8 people B. Three-hour use per day is the minimum C. One should first register (注册) at the university D. Applicants must mark the room on the map 58. What should NOT be brought into the library? A. Mobile phones B. Orange juice C. Candy D. Sandwiches C You are what you eat and fats are a main food for Asia’s fast-food generation. Dr.Chwang, director of the Department of Food Nutrition, says children are consuming more meat and soft drinks. That is a thorough departure（离开） from the traditional diet of vegetables and rice and little meat.” They like big pieces of fried meat with a soft drink. So although they may eat the same volume of food, their calorie intake(卡路里摄入量) has increased. Now that 40 to 45 percent of their calories come from fat,” says Chwang. Although on the whole Asians tend to thinness, culture—namely Asians’ hospitality—is a reason for the fatness of today’s generation, according to Chwang. “Asian people love food,” she says.” Eating and drinking are important social and family functions.” In the past, however, big meals were only hosted on special occasions, as people were more careful with money. In today’s climate of wealth and remarkable consumption,10-course meals are no longer reserved for significant occasions. “In the past, people had four or more children—now, they have one or two, so they tend to spoil
them,” says Chwang. “The earliest way is to give them quality food. Parents think feeding them well is showing their love. They feel bad when their children look thin.” When describing the physical condition of most overweight Asian children, Chwang says: “there is a clear relation between fatness and indoor play. Children get fat because they don’t move, and eventually, they don’t want to move because they are fat.” Thanks to technology, a growing army of children prefer video games to old outdoor sports. “What do children do when watching TV or sitting in front of the computer playing video games? They eat chocolate and drink Coke,” says Chwang. 59.Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage? A. Asian people tend to save more money. B. Asian children depart from their diet tradition. C. Asian children eat big meals on more occasions. D. Culture contributes to the fatness of Asian children. 60.According to the passage, the quality food fed by more parents is actually _____. A. healthful food B. qualified food C. agreeable food D. highcalorie food 61.Some parents feel bad when their children look thin, because _____. A. their children don’t love eating and drinking B. the children don’t have a good physical condition C. they feel that they don’t take good care of their children D. they feel that they are not wealthy enough to afford “quality food” 62.The purpose of this article is to _____. A. compare the traditional diet with today’s diet of Asian children B. find reasons for increased food consumption of Asian people C. explain why many Asian children are overweight nowadays D. prove the relationship between fatness and indoor play D Full-time university students spend all their time studying. They don’t do other work. Their course usually lasts for three or four years. Medical students have to follow a course lasting for six or seven years. Then they graduate as doctor. In Britain, full-time university students have three terms of about ten weeks in each year. During these terms they go to lectures or they study by themselves. Their vacations are long, but of course they can use them to study at home. Some universities, like Oxford and Cambridge in England, are residential. This means that during the university terms the students live in universities. Other universities are non-residential. Some of the students at these universities can live in a university hotel, but many live at home or in lodgings and have to travel daily to their lectures. Large cities often have universities of this kind, sometimes the students have to spend a lot of time on their journeys. Full-time students are also called internal students, because they spend all their times at universities. There are also external students who cannot attend the university full-time but who are studying for its examinations. They are part-time students. They have to do other work during the day, usually to earn their living, and they study in the evening. External students are often older than full-time internal students. Sometimes they can attend lectures in the evening, but many of them have to study by correspondence(函授).they write at
home the work that is set by their tutors(指导教师).Then have to pass their work to their tutors post corrections and advice back to them. In some countries,” Universities of the Air” can now help students to receive degrees. After special lectures on radio or television, these students have to send set work for correction by correspondence .However, for a few weeks each year they can attend special vacation course at “universities”.?? 63. _____ have to study at university for six or seven years. A. All the students B. Medical students ? C. Full-time students D. Part-time students 64.Medical students all become doctors _____. A. when they graduate B. before they graduate C. after they work in the hospital for six or seven years D. while they are studying at universities 65.The residential students are those who _____. A. live at home B. go to school every day C. live in a university D. have to do other work 66.The part-time students _____. A. work for a living in the daytime and study in the evening B. are internal students C. are residential students D. have to attend lectures during the day E Everyone has an ambition to travel. But those who cannot do so themselves might find it interesting to work in a travel agency （旅行社） , arranging journeys for other people. Brian Lawtey does this, working in a small travel agency in an industrial city. Most of his work is concerned with holiday, both at home and abroad. Every autumn, the agency sends out hundreds of booklets （小册子） full of attractive, colored photographs, describing the holidays that their customers will be able to have the next year. Soon, people begin to come into the office to book their holidays: perhaps a week’s skiing in Austria in January, perhaps a cruise to the Caribbean in February, perhaps a seaside holiday in Spain in May, or a tour of Africa. Brian often has to advise people on what holidays will be suitable for them, and they always have a lot of questions. Last year, for example, a lady of eighty-two wanted to book for a mountaineering holiday in the Alps, and Brian had great difficulty in persuading her that it would not be suitable. In the end, she decided to go for a Mediterranean cruise instead. Arranging journeys for people who have to travel abroad on business is often very complicated, but Brian enjoys this work. For example, last spring Mr Perry,a director of chemical firm, went on a business trip, and Brian arranged it all for him. First, Mr Perry traveled to London by train stayed overnight in a hotel near the airport, because his plane left early the next morning. He flew to Frankfurt in Germany, where he spent the morning discussing business. Then he went on by train to Zurich, where he stayed the night. After a meeting the next morning, he caught a
plane for Tokyo, and spent three days there before going to America. He had business in Seattle, Chicago and New York, and stayed some time in each of those places. From New York, he flew back to London,and then got home by train. The next day he telephoned the agency to thank Brian for arranging everything so well for him. 67.Who would like to work in a travel agency? A. People who live in an industrial city. B. People who would like to travel but cannot. C. Ambitious people. D. People who go on holidays abroad. 68.When do the customers come into the office to book their holidays? A. Early in the morning. B. Every year. C. In January. D. Shortly after receiving the booklet. 69.Those who cannot travel themselves might find it interesting to work in a travel agency _____. A. arranging trips for other people B. arranging trips for themselves C. booking trips for other people D. describing the holidays for other people 70.Mr Perry telephoned the agency to thank Brian because _____. A. Mr Perry arranged everything so well for Brian B. Brian arranged everything so well for Mr Perry C. the agency sent Mr Perry abroad on business D. Brian helped him in the travel agency 第四部分：书面表达 (共两节，满分 50 分) 第一节：完成句子（共 10 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 20 分） 阅读下列各小题，根据汉语提示，用句末括号内的英语单词完成句子，并将答案写在答 题卡上的相应题号后。 71． People used to hold the opinion _________________ of the universe. （be） 人们曾认为地球是宇宙的中心。 72. ___________________________ ，the old man was delighted. (surround) 被一群孩子围着，老人很开心。 73. You ______________ Kate at the meeting last week; he has been on holiday in London for a month. (see) 你上周在会上不可能看到 Kate 的，她已去伦敦度假有一个月了。 74. Doctors always tell us that drinking too much_____________________，but some people don’t care. （harmful） 医生总是告诫我们过度饮酒对健康有害，但是有些人不注意。 75. Some parts in South China have experienced __________________this year as they did last year. （as） 在中国南部有些地方，今年的降雨量是去年的两倍。 76. ________________________ has a lifelong effect on their children. (do) 父母亲的所言所行对孩子有着一生的影响。 77. She has been working hard day and night, which of course,_________________ her pale face.
( account) 她已经工作一天一夜了，这当然就导致了她面色苍白。 78. The single invention of the computer _______ many new professions. （birth） 计算机的发明产生了很多新的专业。 79. Not until the early years of the 19th century ________________. (know) 直到 19 世纪初, 我们才知道热能是什么。 80. I had no idea_____________，so I turned to my teacher for help. (break) 我不知道二战是什么时候爆发的，所以去问问老师。 第二节：短文写作（共 1 题；满分 30 分） Recently your class will discuss a theme topic on “Life in the future”. You are asked to write a short passage about what the future life will be in your heart from the following aspects. 医学 能源 旅行 日常生活 注意：120 词左右，开头已给出，不计入总数。 With the development of science and technology,____________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ ________________________.
Keys 1-20 CBBCA BBBAC ABCAB BBCAC 21-30BDBCA CDADC 31-50 DACBC BBACC ABAAD BCBAD 51-54 ACDC 55-58 ABCD 59-62 ADCC 63-66 BACA 67-70 BDAB 71.that the earth was the center 72. Surrounded by a group of children 73. couldn’t/can’t have seen 74. is harmful to health 75. twice as much rain 76. what parents say and do 77. accounts for 78. gave birth to 79. did we know what heat is 80. when World War Ⅱbroke out One possible version: Life in the future With the development of science and technology, our life in the future will greatly differ from what it is today. It is really interesting to imagine what our life will be like in the future. A new cure for cancer is expected to be discovered and fuels such as coal, gas and petrol will not be used with new energy forms being developed. As new means of transportation are invented, it is possible for human beings to travel to outer space and go on holiday on other planets. Besides, robots are popular in our homes and do a lot of housework for us. I’m sure our future will be better and our life will be easier.