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1986 grain 49% milk 10% meat 17% Fruit and 34% vegetables total 100%

1987 47% 11% 20% 22%

1988 46.5% 11% 22.5% 20%

1989 45% 12% 23% 20%

1990 45% 13% 21% 21%

100% 100% 100% 100%

Changes in People’s diet As is shown in the table, the period of 1986-1990 witnessed great changes in the diet of the Chinese. Grain, which used to be the main food of most people in China, is now playing a less important role. And the same goes for such as milk and meat has increased rapidly A number of factors can account for the changes in diet. First, people are much wealthier than before. With higher income, they can afford to buy good food. Second, people have realized the importance of a balanced diet to their health. Lack of certain amount of meat or

milk, for example, will result in poor health. Finally, owing to the economic reform, meat and milk, which were scarce in the past, are produced in large quantities. For all these reasons, what was formerly called the “basket of vegetables” has now become that of varied food To sum up, insignificant as those changes may seem, they are the signs of the improved economic conditions in China. We believe that as long as the effort continues in reform and opening to the outside world, there will be greater changes in people’s diet in the future.

Health Gains in Developing Countries
From the graph we can see the health gains in developing countries. In 1960, the average life span was only 40 years. In 1990, after thirty years, life expectance rose to 60. At the same time, with the life expectancy going up, the infant mortality is coming down. In 1960, the infant mortality was 200 deaths per 1000 birth. In 1990, the infant mortality declined to 100 deaths per 1000 births What are the reasons for this situation? I think they lie in three respects. First, thanks to the advances in medical technology, people in developing countries are receiving better medical care than before. Second, with the development of the economy, people are better off today. So they pay more attention to the nutrition of their food. Third, owing to the increasing awareness of environmental protection, governments ate taking more measures to deal with problems of pollution. All

these improvements in turn do good to people’s health and certainly extend the life expectancy. That’s why in developing countries life expectancy is on the rise and infant mortality on the decline. Car accidents declining in Walton City The graph shows the changing rate accidents in Walton city in 1990. The first two months of 1990 showed an increasing trend. The rate rose to 32 in March but fell to 26 in June. From June on the rate was rising again and reached the peak point 39 in August. After August the rate began to decline, and eventually dropped to the lowest point 16 at the end of the year The highest rate in August was due to unfavorable weather conditions. Humidity and high temperature make drivers impatient, which easily leads to car accidents. The high rate in the first half of 1990 was also caused by the bad weather condition. In Walton City, the

excessive rain comes at early spring. The rain makes the roads muddy and slippery, which often resulted in car accidents. But thanks to the completion of two new roads, last winter saw a remarkable decline of car accidents in the city This year the pattern is expected to change. The municipal authorities have raise funds to further improve the road conditions. New road regulation requires that in summer every car be air-conditioned. With all these precautions, Walton citizens are confident that the rate of car accidents will be much lower the next year 06 年 12 月 On Spring Festival Gala As is known to all, Spring Festival Gala, a CCTV program on the eve of Lunar New Year, came out in the 1980s, and has been popular for more than 20 years. In many people’s eyes, it is part of our Spring Festival tradition, with its

special cultural value and artistic charm. Besides, it enables families to share happy moments together on such a special evening On the other hand, others hold the view that the Spring Festival Gala should be stopped. They are obviously disappointed at the programs that repeat themselves year by year, and so they may prefer to see a film or even to surf the Internet rather than watch the programs I think there is some truth in both arguments. It is true that the Gala fail to live up to the viewers’ ever-increasing expectations. For example, the cross-talks seem to be getting meaningless these years, instead of a good reflection of social issues. But it may not be wise to find a replacement that gives an equally good time to families around the country. Let’s just hope that the Spring Festival Gala can make some improvements to live a longer life

说明文: The Spring Festival The spring Festival is the Chinese Lunar New Year. It’s the most important holiday in China. People usually celebrate and spend the Spring Festival together with their parents and children at home With the New Year round the corner, every family is busy getting ready for it. All the housewives at this time would give their houses an extra cleaning, make all the things clean, tidy and keep everything in its right place On New Year’s Eve, every family makes dumplings and cooks many delicious dishes. All the members of the family gather together and have a family dinner. After the big meal, they watch TV to enjoy the programs specially prepared for the Festival. The children let off fireworks, men play Mahjong and cards. They stay up very late. Just at midnight, when the clock strikes twelve, they let off various

firecrackers outdoors to see the Old Year off and the New Year in

Risk Worth Taking in Life There is no denying that life is filled with uncountable undesirable risks. To illustrate, a driver throws himself into danger when driving too fast, and a heavy smoker is running the risk of suffering form lung cancer. Still in our life, however, there are many risks worth taking, since they will bring you success, fame or pleasure There are many worthy and rewarding risks. A case in point (佐证 ) is that recently Zhang Jian challenged the physical limitation of man and risked his life in crossing the Bohai Strait. However, he succeeded and is hailed as a hero. Another case in point is staring one’s own

business, esp. for a laid-off worker. Although one risks losing all his savings or property at the beginning, he stands a good chance of winning an ever-promising future. Besides, buying stocks is another risk worth taking, if you can tolerate the dramatic changes in the stock market, you’ll be awarded with endless opportunities to get rich. Of course meanwhile risks accompany you every minute, and if you are not lucky enough, you’ll become penniless overnight. But one thing is certain, luck and misfortune will accompany you as twin brothers To sum up, although undergoing risks can make you more experienced and enable you to weather any crisis in life, it’s advisable to take only the rewarding risks whose opportunities far outweigh their risks 中国春节常用词语的英语表达 过年 celebrate the spring festival

春联 spring festival couplets 剪纸 paper-cuts 年画 new year paintings 买年货 do shopping for the spring festival ; do spring festival shopping 敬酒 propose a toast 灯笼 lantern 烟花 fireworks 爆 竹 firecrackers (people scare off evil spirits and ghosts with the loud pop.) 红包 red packets (cash wrapped up in red paper, symbolize fortune and wealth in the coming year.)

舞狮 lion dance (the lion is believed to be able to dispel evil and bring good luck.) 舞龙 dragon dance (to expect good weather and good harvests) 戏曲 traditional opera 杂耍 variety show 灯谜 riddles written on lanterns 灯会 exhibit of lanterns 守岁 staying-up 拜年 pay new year's call; give new year's greetings; pay new year's visit 禁忌 taboo

去晦气 get rid of the ill- fortune 祭祖宗 offer sacrifices to one's ancestors 压岁钱 gift money; money given to children as a lunar new year gift culture note: in the old days, new year's money was given in the form of one hundred copper coins strung together on a red string and symbolized the hope that one would live to be a hundred years old. today, money is placed inside red envelopes in denominations considered auspicious and given to represent luck and wealth 辞旧岁 bid farewell to the old year 扫 房 house-cleaning spring cleaning; general

年糕 nian-gao; rise cake; new year cake

团圆饭 family reunion dinner 年夜饭 the dinner on new year's eve

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