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2014高考英语二轮专题复习提高训练:阅读理解5


阅读理解 Do you have any skiing equipment you no longer need? A ski school in the far north of India could put it to good use. In March we published a photo story about the extraordinary Zsnskar

region in northern India, which is cut off from the outside world for more than seven months of the year,and only accessible (可通行的)via a frozen river.We also included information about the limited use of skiing in the region and the recent creation of the Zanskar Ski School: “Despite the difficulties of travelling through the region when the snow comes,skiing hasn?t traditionally been used as a means of transport by the locals, largely because trees don't grow here, so there is little in the way of raw materials from which to make skis.In 1995, a group of British scientists in the region noticed the lack of skis and one of them returned to set up the Zanskar Ski School in Padam.The school provides lessons for a small fee and rents skis to the local people. Among the benefits that the school hopes to bring are improved education—children often find it difficult to get to school through the deep snow—and the possibility of offering ski tours to tourists in the future. So far, more than 300 local people have received training, and local doctors and policemen regularly borrow skis.” But what we weren't able to include in the article is that the ski school is always on the look out for old skiing equipment—particularly of a size suitable for children—and, I thought. Now the European ski season is drawing to a close,there might be a few of you out there who have some old equipment you'd like to see go to a good home.If that's the ease you can get in touch with the school via their website www.zanskarski school.org. 63. What's the purpose in writing the text? A. To ask people to give away their skis to the school B. To attract more tourists to the area C. To appeal to more locals to attend the school D. To raise money to develop this area 64. The local people don't use skiing to go about because A. it is against the local custom B. trees are in the way of the skiing route C. they don't have the wood to make skis .

D. it is dangerous to go skiing in this region 65. The Zanskar Ski School .

A. has donated money to the local community B. makes it easier for the students to attend school C. provides special training to the tourists D. has borrowed many skis from Euro pe 66. Who would be the most helpful to the school now? A. Locals in Zanskar region. B. Students in the Zanskar Ski School. C. People having old skiing equipment. D. Tavellers enjoying skiing. 67. What can be the best title for the text? A. An extraordinary region in India C. A good means of transport 参考答案 B. A popular sport—skiing D. A home for old skis

63-67 ACBCD

D Movie Extras Would you mind lying in a coffin (棺材)? Would you shave your head? Are you willing to take out your false teeth? These are just a few of the questions Anne Marie Stewart and her staff sometimes ask the "talent" who serve as non-speaking "extras" in special films, television series, and made-for-TV movies produced in Toronto. Of course, the majority of extra calls are for more ordinary people, and Stewart has a list of about 650 registered extras. Crowd scenes, which are common, call for everyday people of all ages, ethnic backgrounds, and sizes. Over at Movie People, last-minute requests are not unusual. "We got a request once for an entire brass band of 30 people. They wanted it within the hour," said manager Yvonne McCartney. Another time, the company got a last-minute request for a newborn baby. "We found a baby that was three weeks premature," said Jonathan Aiken, an owner of the

company. Then there was the worried call from a casting director whose "Star" got doggone stubborn one day and decided to just lie down and not work. The director needed a replacement dog, fast. "We got them two in one hour." said Aiken. "It was a matter of good connections and fast phone work." The eight phone lines needed to make 350 to 400 calls a day are one of Movie People's major expenses. Phone lines are the only way to stay in touch with casting directors and extras; but the latter are a group not necessarily interested in a long-term relationship. Most extra jobs pay only $7 an hour (with a six-hour minimum), while most agencies charge an annual $75 registration fee and get 10 to 15 per cent of extras? earnings. It's no wonder that the turnover rate is fairly high. Some people who are between jobs do extra work as a temporary measure, said McCartney. But professionals, such as lawyers, also do the work because it's interesting. Others with flexible jobs have a desire to do something different. Some homemakers want to get out of the house and onto a movie set. Money's not the motivating reason. "One of the first things I say to people who walk in and ask about being an extra is, ?You have to be available,' "said a person at Karen Clifton Agency. Inc. "The next thing I say is, 'You can't make a living at this.' ” 68. What kind of people are m ovie extras? A. TV series makers. C. Non-professional movie actors. B. Casting directors. D. Agents for movie stars.

69. According to the passage, movie extras should _____. A. have special talents B. have a flexible schedule C. make good connections D. make hundreds of phone calls daily 70. Why do white collar workers most probably like to be movie extras? A. They want to make more money. B. They want to start a career in acting. C. They think their regular job is boring.

D. They think being on the stage is enjoyable. 71. The underlined word “turnover” in the sixth paragraph probably means _____. A. business profit C. market demand B. the loss of staff D. operation expenses

【参考答案】68---71、CBD B

阅读理解 While some scientists overlook the existence of a sixth sense for danger, a new research from Washington University in St. Louis has identified a brain area that clearly acts as an early warning system and helps us adjust our beha vior to avoid dangerous situations. "Our brains are better at picking up not obvious warning signs than we previously thought," said Joshua Brown, PhD, a research associate in psychology in the Feb. 18 issue of the journal Science. The findings offer exact scientific evidence for a new way to form a concept of the complex control processes taking place in and around the ACC, a brain area located near the top of the frontal lobes(耳垂) and along the walls that divide the left and right hemispheres(大脑半球). "In the past, we found activity in the ACC when people had to make a difficult decision, or after they make a mistake," Bro wn said. "But now we find that this brain area can actually learn to recognize when you might make a mistake, even before a difficult decision has to be made. So the ACC appears to act as an early warning system—— it learns to warn us in advance when our behavior might lead to a negative outcome, so that we can be more careful and avoid making a mistake." By providing a clearer picture of the cognitive mechanisms(认知结构) by which we self monitor and control our behavior, the study is an important step in efforts to develop more effective treatments for mental illnesses. It also provides a new way of understanding inappropriate behaviors that often accompany mental illnesses. "Our results suggest how injury of the ACC mechanisms can lead to breakdowns in the early warning system, so that t he brain fails to stop or control inappropriate behavior ahead of time,"

said Brown. "On the other hand, in those persons with mental disorder, the ACC might warn of an upcoming problem even when no problem is in the existence." Known to be an important part of the brain's control system, the ACC is believed to help adjust between cold, hard, fact-based reasoning and emotional responses, such as love, fear or expectation. 68. According to the passage, the ACC____________. A. refers to the sixth sense for danger C. connects the left and right hemispheres B. deals with obvious warning situations D. sends warning messages in advance

69. The new research is beneficial because it ________ . A. provides a new way of avoiding mistakes B. adjus ts emotional responses in time of danger C. helps find better treatments for mental illnesses D. assists people in predicting and avoiding danger 70. The new research helps us understand _________. A. why we are likely to make mistakes when the ACC is badly injured B. why people with mental illnesses usually have so many strange behaviors C. how the ACC works when something dangerous happens D. how our brain warns us of failure in advance

参考答案

68-70 DCA

A study involving 8,500 teenagers from all social backgrounds found that most of them are ignorant when it comes to money. The findings, the first in a series of reports from NatWest that has started a five-year research project into teenagers and money, are particularly worrying as this generation of young people is likely to be burdened with greater debts than any before. University tuition fees are currently capped at ? 3,000 annually, but this will be reviewed next year and the Government is under enormous pressure to raise the ceiling.

In the research, the teenagers were presented with the terms of four different loans but 76 per cent failed to identify the cheapest. The young people also predicted that they would be earning on average ? 31.000 by the age of 25, although the average salary for those aged 22 to 29 is just ? 17,815. The teenagers expected to be in debt when they finished university or training, although half said that they assumed the debts would be less than ? 10.000. Average debts for graduates are ? 12,363. Stephen Moir, head of community investment at the Royal Bank of Scotland Group which owns NatWest, said. "The more exposed young people are to financial issues, and the younger they become aware of them, the more likely they are to become responsible, forward-planning adults who manage their finances confidently and effectively." Ministers are deeply concerned about the financial pressures on teenagers and young people because of student loans and rising housing costs. They have just introduced new lessons in how to manage debts. Nikki Fairweather, aged 15, from St Helens, said that she had benefited from lessons on personal finance, but admitted that she still had a lot to learn about money. 57. Which of the following can be found from the five-year research project? A. Students understand personal finances differently. B. University tuition fees in England have been rising. C. Teenagers tend to overestimate their future earnings. D. The stud ents' payback ability has become a major issue. 58. The phrase "to raise the ceiling" in paragraph 2 probably means "______". A. to raise the student loans C. to increase the upper limit of the tuition roofs 59. According to Stephen Moir, students _______. A. are too young to be exposed to financial issues B. should learn to manage their finances well C. should maintain a positive attitude when facing loans D. benefit a lot from lessons on personal finance B. to improve the school facilities D. to lift the school building

60. What can we learn from the passage? A. Many British teenagers do not know money matters well B. Teenagers in Britain are heavily burdened with debts. C. Financial planning is a required course at college. D. Young people should become responsible adults.

参考答案

E Why texting harms your IQ The regular use of text messages and e-mails can lower the IQ more than twice as much as smoking marijuana (大麻). That is the statement of researchers who have found that tapping away on a mobile phone or checking for electronic messages temporarily knocks up to 10 points off the user?s IQ. This rate of decline in intelligence compares unfavorably with the four-point drop in IQ associated with smoking marijuana, according to British researchers, who have described the phenomenon of improved stupidity as “infomania”. The research conducted by Hewlett Packard, the technology company, has concluded that it is mainly a problem for adult workers, especially men. It is conclud ed that too much use of modern technology can damage a person?s mind. It can cause a c onstant distraction of “always on” technology when employees should be concentrating on what they are paid to do. Infomania means that they lose concentration as their minds remain fixed in an almost permanent state of readiness to react to technology instead of focusing on the task in hand. The report also added that, in a long term, the brain will be considerably shaped by what we do to it and by the experience of daily life. At a microcellular level , the complex networks of nerve cells that make up parts of the brain

actually change in response to certain experiences. Too much use of modern technology can be damaging not only to a person?s mind, but to their social relationship. 1100 adults were interviewed during the research. More than 62 per cent of them admitted that they were addicted to checking their e-mails and text messages so often that they scrutinized work-related ones even when at home or on holiday. Half said that they always responded immediately to an email and will even interrupt a meeting to do so. It is concluded that infomania is increasing stress and anxiety and affecting one?s characteristics. Nine out of ten thought that colleagues who answered e-mails or messages during a face-to-face meeting were extremely rude. The effects on IQ were studied by Dr Glenn Wilson, a psychologist at University of London. “This is a very real and widespread phenomenon,” he said. “We have found that infomania will damage a worker?s performance by reducing their mental sharpness and changing their social life. Companies should encourage a more balanced and appropriate way of working.” 72. We can learn from the passage that “infomania” _____ A. has a positive influence on one?s IQ B. results in the change of part of the brain C. lies in the problem of lack of concentration D. is caused by too much use of modern technology 73. The research mentioned in the passage is most probably about ______. A. the important function of advanced technology B. the damage to one?s brain done by unhealthy habits C. the tie between intelligence and working effectiveness D. the relationship between IQ and use of modern technology 74. The underlined word “scrutinized” in Para. 3 probably means “______”. A. corrected quickly C. examined carefully B. copied patiently D. admitted freely

75. Which of the following shows the structure of the passage? A. B.
p S P 2

1 P

C.

D.
p S C

1

CP: Central Point

P: Point

Sp: Sub-point (次要点)

C: Conclusion

【参考答案】72—75、DDCB


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