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Grammar -the present continuous tense to express future actions




I'm babysitting on Thursday”
Jazz Chant

Would you like to go out on Monday? No, sorry, I can’t Why not? I’m babysitting(带小孩) on Monday. Would you like to go

out on Tuesday? No, sorry, I can’t. Why not? I’m doing my laundry (洗衣服) on Tuesday. Would you like to go out on Wednesday? No, sorry, I can’t. Why not? I’m working overtime(加班) on Wednesday.

I'm babysitting on Thursday

? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ?

Would you like to go out on Thursday? No, sorry, I can’t. Why not? I’m working out on Thursday. Would you like to go out on Friday? No, sorry, I can’t. Why not? I’m visiting relatives(亲戚) on Friday. Would you like to go out on the weekend? Well… maybe!

The Present Continuous Tense for Future Actions

现在进行时态表示将来
The Present Continuous Tense can be used to express a plan or an arrangement.
现在进行时态可用来表示一个 在最近按计划或打算要进行的 动作;表示将来意义的现在进 行时态由句中表示将来时间的 词语或上下文表明。

Ⅰ.The Present Continuous Tense for Future Actions

Betty is leaving for Guangzhou by plane tomorrow. Bob is going to the airport by taxi next week. I’m seeing the dentist this afternoon. Are they staying here for long?
小结: am/is/are

+v.-ing形式与表示将来的时间状语连用,

可以表示按照计划或安排在不久的将来将要发生的动作, 含义是“打算要做”。能用于进行时态表将来的动词常常是 瞬间动词,位移动词或去向动词(并非所有动词),如:go,

come, leave, start ,arrive ,reach,sleep, stay, play, do, have, take, get to, see off, etc.

Translate the following sentences:
1.玛丽和我下个星期天去钓鱼。 Mary and I are going fishing next Sunday. 2.我明天将什么东西也不做。 I am not doing anything tomorrow. 3.他下个月将去美国吗? Is he going to America next month ? 4.你在西安要待多久? How long are you staying in Xi’an?

Ⅱ.The Usage of the Present Continuous Tense

现在进行时态的用法
(1)表示现在进行时的动作有两种含义: ①表示说话的时刻正在进行的动作,常与时间状语now, at the moment等连用。 ②表示现在阶段正在进行的动作,而不一定是说话时正在进 行的动作,常与today, this week, this term等连用。 Eg: I’m sitting on a rock near the river with my friends.我和我的 朋友们正坐在河边的一块岩石 Right now it is the summer vacation and I’m helping my dad on the farm.现在是暑假,我在农场帮我爸爸干活。

①.He is always thinking others.

赞扬 抱怨

②.You are constantly complaining. ③.He is always talking big. 厌烦
④.How are you feeling today?
亲切

⑵.现在进行时代替一般现在时,表示反 复性或习惯性的动作,常与副词always, continually,forever,constantly等连用, 表示说话人的赞扬,厌恶,不满,遗憾 等的感情色彩。

⑶表示不久之后肯定将发生,或按计划或 安排将要做的事(常与未来的时间状语连 用),能这样用的动词多是表示“位 移”“停留”的,如come, go , leave, arrive, start, begin等。
Eg:

Mother is taking us home to see my grandma on Sunday.星期天母亲将带我们 回老家看我祖母。

Ⅲ.The Forms to Present Future Actions
表示将来的时态的形式:
⑴ will/shall+动词原形,表示客观上将 来某个时间要发生的动作或存在的状态; 或表示自然趋势或非主语意志。
He will write you a letter next week.他下个 星期会给你写信 I shall be sixteen years old next month. 下个月我将十六岁了。

---Sorry, I forgot to post the letter for you. ---It doesn’t matter. I___ post it myself. will

will 还可用来表临时决定。

⑵be going to +动词原形,表示“就 要……”,“打算……”或将要发生的事。 表示眼前主观上要去做的事,或有迹象 表明要发生的事,与自己的意志无关。
Eg:

---what are you going to do tonight? ---I’m going to watch the football match on TV. Look! It’s going to rain.

⑶be to do 表示预定,按计划或安排将发 生某事。还可表示“命运”(常用过去时 描述过去的事实),即命中注定要发生的 事,责任,义务,需要,可能性等。
Eg:

The French President is to visit China in June.
(按计划或安排)

You are to be back by 9 o’clock. (必须或应该)

⑷ba about to do 表示即将要做某事,表 示非常近的将来,但不能与表示确切时间 的时间状语连用,构成ba about to do …when...,意为“正要…这/那时”
Eg:

We are about to start. I was just about to go to bed when someone called me up.

⑸一般现在时表示将来,有两种情况: ①通常指客观事实,多指按时刻表或 规定要发生的情况。
The plane takes off at 10:10. New term begins on September 1st.

②用于状语从句中。
We are going fishing if it doesn’t rain tomorrow.

练一练! 1. ---I’m going to the States? ---How long ___ you___ in the States? A. are; stayed B. are; staying C. have; stayed D. did; stay 2. I’ve won a holiday for two weeks to Florida. I ____ my mum. A. am taking B. have taken C. take D. will have taken

3. Selecting a mobile phone for personal use is no easy task because technology ____ so rapidly. A. will change B. has changed C. will have changed D. is changing

4. --- You’ve left the light on. ---Oh, I have. ___ and turn it off. A. I go B. I’ve gone C. I’ll go D. I’m going 5. --- Is this raincoat yours? ---No, mine____ there behind the door. A. is hanging B. has hung C. hangs D. hung

6. --- What’s that terrible noise?

---The neighbours____ for a party.
A. have prepared B. are preparing C. prepare D. will prepare

7. Because the shop ____, all the

T-shirts are sold at half prices.
A.has closed down B. closed down C. is closing down D. had closed down

9. ---Are you still busy?

--- Yes, I___ my work, and it
won’t take long.

A. just finish
B. am just finishing

C. have just finished
D. am just going to finish

10. ---Did you tell Julia about the result?

--- Oh, no, I forgot. I ____ her now.
A. will be calling

B. will call
C. call D. am to call

11. I don’t really work here; I ___until the new secretary arrives. A. just help out B. have just helped out C. am just helping out D. will just help out

12.I B for the United States for further study next month ___
A.will leave C. will be B. am leaving D.am going for

13.I’ve won a holiday for a week to Guilin. I A my wife ___ and little daughter.

A.am taking

B. have taken

C.take D.will have taken 14..---Tonny is off to Hong Kong tomorrow? ---Who___ him off? B

A.saw

B. is seeing

C. has seen

D. had seen

15.---What are Mr. and Mrs.Black doing?
---They ___ tea in the garden. A

A.are drinking
C. have drunk

B. drank
D.drink

16.---Anny, you C books about. Look, ___ what a mess in your study!

---Sorry, Mom. I won’t do that again.
A. have always thrown C. are always throwing B. always throw D. always threw

17.Look at the timetable. Hurry up! Flight 4026___off A at 18:20. A. takes B. took C. will be taken D. has taken

18.Ladies and gentlemen, please fasten your seat belts. The plane ____ off. B A. takes B. is taking C. has taken D. took

19.Look, dark clouds. It D rain. ___ A. is B. was C. will D. is going to

Summing up:
Ⅰ.The Present Continuous Tense for Future Actions (come, go , leave, arrive, start, begin) Ⅱ.The Usage of the Present Continuous Tense (1)表示现在进行时的动作 ⑵.反复性或习惯性的动作(always, continually,forever) ⑶按计划或安排(come, go , leave, arrive, start, begin) Ⅲ.The forms to present Future Actions ⑴ will/shall+动词原形(客观上,自然趋势,临时决定) ⑵be going to +动词原形(主观上,有迹象表明)

⑶be to do(预定,按计划或安排,“命运”)
⑷ba about to do(即将要做) ⑸一般现在时(按时刻表或规定,状语从句)

⑹ am/is/are +v.-ing(按照计划或安排come, go , leave, arrive, start, begin)

Homework:

Preview Using language (reading
and writing)


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