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2014年春八年级下英语Unit1 what's the matter


Unit1 What’s the matter?
Section A

body
feet tooth teeth

ear
face

eye

head nose

mouth

head knee
t

>
hand

finger

leg foot

healthy
neck

shoulde r

arm

back

sing a song

1a Look at the picture. Write the correct letter[a—m] for each

part of the body.
g m c K i ____arm ____back ____ear ____eye ____foot b f ____hand____head ____leg ____mouth a l h d j e ____neck ____nose ____stomach ____tooth

What’s the matter? (你)怎么了?

have a (bad) cold 感冒

have a stomachache 胃痛

have a (high) fever
发烧 have a toothache 牙痛 have a headache 头痛

have a sore back
背痛

have a sore throat
喉咙痛

What’s the matter with you ?
=What’s the trouble with you? =What’s wrong with you? 你怎么啦? I have a (bad) cold. =I have got a (bad) cold. 我患感冒了。

What’s the matter with him ? He has/has got a stomachache.
他胃痛。

What’s the matter with him? He has/has got a sore back/backache.
他背痛。

What’s the matter with him ?

He has a sore throat.
他喉咙痛。

What’s the matter with her ? She has/has got a (high) fever.
她发烧。

What’s the matter with her? She has a (bad) toothache.
她牙痛。

What’s the matter with him? He has a (bad) headache.他头痛。

He has a lot of headaches.他头经常痛。

What’s the matter? He has a sore back He has a sore neck.

She has a sore throat.

What’s the matter?
He has a headache.
He has a toothache. He has a stomachache.

Grammar Focus
1.What’s the matter with sb? = What’s the trouble with sb? = What’s wrong with sb?
注:with为介词,后跟人称代词宾格, 如her,him,them等。
怎 么 了

eg:What’s the matter with your mother? What’s wrong with you? What’s the trouble with her?

Grammar Focus
在英语中,表达“疼痛或不舒服”时的常用结构:

(1)主语+have/has+病症
(2)主语+have/has+a+sore+发病部位
sore 是一个独立的形容词,指的是身体某一部位的酸痛。如:
sore back, sore throat,sore back,sore neck.

(3)主语+have/has+a+部位-ache
-ache作后缀,常与表示身体部位的名词合成一个新词, 表身体某部位疼痛,如:toothache , headache , stomachache .

(4)(There is)something wrong with +one’s+部位
某人某部位不舒服/出了毛病。

常用sore 修饰的词: throat leg foot

eye

常加后缀-ache构成的词: head tooth stomach ear

两者都可用的词:back

Look and match
1. have a cold 2. have a fever 3. have a headache 4. have a stomachache 5. have a toothache 6. have a sore throat 7. have a sore back a. 喉咙痛 b. 背痛 c. 牙痛 d. 头痛 e. 胃痛

f. 感冒
g. 发烧

1b: Listen and look at the picture.
Then number the names (1-5).

2 3 1 David____ Nancy______ Sarah_____ 4 Ben_______ Judy_____ 5

Work in pair

What’s the matter?
He has a cold. He catches a cold.

What’s the matter?
She has a toothache.

What’s the matter?
He has a headache.

What’s the matter?
She has a fever.

What’s the matter? She has a sore throat.

What’s the matter?
He has a stomachache.

What’s the matter? He has a sore back.

2a

Listen and match the problems with the advice.

1. fever 2. sore throat 3. stomachache 4. toothache

a. lie down and rest b. hot tea with honey c. see a dentist d. drink lots of water

2b .Listen again. Fill in the blanks in 2b

lots of =a lot of 许多

drink lots of water
should 应该
情态动词,后接动 词原形

A:What’s the matter? B: I have a fever. A: Yes,you don’t look well. You should drink lots of water.

honey n. 蜂蜜

drink hot tea with honey
A:What’s the matter? B: I have a sore throat. A: You should drink some hot tea with honey. B:That sounds like a good idea.

lie down 躺下

rest/have a rest 休息

lie down and rest
A:What’s the matter? B: I have a stomachache. A: That’s too bad.You should lie down and rest.And don’t eat anything for two hours. B:I guess I should.

dentist n. 牙医

see a dentist

A:What’s the matter? B: Oh,I have a toothache. A: You should see a dentist. B:I guess I should.

problem question

n. 问题,难题,习题(有待解决) n. 问题(有待回答)

This question is a problem.

They are doing some math problems/exercises. May I ask you a question ?

advice n. 建议,忠告,劝 some/much/a lot of/lots of advice
a piece of advice 一条建议

should shouldn’t =should not

对 症 下 药

stomachache

fever toothache sore throat

--What shouldn’t he do?

--I think he shouldn’t …
shouldn’t = should not He has a sore throat

drink cold drink.
He shouldn’t eat ice cream.

eat hot food.
talk too much.

talk loudly.

I have a cold. What should I do?

You should

? ? ? ? ? ? ?

stay in bed . have a good rest. lie down and rest. wear warm clothes. drink lots of water. drink hot tea. take some medicine.

.

-What’s the matter?

-I have a … -Maybe you should …
-That’s a good idea./

That sounds like a good idea. / I guess I should./
Yes, you’re right.

Do you have these problems?
What should you do?

stressed out

What shouldn’t you do?

tired

thirsty

hungry

Pairwork:
What’s the matter? sore back I have a_________.
see a doctor You should ____________. exercise You shouldn't___________.

What’s the matter? fever I have a _________. drink lots of water and go to bed You should_____________________________. go out and exercise You shouldn't________________________.

A:What’s the matter? stomachache B:I have a _____________.

lie down and have a rest A:You should_______________________.
You shouldn't _______________________. eat anything for two hours

A: What’s the matter? B: I’m not feeling well. I have a _____. cold A: When did it start?
two days ago. B: About ___ _____

A: Oh, that’s too bad. You should _____. get some rest B: Yes, I think so. A: I hope you feel better soon.

3b Use the picture below to make new conversations.

Guessing game *Do you have a …? *Yes, I do. / No, I don’t.
Name
Liu Peng

Illness
headache

Advice
lie down and rest

A:What’s the matter? a toothache ? Do you have______________ B:Yes, I do. A:You should______________. see a dentist You shouldn't ___________________. eat sweet things .

Grammar Focus

翻译下列句子: 1. 我头痛。

1. I have a headache.
2. You should go to bed.

2. 你应当去睡觉。
3. 他肚子痛。

3. He has a stomachache. 4. She shouldn’t eat anything. 5.She has a toothache.

4. 他不应当吃任 何东西。
5. 她牙痛。

6. 她应当看牙医。 6. She should see a dentist.

What’s the matter?
Section B

problem

They’re tired

have a cold

be angry

be thirsty

be stressed out

be weak

Match the words with the pictures

c d a

1. a Eat an apple 3. c Drink some water 2. d Go to bed early 4. b Listen to music

SectionB-2a/2b Find out the problems and give your advise.
Problem Gina tired
stressed out
thirsty hungry

Should
go to bed early

Shouldn't
go to the party tonight study tonight eat any more pizza play soccer before dinner

Tony
Julie Alan

listen to some music
have a drink eat an apple

Then practice in dialogue.

Pair work1:第一、二人称

In the hospital:What’s the matter?

have a cold.

have a fever.

have a headache.

have a stomachache. have a toothache

have a sore back/backache.

Pair work2:第三人称单数

What’s the matter?

He is tired. She has a sore throat .

He is hungry.

He is thirsty.

They are stressed out.

3a

take some medicine

traditional Chinese medicine western medicine

* a balanced diet

a balance of yin and yang
a Chinese way to stay healthy

a traditional Chinese doctor

herbs
Dangshen

Huangqi

A Healthy Lifestyle, the Chinese Way
Traditional Chinese doctors believe we need a balance of yin and yang to be healthy. For example, are you often weak and tired? Maybe you have too much yin. You should eat hot yang foods, like beef. Eating Dangshen and Huangqi herbs is also good for this. But people who are too stressed out and angry may have too much yang. Chinese doctors believe that they should eat more yin foods like tofu. Chinese medicine is now popular in many western countries. It’s easy to have a healthy lifestyle, and it’s important to eat a balanced diet.

Read and fill in the chart
problem should eat yang foods , like Dangshen and Huangqi herbs

yin

weak and often tired

yang

too stressed out and angry

eat yin foods like tofu

It’s important to eat a balanced diet.

Fill in the blanks in the article.
Are you tired?
Everybody gets tired sometimes. When you

out at night You are tired, you shouldn’t go __________.

to bed early for a few nights and should go ____________
exercise to stay healthy. You you should ________ fruit and other healthy should also eat ________ study foods. You shouldn’t ____________ when you
are tired.

P: I have a sore throat. Dr.A: You should drink lots of water. Dr.B: You should drink hot tea with honey. Dr.C: You should talk less, drink hot tea with honey and have a rest

Problems
? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? ? tired hungry thirsty ill angry dangerous thin fat warm

Advice
eat an apple drink some water go to bed early listen to music go to see a doctor eat more food wear less clothes do more exercises ask for help

神医诊所
Name: Symptom(症状): Reason(原因): Medicine & Advice(药物以及建议): Age:

give
1. I believe a night.

get

need

believe

stay

it’s important to sleep eight hours

1. A doctor can give you medicine.
2. Don’t get stressed out. It’s not healthy.

3. I have a toothache. I have to see a dentist.
4. Eat a balanced diet to stay healthy.

Read the letter and answer the questions.
1.Where is sally now?

2. Is she feeling well at the moment? 3.What’s the matter with her?

4. How is her host family?

Read the letter, then write back and give advice. Dear Sally,

I’m sorry to hear that you’re not feeling well. I think you should _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _______________________________ _____________

根据提示给你的英语老师写一张请假条。 Have a fever ; doctor told me to stay in bed for two days Can’t go to school today ; tomorrow ; hope Get well; very soon; thank you Dear Miss Ding: I’m sorry to tell you that I’m net feeling well today. I have a fever . The doctor told me to stay in bed for two days. So I can’t go to school today and tomorrow. I hope I can get well very soon. Thank you! Yours Tony

What’s the matter with Icy? He is stressed out. What should …do?

Correct the sentences.
1.How long do you usually watch TV? long→often A B C D do→are 2.How often do you ill? A B C D 3.Lucy was never away to school last term. A B C D to→from 4.I usually does seven hours of sports every week. A B C D does→do


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