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中考复习-一般过去时态和现在完成时态用法比较


中考复习系列

一般过去时
&

现在完成时

(一)一般过去时态和现在完成时态的概念
一般过去时表示在过去某个时间发生的动词或存在 的状态,也表示过去经常或反复发生的动作常与 yesterday、 yesterday afternoon、last year、in 1965、 a momen

t ago 等表示过去的时间状语连用。 例如: He came here yesterday.
现在完成时表示过去的动作(或状态)对 现在产生的影响和结果.例如:

He has broken his bottle.

(二)一般过去时态和现在完成时的区别:
1)现在完成时是表示过去的动作与现在的联系, 主要说明的是现在的情况和状态;而一般过去时则 强调动作发生在过去某一时间,与现在不发生联系。 例如: We haven't seen him since last year. (我们自 从去年以来一直未见到他.(现在还未见到) We didn't see him last year. 我们去年没见到 他(现在不一定未见到)

2)现在完成时表示从过去发生一直持续到现在 (包括现在)的某个动作或状态,与现在有关的 时间状语连用,一般过去时表示过去某一特定 (与现在无关)的时间,与具体的表示过去的时 间状语连用。例如: He has lived here since he was born .自他出生 以来一直居住在这儿。(since 自从…以来与 现在有关,说明还居住在这儿。) Liumei went to see her grandmother last night . 刘 梅昨晚去看了他外婆。(只说明昨晚)

(三)值得注意几个问题:
1)动作发生在过去,一直持续到说话的时候,并 且还在延续时,要用现在完成时。例如:
We have studied English for two years (我们学英语两年了)

2)指过去的经历,但没有表示过去的时间状 语,要用现在完成时。例如:
I have been to Shanghai twice . 我曾去过上海两次.

3)以When开头的特殊疑问句,要用一般过去 时。例如:
When did you lose your pen ? 你什么时候丢了钢笔?

4)just (刚刚)与现在完成时连用,just now (刚才)与一般 过去时连用。例如: The train has just gone. 火车刚刚离开。 The train left here just now. 火车是刚才离开。 5) since 作介词,后面跟时间名词一起作状语时,句子要 用现在完成时;since 作连词,引导状语从句时,主句用现在 完成时,从句用一般过去时。 He has worked in this factory since 1996. I have known him since he was a child. 6 ) so far 、in the last / past …… 与现在完成时连 用。例如 : So far , many countries have sent up satellites into space. In the last 30 years , our lives have changed a lot.

四、学习现在完成时应注意的三个区别。
1)延续性动词与短暂性动词的区别。
2)since 和 for 的区别。 3)have / has has been to in 的区别。 gone to 、 have / 、have / has been

五、延续性动词和短暂性动词转换归纳。
A、leave— been away from die—be dead come / get back—be back lose—be missing close—be closed / not open buy—have borrow—keep get up—be up put on—be on

go to town—be in town catch a cold—have a cold open—be open

fall ill / asleep— be ill / asleep begin /start—be on get /receive a letter from—have a letter from

B、come to —be here / there
arrive in (at)/ get to / reach——be here / there join the army-------be in the army/ be a soldier

join the League-----be in the League / be a league member

中招直航:
一 、Choose the right answers. ( C )1 .If my father _____here now,he_____tell me what to do. A were ,would will B were, will C had ,will D is,

( C ) 2 、If I ____ a bee ,I _____work much harder. A were ,would B were ,shall C had, will D have ,should ( D ) 3 、If I ____much money , I ___buy a new house. Ahave ,will B were ,shall C had ,would D have ,should ( C ) 4 、He _____ learn more quickly if he _____ harder. A will ,work B would ,worked Cwould ,work D will ,worked ( D ) 5、If I_____ you ,I ____ _ do that . A was, wou;d were ,wouldn't C am ,won't D were ,won't B

(

) 6 、If I____ ten years younger ,I_______ very happy. be B. am ,shall be C.were ,shall beD. am ,would be

A. were ,would

( C ) 7 、----You can ask your brother for help. ------- He is not at home .If he ____ , I _______.

A is ,would B.is, will C. were ,would D.were ,will
( B ) 8 、If she ____ a man ,she would run for president . A. was B .were C. is D.are

( C ) 9 、What would you do if you won ______ dollars? million of C. two million D.two million of
( A ______ friends. D.to has less D ) 10、If you were more friendly to people,you would A. to have more B.have more

Atwo millions B

C. has less

火眼金睛:
Correct the mistakes in the following sentences. 1、Tom has got up for half an hour. been up

2 、Liu Mei has joined the League for three years. been in
3、The train has reached the station since 10 minutes ago. been at clean 4、The little girl has fallen asleep for four hours. been asleep 5、When have you cleaned the classroom? did It’s clean now. 6、How long have you caught a cold? had 7、She has got ten letters from her mother since last

week.

had

七嘴八舌
1.

2. 3.

4. 5.

6. 7.

I ___________ (be) busy these days. I ____________ have been haven’t gone (not go) to the cinema for weeks. have learnt How many units ______ you _______ (learn) so far? has gone Lily with her parents ________(go) to Sanya . They will be back in five days. Nobody __________(dive) in our class before. has dived came Alice has made _________(make) several friends since she ______ (come) to China. Has driven ________ your brother_________(drive) a horse before? have stayed They _______________(stay) in the park during the past three hours.

考点再现

补全对话:

A: Hello, Zhangli ! Nice to meet you. B: Me, too! How are you ? Where did you go A: Fine, ____________________? I haven’t seen you for a long time. B: Oh, I went to Sydney with my parents. Sydney is the biggest city in Australia. Have you ever been there before A: Really? _________________________________? B: No, I haven’t. It’s the first time for me to go there. What’s the weather like there A: That’s great. _________________________ ? Is it too hot? B: No, Sydney is cool. Because it’s winter now. How did you get there A: _______________________________? B: First by plane, then we went to Sydney by car. Did you have a good journey A: __________________________________________? B: Yes, we had a good time. By the way, I took many photos. Would you like to see them? A: That’s wonderful ! Let’s go !


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