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2011 届高考第一轮总复习满分练兵场
高二册 unit 19
Ⅰ.单词拼写 1.The businessman made a big ______(大笔的钱) by selling petrol. 2.Your headache is a ______(结果)

of drinking too much last night. 3.The ______(讨厌的) boy often made the teacher angry. 4.I have always ______(羡慕) your good luck. 5.He is only 17 and ______(因此) has no right to vote. 6.After a week’s treatment, he was finally ______(宣布) out of danger by the doctor. 7.The student broke the school law, but he escaped from ______(惩罚). 8.I bought the dress with only 50 yuan. It’s a real ______(便宜货). 9.Our laws should be based on the principles of ______(公正). 10.He said he was late because of a traffic jam. But it didn’t sound like a ______(合理的) enough excuse. [答案] 1.fortune 2.consequence 3.troublesome 4.envied 5.therefore 6.declared 7.punishment 8.bargain 9.justice 10.reasonable Ⅰ.完成句子(湖北专用) 1.He ____________(心里感到烦恼) to learn that he would not be able to catch the train. 2. The young man was sentenced to three years in prison for ____________(被指控) of having stolen a lot of bikes. 3.The government ____________(正呼吁) the public for help for those ____________ lost their homes in the flood. 4.The engine of the ship was out of order and ______________(恶劣的天气增加海上船员的无助感) 5.Why she wants to go and live there is quite ______________.(我很难理解她为什么去那儿生活) 6.He never ____________(承认) to anyone that he is wrong. 7.Her time ____________ with her three children.(她的时间全部用在了她的三个孩子身上) 8.He ____________ this question.(他被这个问题难住了) 9.Paul’s mother ____________(将他送给别人收养了) because she couldn’t look after him herself. 10.Britain has a high level of unemployment—but ____________(许多国家也如此). [答案] 1.was annoyed 2.being accused 3.is appealing to, who 4.the bad weather added to the helplessness of the crew at sea 5.beyond me 6.admits 7.is fully occupied 8.was stuck by 9.had him adopted 10.the same goes for many other countries Ⅱ.单项填空 1.Lily’s mobile phone was left in a taxi accident, never ______ again. A. to find B. to be found C. finding D. being found 2.—How far apart do they live? —______ I know, they live in the same neighbourhood. A. As long as B. As far as C. As well as D. As often as 3.The Smiths were lost ______ sea, at the mercy ______ wind and weather. A. in; on B. in; to C. at; of D. by; of 4.—Why is she always working so hard?

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—She ______ a high income to support her big family. A. desires B. hopes C. wishes D. longs 5.Progress so far has been very good. ______, we are sure that the project will be completed on time. A. However B. Otherwise C. Therefore D. Besides 6.—Why didn’t you enter for the English contest? —I know I am not ______ as any of you in that. A. a competitor as good B. as good a competitor C. as competitor good D. as a good competitor 7.It is reported that the United States uses ______ energy as the whole of Europe. A. as twice B. twice much C. twice much as D. twice as much 8.She was surprised to see her husband ______ on the floor with his hands tied behind his back. A. sit B. seating C. seated D. seat 9.It’s useless ______ to persuade him to get rid of that habit; he just can’t make ______. A. trying; it B. to try; that C. trying; that D. in trying; it 10.He made a considerable ______ selling waste materials. A. fortune B. money C. wealth D. treasure 11.I’ve graduated. It’s time I ______ a job. A. go about finding B. went about finding C. go about to find D. went about to find 12.—Excuse me, but I want to use your computer to type a report. —You ______ have my computer if you don’t take care of it. A. shan’t B. might not C. needn’t D. shouldn’t 13.Qingdao is ______ most beautiful city, ______ I’d like to visit. A. /; which B. a; which C. the; where D. the; which 14.She is a kind-hearted woman and often has ______ mercy ______ people who are in trouble. A. a; on B. /; on C. a; to D. /; to 15.(2010· 安徽蚌埠二中期末) Because of the financial crisis, days are gone ______ the shops were filled with Christmas shoppers in Britain. A. when B. where C. whether D. that [答案] 1.B。不定式作结果状语时,常表示出人意料的结果,本句的主语 mobile phone 是 find 的逻辑宾语, 故用不定式的被动式。 2.B。as long as“只要”,as well as“和??一样好”均不符合句意。as far as I know“在我看来”, 符合句意。 3.C。be lost at sea“在海上迷失方向”,at the mercy of“听任??的摆布”。 4.A。desire 后接名词作宾语,表示“渴望??”,其他三个都要加 for sth.结构。 5. C。 本题考查副词的用法。 however“不管怎样”; otherwise“否则”; therefore“所以”; besides“除 此以外”。根据句意判断,前后句为因果关系,故 C 项正确。 6.B。此题考查“as+形容词+a/an+名词+as...”句型。 7.D。此题考查倍数的表达和 as...as 结构。倍数词一般放在 as 之前,由于 energy 是不可数名词,故 用 much。 8.C。她惊奇地看到的是丈夫双手被反绑坐在地板上的状态,而非坐的过程,不宜用 sit,应用 seated 作 see 的宾补,故选 C。

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9.A。It’s useless doing sth.“做某事没用”;make it“做到”。 10.A。make a fortune“挣大钱;发财”。 11.B。It’t time (that) sb. did sth.“是该做??的时候了”。go about doing sth.“开始做某事”,故选 B。 12.A。shan’t 在这儿表示“警告”。 13.B。most 在此意为“非常”,相当于 very。 14.B。have mercy on sb.是固定短语。 15.A Ⅲ.完形填空 There are many different ways of seeing a town for the first time. One of them is to walk around it, guidebook __1__ hand. Of course, we may __2__ with our guidebooks the history and __3__ developments of a town and get to know them. __4__ then, if we take our time and __5__ in a town for a while, we may get to know it better. When we __6__ it as a whole, we begin to have some __7__,which even the best guidebooks do not answer. Why is the town just __8__ this, this shape, this plan, this size? Why do its streets __9__ in this particular way, and not in any __10__ way? Here even the best guidebook __11__ us. One can’t find in it the information about how a town has developed to the __12__ appearance. It may not describe the original (最初的) __13__ of a town. However, one may get some idea of what it __14__ look like by walking around the town. One can also imagine __15__ the town was first planned and built. Then one can learn more about in what direction the town __16__ to develop. What is the __17__ of studying towns in this way? For me, it is __18__ that one gets a greater depth of pleasure by visiting and seeing a town with one’s own eyes. A __19__ visit to a town may help one better understand why it is attractive __20__ just reading about it in a guidebook. 1. A. in B. at C. by D. on 2. A. write B. study C. tell D. remember 3. A. strange B. similar C. separate D. special 4. A. But B. Before C. Since D. Until 5. A. march B. work C. stay D. wait 6. A. look at B. look after C. look for D. look up 7. A. ideas B. opinions C. feelings D. questions 8. A. of B. for C. like D. as 9. A. open B. run C. begin D. move 10.A. one B. more C. other D. such 11.A. helps B. tricks C. fails D. satisfies 12.A. old B. normal C. first D. present 13.A. capital B. meaning C. design D. change 14.A. used to B. seemed to C. had to D. happened to 15.A. what B. how C. when D. where 16.A. stops B. appears

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C. starts D. continues 17.A. point B. view C. problem D. difficulty 18.A. nearly B. simply C. generally D. hardly 19.A. costly B. formal C. group D. personal 20.A. from B. than C. through D. with [答案] 本文是一篇说明文,介绍了了解一个城镇的不同的方法。作者提出亲自到城镇里转一转要比拿一本旅 行指南好。 1.A。in hand“手里拿着;在手头”;at hand“(在时间或距离上)接近”;by hand“手工的”;on hand“现有(尤指帮助)”。 2.B。句意为:当然,我们可以用旅行指南去研究一个城镇的历史以及它独特的发展,然后慢慢了解 它。分清句子结构,study 的宾语是 history。 3.D。separate“单独的,分开的”;strange“奇怪的”;similar“相似的”,都不符合语境。 4.A。根据上下文,应用表转折的连词。 5.C。句意为:如果我们花时间在城里呆一段时间,我们可以更好地了解它。 6.A。句意为:当我们总体看过之后,我们会有一些连最好的旅游指南都解答不了的问题。 7.D。由下文连续的提问可知答案。 8.C。为什么城镇会是这样? 9.B。指街道延伸用 run/extend。 10.C。other“其他的”。 11. C。 句意为: 甚至最好的旅行指南也会使我们失望。 fail sb.“使某人失望, 有负于某人”。 trick sb.“哄 骗某人”,与语境不符。 12.D。present“目前的;现在的”。 13.C。根据 15 空后“the town was first planned and built.”可知此空应填 design。 14.A。used to look like“过去看起来是什么样的”。 15.B。语境为:一个人可以想像这个城镇最初是“如何”设计建造的。 16.D。句意为:一个人能够了解更多的关于城镇继续往什么方向发展的事情。 17.A。what’s the point of doing sth.?“做??事情有何意义?”。 18.B。simply“仅仅,只不过”。 19.D。personal“个人的;亲自的”。 20.B。根据 better 可知此处表比较。 Ⅳ.短文改错 It was 9:20 that I got to the English Corner. Some were reading some1.______ papers, and some were talking while others were listening attentively. Someone2.______ was eager to learn from others. So I joined them in their talk. At the first,3.______ I was afraid that my English was so good that I couldn’t follow them4.______ or make myself understood. I was also afraid someone might laugh me.5.______ But a smiled face here and an encouraging nod there soon put me at ease.6.______ I became bolder and came to speak English with them free. We talked7.______ about the situation at home and abroad, about our school life, our hobbies8.______ and our ideas. We exchanged experiences in our studies with one another and9.______ share views, all in English. I learned a lot and made a lot of friends.10.______ [答案] 1.that→when。考查时间状语从句。分析句子结构可知,本句中 it 是指时间,后面应该是 when 引导 的时间状语从句,而不是强调句型。 2.Someone→Everyone。考查不定代词的辨析。由语境可知,英语角的学习者都很认真地练习英语口 语,因此代词应用 everyone“每人,所有人”。 3.去掉 the。冠词冗余。at first 是个固定搭配,意思是“最初,首先”。

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4.good→poor。考查行文逻辑。根据语境,此处应表示“英语水平不好”之意。在表示“(英语水平) 不高时”,应用 poor。 5.laugh 后加 at。表示“嘲笑”应用词组“laugh at”。其后有宾语,介词不能省略。 6.smiled→smiling。考查动词-ed 形式和动词-ing 形式的区别。此处表示“正在微笑着的”脸,所 以应用动词-ing 形式。 7.free→freely。考查同根副词的区别。句意:我变得勇敢了,开始与他们自由地用英语交流了。free 作副词讲时,意为“免费的,脱离束缚的”;而 freely 意为“自由地,无阻碍地”,故用 freely。 8.√ 9.expereinces→experience。名词误用。分析句意可知,此处指我们相互交换学习“经验”。作“经 验”讲时 experience 是不可数名词,没有复数形式。 10.share→shared。考查动词时态。and 前后为并列结构,前后两个并列谓语的时态应保持一致。


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