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【珍藏精品】2011届高考第一轮总复习高考满分练兵场:高二册Unit20


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2011 届高考第一轮总复习满分练兵场
高二册 Unit20

Ⅰ.单词拼写 1.This ______(纪念碑) was built in honour of the president. 2.The success of her book has g

iven her unexpected celebrity ______(地位). 3.The two accidents are closely ______(联系) together. 4.What is the ______(平均的) rainfall for August in your country? 5.The foreign visitors came from a ______(遥远的) country. 6.Don’t worry. He is ______(陪伴) by several guardians. 7.The job will take ______(大约) three weeks, and cost about $1,000. 8.I shall do it in my ______(业余的) time. I’m busy now. 9.Christmas is coming. All the streets are ______(装饰) beautifully. 10.The boy is looking at the picture with ______(好奇心). [答案] 1.monument 2.status 3.linked 4.average 5.distant 6.accompanied 7.approximately/about 8.spare 9.decorated 10.curiosity Ⅰ.完成句子(湖北专用) 1.Would you be able to ____________(自卫) if someone attacked you in the street? 2.Her personal problems seem ____________(正在影响到工作). 3.It was not difficult ____________(说服他). 4.I strongly ____________(建议你不要出国). 5.In the evenings he ____________(埋头于读书). 6.Girls ____________(害怕蜘蛛). 7.____________(看不见), out of mind. 8.He ____________(逃离那个小村) to join the Red Army. 9.Everybody ____________(在船上) was worried and we were curious to find out what had happened. 10.The bus stopped ____________(突然) and the passengers were thrown forward. [答案] 1.defend yourself 2.to be affecting her work 3.to persuade him 4.advise you not to go abroad (against going abroad) 5.buries himself in his books 6.are usually terrified of spiders 7.out of sight 8.fled the small village 9.on board 10.all of a sudden Ⅱ.单项填空 1.Nobody knows ______ that she gave up her present highly-paid job. A. why is it B. what is it C. how it is D. why it is 2.With a lot of difficult problems ______, the manager felt worried all the time. A. settled B. to be settled C. settling D. to settle 3.As a result of destroying the forests, a large ______ of desert ______ covered the land. A. number; has B. quantity; has

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C. number; have D. quantity; have 4.—What do you think of the student? —Oh, he is one of ______ intelligence. A. usual B. common C. average D. ordinary 5.The book has been well received, but ______ actual sales, it hasn’t been very successful. A. in terms of B. in case of C. in place of D. in addition to 6.He ______ his collar to stop the cold wind. How he wished he were sitting in a warm room! A. put up B. picked up C. pulled up D. set up 7.The young ______ for growing independence while the elder want their son or daughter to listen to them. A. tended to ask B. tends asking C. tend to ask D. tend toward asking 8.After two years, they arrived at ______ is called Philippine now. A. where B. what C. that D. which 9.Just to satisfy my ______, how much did you pay for your car? A. need B. surprise C. curiosity D. curious 10.He could make metal, and that would have been of ______ high status in ______ eyes of local people. A. a; the B. the; the C. /; / D. /; the 11.I asked him to ______ me a few minutes so that we could go over all the problems. A. spend B. save C. share D. spare 12.Will you please ______ with this suitcase? It’s much too heavy for me. A. make a living B. leave a message C. lend a hand D. make a contribution 13.The traditional friendship between our two peoples ______ ancient times. A. is dated back to B. dates at C. dates back to D. is dated from 14.Shortly after the accident, two ______ police were sent to the spot to keep order. A. dozen of B. dozens C. dozen D. dozens of 15.(2010· 辽宁沈阳期末)—How did you pay the workers? —As a rule, they were paid ______. A. by hour B. by the hour C. by an hour D. by hours [答案] 1.D。本题考查 it 在强调句中的应用。句意:没有人知道她为什么放弃目前的高薪工作。从句意来看, 应选择 why,故排除 B、C 两项;这个句子又是宾语从句,作 know 的宾语,应用陈述句语序。所以选 D 项。 2. D。 “with+名词+过去分词”结构作状语, 表示已完成或已存在的被动状态, 但该题语境表明 settle 动作尚未发生,因而要用“with+名词+不定式”结构作状语,settle 与 problems 虽构成被动关系,但与句 子的主语 the manager 却有主谓关系,因而须用不定式的主动形式来表达被动含义。 3.B。a large number of 通常修饰可数名词。a large quantity of 修饰可数名词或不可数名词,desert 是 不可数名词,答案要在 B 和 D 中选择;本题句子的主语是 desert,故动词要用单数。 4.C。average“平均的,普通的”。 5.A。句意:这本书一直很受人欢迎,但从实际的销售角度来看,它不是很成功。 6.C。pull up one’s collar“竖起衣领,把衣领立起来”。 7.C。句意:年轻人有一种越来越独立的倾向,而老年人却希望他们的儿女听他们的话。tend 后面要 接 to do。The young 作主语时指“年轻人”,谓语要用复数。

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8.B。at 后接宾语从句,空格处作宾语从句的主语,所以用 what,此处的 what 指地点。 9.C。satisfy one’s curiosity“满足某人的好奇心”。 10.D。“be of+名词”为固定结构;in the eyes of sb.“在某人看来”。 11.D。句意:我请求他抽出几分钟的时间给我,以使我们能检查一下所有的问题。 12.C。lend a hand with sth.“在某方面帮助”。 13.C。date back to“追溯至”,常用于一般现在时。 14.C。与具体数字连用时 dozen 不加-s,也不加 of,故选 C。句意:事故发生后不久,24 名警察被 派到现场去维持秩序。 15.B Ⅲ.阅读理解 A Do you like sitting on the edge of your seat? How about falling off it laughing? If so, “Rush Hour 2” is the perfect movie for you. Although it didn’t get the best reviews, it is perfect for those who like a good comedy. Just as in the first “Rush Hour,” inspector Lee(Jackie Chan) and LAPD detective James Carter(Chris Tucker) are partners. This time, they are on vacation in China and Carter is looking for a good time, but they are on the job again when a bombing at the American Embassy kills two customs agents. Lee and Carter go to look for a suspect named Ricky Tan. For Lee this is a serious case because Tan killed his father. Will Carter and Lee be able to capture Tan? Another reason to see this movie perhaps is for the thrilling action, which includes karate fights with Jackie Chan. One of my favorite scenes shows Carter and Lee in a massage parlor(店堂) when everything goes crazy. “Rush Hour 2” is, of course, really funny with Chris Tucker in the lead role. Chan and Tucker have many clever jokes and remarks. Some of the jokes aren’t enjoyed by the critics, but most will find them entertaining. With no doubt, the movie was great. I was filled with anxiety about what was going to happen next. Many critics say that sequels(续集) are not as good as the original but this one is great. I especially enjoyed it because the special effects are minimal so everything looks as though it actually happened. The lighting effect is great as well as the sound. So, if you are looking for a great action movie that leaves you at the edge of your seat and makes you laugh quite a bit, you should rush to see “Rush Hour 2”. 1.According to the author, “Rush Hour 2” is a perfect movie particularly ______. A. full of special effects B. with the best actors C. full of humors D. with great lights 2.In “Rush Hour 2”, the two leading roles are on duty again because ______. A. their vacation in China is limited to a short time B. inspector Lee doesn’t want to have a good time C. the American Embassy in China was attacked D. a suspect named Ricky Tan killed Lee’s father 3.In Rush Hour series, the following are usually included EXCEPT ______. A. thrilling actions B. maximal special effects C. karate fights D. clever jokes and remarks 4.If “Rush Hour 3” is shot, what kind of movie will it be? A. Stage tragedy B. Action movie C. Soap opera D. Situational comedy B DNA(Deoxyribonucleic acid)is one of the most important discoveries in science. DNA is the plan for the human being, as a blueprint is the plan for a building. DNA makes a person look the way he does. A person’s DNA comes from a mixing of his parents’ DNA. That’s why a child looks like his parents. But, besides controlling things such as height and hair color, DNA can also give people diseases. Scientists are now studying DNA to cure diseases.

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In the seventies, scientists developed a process called recombinant (重新组合) or RDNA. Although it sounds difficult to understand, RDNA simply means taking DNA from one animal or plant and putting it into another. By doing so, scientists can create new beings. In so doing, scientists can better understand DNA, especially what parts of DNA do what. After they understand DNA, scientists can begin to cure diseases. Often, the new being created will itself be the cure. Besides curing diseases, RDNA research can also do other things. For example, scientists in Japan have already created “super-trees”. Trees help humans, because they take CO2, which poisons humans, from the air and turn it into oxygen, which lets humans breathe. “Super-trees” do this too, but do it much faster. As things such as cars and factories have already put much CO2 in the area, “super-trees” are badly needed. Unfortunately, there is a serious danger in RDNA research. Scientists want to create animals to cure old diseases, but these new animals may also create new diseases. It will be a serious problem if the animals escape from the science laboratory and into nature. As these animals are not natural, they may let_loose many new powerful diseases. As a result, RDNA research will create many solutions(解决方案), but it will also create many problems. 5.From the passage, we can know that a boy looks like his parents because ______. A. he is son of his parents B. his parents’ DNA decides his appearance C. he has received DNA from his father or his mother D. scientists have put some of his parents’ DNA into him 6.What does the underlined expression “let loose” probably mean? A. let...go free B. get rid of C. absorb D. survive 7.What is the best title for the passage? A. The DAN Research in Japan. B. A New Way of DNA Research in Japan. C. The Causes and Effects of DNA Research. D. The Advantages and Disadvantages of RDNA. 8.The following statements are true about RDNA research EXCEPT ______. A. the research has been stopped because the created animals carry viruses B. “super-trees” might be widely planted around the world C. scientists have not completely understood DNA D. RDNA research will benefit human beings a lot [答案] 文章主要介绍了由 Jackie Chan 和 Chris Tucker 合作主演的动作片“Rush Hour 2”, 该片以其诙谐幽默 及真实精彩的武打场面而深受观众喜爱。 1.C。细节考查。文章第一段第一、二句和最后一段谈到“Rush Hour 2”是最佳的能使你笑得从座位 上掉落的电影,说明它最大的特色在于幽默滑稽,也就是说里面充满了幽默笑料。 2.C。细节理解推理考查。由第二段第二句:“This time, they are..., but they are on the job again...”可 得答案。 3.B。细节判断理解考查。由文章倒数第二段第四句可知在“Rush Hour 2”里特技使用很少,所以选 B。 4. B。 推断考查。 由文章最后一段可知“Rush Hour 2”是动作片。 “Rush Hour 1”, “Rush Hour 2” 及“Rush Hour 3”是系列片, 因此“Rush Hour 3”也应该是动作片, 而不是舞台悲剧、 肥皂剧或情景喜剧。 说起 DNA,大家都知道它指的是遗传基因,可你知道什么是 RDNA 吗?本文将带你去探索这个神秘 的微观世界。 5.B。细节理解题。根据第一段第四句和第五句可知孩子之所以看起来像父母是由于父母的 DNA 决 定了他的相貌。父母不是把他们的 DNA 以外在形式传递给孩子,因而 D 项错误。 6.A。词义猜测题。本段前面提到这种被科学家们创造出来的动物可能会产生新的疾病,所以如果它 们从实验室中逃脱,可能会“传播”很多新的可怕的疾病。后三项分别表示“除掉”“吸收”“幸存”, 都不符合语境。 7.D。主旨大意题。文章从第二段开始叙述的都是 RDNA 的优点和缺点,因此本部分内容是文章的 中心。 8.A。细节理解题。此项在文章中没有信息支持。由于“super-trees”能比普通的树更快地吸收二氧化

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碳,所以能在全世界种植;根据第一段最后一句可知科学家还没有完全理解 DNA;根据第二段后半部分和 第三段前半部分可知 D 项本身没有错误。


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