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选修八unit1小练


课文要点 Ⅰ.课文词汇填空 根据课文内容完成下面语法填空,注意单词拼写和词语用法: California is the _____1_____(three)largest state in the USA but has the largest population. It has _____2______ (attraction) people from all over th

e world. No one really knows when the first people arrived in ______3____ we now know as California. Now there are more Native Americans _____4_______ in California than in any other state. California _____5________(统 治) by Spain and there is still a strong Spanish ______6_____(影响) in the state. People began _____7______(settle) in California when gold _____8_______(发现)there. But people from Africa have been living there. It is believed that before long the mix of _____9______(国籍) will be so great that there will be no major racial of cultural groups, but simply a ____10______ (mix) of many culture 答案: 1.third 7.settling 2.attracted 3.what 9. nationalities 4.living 5.was ruled 6.influence

8.was discovered

10. mixture

II 翻译:(名词性从句)

1.我所见到的一切打动了我。 (subject Clause)
2.事实是我以前从未到过那儿。(Appositive Clause) 3.显而易见,良好的教育很重要。(Subject Clause) 4.问题是我们下一步该怎么办。(Predicative Clause) 5.我相信我们会改变目前的状况的。 (Subject Clause)

III.课文佳句背诵与仿写 1.【原句】Exactly when the first people arrived in what we now know as California, no one really knows. 最早一批人具体是在什么时候来到我们现在了解的加利福尼来地区的,谁也说不清 楚。 [模仿要点] 句子结构:状语从句 + what 从句,+ 主句 【模仿 1】当我们把它和我们称之为 “大哥大”相比,我们发现新的移动电话携带轻便,小 巧,价格便宜。 _______________________________________________________________________________ 答案: When we compared it to what we called “Da Ge Da”, we found new mobile phones are light and small to carry with a low price.

【模仿 2】 当我们到达人们称之为小鸟天堂的地方时, 我们兴奋地发现数千种鸟类定居在那。 _______________________________________________________________________________ 答案: When we arrived at what people call Bird Paradise, we were excited to find thousands of kinds of birds are settling there.

2. 【原句】Although Chinese immigrants began to arrive during the Gold Rush Period, it was the building of the rail network from the west to the east coast that brought even larger numbers to California in 1860s. 虽然中国移民在淘金热时期就开始来到 (美国) 但是更大批量的中国移 , 民却是在 19 世纪 60 年代为了修建贯穿美国东西海岸的铁路而来的。 [模仿要点] 句子结构:让步状语从句+强调句 【模仿 1】虽然他妹妹和他没有血缘关系,但是洪战辉他自己坚持背她上大学,这件事感动 了整个中国。 _______________________________________________________________________________ 答案:Although his young sister has no blood relationship with him, it is Hong Zhan Hui himself that insists on carrying her on his back to college, which moves the whole China. 【模仿 2】虽然我的日常生活十分单调,但是我的努力使我适应新的校园生活。 _______________________________________________________________________________ 答案:Although my daily life is extremely monotonous, it is my hard work that makes me adapt myself to the new life on campus.

3. 【原句】It is believed that before long the mix of nationalities will be so great that there will be no distinct major racial or cultural groups, but simply a mixture of many races and cultures. 人们 认为,要不了多久,多种国籍的混合将会非常之大,以至于不可能存在一种主要的种族或文 化群体,而只是多种族,多文化的混合体。 [模仿要点] 句子结构:It is +V-ed +that 从句;so…that… 【模仿 1】 据报道 2008 奥运福娃的英文名已经从 Friendlies 改为 Fuwa , 它易发音, 易记忆, 很受人们的欢迎。 _______________________________________________________________________________ 答案:It is reported that the English name of the five mascots of the 2008 Olympics has changed from “Friendlies” to “Fuwa”, which is so easy to pronounce and remember that it is popular with

all the people. 【模仿 2】人们普遍认为书的影响是如此之大以至我们的父母总是鼓励我们养成良好的阅读 习惯,阅读更多的书籍,但是我们必须非常注意书的选择。 _______________________________________________________________________________ 答案:It is commonly believed that the influence of books is so important that our parents always encourage us to form good habits of reading and to read more books, but we must pay great attention to the choice of books. 4.California is the third largest state in the USA but has the largest population. 加利福尼亚是美 国第三大洲,但有着最多的人口。 [模仿要点] 并列句, 形容词最高级 【模仿 1】中国是世界第三大国,但有着最多的人口 ____________________________________________________________________________ 答案:China is the third largest country in the world but has the largest population. 【模仿 2】黄河是中国第二长河,世界第五长河而且被称作母亲河。 ____________________________________________________________________________ 答案:The Yellow River is the second longest river in China,the fifth longest in the world and is called “the Mother River”.


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