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步步高英语必修五单词短语


5-M1 Ⅰ.联想记忆(根据提示写出相应的词汇以及相关短语) 1.confusing adj.令人困惑的;难懂的→confuse vt.使困惑→confuse A and/with B 将 A 与 B 混淆 /混同→confused adj.感到困惑的 2.compare vt.比较→compare...with...把……与……作比较→compare...to...把……比作…

… →in comparison with 与……相比较 3.remark n.评论;讲话;v.说起;评论→remark on/upon sb./sth.说起……;评论…… →remarkable adj.显著的;异常的;非凡的 4.add v.加;增加→add up to 总计→add...to...把……加到……→add to 增加;增添→add up 加起来 5.reference n.参考;查阅→refer to 谈到;提到;查阅 6.have...in common 有相同的特点→in common with...和……相同 7.have difficulty (in) doing sth.做某事有困难→get/run into difficulty 陷入困境 8.make a fuss of/over sb.宠爱(过于娇纵)某人→make a fuss about (因……)大吵大闹 9.lead to 导致;引起→lead sb.to_do sth.带领某人做某事 10.in favour of 支持;同意→do sb.a favour 帮某人一个忙 11.on the air 正在播送(电视、广播)→in the air 在传播中;流行;可感觉到的 12.wear off 消失;减弱→wear sb.out 使某人疲惫不堪 Ⅱ.构词记忆(根据提示写出相应的词汇及其派生词) 1.obvious adj.显然的,显而易见的→obviously adv.显然地 2.steadily adv.不断地;持续地→steady adj.稳定的 3.announcement n.声明;宣告→announce v.声明;宣告 4.simplify vt.简化→simple adj.简单的→simply adv.简单地;仅仅;不过 5.criticise vt.批评→critic n.批评家→criticism n.批评 Ⅲ.语境填词(根据提示用适当的单词或短语填空) 1.It was obvious(明显的) that Tom’s accent(口音) was confusing(难懂的,令人迷惑的). 2.His remark(讲话,评论) suggested that his attempt(尝试) to simplify(简化) the plan was criticised(批评,指责). 3. The cute(逗人喜爱的) boy presented(陈述, 提出) his view that he differed(不一样) from others and shouldn’t be compared(与……作比较) with others. 4.The teacher added(补充说) that the preposition(介词) here should be omitted(省略). 5.She went to the bookstore to queue(排队) to buy some reference(参考) books on standard(标准 的) English. Ⅳ.语境记忆(背诵语段,记忆单元词汇) The linguist present at the meeting remarked that we should be brave enough to face various criticisms and challenges in our life.Obviously,what he said is right.There are many things in life we simply can’t change or control,but we can control our attitudes towards them.Our attitudes make all the difference to our life.At last,he added that compared to the past,we are living a better life now and we must seize the good opportunity to make steadier progress.

5-M2 Ⅰ.联想记忆(根据提示写出相应的词汇以及相关短语) 1.offer v.(主动)提出(愿意做某事);n.提供;开价→offer sth.to sb.向某人提供某物→make an offer of help 主动提供帮助 2.require vt.需要→require doing/to_be_done 需要做 3.qualified adj.合格的;称职的→be qualified as 当……有资格→be qualified for 胜任 4.respect vt.& n.遵守;尊重;尊敬→show respect for 尊敬…… 5.grateful adj.感激的;感谢的→be grateful to sb.for sth.为某事感激某人 6.in particular 尤其;特别→be particular about/over sth.挑剔 7.on average 平均→above/below (the) average 高于/低于平均水平 8.take...for granted 认为……理所当然→take it for granted that...以为……是理所当然 9.have an effect on 对……产生影响→come_i nto/take_effect 生效 10.in response to 作为……的回应→make a response to 对……做出反应 11.take up 占好位置以备……→take away 拿走 12.pass by 经过→pass on 转交;传给 13.week in,week out 一周又一周;接连几个星期→day_by_day 日复一日 Ⅱ.构词记忆(根据提示写出相应的词汇及其派生词) 1.volunteer n.志愿者;v.自愿做→voluntary adj.自愿的 2.direct vt.指挥;adj.直接的;adv.直接→director n.经理;导演;指挥(官员)→direction n.方 向;指挥,指导 3.apply vi.申请& vt.应用;涂抹→application n.申请→applicant n.申请人 4.demand n.& v.要求;需要→demanding adj.要求高的;要求极严的;难满足的 5.personality n.个性;性格→personal adj.个人的→person n.个人 Ⅲ.语境填词(根据提示用适当的单词或短语填空) 1.The volunteer(志愿者) was offered(提供) a temporary(临时的) job as an accountant(会计). 2.The post(职位) required(要求) essential(必不可少的) knowledge about database(数据库). 3.The outgoing(外向的) model(模特) thought she was qualified(合格的) and demanded(要求) a new contract(合同). 4.The staff(员工) requested the agent(代理人) to respect(尊重) their opinions. 5.The barber(理发师) would be grateful(感激不尽的) if you could help him earn(挣得,赚得) more money. Ⅳ.语境记忆(背诵语段,记忆单元词汇) The other day in the hospital,I encountered my middle school English teacher,who was suffering from a bad cold.He was a m uch loved and highly respected teacher, who had a profound influence on my life.He was well qualified for his job and often gave us a satisfied smile,which helped to reduce our stress in study.He demanded that we set goals for ourselves and he often offered us some useful advice on achieving them.We were all grateful to him for his essential help. ]Ⅴ.课文原句背诵 1. As more and more countries open up to tourism,more travel agents will be needed,... 随着越来越多的国家开放旅游,需要更多的旅行社,……

5-M3 Ⅰ.联想记忆(根据提示写出相应的词汇以及相关短语) 1.account n.叙述;描写;报道;v.认为是→on account of 由于;因为→on no account 决不 2.tie vt.(用绳、带等)绑,系,拴;n.领带→tie sth.to sth.把……拴到……上 3. warn vt.警告→warn sb.of/about sth.警告某人某事→warn sb.against doing sth.警告某人不要做 某事 4.determined adj.坚决的→be determined to_do sth.决心做某事 5.panic vt.(使)恐慌;(使)惊慌失措;n.惊恐→panic sb.into doing sth.使某人惊慌地做某事 6.run away (秘密地)逃跑→run out 用完;耗尽 7.hold on 等着;停住;坚持住;(电话用语)别挂断→hold out 维持;坚持;抵抗;幸存 8.play a trick/joke on sb.捉弄某人,对某人恶作剧→play with 摆弄;玩弄 9.be/feel in the mood (for sth./to do sth.)有意(做某事);有(做某事)的心情→be in a bad mood 情 绪不好;闹情绪 10.make one’s fortune 发财→tell one’s fortune 给某人算命 11.have connection with 与……有联系/有关联→connect...with...把……和……联系起来 12.be curious about 对……好奇→be_curious_to_do_sth.好奇地做某事 13.set off 出发;启程;引爆→set...in 为……设置背景;以……为背景 Ⅱ.构词记忆(根据提示写出相应的词汇及其派生词) 1.curious adj.好奇的→curiosity n.好奇心→curiously adv.好奇地 2.disturb vt.打扰→disturbing adj.令人不安的;引起烦恼的→disturbed adj.不幸的;烦恼的, 心烦意乱的 3.create vt.塑造;创作→creation n.创作(物);创造→creative adj.创造性的;有创造力的 4.exception n.例外→except prep.除了 5.force vt.强迫;迫使;n.武力→forced adj.被迫的;不得已的→forceful adj.强有力的;坚强 的 Ⅲ.语境填词(根据提示用适当的单词或短语填空) 1.The detective(侦探) was curious(好奇的) about the account(报道) of the murderer(凶手). 2.The adolescent(青少年) was forced(迫使) to tie(绑,系) the pilot(领航员) to a trunk(树干). 3.He and his companion(伙伴) were warned(警告,告诫) to find a shelter(躲避处) to ensure their safety. 4.He was determined(坚决的) to establish(建立) his reputation(声望) by donating money to charity. 5.The storm panicked(使恐慌) him and disturbed(打扰) his calm life,which made him unable to write a review(影视、音乐评论) about the film. Ⅳ.语境记忆(背诵语段,记忆单元词汇) The adolescent likes fantasy and is determined to make his fortune,but he never succeeds for he always makes up lies. Ⅴ.课文原句背诵 1. Suddenly, by_the_light_of_the_lightning, we saw something in the middle of the river.[来源:Zx 突然,借着闪电的光,我们看到河中央有什么东西。

5-M4 Ⅰ.联想记忆(根据提示写出相应的词汇以及相关短语) 1.pretend v.假装→pretend_to_do_sth.假装做某事 2.memory n.记忆→in memory of 纪念……→memorize vt.记住,熟记 3.mark vt.标志(着);n.标记;分数→mark with 用……作标记→mark sth.down 记下 4.celebration n.庆典;庆祝→in celebration of 庆祝……→celebrate vt.庆祝 5.freedom n.自由→free adj.自由的;vt.使……自由→free sb.from sth.解放;使解脱 6.come to an end 完结→put an end to...使……结束 7.dress up 装扮;打扮→be dressed in 穿着 8.in secret 秘密地→make no secret of 毫无掩饰 9.come off 脱落→come to a decision 得出结论 10.more or less 或多或少→still/much less 更谈不上;更不用说 11.wash down 冲洗,冲刷;配着食物喝(饮料)→wash off 将……洗净/洗掉 12.arrive in/at 到达→get to 到达 13.come out 出现;露出→come up 长出地面;破土而出 Ⅱ.构词记忆(根据提示写出相应的词汇及其派生词) 1.hide vt.掩藏;躲藏→hidden adj.秘密的;隐蔽的 2.extend vt.延长;扩大→extension n.延伸;扩大 3.relaxing adj.使人放松的→relax vt.使……放松→relaxation n.消遣;娱乐→relaxed adj.放松 的 4.tasty adj.美味可口的→taste n.味道;v.品尝;尝起来有……味道 5.origin n.起源→original adj.原先的;最初的 Ⅲ.语境填词(根据提示用适当的单词或短语填空) 1.He made a whistle(口哨) to pretend(假装) that the parade(游行) was relaxing(使人放松的). 2.His master(主人) decided to abolish(废除) these rules to give him more freedom(自由). 3. Tom’s memory(记性) is poor, so he often refers to the calendar(日历) to book(预订) his return ticket. 4. The landowner s(地主) lost their land, which marked(标志着) the beginning of a new era(时代). Ⅳ.语境记忆(背诵语段,记忆单元词汇)[来源:学&科&网] When we are free,we often wander around the park to relax ourselves or have a tasty meal together.We held a party to celebrate the extension of our export trade yesterday.We couldn’t hide our excitement and I think everyone in our company will memorize this special moment fo rever. Ⅴ.课文原句背诵 1.Think_of carnival,and you think of crowds,costumes,and confusion. 想到狂欢节,你自然就会想起拥挤的人群、节日的服饰及混乱的场景。 2. As time passed, however, the carnival period was extended, so that it began just after Christmas. 随着时间的推移,狂欢节的时间被延长了,这样它就正好在圣诞节以后开始。 3.If_possible,record yourself as you speak,and compare your version with the original. 如果可能的话,录下你所说的话,然后把它和原声进行比较。

5-M5 Ⅰ.联想记忆(根据提示写出相应的词汇以及相关短语) 1.perform vi.表现→put_on a performance 表演 2.advantage n.优势;长处→have an advantage over 比……有优势→take advantage of 利用 →disadvantage n.劣势;不利 3.guarantee vt.& n.保证→under guarantee 在保修期内 4.purchase vt.& n.购买→purchase sth.from sb.从某人处购买某物 5.specific adj.具体的;特定的→be specific to 对……来说特有的 6.on the increase 正在增加→increase by 增加了 7.rise to one’s feet 站起身→struggle to one’s feet 挣扎着站起来 8.every ten seconds 每十秒钟→once_a_week 每周一次 9.vote for 投票赞成→vote against 投票反对 10.up to you 由你决定→up_and_down 上上下下 Ⅱ.构词记忆(根据提示写出相应的词汇及其派生词) 1.retirement n.退休→retire v.退休 2.champion n.冠军→championship n.冠军地位;锦标赛 3.victory n.胜利→victor n.获胜者 4.declare vt.宣布→declaration n.宣言,声明 5. competitor n. 竞争者; 对手→compete vi.竞争; 参加(比赛)→competition n. 竞争→competitive adj.好竞争的,有竞争力的 Ⅲ.语境填词(根据提示用适当的单词或短语填空) 1.The designers(设计师) guaranteed(保证) these tracksuits(运动服) and sportswear(休闲服装) were of good quality(质量). 2. Before retirement(退役), he performed(表现) well on the stadium(运动场) and scored(得分) 200 goals. 3.She protested(抗议) against the decision and insisted her background(背景) was simple and she had the right to purchase(购买) the building. 4.The trainer(教练员) declared(宣布) that they had the right to quit the game on these specific(具 体的) situations. 5.We should take advantage(优势,长处) of these slogans(标语) to encourage the champions(冠 军) to go further. Ⅳ.语境记忆(背诵语段,记忆单元词汇) The trainer and the gymnasts wear the same tracksuits and walk to the stadium.Today they will face a tough competitor,so they can’t guarantee their victory. Ⅴ.课文原句背诵 1....Li Ning retired with_the_feeling_that_he_had_failed.……李宁带着失败的感觉退役了。 2.But it_was this sense of failure that made him determined to succeed in his new li fe. 但正是这种失败感使他下定决心在新的生活中取得成功。 3.A pair of Nike trainers,for example,could cost up to five_times_as_much_as a similar Li Ning product. 比如,一双耐克运动鞋的价格可能是一双李宁牌同类产品价格的五倍之多。

5-M6 Ⅰ.联想记忆(根据提示写出相应的词汇以及相关短语) 1. struggle n. & vi.挣扎; 奋斗; 斗争→struggle against/with 同……作斗争→struggle for 为…… 而斗争 2.condition n.(s)环境;情况→on condition that 在……条件下;只要→on/under no condition 决不 3.aim n.目的;目标;v.力争做到;目的是→be aimed at 旨在……→aimless adj.无目的的; 无目标的 4.focus n.焦点;集中点;v.把注意力集中于;聚集→focus (sth.) on/upon sth.(使……)集中于 5.be concerned about sth.关心某事;担心某事→as_far_as_sb./sth.is_concerned 就……而言 6.stand for 代表→stand out 显眼;突出 7.feed on (动物) 以……为食→feed sth.to sb./feed sb.on sth.用……喂…… 8.give one’s life to...为……献身→devote oneself to 致力于 9.go for sb./sth.攻击/抨击……→go in for 参加 10.keep an eye on 照看;照料→look sb.in the eye 正视某人 11.put down 放下;记下→put...forward 将……提前;拨快(时钟指针);提出 Ⅱ.构词记忆(根据提示写出相应的词汇及其派生词) 1.endanger vt.使……处于险境;危及→danger n.危险→dangerous adj.危险的 2.reserve n.保护区;保护圈;v.保留;预留→reservation n.保护地,居留地;预订;保留 意见 3.protect vt.保护→protection n.保护 4.worth adj.值……钱;n.价值→worthwhile adj.值得花时间/金钱/精力的→worthy adj.值得的; 应得的 5.wonder n.奇迹;v.想知道→wonderful adj.精彩的 Ⅲ.语境填词(根据提示用适当的单词或短语填空) 1.The struggle(斗争) against poachers(偷猎者) is involved(涉及;包括) in many branches(部门, 分支机构). 2.We should monitor(监测) our living conditions(环境;情况) and try not to waste(浪费) any energy(能源). 3.His aim(目标) was ideal(完美的,理想的) and it was worth(值得) trying. 4.It was a wonder(奇迹) that these live(活的) insects(昆虫) were found on the spot(现场). 5.We should maintain our focus(关注,焦点) on the extinction(灭绝) of some whales(鲸). Ⅳ.语境记忆(背诵语段,记忆单元词汇) With the aim of wildlife protection,it is a must to set up an ideal reserve for some animals such as antelopes that are on the brink of extinction. Ⅴ.课文原句背诵 1.Although_surprised,the poachers had an advantage—there were more of them. 尽管很吃惊,偷猎者们仍占优势——他们人多。 2.But today the government seems_to_be_winning the battle. 但是现在政府好像正要赢得这场战斗。


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