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【湖北】2014版英语《高考专题辅导》阶段滚动卷(六)]


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阶段滚动卷(六)
(建议用时: 40 分钟) Ⅰ. 多项选择 1. Personal success or failure is of no be ignored. A. consequence C. compe

tence B. independence D. intelligence , but the future of man cannot

2. (2013· 武汉模拟)The worse air quality in the country has strengthened the government’s A. ability to do something to address the problem. C. resolve D. proposal effects

B. concern

3. Many people believe that international tourism produces

on economic growth and should be encouraged by the local government. A. negative C. subjective B. positive D. objective

4. (2013· 武 汉 模 拟 )The second and third years have a range of courses which provide the choice necessary to meet individual interests and career needs. A. sufficient C. admirable B. optional D. precious

5. It is said that about 60% of housewives have a brand entering the store. A. in mind C. in possession B. on sale D. on purpose

before

6. (2013· 武汉模拟 )Japanese experts have

voiced concerns that

North Korea might hit the U. S. bases in Japan with nuclear weapons. A. relatively C. increasingly B. virtually D. equally

7. (2013· 武汉模拟)In a formal football match, each team can have three players to their teammates when necessary. A. replace C. represent B. substitute D. exchange the risk of accidents,

8. Though most people know that drunk driving many people still drive while drunk. A. multiplies C. combines B. adds D. gains

9. (2013· 武昌模拟)Over the years she had tried her best to terrible memory, but it was not an easy task. A. live on C. bring back B. block out D. call up

the

10. (2013· 襄阳模拟)Mr. Hill’s ear alarm is always

in the middle of

the night, which disturbs his neighbor ’s sleep greatly. A. breaking off C. going off Ⅱ. 完成句子 1. If students likely to use them in school. (access) 如果学生们没有接触过武器 , 他们在学校里使用它们的可能性就小一 些。 2. (2013· 华师一附中模拟)So the woman’s being her mother that I wanted no evidence to establish the fact in my mind. (convince) 我深信不疑这位妇女是她的母亲 , 以至于我不想找任何证据来证明这 一点。 3. (2013· 华 师 一 附 中 模 拟 ) weapons, they are less B. falling off D. taking off

is, you should try your best to finish it on time. (however) 不管这是一项多么艰难的任务, 你都应该尽力按时完成。 4. (2013· 湖北模拟)Calm down for a while, the complicated problems very soon. (simplify) 冷静片刻你很快就会化繁为简了。 5. An umbrella was lying at the access to the hall, but I had no idea the accepting desk. (be) , so I picked it up and handed it to the girl at

大厅门口有一把伞 , 但我不知道是谁的 , 所以我把它拿了起来交给了 接待处的那个女孩。 6. In character-training of children, what their parents say and do. (matter) 在孩子的性格培养上, 最重要的是他们父母所说及所做的。 7. side effect the is

medicine will bring about, although about two thousand patients have taken it. (uncertain) 尽管大约有两千名病人服用过这种药物 , 但是 , 它会带来什么样的副 作用还不确定。 8. —I prefer shutting myself in and listening to music all day on Sundays. —That’s life. (agree) ——星期天一整天我更喜欢把自己关在家里听音乐。 ——那就是我不同意的地方。你应该有更活跃的生活。 9. I’m not surprised that she has as her mother. (sweet) 她的声音和她妈妈的一样甜美, 对此我一点都不感到惊讶。 10. Without the “greenhouse effect”, the Earth thirty-three degrees Celsius cooler than it is now. (be) 如果没有“温室效应”, 地球的温度将比它现在的温度还要低 33 摄氏度 左右。 about . You should have a more active

Ⅲ. 完形填空 (2013· 台州模拟) Early this morning, I got up to make a batch of Rice Krispie treats(大 米花糖)for my neighbor across the hall. She 1 greets me when we see each other, and her little boy, who’s now 4, won’t talk to me either. Last Monday, she called the firefighters when a pan I’d forgotten on the stove caused my flat to 2 . I had gone for a walk, but when I came 3 by a police car, a fire

home the street in front of our apartment was truck and an ambulance! 4 I felt safe knowing that

I saw them, I remembered the pan! 5 we don’t get along, my neighbor had

done the right thing and didn’t blame me. Hence, the Rice Krispie treats. Last Christmas, my neighbor revealed that she had been a little angry about me because of a(n) 6 four years ago. I had apologized and asked 7 our relationship, but she would not

if there was anything I could do to accept my 8 . 9

Her direct refusal really

me. After that, I decided I’d just leave

her be—a relationship 10 two to work. So, you see, I was really scared she was going to refuse my offer again, 11 me standing on her 12 holding my plate of treats. Then, I reminded

myself of how good I had felt the day before when I ’d done some random acts of 13 after telling myself: “Feel the fear, and do it 14 !”

After placing the Rice Krispie treats on a beautiful plate, I opened my

apartment door and met her in the hall way. I said: “I just wanted to tell you how 15 I am that you were paying attention on Monday. ”I held the

plate 16 her, explaining these were very sweet American treats and that she 17 try to see whether she and her family liked them. She took the plate and we talked a bit about my flat before parting ways. Back at home I 19 a “happy dance”, because I had been kind even 18 she’d become aware of the smoke in

though I wasn’t sure it would be appreciated. I want to be able to be kind without expecting people to 1. A. warmly C. barely 2. A. go up 3. A. filled C. blocked 4. A. The instant C. That moment 5. A. as though C. now that 6. A. affair 7. A. improve 8. A. advice C. apology B. incident B. build B. smoke up 20 in a certain way. B. occasionally D. frequently C. fire up B. surrounded D. taken B. For a minute D. At that time B. in case D. even though C. deed C. reunite B. suggestion D. request D. event D. establish D. tear up

9. A. shocked 10. A. takes 11. A. having 12. A. home C. apartment 13. A. kindness C. politeness 14. A. some way C. somehow 15. A. kind 16. A. at 17. A. could 18. A. when 19. A. performed C. did 20. A. receive Ⅳ. 阅读理解

B. saddened B. costs B. leaving

C. amused C. covers C. keeping B. hall D. doorstep B. happiness D. willingness B. anyway D. somewhat

D. amazed D. makes D. remaining

B. safe B. on B. must B. what

C. happy C. towards C. would C. how B. learned D. played

D. grateful D. over D. need D. where

B. respond

C. reflect

D. realize

(2013· 孝感模拟) If you woke up this Monday feeling depressed and found that, from then on, things got worse, there may be an explanation. According to one psychologist’s(心理学家)calculations, January 23 was the most depressing day of the year for the British.

Cliff Arnall, a psychologist at Cardiff University who worked out the formula(公式), blamed a combination of debts, failed New Year ’s plans, the cold, grey weather and the length of time since Christmas. “For most people, there’s a realization by the third week of January that spending on sales items needs to be stopped so that Christmas can be paid for, ”he said. Those employees who are paid at the end of the month have had a long wait to refill their pockets, he said. “Nearing pay day may seem like a positive thing, but it may also result in increased stress as the person realizes they won’t be able to pay off their Christmas bills. ” “The last week in January and first week in February are traditionally the coldest times of the year. ”The average amount of sunshine for January was only 43 hours—less than an hour and a half a day. The Citizens Advice Bureau(公民咨询局)and Samaritans(慈善机构 撒马利坦会)both agreed that this was their busiest time of the year. Don Levene, a CAB spokesman, said, “People are getting their credit card bills and may have spent more than they can afford. Most people were paid a week early before Christmas which makes January particularly long money-wise. ”Mike Cobb, of the Samaritans, said, “We get more calls from people feeling depressed or suicidal(想自杀的)at this time of year. There is seasonal affective disorder because of the lack of sunlight, and people are returning to the worries that they put behind them at Christmas. ” 1. Why do employees feel depressed when the pay day in January is

coming? A. Because January usually doesn’t have the pay day as a rule. B. Because they’ll have little left after paying off the Christmas debts. C. Because the boss will always keep back the pay. D. Because they’ll have to wait another month to get paid. 2. Which of the following is NOT the cause for their being depressed? A. Having to pay off the Christmas bills. B. Failure in their New Year ’s plans. C. A long period of time from next Christmas. D. Cold, grey weather. 3. What does the underlined word “money-wise” in the last paragraph mean? A. In terms of money. C. Living without money. B. Spending money wisely. D. In terms of wisdom. .

4. The last paragraph mainly tells us

A. possible causes of people’s feeling depressed B. the bad effects of Christmas day on people’s life C. the unwise plans of the British D. reasons for bad weather in Britain

答案解析
Ⅰ . 1. 【解析】选 A。考查名词词义辨析。句意: 个人的成败无足轻重, 但人类的未来不容忽视。consequence 后果, 重要(性); independence 独

立, 自主; competence 能力, 胜任, 称职; intelligence 智力, 理解力。 of no consequence 无足轻重, 无关紧要, 根据语境可知选 A。 2. 【解析】选 C。考查名词词义辨析。句意: 该国糟糕的空气质量已 经加强了政府要采取一些措施来解决这个问题的决心。 ability 能力 ; concern 关注; resolve 决定, 决心; proposal 提议。根据语境应选 C。 3. 【解析】选 B。考查形容词词义辨析。句意: 许多人认为国际旅游 对经济增长有积极作用, 应该得到地方政府的鼓励。 negative 消极的; positive 积极的; subjective 主观的; objective 客观的。 根据句意可知选择 B 项。 4. 【解析】选 B。考查形容词词义辨析。句意: 第二和第三年, 有可供 符合个人兴趣和职业选择需要的一系列选修课程。 sufficient 足够的, 充 足的; optional 可选择的, 任意的, 选修的; admirable 令人钦佩的, 极好 的; precious 宝贵的。根据语境应选 B。 5. 【解析】选 A。考查介词短语辨析。句意: 据说 60%的家庭主妇在 购物之前心里都有一个品牌。in mind 心中, 构成固定搭配 have sth. in mind 心中有, 记住; on sale 减价; in possession 拥有; on purpose 故意。 6. 【解析】选 C。考查副词词义辨析。句意: 日本专家越来越担心朝 鲜可能用核武器袭击美国在日本的军事基地。 relatively 相对地; virtually 实际上, 实质上, 事实上; increasingly 越来越多地, 日益增加地; equally 相等地, 平等地。根据语境应选 C。 7. 【解析】选 B。考查动词词义辨析。句意: 正式的足球比赛中, 每队 可 以 有 三 名 队 员 在 必 要 的 时 候 来 替 代 他 们 的 队 友 。 replace 代 替 ;

substitute 代替, 替换, 替补; represent 代表; exchange 交换。 根据语境应 是替换, 替补, 因此选 B。 8. 【解析】选 A。考查动词词义辨析。句意: 虽然大多数人都知道, 酒 后驾车增加事故发生的风险, 但许多人仍然酒后驾车。 multiply(使)增加, (使)繁殖; add 增加, 补充, 把……包括在内; combine 结合; gain 获得, 赢得。根据语境应选 A。 9. 【解析】选 B。考查动词短语辨析。句意: 多年来她已尽最大努力 忘却那段可怕的记忆 , 但这不是一件容易的事情。 live on 继续存在 , 以……为食; block out 挡住、遮住(光线或声音), 忘掉、抹去(不愉快的 事情); bring back 回忆, 回顾, 回想起, call up 给……打电话。根据语境 应选 B。 10. 【解析】选 C。考查动词短语辨析。句意: 希尔先生的入耳式报警 器半夜老是响起, 极大地惊扰了邻居的睡眠。break off 中断, 中止, 突 然停止, 断交, 断绝友好关系; fall off 减少, 跌落; go off 响起, 变质; take off 脱下(衣帽、鞋子等), (飞机)起飞, (事业)走红。 Ⅱ . 1. 【解析】don’t have access to。have access to 表示“接触, 使用”, 是 固定搭配, 根据句意可知从句用否定形式。因此得出答案。 2. 【解析】convinced was I of。考查倒装句。根据语境得知 so. . . that 句式中如果 so 置于句首要引起部分倒装。根据汉语和所给英语提示词 可知使某人信服用 convince sb. of, sb. be convinced of, 因此得出答案。 3. 【解析】However hard/difficult the task。考查让步状语从句。根据语 境可知考查让步状语从句的固定句式 however+adj. /adv. +主语+谓语。

因此得出答案。 4. 【解析】and you will simplify。考查特殊句式。根据语境可知考查固 定句式: 祈使句+and+简单句。简单句中通常用一般将来时。因此得出 答案。 5. 【解析】whose it was。考查名词性从句。根据语境可知“是谁的”作 idea 的同位语。 用 whose 作连接词, 从句要用陈述语序, 因此得出答案。 6. 【解析】what matters most。考查主语从句。句子缺主语, 根据句意 和提示词可知此处需要 what 引导的主语从句, 因此得出答案。 7. 【解析】It is uncertain what。考查固定句型及主语从句连接词的选 择。 根据语境可知考查固定句式 It is uncertain+从句。 “什么样的副作用” 用 what side effect, 因此得出答案。 8. 【解析】where I don’t agree。考查表语从句。根据语境可知考查表 语从句, 难点在于连接词 where 的选择, 根据汉语“我不同意的地方”及 agree 是不及物动词, 因此选用 where, 从而得出答案。 9. 【解析】sweet a voice as。考查比较状语从句。根据语境可知考查 as. . . as 句式: as+adj. +a/an+n. (单数)+as B, 因此得出答案。 10. 【解析】would be。without 在此处是一种假设, 所以主句应用虚拟 语气, 与现在的事实相反, 主句应用 would do sth. 结构。 Ⅲ . 【文章大意】 本文是一篇记叙文。 作者为表达自己对邻居的谢意, 亲 手制作了大米花糖。 因为作者与邻居之前曾因一件小事产生了矛盾, 关 系并不融洽, 她担心自己的好意再次被邻居拒绝。 最后作者鼓起勇气向 邻居表达了自己的感谢并最终缓和了彼此的关系 , 从中作者明白了和

善待人不求回报的道理。 1. 【解析】选 C。考查对上下文语境的理解。根据下文, 两人关系并 不融洽几乎不问候对方, 因此选择 barely。warmly 热情地; occasionally 时不时地; frequently 经常地。 2. 【解析】 选 B。 考查词义辨析。 引起了火灾, 房间浓烟滚滚, 选 smoke up; fire up 点火; go up 上升; tear up 撕毁。 3. 【解析】选 C。考查对上下文语境的理解。发生火灾, 消防车、警 车、急救车封道, 故用 blocked。 4. 【解析】选 A。考查语法结构。the instant 一……就……, 作连词引 导时间状语从句。我一看见这些车辆, 就想起了忘在炉子上的锅。 5. 【解析】选 D。考查语法结构。even though 引导让步状语从句, 两 人关系虽然不好, 邻居仍然帮助了她。now that 既然; in case 以防万一; as though 仿佛, 好像。 6. 【解析】选 B。考查词义辨析。邻居不满是因为一件小事。affair 风 流韵事; incident 小事; deed 行动; event 重要事件。 7. 【解析】选 A。考查词义辨析。我想做些事情来改善和邻居的关系, 但是她不接受我的道歉。improve 提高, 改善; build 建造; reunite 重聚, 再结合; establish 建立。 8.【解析】 选 C。 考查前后照应。 对应前句的 apologized, 此处选 apology。 9.【解析】选 B。考查对上下文语境的理解。我向邻居道歉对方却不接 受, 邻居断然拒绝的态度让我很伤心。shock 震惊; sadden 悲痛; amuse 令人愉悦; amaze 惊叹。

10.【解析】选 A。考查固定搭配。It takes sb. to do sth. 需要某人做某 事。 11.【解析】选 B。考查对上下文语境的理解。我害怕邻居再次拒绝我 的好意, 留下我举着盛有大米花糖的盘子站在门口。 leave+宾语+宾语 补足语, 使某人处于某种状态。 12. 【解析】选 D。考查对上下文语境的理解。解析见上题。 13. 【解析】选 A。考查词义辨析。random acts of kindness 无意间的善 举。 14. 【解析】选 B。考查对上下文语境的理解。作者担心邻居再次拒绝 而使自己感到难堪 , 但同时又给自己鼓劲 : 面对恐惧 , 从容面对。 anyway 无论如何; somehow 以某种方式; somewhat 有点。 15. 【解析】选 D。考查词义辨析。对邻居表示感谢, 用 grateful。 16. 【解析】选 C。考查前后照应。前文提到把大米花糖放到漂亮的盘 子里, 对应此处应是把盘子递给邻居。 17. 【解析】选 A。考查语法结构。could 表示婉转、有礼貌地提议。 18.【解析】选 C。考查对上下文语境的理解。我跟邻居讨论了一下她 是怎么样发现着火的。 19.【解析】选 C。考查固定搭配。do a “happy dance”开心地扭动几下。 20.【解析】选 B。考查词义辨析。我想我能友善待人却不期望别人以 某种方式作出反应。 receive 收到; respond 反应; reflect 反射; realize 意识 到。 Ⅳ .【文章大意】这是一篇社会生活类文章。根据心理学家的推算, 1 月

23 日是英国人最郁闷的一天, 你知道其中的原因吗? 1. 【解析】选 B。推理判断题。第三段提到: 那些到月底才能领工资 的人此时早已囊中羞涩了。克里夫· 阿诺尔说: “发薪日在即本是件好事, 但是当人们突然发现自己无法还清圣诞节的账单时 , 这往往给人造成 更大的压力。”由此可知 B 项与此意义相符。 2. 【解析】选 C。细节理解题。短文第二段提到: 想出这一公式的人 就是英国加的夫大学的心理学家克里夫 · 阿诺尔, 他把沮丧的原因归结 为债务累累、未实现的新年计划、阴冷的天气等。由此可知, C 项“离下 一个圣诞节还有很长时间”与此意义不符。 3. 【解析】选 A。词义猜测题。根据此段语境: 大多数人在圣诞节前 一星期领到工资 , 这意味着他们要比平时等更长的时间才能领到一月 份的工资。可以推测 money-wise 意为“从资金的角度来考虑”。 4. 【解析】选 A。主旨大意题。本段引用了公民咨询局发言人唐· 莱文 的话: “人们不断收到信用卡账单, 很可能已经超出自己的偿还能力。 大 多数人要比平时等更长的时间才能领到一月份的工资。”和撒马利坦会 的迈克· 科布的话: “我们今年接到更多情绪低落, 甚至想自杀的人的电 话。 缺乏日照引发季节性情绪失控, 圣诞节期间暂时忘记的烦恼这时又 都回来了。”由此可知, 此段指出的是人们感到郁闷的原因。

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