当前位置:首页 >> 高中作文 >>

高考阅读 逆向思考法--不看正确选项,寻找错误答案


高考阅读 逆向思考法--不看正确选项,寻找错误答案

错觉 --约瑟夫 哈利南--如果你不想转身就忘,那你就记住它的意义吧。 记得意义,而不记得细节 记得部分,而非记得全部 把没有意义的变得有意义,把割裂的部分变成规律的整体 大脑倾向于 复杂的事情简单化 巴黎人画地图-变直的塞纳河 给出数字概念 --分 6 个知识层次

从高考出题人的角度去思考题目选项的设置-- 正确的答案往往是没法解释为什么是正确的,因为那是牵扯到语言最本质的同意转换; 但错误选项的设置是有着很强的规律可循的,因为考官的选项设置是按照一定的规律而来 的,所以只要按照一定的思路洞悉了错误选项出现的规律就能更好的帮助考生了解阅读; 1 五大题型中 推断题选项错误特点: (推断题是高考阅读选择题中频率最高的类型) 无中生有 张冠李戴 答非所问 细节误差-more than 100 books 变成 100 books 以偏概全

细节性错误;(偷换概念)

我妹妹昨天结婚了,我弟弟也参加了昨天的婚礼; 我妹妹昨天步入了婚姻的殿堂; 我妹妹昨天怎么了? 错误选项: 我妹妹的丈夫是个美国人- 无中生有 我弟弟昨天结婚了! 我妹妹前天结婚了!

(2011· 山东卷)A Arthur Miller(1915-2005) is universally recognized as one of the greatest dramatists of the 20th century. Miller's father had moved to the USA from Austria Hungary, drawn like so many others by the“ Great American Dream”. However, he experienced severe financial hardship when his family business was ruined in the Great Depression of the early l930s. 1. Why did Arthur Miller' s father move to the USA? A. He suffered from severe hunger in his home country. B. He was attracted by the "Great American Dream.· C. He hoped to make his son a dramatist. D. His family business failed.-- his family business was ruined

Millers' s most famous play, Death of a Salesman, is a powerful attack on the American system ,with its aggressive way of doing business and its insistence on money and social status as indicators of worth. 2. The play Death of a Salesman A. exposes the cruelty of the American business world B. discusses the ways to get promoted in a company C. talks about the business career of Arthur Miller D. focuses on the skills in doing business

In Willy Loman , the hero of the play, we see a man who has got into trouble with his worth. Willy is “burnt out” and in the cruel world of business there is no room for sentiment: if he can't do the work, then he is no good to his employer, the Wagner Company, and he must go. Willy is painfully aware of this, and at loss as to what to do with his lack of success. He refuses to face the fact that he has failed and kills himself in the end. 典型的 张冠李戴 错误 3. What can we learn about Willy Loman? A. He treats his employer badly. B. He runs the Wagner Company. C. He is a victim of the American system. D. He is regarded as a hero by his colleagues. (2011· 安徽卷)D Ireland has had a very difficult history. The problems started in the 16th century when English rulers tried to conquer(征服) Ireland. For hundreds of years, the Irish people fought against the English. Finally, in 1921, the British government was forced to give independence to the south of Ireland. The result is that today there are two “Irelands”. Northern Ireland, in the north, is part of the united kingdom. The Republic of Ireland, in the south, is an independent country. 典型 以偏概全 错误 1. What does the author tell us in paragraph 1? A. How the Irish fought against the English. B. How Ireland gained independence. C. How English rulers tried to conquer Ireland. D.How two “Irelands” came into being.

2011· 重庆卷)D William Butler Yeats, a most famous Irish writer, was born in Dublin on June 13,1865. His childhood lacked the harmony (和睦) that was typical of a happy family. Later, Yeats shocked his family by saying that he remembered “little of childhood but its pain”. In fact, he inherited (继承) excellent taste in art from his family—both his father and his brother were painters. But he finally settled on literature, particularly drama (戏剧) and poetry. 1. Which of the following can describe Yeats’s family? A. It filled Yeats’s childhood with laughter. B. It was shocked by Yeats’s choice. C. It was a typically wealthy family. D. It had an artistic atmosphere.

2011 年 四川卷 d In one interesting part of book,for example,he turns a double eye toward the use of stories as the most effective way of experiential learning. He says “The more accurately(精确的)reality is presented,the less understandable the story ,and the more understandable the story, the less realistic it is.” 画图来解决这对逻辑关系: 3. What can we learn from Paragraph 3? A. Experience makes stories more accurate. B. Stories made interesting fail to fully present the truth. C. The use of stories is the best way of experiential learning. D. Stories are easier to understand when reality is more accurately described. 细节错误

The five councils (Edinburgh. East Lothian. West Lothian. Midlethian and Borders) face fine around $18million a year from 2013 if they don’t increase recycling levels and rely less on landfill. With this in mind, the councils got together with the idea of building a large incinerator plant (垃圾 焚烧厂)to burn half of the waste produced in their districts. 2. The five councils worked out a plan to build an incinerator plant to . A. reduce the cost of burying waste B. meets the EU requirements C. speed up waste recycling D. tempter landfill sites

(2011· 山东卷)D

典型以偏概全 Since the 1970s, scientists have been searching for ways to link the brain with computers. Brain-computer interface(BCI) technology could help people with disabilities send commands to machines. 1. BCI is a technology that can _________. A. help to update computer systems B. link the human brain with computers C. help the disabled to recover D. control a person's thoughts

正确答案的特点: 词性转换 同近义词 双否改写 概括总结


相关文章:
阅读理解问题设置的三个层次 + 英语阅读理解答题技巧
高考的成败阅读理解问题设置的三个层次 + 英语阅读...思维、发散思维、逆向 思维等思维活动,才可形成答案...你阅读的准确率是不是还很低呢?看不懂题干、 ...
2008年高考地理试题及答案(江苏卷)
答案的理由和其余三个不选的理由 二.阅读理解的...) ,代入所给词汇在文章中的位置(将之替换)看...④ 句子理解题的错误选项干扰特征:推得过远。...
改变思维角度 速解历史选择题
高考历史选择题与逆向思维... 6页 免费 把握命题思路...故正确答案为 C 项。 三、发散思维法 对于同一道...加入阅读会员!获取下载券 登录百度文库,专享文档复...
逆向思维法在物理问题中的应用
暂无评价|0人阅读|0次下载|举报文档 逆向思维法在...如答案 a 和 d 都可以找到反例:做匀速圆周运动的...2014全国高考状元联手分享状元笔记 衡水中学文科学霸...
浅谈小学数学教学中学生逆向思维能力的培养
暂无评价|0人阅读|0次下载|举报文档 浅谈小学数学教学中学生逆向思维能力的培养...2015国考申论押密试卷及答案 2015国考面试通关宝典88份文档 2014全国高考状元联...
推荐:高二第一次议论文讲评教学设计(整理精校版)
高二第一次议论文讲评教学设计(整理精校版)_高考_...对议论文写作的认识错误,所以第一课需要 明确思考才...③逆向思考问题。 (二)思考——让论证更深刻 讨论...
2016年国家公务员考试行测备考:逆向思维助你快速排除干...
2016年国家公务员考试行测备考:逆向思维助你快速排除...给人改变未来的力量 很多考生在应答片段阅读中的主观...选项中总是很纠结,最终往往就选择了一个错误答案...
初中数学教学中如何培养学生的逆向思维
法”让学生对号入座,这样或许会收到“有心栽花花不...采用逆向 思维,把1看作2-1,则能很快计算出结果。...(三)问题的展开 从上面的答案可以看出, 一个初中...
知识产权日报:从审查缺陷来逆向思考专利代理从业者的规...
从审查缺陷来逆向思考专利代理从业者的规范性操作 ...案件结果: 涉及上述配方的组合物因不符合专利法第 ...交底书的内容进行详细阅读和理 解, 也并未对现有...
公务员面试思维训练
暂无评价|0人阅读|0次下载|举报文档 公务员面试思维...面试中的思维训练(一)--逆向思维 科学家的研究表明...不足,或从传统认为错误的观 点、现象中发现真理的...
更多相关标签: