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一、图表作文框架 As is shown/indicated/illustrated by the figure/percentage in the



has been on rise/ decrease<

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(goes/up/increases/drops/decreases), significantly/dramatically/steadily rising/decreasing from______ in _______ to ______ in _____. From the sharp/marked decline/ rise in the chart, it goes without saying that ________. There are at least two good reasons accounting for _____. On the one hand, ______. On the other hand, ______ is due to the fact that ________. In addition, _______ is responsible for _______. Maybe there are some other reasons to show ________. But it is generally believed that the above mentioned reasons are commonly convincing. As far as I am concerned, I hold the point of view that _______. I am sure my opinion is both sound and well-grounded. 二、书信作文模板 Your address Month, Date, year Receiver's address Dear …, I am extremely pleased to hear from you. And I would like to write a letter to tell you that_____. …… I will greatly appreciate a response from you at your earliest convenience/I am looking f0rward to your replies at your earliest convenience. Best regards for your health and success. Sincerely yours, XXX 三、话题作文 Nowadays, there are more and more __ _ in __ _. It is estimated that ___. Why have there been so many ____? Maybe the reasons can be listed as follows. The first one is ______. Besides,_____. The third one is _____. To sum up, the main cause of it is due to _____. It is high time that something were done upon it. For one thing, _____. For another thing, _____. All these measures will certainly reduce the number of _____.


四、对比观点作文 (1) 要求论述两个对立的观点并给出自己的看法。 1. 有一些人认为。 。 。 2. 另一些人认为。 。 。 3. 我的看法。 。 。 The topic of ①-----------------(主题)is becoming more and more popular recently. There are two sides of opinions about it. Some people say A is their favorite. They hold their view for the reason of ②-----------------(支持 A 的理由一)What is more, ③-------------理由二). Moreover, ④---------------(理由三). While others think that B is a better choice in the following three reasons. Firstly,-----------------( 支持 B 的理由一 ). Secondly (besides), ⑥ ------------------( 理由二 ). Thirdly (finally),⑦------------------(理由三). From my point of view, I think ⑧----------------(我的观点). The reason is that ⑨ --------------------(原因). As a matter of fact, there are some other reasons to explain my choice. For me, the former is surely a wise choice . (2) 给出一个观点,要求考生反对这一观点 Some people believe that ① ----------------( 观 点 一 ). For example, they think ② -----------------(举例说明).And it will bring them ③-----------------(为他们带来的好处). In my opinion, I never think this reason can be the point. For one thing,④-------------(我 不同意该看法的理由一). For another thing, ⑤-----------------(反对的理由之二). Form all what I have said, I agree to the thought that ⑥------------------(我对文章所讨论主 题的看法) 五、阐述主题题型 要求从一句话或一个主题出发,按照提纲的要求进行论述. 1. 阐述名言或主题所蕴涵的意义. 2. 分析并举例使其更充实. The good old proverb ----------------(名言或谚语)reminds us that ----------------(释义). Indeed, we can learn many things form it. First of all,-----------------( 理 由 一 ). For example, -------------------( 举 例 说 明 ). Secondly,----------------(理由二). Another case is that ---------------(举例说明). Furthermore , ------------------(理由三). 六、解决方法题型


要求考生列举出解决问题的多种途径 1. 问题现状 2. 怎样解决(解决方案的优缺点) In recent days, we have to face I problem-----A, which is becoming more and more serious. First, ------------(说明 A 的现状).Second, ---------------(举例进一步说明现状) Confronted with A, we should take a series of effective measures to cope with the situation. For one thing, ---------------(解决方法一). For another -------------(解决方法二). Finally, --------------(解决方法三). Personally, I believe that -------------(我的解决方法). Consequently, I’m confident that a bright future is awaiting us because --------------(带来的好处). 七、说明利弊题型 这种题型往往要求先说明一下现状,再对比事物本身的利弊,有时也会单从一个角 度(利或弊)出发,最后往往要求考生表明自己的态度(或对事物前景提出预测) 1. 说明事物现状 2. 事物本身的优缺点(或一方面) 3. 你对现状(或前景)的看法 Nowadays many people prefer A because it has a significant role in our daily life. Generally, its advantages can be seen as follows. First ----------------(A 的优点之一). Besides -------------------(A 的优点之二). But every coin has two sides. The negative aspects are also apparent. One of the important disadvantages is that ----------------(A 的 第 一 个 缺 点 ).To make matters worse,------------------(A 的第二个缺点). Through the above analysis, I believe that the positive aspects overweigh the negative ones. Therefore, I would like to ---------------(我的看法). (From the comparison between these positive and negative effects of A, we should take it reasonably and do it according to the circumstances we are in. Only by this way, ---------------(对前景的预测).) 八、现象说明文 Recently _______,what amazes us most is______________,it is ture that__________. There are many reasons explaining__________________________.The main reason is____________________. what is more_________________________.thirdly__________________________.As a result_______________. Considering all there,________________________.For one thing_____________________,for another________

____.In Conclusion____________________. 一种事物或现象(负面意义倾向) 关于 A 的话题,早已引起了广泛的社会关注。如今在电视、报纸、日常生活的很多 角落,都有越来越多的关于 A 的议论。 给 A 一个精确恒定的定义并非易事, 因为它的概念涉及了科学、 人性、 思想、 经济、 社会、自然等广阔的领域。一般而言,我们可以这样描述 A… A 能成为公众关注的焦点,主要是由于它对个人、集体乃至整个世界都有着不容忽 视的不良影响。 认真分析后我们可以看到,A 对社会/世界 /健康的不利有很多。首先,从最直观的 角度来看,A 的出现直接损害了(这里加入一句针对性的话,如人类的身体健康和环境 的平衡) 。(举例)。其次,从更深一层次上讲,它为人类的精神文明蒙上了一层阴影。 更可怕的是,由于 A 所产生微小利益,却促成了许多可悲的人们为其忘乎所以,破坏了 人类生存的法则和空间。 事实上,A 的出现是社会发展和人类进步的产物,A 所带来的危害是人类进化过程 中付出的代价。同时,A 的产生来源于部分人们的自私和趋利性,他们看到的是肤浅和 片面的利益, 而从未从整个全局和人类整体的利益出发去认识和分析它。 这使得 A 始终 挥之不去。对此,我奉劝他们,跳出狭小的角落,用长远和全局的眼光去重新审视 A。 而如今,我们已深受其害,要想消除它的危害,我们必须从根源上杜绝它的产生, 我们每一个人都应给予 A 高度的重视,用系统的和科学的方法去解决,唯有这样,避免 它带来更多损失,我们人类前进的脚步才会更加平稳,更加欢快的迈向辉煌的明天。 One object or phenomenon (negative significance inclination.) A has attracted extensive attention of the society. Nowadays, increasingly more argumentations about A can be found in TV programs, newspapers, ugogo and marry aspects of our everyday life. Since its concept covers vast fields, such as science, humanity, ideology, economy, society and nature, A is difficult to be defined, precisely and fixedly. Generally speaking ,we can describe A as follows:……. A’s status as the focus of public concern mainly results from its in negligible but harmful influence on individuals, collective, and even the whole world. It seems to have a strange power to drive some individuals or organizations to act wrongly. The essence of these wrong actions is: (1) to gain personal, short-term and partial individual interest at the expense of damaging others’ long-term and overall interest; (2) to adopt improper means to win more rewards with less input. Situating under the shadow of A, individuals /organizations and violate natural law merely to obtain temporary, or even illusory interests. However, the result may turn out to be loss of really important and valuable resource or ability.

We must keep highly alert of the problems evoked by A, because once the harmful influence accumulates to a certain degree and then spread, it will surely threaten the development of the whole society. Though with various reasons and forms, from the perspective of the essence, the problems brought by A originates from the fundamental principle of human ideology and material production. Thus, we should seek the solutions through setting foot on this principle. Due to the depth and width of A’s harmful influence, we should draft our solutiogogotematically on the basis of deep analysis of A problem. We must acquire our power from technology, management, law and culture terrorm, effectively elimin. 九、议论文的框架 (1) 不同观点列举型( 选择型 ) There is a widespread concern over the issue that __作文题目_____. But it is well known that the opinion concerning this hot topic varies from person to person. A majority of people think that _ 观点一________. In their views there are 2 factors contributing to this attitude as follows: in the first place, ___原因一_______.Furthermore, in the second place, ___原因二_____. So it goes without saying that ___观点一_____. People, however, differ in their opinions on this matter. is no Some people hold the idea that ___观点二_______. In their point of view, on the one hand, ___原因一 _______. On the other hand, ____原因二_____. Therefore, there 点二______. As far as I am concerned, I firmly support the view that __观点一或二______. It is not only because ________, but also because _________. The more _______, the more ________. (2)利弊型的议论文 Nowadays, there is a widespread concern over (the issue that)___作文题目______. In fact, there are both advantages and disadvantages in __题目议题_____. Generally speaking, it is widely believed there are several positive aspects as follows. Firstly, ___优点一______. And secondly ___优点二_____. Just As a popular saying goes, "every coin has two sides", __讨论议题______ is no exception, and in another word, it still has negative aspects. To begin with, ___缺点一______. In addition, ____缺点二______. To sum up, we should try to bring the advantages of __讨论议题____ into full play, and reduce the disadvantages to the minimum at the same time. In that case, we will definitely make a better use of the ____讨论议题___. ( 3 ) 答题性议论文


that ___观

Currently, there is a widespread concern over (the issue that)__作文题目_______ .It is really an important concern to every one of us. As a result, we must spare no efforts to take some measures to solve this problem. As we know that there are many steps which can be taken to undo this problem. First of all, __途径一______. In addition, another way contributing to success of the solving problem is ___途径二_____. Above all, to solve the problem of ___作文题目______, we should find a number of various ways. But as far as I am concerned, I would prefer to solve the problem in this way, that is to say, ____方法_____. ( 4 ) 谚语警句性议论文 It is well know to us that the proverb: " ___谚语_______" has a profound significance and value not only in our job but also in our study. It means ____谚语的含义_______. The saying can be illustrated through a series of examples as follows. ( also theoretically ) A case in point is ___例子一______. Therefore, it is goes without saying that it is of great of importance to practice the proverb ____谚语_____. With the rapid development of science and technology in China, an increasing number of people come to realize that it is also of practical use to stick to the saying: ____ 谚语_____. The more we are aware of the significance of this famous saying, the more benefits we will get in our daily study and job.. ate the shadow of A, and ensures ourselves a bright future. 十、实用性写作(申请信 ) Your address(自己的地址,由小到大) Month, Date, year(书信时间) Receiver's address(收信人地址,由小到大) Dear ..., I am extremely pleased to hear from you./ to see your advertisement for the position in .... And I would like to write a letter to tell you that.../ I am confident that I am suitable for the kind of the job you are advertising. .../ I feel I am competent to meet the requirements you have listed. On the one hand, .... On the other hand, .... I am enclosing my resume for your kind consideration and reference. I shall be much obliged if you will offer me a precious opportunity to an interview. I will greatly appreciate a response from you at your earliest convenience/ I am looking forward to your replies at your earliest convenience. Best regards for your health and success. Sincerely yours, XXX


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