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2016高考英语语法填空答题技巧


高 考 英 语 备 考 之

语 法 填 空 题
答 题 技 巧

In 1620, the Pilgrims sailed to America on the Mayflower, 试题要求 : seeking a place where they could have freedom of worship. After a

two-month voyage they landed at. During their first winter, over half of the settlers died of 阅读下面短文 , who 按照 starvation(starve). Those survived began sowing in the first spring. 和 的要求 , 在 All summer they waited for the harvests with great anxiety, knowing that their lives and the future depended 空格处填入一个适当的词或使用括号中词 on the coming harvest. With lots of hard work, they had a good (well) harvest. Therefore a day of thanksgiving 语的 填空。 was fixed. Years later (late), President of the United States declared the fourth Thursday of November as Thanksgiving Day every year. The celebration of Thanksgiving Day has been observed (observe) until today.

句子结构的 语法性 上下文连贯

正确形式

形式分类 无提示词 有提示词

无提示词
it stay in the air for 1. Raise your leg and let ____ seconds. [2014 辽宁卷]

技巧1:缺主语或宾语,填代词 或名词(多考代词)。

无提示词
an electrical engineer, spent two 2. Peter Fox, who is ____ and a half years working on the project. [2014 上海卷] his right hand out 3.The little boy pulled _____ of the pocket …

技巧2:名词前面,若没有限定词, 很可能是填限定词。(冠词、 形容词性物主代词、不定代词)

无提示词
for a few 4. The new boy looked at the teacher ____ seconds. [2012 广东卷] at 5. Don’t laugh ____ me. [2014 辽宁卷]

技巧3:句子不缺主语、表语、动
词后不缺宾语的情况下,名词或代词 前面,一定是填介词。

无提示词
6. …but pay a fair price for it; neither too much ____ nor too little. [2013 广东卷]

技巧4:若两个或几个单词或短语 之间没有连词,可能是填连词。

无提示词
7. I _____climb to the top and admired its did

beautiful scenery. 【2014课标样题】

技巧6:若结构较完整,空格后的谓语 动词是原形,很可能是填情态动词或表 示强调或倒装的助动词(do, does, did 等 )。

有提示词
8. In 1969,the pollution was terrible along the Cuyahoga River Cleveland, Ohio. It was ____(be) unimaginable that it could ever be cleaned up. [2014 全国卷Ⅰ] is equipped (equip) with security 9. The machine ____________ cameras, and looks like a mini shop with a grey roof . [2014 上海卷]

技巧7:若句中没有别的谓语,那 么所给动词就是谓语动词,就要考 虑时态语态, 及主谓一致。

有提示词
to reduce 10. It took years of work ____________(reduce ) the industrial pollution and clean the water.[2014 全国卷] wearing(wear) 11. He suddenly appeared in class one day, ______ sun glasses. [2012 广东卷]

技巧8:若句中已有谓语动词,又 不是并列谓语时,所给动词就是非 谓语动词。

动词

非谓语

谓语

to do

doing

done

时态

语态

主谓一致

有提示词
amazing (amaze) conversation. [2011 12. We had an_________ 广东卷]

patient 13. Just be ________(patience). [2014 全国卷Ⅰ]

技巧9:若名词之前,系动词之后 缺词,填形容词。

有提示词
seriously 14.There must be something __________(serious) wrong with our society. 15. The river was so polluted that it__________ actually ( actual) caught fire and burned. [2014 全国卷Ⅰ] 16. Singles are flocking(涌向) to the Internet mainly ______ (main) because their busy lifestyles leave them little

技巧10:副词修饰形容词, 动词或 整个句子

time…

有提示词
16. …the remains date from this period because of their ____________(similar) to those found similarities elsewhere. operation 17. With the large numbers of students, the ________ (operate) of the system does involve a certain amount of activity.

技巧11:形容词性物主代词及冠 词之后,为名词。

词性转换

形容词或副词

名词

名词的复数 名词

形容词

副词 反义词

比较级或最高级

Designing blanks by yourselves:
Joan: Hi, Simon. How was your trip to Lombok? Simon: Well, I was supposed to fly from London to Singapore and then to Mataram in Lombok, but the taxi I arranged turned up an hour late. I got there just in time but I found I didn’t have my passport on me. So I went back home to get it. At last I got a later flight. I had no choice but to fly to Bali and then take a ship to Lombok. Joan: Oh. What about Lombok itself? Simon: It’s very beautiful. Once I was swimming in the sea when I came across a huge fish passing by me. Suddenly it swam to ne and hurt me in the stomach. I started screaming and headed back to the beach. A taxi driver took me to the hospital where I got well treated. Joan: Ah, it’s so terrible and risky. Then how did you spend the rest of your time there? Simon: Well, the next day, I went on to drive towards the highest mountain of all in Lombok. I did climb to the top and admired its beautiful scenery. Joan: Really. That sounds great.

考点分布
考点 数量 动词(谓语/非谓语) 名词 连词(从属连词/并列连词) 介词 代词 冠词 形容词 副词

Summary:
What have we learned today?

冠词

定冠词,不定冠词, 物主代词的用法 并列句及复合句 介词的常用用法及词组搭配 谓语动词的时态及语态, 及主谓一致 非谓语动词 to do, doing, done 及变形 词汇, 构词法

连词
介词 谓语动词 非谓语 词性变化

检查搭配, 前后连贯

语法 + 语境 分析句子,确定词性
通读全文,理解大意

根据语义, 确定词形

Homework
? Finish the passage on your papersheet. ? Summarize what we have learned in a table.

2011年广东语法填空
One Sunday morning in August I went to local music festival. I left it early because I had an appointment later 16 (late) that day. My friends walked me to the bus stop and waited with me until 17 the bus arrived. I got on the bus and found a seat near the back, and then I noticed a man sitting 18 (sit) at the front. He was 19 pretending (pretend) that a tiger toy was real and giving it a voice. He must be mentally 20 (mental) disabled. Behind him were other people to whom 21 he was trying to talk, but after some minutes they 22 walked away and sat near me, looking annoyed I didn’t want to be laughed at for talking to him but I didn’t like leaving him 23 on his own either. After a while I rose from my seat and walked to the front of the bus. I sat next to the man and introduced myself. We an amazing conversation. He got off the bus before had 24 me and I felt very happy the rest of the way home. I’m glad I made a choice. It made both 25 of us feel good.


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