本试卷为高一英语试卷的笔试部分共 8 页，满分 135 分。考试用时 120 分钟。 注意事项： 1. 答卷前，考生务必用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔，将自己所在县（市、区） 、姓名、试 室号、座位号填写在答题卷上对应位置，再用 2B 铅笔
将准考证号涂黑． 2. 选择题每小题选出答案后，用 2B 铅笔把答题卷上对应题目的答案标号涂黑；如需改 动，用橡皮擦干净后，再选涂其它答案，答案不能写在试卷或草稿纸上． 3. 非选择题必须用黑色字迹的钢笔或签字笔作答，答案必须写在答题卷各题目指定区 域内相应的位置上；如需改动，先划掉原来的答案，然后再在答题区内写上新的答案；不准 使用铅笔和涂改液．不按以上要求作答的答案无效．
I．阅读理解 （共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分）
阅读下列短文，从每题所给的 A.B.C 和 D 项中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A Buy Nothing Day
Most people buy a lot of gifts just before Christmas. But some people think we buy too much. They have started a special day called Buy Nothing Day. They don’t want anyone to go shopping that day. Buy Nothing Day is November 29. It’s 25 days before Christmas. It’s after Thanksgiving and often the first day of Christmas shopping. At this time, we see ads in newspapers and on TV telling us to “buy, buy, buy!” The idea for Buy Nothing Day started in Vancouver, British Columbia. Now people all over the world celebrate Buy Nothing Day. In California, parents and children get together to read stories, sing songs, and paint pictures. The children talk about why they don’t need a lot of toys. This year, in Manchester, England, people dressed up to tell people that we buy too much. In Albuquerque, New Mexico, high school students wanted to tell other students about Buy Nothing Day. They organized a spaghetti dinner to give people information about Buy Nothing Day. They asked restaurants in the neighborhood to donate the food. They made posters and talked to other students about it. The dinner was a big success, and many students agreed not to buy anything on November 29. The students at high school liked the idea of this new tradition. Next year, they want to have another dinner to tell more people about Buy Nothing Day!
1. Why do people all over the world celebrate Buy Nothing Day? A. People need more time to do other things. B. People buy too many gifts for Christmas.
C. People can hardly afford to buy a lot of gifts. D. People waste too much time going shopping. 2. How do people celebrate Buy Nothing Day? A. In California, parents and children get together to play games. B. In Mexico, high school students dressed up. C. In England, people celebrated by performing plays. D. They bought nothing and made the others decide not to. 3. What did the students do in New Mexico for the day? A. They talked to others about Buy Nothing Day. B. They dressed up to tell people that we buy too much. C. They organized a spaghetti dinner to donate the food. D. They got together to read stories, sing songs, and paint pictures.
I wasn't interested in becoming a model at first. I worked as a receptionist in a beauty shop during high school. It was in South Dakota. A woman who had worked for Vogue—a famous fashion magazine said to me, “Why don't you go to New York and be a model?” So I went to New York at eighteen. I went to the first model agency, they thought that I was too long-waisted. It was too bad since I came all the way from South Dakota. I did an information check on the internet and found that Hunting Hartford had just bought the agency. I looked up in the telephone book and dialed. Then I went there. About half an hour later, the man who had just taken over the agency—he had been a male model before—came in. I was just staring at this unfamiliar man when he said, “You! Come into my office!” How do you feel as a fashion model? Quite OK, I should say. But you stop thinking when you are working. It takes a lot of nervous energy as well because the camera goes one, two, three very fast and you have to move very fast. I like my job because it gives me freedom. I can have half a day off to do things I like. I can't do that if I do a normal job. I never like becoming a secretary. They have to sit in the office for eight hours a day, facing the same people. Most models, after one or two years, can't be still very interested in it. But I like being a model. Maybe I was a born one, as many people say. 4. Who inspired the author's desire to become a model? A. A woman customer in the beauty shop. B. Hunting Hartford.
C. The author herself.
D. The author's father.
5. Why didn't the author return to South Dakota when she was first refused? A. Because she had a strong desire to become a model. B. Because she liked to be a receptionist at a beauty shop. C. Because Hunting Hartford asked her not to go back. D.Because South Dakota is far away from New York. 6.Why did the author like being a model? A. Because she liked the woman customer. C. Because she liked to have a regular work schedule. Hartford. 7.What can we learn from the passage? A. Perseverance leads to your success. important. C. Both A and B. D. Becoming a model is quite easy. B. Finding a job you like to do is B. Because she liked the freedom. D. Because she liked Hunting
Brothers Ishmael and Isadore were complete opposites. People who knew them both could hardly believe they were from the same planet, let alone the same family. The boys were not unkind toward one another, but their personalities（个性）were so different that it was difficult for them to reach a decision they both liked. Their mother frequently played the judge in their disagreement. Ishmael, the older brother,was athletic. He played baseball, football, and basketball.Isadore, the younger brother, hated sports. He was quieter and less active than his brother. He preferred spending his time on the computer, making short videos and writing short articles. Ishmael loved classic rock. He listened to bands like the Beatles. Isadore didn’t care much for those bands. He preferred music from Central Africa. Luckily for their parents, both boys enjoyed listening to music through headphones. One other thing the brothers did agree on was that they wanted a pet. Mom had resisted getting one, but after both brothers had begged, she finally agreed.“We can get a pet, as long as you two take care of it,” she said.That means you do the feeding, you do the training, and if it needs to be walked, you do the walking. “No problem, Mom,”Ishmael and Isadore said together. “Good, we all agree,” Mom said. “Now, what kind of pet are we going to get?” 8.The two brothers’ mother often had to be the judge when they ______. A. played basketball B. had writing contests
C. couldn’t come to an agreement
D. couldn’t reach a decision on headphones
9. The underlined word“resisted”in the last paragraph probably means“_______”. A. disagreed with B. insisted on C. regretted D. suggested
10. What will probably happen next? A. The brothers will both want a pet to play sports with. B. The brothers can’t agree on what pet to get. C. The brothers will both be unkind to the pet. D. The brothers can’t agree on the pet’s name. 11. Which of the following is the best title for the passage? A. brothers and their pet C. brothers of different personalities B. brothers and their life D. brothers of different hobbies
D In 1974, the price of petrol in Britain rose by 120 percent; cars became expensive to run and train and bus fares increased. People who hadn't used a bicycle since they were children decided that they would buy bicycles.They discovered that cycling could be enjoyable and cheap． Bicycle sales had been falling for many years but suddenly everything changed．In 1975, British people spent more than one million on bicycles. Bicycle traffic increased by 11 percent． Bicycle fans compare the cost of running a car with the cost of running a bicycle．They also say bicycle-riding is a good form of exercise.In towns bicycles can often be faster than cars or buses．The bicyclists can ride through traffic jams and at the end of his journey he doesn't have to look for a parking space． Cycling through the countryside is a real pleasure; the cyclist has time to see things that the motorist, driving at over 100 kilometers an hour, never sees． But in the cities, cycling can be dangerous.You need good concentration(专心)and strong nerves, especially when a truck or a bus is trying to pass you． Since cycling became popular again, there has been an increase in the number of accidents． Cyclists say the answer to the problem is to separate bicycles from other traffic． Stevenage, a new town near London, has a system of “bikeways”, where only bicycles are allowed to travel.However, in most towns, cyclists say, the needs of the bicycle riders are overlooked．Cyclists have formed into “action groups” in many towns in Britain．They want to persuade local councils－who are in charge of the roads and traffic in their areas－to make sure there are safe facilities(设施)for cyclists．Or, they say, interest in cycling will die． 12．Today the Britain want to ride bikes because _________. A.trains and buses are too crowded
B.the cost of riding bikes is much cheaper than that of taking trains or buses C.there are a lot of thieves on the trains or in the buses D.the traffic accidents easily happen while people go to work by train or by bus 13. What is special about traffic in Britain today? A. More and more people ride bikes. B. More and more people like to take trains. C. Taking trains is much safer than taking buses. D. No people like to take buses. 14. The main reason for so many people’s riding bikes in England is that _______. A. bike-riding does good to people B. a bike is easy to take care of C. a bike is much cheaper than a car D. there is no need of a parking place for a bike 15. Riding bikes has many strong points, but when it becomes popular _______. A. a lot of bikes will be crowded in the public places B. a lot of bus-drivers and trainmen are out of work C. fewer and fewer people will take a train D. there will easily be more and more traffic accidents
II 语言知识及运用（共两节，满分 45 分）
第一节：完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从 16—35 各题所给的 A、B、C 和 D 项中，选出最佳 选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Many years ago, I was working at my job at a community college(社区大学) when a homeless woman came in. She began room. 17 16 as she lay on one of the sofas in the student rest
, she wasn't well. Without thinking too much I went next door to the Student 18 in the Lost and Found box. I 20 19 up a set
Affairs office where I knew I could find
of clothing and went back to my office, when I that I should not her 22 21
a colleague calling me. She told me
this person, as it would only lead to her wanting more help. I refused 23 my co-worker's warning . 24 and
and went back to help the woman,
Two weeks later, while I was working, a very cute elderly man entered my asked to speak with me in private. Curiously, I gave him my full had happened to hear my 26 25
and he told me that he 27 woman. He
with the co-worker about helping the
wanted me to know that it was always okay to help people and that was why he wanted to give me a 28 for $1,000. I burst into tears, not only because I 29 needed the money
at the time, but also because I had never been We soon became good me he wanted to help me 31 32
in such a way for helping someone!
and 10 years later he called me up suddenly and told my first home! He 33 giving me $120,000 as part
payment for my dream house in my home town. I asked him why he wanted to give me such a large amount of money and he said it was because I was a “giver” and that I did not hesitate（犹豫）to help a 16. A. smiling 17. A. Luckily 18. A. clothes 19. A. gave 20. A. saw 21. A. ignore 22. A. advice 23. A. more than 24. A. home 25. A. energy 26. A. disagreement 27. A. young 28. A. support 29. A. anxiously 30. A. recognized 31. A. colleagues 32. A. build 33. A. came out 34. A. deserved 35. A. hopeless B. talking B. Clearly B. books B. turned B. heard B. disturb B. request B. rather than B. office B. love B. discussion B. old B. check B. eagerly B. measured B. competitors B. buy B. ended up B. wanted B. careless 34 it! To
make a long story short, I was able to buy the perfect little home for myself, all because one day I 35 woman. C. shouting C. Strangely C. food C. gathered C. noticed C. value C. plan C. in spite of C. classroom C. care C. fight C. sick C. tip C. hardly C. taught C .partners C. rent C. carried on C. needed C. homeless D. coughing D. Sadly D. medicine D. made D. listened D. help D. offer D. apart from D. dormitory D. attention D. quarrel D. wealthy D. promise D. really D. praised D. friends D. repair D. resulted in D. enjoyed D. selfless
第二节： 语法填空（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 阅读下面短文，按照句子结构的语法性和上下文连贯的要求，在空格处填入一个适当 的词或使用括号中词语的正确形式填空，并将答案填写在答题卡上标号为 36—45 的相应位 置上。 There is much discussion about the necessity of daily homework for students. Some say homework is necessary since only practice 36 (make) perfect, while others disagree. In
my opinion, daily homework is necessary for students. However, this might be misleading that one may believe all forms of homework 37 (be) necessary. Actually, only proper amount of
homework in proper form is students, but on 39
( accept); some homework may not only fail to help the
contrary bore them so much that they may lose their interest in 40 (vary) in its forms, 41
studying. “ Proper ” homework, in my opinion, should
might be some extensive reading, a paper, or even just a game, as well as other ordinary exercise. And it should leave enough 42 (free) to the students so that they could do things they
really like to do with self-motivation, rather than unwillingness. We should always remember that homework is something for us to guide the students, rather than teacher students. 44 (keep) this 45 43 (drive) them. Only if a
his/her mind, the homework could be of most help to the
III. 用以下所给英语词语造句，并将答案填写在答题卡上的相应位置（共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 46.a great number of 49. rely on 47.lose heart 50.in search of 48.make up one’s mind
IV. 将以下中文句子翻译成英语，并将答案填写在答题卡上的相应位置（共 5 小题；每小 题 4 分，满分 20 分） 51.我一直等到非关窗不可的时候才下楼去。 52.在 1976 年 7 月 28 日凌晨 3 点左右，有些人看到天上一道道明亮的光。 53.别的国家不能参加，奴隶和妇女也不能。 54.他们如此受欢迎，以致歌迷们为了更熟悉他们而成立了俱乐部。 55.工作人员为那些家园被毁的幸存者盖起了避难所。 （用定语从句翻译） V．写作 （共两节，满分 30 分） 第一节：单句改错。下列句子中每句有一处错误，指出并改正。 （共 5 小题；每小题 2 分， 满分 10 分） 增加：在缺词处加一个漏词符号（∧）并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线(＼)划掉。 修改：在错的词下面划一横线，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
56.It was the first time that I have earned money on my own. 57.We were surprised that the little boy succeed in raising such a big stone. 58.The day we looked forward to come at last.
59.He was late for school because of he missed the bus and had to walk to school. 60.The poor child lost his mother two years before he was born.
第二节：书面表达(共 1 题；满分 20 分) 请根据以下的说明内容，使用连贯的英语句子写一篇短文。 假如你是新华中学的高一学生李华，你的美国朋友 Tom 给你发电子邮件，询问你对高 中生活的感受和你对新的一年的打算。请根据以下要点给他回封邮件。 【写作内容】 1. 对高中生活的感受； 2. 对新的一年的打算（如学习，交友，感恩父母等） 。 【写作要求】 1.字数在 100 字左右。开头与结尾已给出，不计入总词数； 2.可适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。 Dear Tom， How is everything going on with you?
I am looking forward to hearing from you. Wish you happy! Yours sincerely, Li Hua 【评分标准】 句子结构准确，信息内容完整，篇章结构连贯。
肇庆市中小学教学质量评估 2015—2016 学年第一学期统一检测试题 高一英语笔试部分参考答案
1.B 2. D 3.A 4. A 5. D 6. B 7. C 8.C 9.A 10.B 11.C 12.B 13.A 14.A 15.D
16—20 DBACB 21—25 DACBD 26—30 ACBDA (第二节) 31—35 DBBAC
36. makes 41. which
37. are 42. freedom
38. acceptable 43. drive
39. the 44. keeps
40. vary 45. in
III. 46-50 答案略 IV. 将以下中文句子翻译成英语。 51.I didn’t go downstairs until the window had to be shut.(U1,B1) 52.At about 3:00 am on July 28,1976, some people saw bright lights in the shy.(U4,B1) 53.No other countries could join in, nor could slaves or women.(U2,B2) 54.They were so popular that their fans formed clubs in order to get more familiar with them.(U5,B2) 55.Workers built shelters for survivors whose homes had been destroyed.(U4,B1) V．写作 (第一节) 56.It was the first time that I have earned money on my own. had 57.We were surprised that the little boy succeed in raising such a big stone. succeeded 58.The day we looked forward to come at last. came 59.He was late for school because of he missed the bus and had to walk to school. 60.The poor child lost his mother two years before he was born. after (第二节) One possible version: Dear Tom， How is everything going on with you? It has been half a year since I became a senior one student. I feel it an honor to be a student here, because there are many excellent teachers and outstanding students. I’m also fond of the learning environment here, where we can compete and learn from each other. What upsets me is that although I have tried my best to study hard, I still find it hard to catch
up with my classmates. I’m especially poor in English, so in the coming new year, I’ll study harder. In addition, I’ll learn to share housework with my parents who give all their love and care to me. I am looking forward to hearing from you. Wish you happy! Yours sincerely, Li Hua