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【2014届高三一轮复习英语精品资料 题库语法练习(新课标专用)专题五 动词和动词短语Word版含解析]

1.The headmaster will________ a speech to the visiting foreign guests this afternoon. A.deliver C.announce B.address D.declare

解析:句意:今天下午校长将要对来访的外宾发表讲话。deliver 发表;deli

ver a speech 发表演讲;address sb.对某人讲话,对某人发表演说;announce 宣布,通告;declare 宣告, 声明。 答案:A 2. He worked hard before the college entrance examination, and it ________.His dream to go to college came true. A.showed off C.put off B.paid off D.took off

解析:句意:在高考前他努力学习,他的勤奋奏效了,他实现了上大学的梦想。pay off 意为“(计划等)取得成功”,符合句意。show off“炫耀”;put off“推迟”;take off“脱掉;起飞”。 答案:B 3.After a long journey across the whole country from north to south, they found themselves as well as their clothes ________. A.picked out C.made out B.called out D.worn out

解析:考查动词短语。wear out 既可指“衣服、鞋等的磨损”,又可指“人精疲力竭”。句 意:经过漫长的从北向南的全国旅行之后,他们发现自己精疲力竭,连衣服都磨破了。pick out“挑选出”;call out“叫出来”;make out“识别出,辨认出”。 答案:D 4.Internet shopping is really________ when people are sure of its safety. A.taking off C.setting off B.taking up D.setting up


流行起来。take off 表示“迅速流行” ;take up 表示“从事,占据” ;set off 表示“出发” ;set up 表 示“建造,建立” 。根据语意选 A 项。 答案:A 5.We have to ________ the wheat as soon as possible because a storm is on the way. A.get away C.get through B.get across D.get in

解析:句意:暴风雨就要来了,我们得尽快地把麦子收起来。get in 意为“收割;收获”, 符合语意。get away“离开;去度假”;get across“使(某事)传播或为人理解”;get through“与某 人(通过电话)联系”,均不符合语境。 答案:D 6. I didn't like the soap opera at first, but when I started watching one, I immediately became ________ it. A.accustomed to C.opposed to B.addicted to D.allergic to

解析:考查动词词组辨析。句意为:我起初不喜欢肥皂剧,但看了一个后我马上就上瘾 了。这里用 become addicted to 表示“对……上瘾/入迷” ;become accustomed to 表示“习惯 于……” ;become opposed to 表示“反对……” ;become allergic to 则表示“对……过敏” 。根据语 意选 B 项。 答案:B 7.The Dtrain accident has once again ________ our awareness that safety should always come first in the process of development. A.raised C.claimed B.spotted D.placed

解析:考查动词辨析。语意表示“动车事故再次提高了我们的意识” ,raise 表示“提高” ,符 合语意。 答案:A 8.Mrs Black told her children to ________ for bones when they were eating fish.

A.look on C.look up

B.look into D.look out

解析:句意:布莱克太太告诉她的孩子们在吃鱼时要小心鱼刺。 look out for 意为“小 心……,当心……”,故选 D 项。look into 意为“往……里面看;调查”;look up 意为“抬头 看;查找”;look on 意为“旁观”。 答案:D 9.Everyone in the village hoped that he would________ after a few days' treatment. A.pick up C.keep up B.come up D.make up

解析:句意为:村里的每一个人都希望他能在几天的治疗后康复。pick up 好转,恢复; come up 走上前来,发芽,发生;keep up 保持;make up 编造,弥补,化装,构成。 答案:A 10.She is working hard all day long,which will surely________ her success in her future work. A.result from C.benefit from B.contribute to D.stick to

解析:考查动词词组辨析。语意表示“她整天努力工作,这肯定会有助于她未来工作的 成功” 。这里 contribute to 表示“导致,有助于” ;result from 表示“因……发生” ;benefit from 表 示“从……中获益” ;stick to 则表示“坚持” 。根据句意,选 B 项。 答案:B 11. Emergency line operators must always ________ calm and make sure that they get all the information they need to send help. A.grow C.become B.appear D.stay

解析:句意:急诊热线的接线员们必须一直保持冷静,并确保得到他们所需的所有信息 以便派出救助。A 项 grow 和 C 项 become 都表示“变化”,与 always 意义不符合;appear 作 系动词,表示“好像,似乎”之意,不符合题意。系动词 stay 意为“保持”,符合题意。 答案:D

12 . Some adverts, like the environmental protection advertisements, ________ to our conscience or desire to be worthy citizens. A.adapt C.adopt B.appeal D.adjust

解析:句意:一些广告,像环境保护的广告,能唤起我们成为值得尊敬的公民的良知或 愿望。 appeal to 意为“唤起”, 符合语意。 adapt to 和 adjust to 都意为“适应”; adopt 意为“收养, 领养;采用”,均不符合语境。 答案:B 13.The story of the homeless orphan has ________ sympathy from the public. A.aroused C.raised B.risen D.arisen

解析:句意:这个无家可归的孤儿的故事引起了公众的同情。arouse 意为“引起,激起, 唤醒”,符合语意。rise 意为“上升,上涨”;raise 意为“抬高,举起;饲养;提出;筹集”;arise 意为“发生,产生”,均不符合语意,故排除。 答案:A 14.The idea of travelling abroad really________ a lot of Chinese people.That's why every year witnesses more people applying for passports. A.takes to C.attends to B.caters to D.appeals to

解析:本题考查动词短语。根据题中的后一句可知,出国旅游吸引了很多中国人,因此 选择 appeal to(吸引)。cater to 迎合,满足某人的要求;attend to 照看,处理;take to 开始喜 欢。 答案:D 15.I admire her very much in that she successfully ________ her career and family life. A.accepts C.combines B.receives D.collects

解析:考查动词辨析。语意:我非常佩服她,因为她能成功地兼顾事业和家庭。combine sth. and/with sth. 表示“同时做(两件或两件以上的事),兼办” ,符合语意。


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