Unit 1 A land of diversity
运用词汇(会认， means majority hardship percentage applicant punishment elect occur 会写，理解意 indicate hire racial apparent civil thankful nowhere 思，会运用
) by means of the Internet 通过互联网方式 gain independence from...从??获得独立 make a life 习惯于新的生活方式、工作等 back to back 背对背 mark out 标出 take in 吸收/包括 live on...靠??生存 与本单元词汇 相关的作文常 a great many students 许多学生 用表达 apply for the job 申请这份工作 keep up their Danish culture 保持他们的丹麦文化 An idea occurred to me.我想到一个主意。 team up with our geography teacher 与我们的地理老师合作 a large percentage of students in our class 我们班大多数的学生 It is likely that Guangzhou Tower will be elected to be one of the most famous eight tourist spots.广州塔很可能入选广州八大旅游景点之一。
Noun hardship 苦难；困苦 indication 指示； indicator 指示器 race 种族； racism 种族歧视； racialist 种族主义者 immigration 移民； immigrant 移民 socialist 社会主义者； socialism 社会主义
Verb harden 使变硬 indicate 指出；标示； 表明；暗示
Adjective hard 艰难的 indicative 暗示的
Adverb hard 辛苦地
immigrate 移民 social 社会的；社交的； socialist 社会主义者的
mourn 哀悼；悼念； 表示悲痛
根据所给的中文或首字母填写单词。 1．The snow ________________ (表明) the coming of winter. indicates immigration 2．There are strict controls on ________________ (移民) into this country. occurred 3 . That plane crash ________________ take-off. only minutes after
percentage 4．Television attracts a large ________________ (百分比) of
justice 5．He has a good overall sense of ________________ (正义) and fairness. socialist 6．His father was an ardent ________________ (社会学家)． racial 7 . Nowadays ________________ ( 种 族 的 ) discrimination still exists in the world.
means of a pipe. 8．The water may be carried by _______________
marked 9．They ________________ paint. hardship 10．After years of worry and ________________ (苦难), her health broke.
out the tennis court with white
1．多数人喜欢电视胜过广播。 The majority of people ________________________ seem to prefer TV to radio. 2．因为工资低，几乎没有人申请这份工作。 applicants for the job As the wages were low, there were few __________________. 3．电子邮件不是一种安全的通讯方式。 a secure means of communication E-mail is not _____________________________. 4．她把书签(bookmark)插入书中。 inserted a bookmark into the book. She ________________________
made a life He ________________________ soon in this strange city. 6．没有人喜欢与懒惰的人合作。 team up with Nobody likes to ________________________ lazy persons. 7．他用油漆标记了篮球场。 marked out He ______________________ the basketball court with paint.
live on water and bread when I was a student. I had to ________________________
9．他从那本文法书中引用了许多例子。 a great/good many examples from the He has extracted ________________________ grammar book. 10．联合王国包括英格兰、威尔士、苏格兰和北爱尔兰。 The United Kingdom ________________________ England, takes in
Wales, Scotland and Northern Ireland.
原句 1 Although Chinese immigrants began to arrive during
the Gold Rush Period, it was the building of the rail network from
the west to the east coast that brought even larger numbers to California in the 1860s.虽然中国移民在淘金热时期就开始来到 (美国)，但是更大批量的移民却是在 19 世纪 60 年代为了修建 贯穿美国东西海岸的铁路而来的。 结构：让步状语从句＋强调句
1．虽然他妹妹和他没有血缘关系，但是洪战辉他自己却坚 持背她上大学。这件事感动了整个中国。 Although his young sister has no blood relationship with him, __________________________________________________ it is Hong Zhanhui himself that/who insists on carrying her on __________________________________________________ __________________________________________________ his back to college, which moves the whole China.
2．虽然天气很冷，但是兵贵神速(swiftness is the key in the war)的理念促使部队急行军。 Although/Though it was extremely cold, it was the belief of __________________________________________________
“swiftness is the key in the war” that urged the troop to make __________________________________________________ rapid march. __________________________________________________
原句 2 It is believed that before long the mix of nationalities
will be so great that there will be no distinct major racial or cultural
groups, but simply a mixture of many races and cultures. 人 们 认 为，要不了多久，多民族的融合就会非常深入，以至于不可能 存在一种主要的种族或文化群体，而只是多种族、多文化的混 合体。 结构：It is＋v.-ed＋that-clause
It's reported that a new regulation has taken into effect. __________________________________________________ 4．人们相信地球的气候在这一百来年中发生了改变，这种
变化如此明显以至于不容忽视。 It's believed that in the past a hundred years the climate on __________________________________________________ the earth has changed so obviously that it can't be ignored. __________________________________________________
运用本单元的短语和句型用 5 个句子把下面的段落翻译成 英文，并背诵之。 像很多父母一样希望自己的女儿或儿子的发展有前途，刘
她父母的初衷是好的，尽管有思乡、语言障碍和文化冲击等困 难，她试图适应新的生活。她被一个寄宿家庭接收，这使她学 到了许多关于日常生活的事情并提高了她的英语。一个学期后， 刘璇不仅已经习惯了那里的一切而且成功申请到爱丁堡大学学 习的奖学金。当被问到关于留学的感受时，刘璇骄傲地说正是 坚持和毅力使她度过了那些艰难的时光。
Like a good many parents expecting their daughters or sons with promising future, Liu Xuan's parents sent her, still a high school student, to study in Britain.Liu Xuan, who well understood her parents' good intention, tried to make a life there in spite of disadvantages such as, being homesick, language obstacles and cultural shock.She was taken in by a host family, which made her learn a lot about everyday life and improved greatly her English as well.A semester later, not only had Liu Xuan been accustomed to everything there but managed to apply for a scholarship to study in University of Edinburgh.When asked the feelings about studying abroad, Liu Xuan said proudly it was persistence and perseverance that made her get through that hard time.
语法填空 专题九 定语从句 主要考查的知识点：引导定语从句的关系代词和关系副词
的选择，非限制性定语从句，由 whose, where, when, that, as 和 “介词＋关系代词”引导的定语从句是高考的热点。
重点复习：①when 引导的定语从句。②where 引导的定语 从句和地点状语从句、表语从句的区别。③which 引导非限制 性定语从句时(句子作先行词)和并列句的区别。④as 引导的定 语从句“such...as, the same...as”，以及和目的结果状语从句的辨 别。⑤分隔式定语从句的识别。⑥能够区别定语从句和同位语 从句。
【活学活用】 On December 19th, 2006, an airbus took off on time from the capital airport of Saudi Arabia.After about an hour's (1)________ (fly), something strange happened in the plane. The passengers (2)________ (enjoy) themselves when a small rat stole out from the bag of a young man, which makes the young
woman nearby (3)________ (alarm) with loud screaming.Then more and more rats came out of the bag.All the passengers became out of order, especially the women and the children.The steward
(机长) managed to get in touch with (4)________ control center on the ground.With the order from the ground, the plane (5)________ (succeed) landed at the nearest airport.
As soon as the plane was on the ground, all the passengers got
off.Then seven specialists got on (6)________ (catch) these small creatures.Many means had been tried but (7)________ of them were good enough to catch the rats. At last they tried to fill in the plane with carbon-dioxide, (8)________ poisoned all the eighty rats by the poisonous gas.
It (9)________ (report) that the young man wanted to carry
these rats to another city and sell them (10)________ pets but no one had expected that these small creatures succeeded in escaping from the bag.
答案：本文是一篇记叙文。讲述在一次飞行中，由于一个 乘客携带的老鼠的捣乱，引起了其他乘客的恐慌，从而导致飞 机迫降的故事。
1．flight 名词所有格修饰名词，故填 fly 的名词形式 flight。 2．were enjoying 句中主句部分缺失谓语，故应填动词，
且根据 when 引导的时间状语从句可知应用过去进行时。
3．alarmed 这里表示状态，故应用形容词作 make 的宾语 补足语，且 alarm 与宾语 the young women 构成动宾关系，故填 alarmed。 4．the 表特指地面控制中心，故用定冠词 the。
修饰动词 landed，要用动词 succeed 的副
6．to catch 动词不定式作目的状语。
7．none 根据转折连词 but 以及下文可知，这些专家没能 抓住老鼠，故填表示完全否定的 none。
8 ．which 这是一个非限制性定语从句，故用关系代 词
which 引导。 9．was reported it is/was reported that...是一个固定句型，
意为“据报道??”，且全文都是过去时，故填 was reported。
10．as 表示“作为”用介词 as。