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【备考2014】(江苏专用)2013版高中英语 素能提升演练(十六) Unit1 Laughter is good for you 译林牛津版

选修 6 Ⅰ. 单词拼写 1. People had no ___________(先前的) information to guide them in this respect. 2. Since you can’t operate the machine, why not look up the ___________(说明书)? 3. Everyone arrived late at the party for a __________(各种) of reasons. 4. Premier Wen’s speech was welcomed with a ________________(突发,迸发,爆发) of applause. 5. Young people’s ____________ (消遣活动) should be directed into proper channels. 6. The director and the actors were rehearsing the play again and again because they would ___________ (上演) it the next evening. 7. Why can’t you give me a ____________(肯定的)answer? “Yes” or “No”. 8. The girl was so angry that she _____________(撕) the letter into pieces. 9. The Royal Swedish ____________ (研究院) of Sciences announced the winners this week. 10. Don’t _________(怒目而视) at your brother. You deserved the scolding. Ⅱ. 翻译句子 1. 两个星期以来她每天晚上都给吉姆打电话。(现在完成进行时) ______________________________________________________________ 2. 罗斯作为作家比作为歌手名声要大。(be famous as. . . ) _______________________________________________________________ 3. 李磊被开除的原因是工作马虎。(表语从句) ________________________________________________________________ 4. 现在我可以步行去上班,而不必开车了。(instead of) _________________________________________________________________ 5. 无论发生什么,我们都不会失去信心。(whatever. . . ) _________________________________________________________________ Ⅲ. 单项填空 1. [2012 嘉兴模拟]More and more people choose to shop in a supermarket because

Unit 1

I really want to know

it offers a great _______ of goods. A. variety C. combination B. connection D. mixture

2. [2012 长沙模拟] When he fell into the pond, I couldn’t help but burst out_______. A. laughing C. to laugh B. laugh D. laughter

3. [2012 南昌模拟]—You’ve been driving for hours.Shall I_______? —No, that’s OK. I enjoy driving and I know you hate it, especially on the

highway. A. take back C. take over 4. —Is Peter there? —_______, please. . . . I’m afraid she is out. A. Hold up C. Hold out B. Hold on D. Hold off B. take on D. take up

5. Each time we celebrate a festival it changes a little and in that way we keep our culture_______. A. live B. lively C. alive D. living

6. _______is the power of the Internet that you can get whatever you want in no time. A. So B. This C. That D. Such

7. _______ she couldn’t understand was_______ fewer and fewer students showed interest in her lessons. A. What; why C. What; because B. That; what D. Why; that

8. The pandas are very dear to human beings. So people have been doing_______ they take to save them. A. whichever C. whatever B. however D. whoever

9. —I believe it is the only solution to this problem. —That’s debatable, I think. I can _______five other solutions as good as that.

A.come up with C.live up with

B.make up with D.keep up with

10. [2012 嘉兴模拟]The teacher has a tendency to get off topic; sometimes it is difficult for students to _______what he is saying. A. make sense C. make up B. make for D. make out

11. [2012 温州模拟]He looks so weak and pale_______ suffering from a serious illness. A. as if C. now that B. as long as D. even if

12. —Mr. Green will replace Mr. White as our headmaster. You know, he is very strict. —Oh, my God! We must_______ ourselves. A. behave B. care C. enjoy D. amuse

13. I’m planning to hold a party in the open air, but I can make no_______ because it depends on the weather. A. promises C. progress B. guarantees D. decisions

14. I think your bookshelf is too high. I can’t reach a book on top even when I_______my hand. A. hold back C. hold out B. hold on D. hold up

15. [2012 济南模拟]We moved to Shanghai in 2000, and from then on we_______ in this house. A. will live C. have been living Ⅳ. 完形填空 What do Chinese college graduates have in common with ants? The recent 1 Tribes about the life of some young people university, describes the graduates, 2 flock (群集) to Beijing after as smart but 4 Ant 3 as

B. had lived D. are living

like ants,

individuals, drawing strength from living together in communities. The book, which is based 5 two years’ of interviews with about 600 6 in mid-September, about a month

low-income college graduates in Beijing,

ahead of an announcement by the Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security that 74% of the 6. 11 million new graduates from universities and colleges had been by Sept. 1. The book’s chief editor, Lian Si, tells that piece of statistic says 9 8 7

about the real situation for many of these graduates.“I am always

how many

of these employed college graduates are leading a happy life, ” Lian said.“I hope this book could offer a window on these graduates, known. ” The setting of the book is several so-called “settlement villages for college students” in the outskirts(市郊) of Beijing, graduates businesses, 15 12 14 where a large 13 11 of college whose stories are 10

. Most of these graduates work for

or medium-sized

less than 2, 000 yuan a month.They live together because it’s

: The rent in these communities is only around 350 yuan a month.Many of them

travel several hours a day for short-term jobs or job interviews. Tangjialing, a small 16 3, 000 17 villagers, 20 kilometers from Tian’anmen Square, has around but has become a 19 18 for more than 50, 000

migrants (移民), most of whom

from universities or colleges all over the as five or six-storey buildings built

country.Lian describes the students’ 20

by local farmers with 12 rooms on each floor and two or three people crammed (挤) together in each room of about 10 square meters.Up to 70 or 80 people share the same toilet and kitchen. 1. A. film 2. A. who 3. A. leaving C. visiting 4. A. necessary C. important B. story B. what C. book C. which D. magazine D. whose B. entering D. enjoying B. meaningless D. strong

5. A. in 6. A. came up C. came along 7. A. fired C. employed 8. A. much 9. A. wondering C. studying 10. A. seldom 11. A. deal 12. A. work 13. A. small C. famous 14. A. earning C. shopping 15. A. expensive C. cheap 16. A. city C. community 17. A. original 18. A. school C. home 19. A. come 20. A. lives C. buildings Ⅴ. 书面表达

B. On

C. at B. came on D. came out

D. for

B. interviewed D. trained B. Little C. some D. more B. researching D. telling B. well B. plenty B. go C. always C. amount C. relax D. often D. number D. live B. big D. unknown B. thinking D. paying B. comfortable D. convenient B. town D. village B. young C. rich D. poor B. hotel D. company B. differ C. graduate D. suffer B. dormitories D. restaurants

[2012 无锡模拟] 最近,上海博物馆宣布免费开放。消息传出,博物馆每天被闻讯涌来的上万名游客挤得 近乎“爆棚”。 这一现象引发了各方的热烈讨论: 博物馆该不该免费开放?下图是某网站进 行的一次社会调查, 请你根据图示用英语给该网站的英语栏目写一篇短文介绍调查结果, 并

为三种不同的意见拟写各自的理由。 注意: 1. 词数 150 左右(文章开头已经给出,但不计入总词数); 2. 可以适当发挥,以使行文连贯。

Recently a survey entitled “Should museums be free to the public? ” has been conducted to find out people’s attitudes towards this question. ________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________

答案解析 Ⅰ.1.previous burst 5. amusement 6. perform 7. positive 8. tore 2. instructions 3. variety 4.

9. Academy

10. glare

Ⅱ. 1. She has been phoning Jim every night for the past two weeks. 2. Rose was more famous as a writer than as a singer. 3. The reason why Li Lei was dismissed is that he was careless. 4. Now I can walk to work instead of going by car. 5. Whatever happens, we shall never lose heart. Ⅲ.1.【解析】选 A。考查名词辨析。句意:越来越多的人选择在超市购物,因为它提供各 种各样的商品。a variety of 各种各样的,符合句意。

2.【解析】选 A。考查 burst out 的用法。句意:他掉进池塘时,我情不自禁地大笑起来。 burst out 意为“突然出现,爆发”,后跟 v. -ing 作宾语,故答案选 A。 【变式备选】 Seeing my old friends after 20 years, I felt as if my heart would________joy. A. burst by C. bursting by B. burst with D. bursting with

【解析】选 B。考查 burst 的用法。句意:二十年后看到老朋友,我高兴得心花怒放。burst with 充满(怒气,自豪感,活力等);burst with joy 心花怒放。 3.【解析】选 C。句意:——你已经开车几个小时了。我替你好吗?——没关系,不用了。 我喜欢开车,而且我知道你不喜欢开车,尤其是在公路上。take back 收回;take on 雇用; 呈现;承担;take over 接管,接替;take up 占据;从事;拿起。 【变式备选】 My study of biology has ________ much of my spare time, but it has given me a great deal of enjoyment. A. taken in C. taken up B. taken down D. taken away

【解析】选 C。考查动词短语辨析。句意:生物科的学习占去了我大量的业余时间,但是也 给了我很大的乐趣。take up 占据(时间、空间等),符合句意。take in 吸收;领会,理解; 欺骗;take down 记下,拿下;拆卸;take away 拿走,带走。 4.【解析】选 B。考查短语辨析。根据上下文语境,这是打电话用语。hold on 表示让对方 稍等一下,符合题意。 5.【解析】选 C。考查形容词辨析。句意:每次我们庆祝节日,都有点变化,就这样将我们 的文化保留下来。keep sth. 【变式备选】 —What a pity! I’ve not got a ticket for the football match. —Don’t worry. A. lively It’ll be broadcast________. C. alive D. live alive 固定词组,意为“使??保留下来/仍然存在”。

B. living

【解析】选 D。考查词语辨析。答句句意为:别担心,它将会现场直播的。live 可用作副词, 意为“现场直播”。 6.【解析】选 D。句意:这就是网络的力量,你可以立刻得到你想要的。such 位于句首,表

示“这就是??”。 7.【解析】选 A。考查句式。前一空表示“她不理解的(东西)”用 what 引导主语从句;第 二空是由 why 引导的表语从句,含有“为什么会产生这种现象”之意。 【拓展延伸】 be 动词后面的表语从句什么时候用 because,什么时候用 why,这要根据前面句子所提供的 信息。通常,前句出现的某种现象,是后句所造成的,这时用 because;反之,由前句的原 因,推断后句是由此原因产生的现象,这时用 why。例如: ①Li Ming looks unhappy. That is because he didn’t pass the maths exam yesterday. 李明看起来不高兴,那是因为他昨天数学考试不及格。 ②Li Ming didn’t pass the maths exam yesterday. That’s why he looks unhappy. 李明昨天数学考试不及格。难怪他看起来不高兴。 8.【解析】选 C。句意:熊猫对人类来说很宝贵。因此人们一直在做任何需要做的事情来保 护它们。whatever 引导宾语从句,表示“无论什么”。 9.【解析】选 A。句意:——我相信这是这个问题惟一的解决办法。——我觉得这不一定。 我可以再想出五个同样好的办法。come up with 想出;make up with 与??和解;与?? 和好如初;live up with 一般没有这个短语;keep up with 赶得上。 10.【解析】选 D。考查动词短语辨析。句意:这位老师习惯离题;对学生们来说有时候很 难理解他在说什么。make sense 有意义,讲得通,是不及物短语;make for 导致;有助于; 走向;make up 组成;编造;化妆;弥补;make out 辨认;理解。 【变式备选】 The destruction of these treasures was a loss for mankind that no amount of money could________. A. stand up to C. come up with B. make up for D. put up with

【解析】选 B。考查动词短语辨析。句意:这些珍宝的毁坏对人类来说是个损失,因为即使 再多的钱也不能弥补。stand up to 经得起;勇敢面对;抵抗;make up for 弥补;come up with 提出,想出;赶上;put up with 忍受。根据句意可知选 B。 11.【解析】选 A。考查连词辨析。句意:他看上去非常虚弱苍白,就好像患了重病。as if 似乎,好像;as long as 只要;now that 既然;由于;even if 即使。根据句意可知选 A。 12.【解析】选 A。考查动词辨析。句意:——格林先生将代替怀特先生当我们的校长。你

知道,他非常严厉。——哦,天哪!我们必须规矩点。behave oneself 守规矩,符合句意。 13.【解析】选 B。考查名词辨析。句意:我计划在露天举行宴会,但是我不敢保证,因为 这要取决于天气。 promise 允诺, 诺言; guarantee 保证; 担保; progress 进步; 进展; decision 决定。根据句意可知答案选 B。 14.【解析】选 C。考查 hold 的相关短语。句意:我认为你的书架太高了。即使当我伸出手 后,仍够不到书架上部的书。hold back 阻止;hold on 别挂;hold out 伸出;hold up 举 起。 15.【解析】选 C。考查动词的时态。from then on 在句中表示从 2000 年至今,所以用现在 完成进行时。 Ⅳ. 【文章大意】 全国各地许多大学生毕业之后涌向北京寻找工作, 那么他们的境况如何呢? 《蚁 族》一书向读者展现了他们鲜为人知的生活状况。 1.【解析】选 C。由第二段第一句“The book, which is. . . ”可知, 《蚁族》是一本描 绘了北漂大学毕业生生活的新书。 2.【解析】选 A。who 引导定语从句修饰 some young people 且作从句的主语。 3.【解析】选 A。由下文“the graduates”可知,这些年轻人是大学毕业之后来到北京的。 leaving university 意为“大学毕业”。 4.【解析】选 B。这些北漂大学毕业生就像蚂蚁,头脑聪明,但是作为个体微不足道。 meaningless 意为“无意义的,不重要的”; necessary“必要的”;important 意为“重 要的”; strong 意为“强大的”。 5. 解析】 B。 【 选 这本书根据对北京约 600 位低收入大学毕业生历时两年的采访写成。 based be on 意为“以??为基础”。 6.【解析】选 D。这本书是 9 月中旬出版的。come out 意为“出版”。 7.【解析】选 C。由下文“. . . how many of these employed college graduates are leading a happy life”可知,有 74%的大学毕业生在 9 月 1 日之前找到了工作,被雇用。 8.【解析】选 B。由下文“这些找到了工作的大学毕业生当中,有多少生活过得幸福”可推 知,上述统计资料基本没有反映出这些毕业生的真实处境。 9.【解析】选 A。他一直想知道,这些找到了工作的大学毕业生当中,有多少生活过得幸福。 wonder 意为“想知道”;research 意为“研究”;study 意为“研究;学习”;tell 意为 “告诉;讲述”。

10.【解析】选 A。由上句“我希望这本书能够成为一扇展现他们生活的窗户”可推知,他 们的故事很少有人知道。 11.【解析】选 D。书中的故事发生在北京郊区几个“大学毕业生聚居村”,那里有许多大 学毕业生。a large number of 表示“许多”,修饰可数名词复数。 12.【解析】选 D。由上文中的“settlement villages for college students”可知,很 多大学毕业生在这些地方居住、生活。 13.【解析】选 A。由下文可推知,这些大学毕业生多数在中小企业工作。故答案为 A。 14.【解析】选 A。每月赚不到两千块钱。earn 意为“挣得,赚得”。 15.【解析】选 C。由下句可知,他们住在一起是因为花钱少。 16.【解析】选 D。由下文“has around 3, 000_____ villagers”可知,唐家岭是个小村 庄。 17.【解析】选 A。由下文“but has become a ______ for more than 50, 000 migrants” 可知,外来人口已超过五万人,而这大约三千人应是本地的村民。original 意为“原来的; 起初的”。 18.【解析】选 C。五万多外来人口多数是来自全国各地的大学毕业生。他们在这里生活, 因此这里是他们的家。 19. 解析】 C。 【 选 由上下文可知, 万多外来人口多数是来自全国各地的大学毕业生。 5 graduate from 意为“毕业于??”;come from 意为“从??来”; differ from 意为“与??不 同”;suffer from 意为“遭受??”。 20.【解析】选 B。这些学生住的都是当地农民修建的五六层高的楼房,每个房间在 10 平方 米左右,两三个人挤一间。这里说的是学生住的地方,即宿舍。 Ⅴ.【参考范文】 Recently a survey entitled “Should museums be free to the public? ” has been conducted to find out people’s attitudes towards this question. Opinions are found to vary. 67. 9% of the people surveyed believe that museums should be free to the public as they are important places for both education and entertainment. They say that free museum entrance will attract more visitors, which will no doubt contribute to promoting knowledge and culture. The more museums open their doors to the public for free, the more people they will benefit.

14. 9% hold the opinion that museums should only be free for certain special groups, such as students, soldiers and the disabled. Besides, the times that

entrance is provided free for the groups should be strictly regulated. However, 17. 2% believe that, to keep the museums functioning well, museums should charge visitors a proper entrance fee. In addition, to attract more

visitors, museums should try to figure out visitors’ expectations and offer better service instead of free entrance.