2015 学年度 余姚中学 第 一 学 期
第I卷 第一部分 听力（共两节，满分 30 分） 第一节（共 5 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 7.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话。每段对话后有一个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个选项中选出最 佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后，你都有 10 秒钟的时间来回答有关小题 和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。 例：Ho
w much is the shirt? A. ￡19.15. B. ￡9.18. C. ￡9.15. 答案是 C。 1. What does the woman want to do? A. Find a place. B. Buy a map. C. Get an address. 2. What will the man do for the woman? A. Repair her car. B. Give her a ride. C. Pick up her aunt. 3. Who might Mr. Peterson be? A. A new professor. B. A department head. C. A company director. 4. What does the man think of the book? A. Quite difficult. B. Very interesting. C. Too simple. 5. What are the speakers talking about? A. Weather. B. Clothes. C. News. 第二节（共 15 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 22.5 分） 听下面 5 段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题，从题中所给的 A、B、C 三个 选项中选出最佳选项，并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前，你将有时间阅读各个 小题，每小题 5 秒钟；听完后，各小题给出 5 秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。 听第 6 段材料，回答第 6、7 题。 6. Why is Harry unwilling to join the woman? A. He has a pain in his knee. B. He wants to watch TV. C. He is too lazy. 7. What will the woman probably do next? A. Stay at home. B. Take Harry to hospital. C. Do some exercise. 听第 7 段材料，回答第 8、9 题。 8. When will the man be home from work? A. At 5:45. B. At 6:15. C. At 6:50. 9. Where will the speakers go? A. The Green House Cinema. B. The New State Cinema. C. The UME Cinema. 听第 8 段材料，回答第 10 至 12 题。 10. How will the speakers go to New York? A. By air. B. By taxi. C. By bus.
11. Why are the speakers making the trip? A. For business. B. For shopping. C. For holiday. 12. What is the probable relationship between the speakers? A. Driver and passenger. B. Husband and wife. C. Fellow workers. 听第 9 段材料，回答第 13 至 16 题。 13. Where does this conversation probably take place? A. In a restaurant. B. In an office. C. In a classroom. 14. What does John do now? A. He?s a trainer. B. He?s a tour guide. C. He?s a college student. 15. How much can a new person earn for the first year? A. $10,500. B. $12,000. C. $15,000. 16. How many people will the woman hire? A. Four. B. Three. C. Two. 听第 10 段材料，回答第 17 至 20 题。 17. How long has the speaker lived in a big city? A. One year. B. Ten years. C. Eighteen years. 18. What is the speaker?s opinion on public transport? A. It?s comfortable. B. It?s time-saving. C. It?s cheap. 19. What is good about living in a small town? A. It?s safer. B. It?s more convenient. C. It?s healthier. 20. What kind of life does the speaker seem to like most? A. Busy. B. Colorful. C. Quiet. 第二部分 阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节 （共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列短文，从每题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D）中选出最佳选项，并在答卷 卡上将该项涂黑。 A Parents and kids today dress alike, listen to the same music, and are friends. Is this a good thing? Sometimes, when Mr. Ballmer and his 16-year-old daughter, Elizabeth, listen to rock music together and talk about interests both enjoy, such as pop culture, he remembers his more distant relationship with his parents when he was a teenager. “I would never have said to mom, ?Hey, the new Weezer album is really great. How do you like it??” says Ballmer. “There was just a complete gap in taste.” Music was not the only gulf. From clothing and hairstyles to activities and expectations, earlier generations of parents and children often appeared to move in separate orbits. Today, the generation gap has not disappeared, but it is getting narrow in many families. Conversations on subjects such as sex and drugs would not have taken place a generation ago. Now they are comfortable and common. And parent-child activities, from shopping to sports, involve a feeling of trust and friendship that can continue into adulthood. No wonder greeting cards today carry the message, “To my mother, my best friend.” But family experts warn the new equality can also result in less respect for parents. “There?s still a lot of strictness and authority on the part of parents out there, but there is a
change happening,” says Kerrie, a psychology （心理学） professor at Lebanon Valley College. “In the middle of that change, there is a lot of confusion among parents.” Family researchers offer a variety of reasons for these changing roles and attitudes. They see the 1960s as a turning point. Great cultural changes led to more open communication and a more democratic process that encourages everyone to have a say. “My parents were on the ?before? side of the change, but today?s parents, the 40-year-olds, were on the ?after? side,” explains Mr. Ballmer. “It?s not something easily accomplished by parents these days, because life is more difficult to understand or deal with, but sharing interests does make it more fun to be a parent now.” 21. The underlined word gulf in Para. 3 most probably means _______. A. interest B. distance C. separation D. difference 22. Which of the following shows that the generation gap is disappearing? A. Parents share more interests with their children. B. Parents put more trust in their children?s abilities. C. Parents and children talk more about sex and drugs. D. Parents help their children develop interests in more activities. 23. The change in today?s parent-child relationship is _______. A. more confusion among parents B. less respect for parents from children C. new equality between parents and children D. more strictness and authority on the part of parents 24. By saying “today?s parents, the 40-year-olds, were on the ?after? side,” the author means that today?s parents _______. A. can set a limit to the change B. follow the trend of the change C. fail to take the change seriously D. have little difficulty adjusting to the change 25. The purpose of the passage is to _______. A. describe the difficulties today?s parents have met with B. suggest the ways to deal with the parent-child relationship C. discuss the development of the parent-child relationship D. compare today?s parent-child relationship with that in the past B Sometimes you?ll hear people say that you can?t love others until you love yourself. Sometimes you?ll hear people say that you can?t expect someone else to love you until you love yourself. Either way, you?ve got to love yourself first and this can be tricky. Sure we all know that we are the apple of our parents? eyes, and that our Grandmas think we are great talents and our Uncle Roberts think that we will go to the Olympics, but sometimes it is harder to think such nice thoughts about ourselves. If you find that believing in yourself is a challenge, it is time you should build a positive self-image and learn to love yourself. Self-image is your own mind?s picture of yourself. This image includes the way you look, the way you act, the way you talk and the way you think. Interestingly, our self-images are often quite different from the images others hold about us. Unfortunately, most of these images are more negative than they should be. Thus changing the way you think about yourself is the key to
changing your self-image and your whole world. The best way to defeat a negative self-image is to step back and decide to stress your successes. That is, make a list if you need to, but write down all of the great things you do every day. Don?t allow doubts to happen in it. It very well might be that you are experiencing a negative self-image because you can?t move past one flaw or weakness that you see about yourself. Well, roll up your sleeves and make a change of it as your primary task. If you think you are silly because you are not good at math, find a person who can help you. If you find you are weak because you can?t run a mile, get to the track and practice. It you think you?re dull because you don?t wear the latest trends, buy a few new clothes. But remember, just because you think it doesn?t mean it?s true. The best way to get rid of a negative self-image is to realize that your image is far from objective, and to actively convince yourself of your positive qualities. Changing the way you think and working on those you need to improve will go a long way towards promoting a positive self-image. When you pat（拍） yourself on the back, you?ll know you are on your way. Good luck! 26. You need to build a positive self-image when you _______. A. dare to challenge yourself B. feel it hard to change yourself C. have a high opinion of yourself D. are unconfident about yourself 27. According to the passage, our self-images _______. A. have positive effects B. are often changeable C. are probably untrue D. have different functions 28. How should you change your self-image according to the passage? A. To change the way you think. B. To make your life successful. C. To understand your own world. D. To keep a different image of others. 29. What is the passage mainly about? A. How to prepare for your success. B. How to build a positive self-image. C. How to face challenges in your life. D. How to develop your own qualities. 30. The passage is intended for _______. A. parents B. educators C. teenagers D. ordinary people C When it comes to friends, I desire those who will share my happiness, who possess wings of their own and who will fly with me. I seek friends whose qualities illuminate （照亮） me and train me up for love. It is for these people that I reserve the glowing hours, too good not to share. When I was in the eighth grade, I had a friend. We were shy and “too serious” about our studies when it was becoming fashionable with our classmates to learn acceptable social behaviors. We said little at school, but she would come to my house and we would sit down with pencils and paper, and one of us would say: “Let?s start with whistle today.” We would sit quietly together and write separate poems or stories that grew out of a train whistle. Then we would read them aloud. At the end of that school year, we, too, were changed into social creatures and the stories and poems stopped. When I lived for a time in London, I had a friend. He was in despair（失望） and I was in despair. But our friendship was based on the idea in each of us that we would be sorry later if we did not explore this great city because we had felt bad at the time. We met every Sunday for five weeks and found many great things. We walked until our despairs disappeared and then we parted.
We gave London to each other. For almost four years I have had a remarkable friend whose imagination illuminates mine. We write long letters in which we often discover our strangest selves. Each of us appears, sometimes in a funny way, in the other?s dreams. She and I agree that, at certain times, we seem to be parts of the same mind. In my most interesting moments, I often think: “Yes, I must tell…” We have never met. It is such comforting companions I wish to keep. One bright hour with their kind is worth more to me than the lifetime services of a psychologist, who will only fill up the healing silence necessary to those darkest moments in which I would rather be my own best friend. 31. In the eighth grade, what the author did before developing proper social behavior was to _______. A. become serious about her study B. go to her friend?s house regularly C. learn from her classmates at school D. share poems and stories with her friend 32. In Para. 3, “We gave London to each other” probably means _______. A. our exploration of London was a memorable gift to both of us B. we were unwilling to tear ourselves away from London C. our unpleasant feelings about London disappeared D. we parted with each other in London 33. According to Para. 4, the author and her friend _______. A. call each other regularly B. have similar personalities C. enjoy writing to each other D. dream of meeting each other 34. In the darkest moments, the author would prefer to _______. A. seek professional help B. be left alone C. stay with her best friend D. break the silence 35. What is the best title for the passage? A. Unforgettable Experiences. B. Remarkable Imagination. C. Lifelong Friendship. D. Noble Companions. 第二节 （共 5 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容， 从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。 选项中有两项为多余 选项。 Q&A Question: I have recently got a senior position within my company. One of my new tasks is to make monthly progress reports on my department in front of other senior officials. During my first meeting, I presented and then opened the floor to questions. ___36___ My first reaction was to answer defensively. Later, I realized that I shouldn?t have felt that way. But how can I keep cool and effectively answer questions in this type of settings? Answer: Congratulations on your new position! Presenting in front of your fellow workers is a hard task in itself, and it becomes much more difficult when a question-and-answer period is required. Question-and-answer periods are a great way to clarify the message and strengthen key points. ___37___
? ___38___ When a person is asking a question, show interest and a desire to understand the question by listening and asking for clarification. ? Buy time. When facing a hard a question, most people can?t give an answer immediately. Buy time by repeating the question in your own words. ___39___ These techniques allow you to quickly organize your thoughts as well as to make sure you will be correctly answering the question. ? Suggest a private meeting. A one-on-one meeting is a calmer setting than speaking in front of your fellow workers. ___40___ A. Show your true interest. B. Restate the question with respect. C. Some ideas can be quite concrete. D. There were many difficult questions. E. It can also be more effective in exchanging ideas. F. You may also ask for clarification on the question. G. Here are some ideas that can help you prepare for your next meeting. 第三部分 完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 20 分） There are many different ways of seeing a town for the first time. One of them is to walk around it, guide-book ___41___ hand. Of course, we may ___42___ with our guide-books the history and ___43___ developments of a town and get to know them. ___44___ then, if we take our time and ___45___ in a town for a while, we may get to know it better. When we ___46___ it as a whole, we begin to have some ___47___, which even the best guide-books do not answer. Why is the town just ___48___ this, this shape, this plan, this size? Why do its streets ___49___ in this particular way, and not in any ___50___ way? Here even the best guide-book ___51___ us. One can?t find in it the information about how a town has developed to the ___52___ appearance. It may not describe the original（最初的） ___53___ of a town. However, one may get some idea of what it ___54___ look like by walking around the town. One can also imagine ___55___ the town was first planned and built. Then one can learn more about in what direction the town ___56___ to develop. What is the ___57___ of studying towns in this way? For me, it is ___58___ that one gets a greater depth of pleasure by visiting and seeing a town with one?s own eyes. A ___59___ visit to a town my help one better understand why it is attractive ___60___ just reading about it in a guide-book. 41. A. in B. at C. by D. on 42. A. write B. study C. tell D. remember 43. A. strange B. similar C. separate D. special 44. A. But B. Before C. Since D. Until 45. A. march B. work C. stay D. wait 46. A. look at B. look after C. look for D. look up 47. A. ideas B. opinions C. feelings D. questions 48. A. of B. for C. like D. as 49. A. open B. run C. begin D. move 50. A. one B. more C. other D. such 51. A. helps B. tricks C. fails D. satisfies
52. A. old 53. A. capital 54. A. used to 55. A. what 56. A. stops 57. A. point 58. A. nearly 59. A. costly 60. A. from
C. first D. present C. design D. change C. had to D. happened to C. when D. where C. starts D. continues C. problem D. difficulty C. generally D. hardly C. group D. personal C. through D. with 第 II 卷 第四部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 20 分） 第一节 语法填空（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） Chinese proverbs are rich and they are still widely used in Chinese people?s daily life. ___61___ these proverbs there are often interesting stories. For example, the proverb, “ plucking up a crop ___62___ (help) it grow”, is based on the following story. ___63___ is said that a short-tempered man in the Song Dynasty (960-1279) was very anxious to help ___64___ rice crop grow up quickly. He was thinking about this all day and all night. But the crop was growing much slower than he expected. One day, he came up with an idea ___65___ he would pluck up all of his crop a few inches. He did so the next day. ___66___ doing this for a whole day, he was very tired, ___67___ he felt very happy since the crop did “grow” ___68___ (high). His son heard about this and went to see the crop. Unfortunately the leaves of the crop began to wither. This proverb is saying we have to let things go in their ___69___ (nature) course. Being too anxious to help an event develop often ___(70)___ (result) in the contrary to our intention. 第二节 单词拼写（共 10 小题；每小题 1 分，满分 10 分） 71. The earthquake was so big that most of the houses in the small village were completely d_______. 72. I am only able to look at nature through dirty c_______ hanging before very dusty windows. 73. Jack had to drop out of the race because his foot was seriously i_______. 74. Although she didn?t know the best way of getting to places, she insisted that she o_______ the trip properly. 75. Later in the 17th century, people from England made v_______ to conquer other parts of the world. 76. People were desperately seeking s_______ from the gunfire. 77. She gave me a d_______ look--the kind that said she would not change her mind. 78. As I lay b_______ the stars I thought about how far we had already travelled. 79. He took a friendly a_______ to us, which made us very happy. 80. Mary knows little about English, which will be very much to her d_______ if she wants to be a successful actress in the world. 第五部分 写作（共两节，满分 40 分） 假如英语课上老师要求同学们交换修改作文， 请你修改你同桌写得一下作文。 文中共有 10 处语言错误，要求你在错误的地方增加、删除或修改某个单词。
B. normal B. meaning B. seemed to B. how B. appears B. view B. simply B. formal B. than
增加：在缺词处加上一个漏字符号（∧） ，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（\）划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线，并在该次下面写上修改后的词。 注意：1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词； 2. 只允许修改 10 处，多者（从 11 处起）不计分。 In our daily life, we come across various challenge now and then. The big challenge of all in my life was happened when I entered senior high school. I was surprised to find that the English teacher taught totally beyond me. Thinking I just lacked the gift for English, I stopped make efforts. Fortunately, my teacher didn?t give up on me. Instead, she helped me analyze her problem and I realized I need to meet the challenge bravely. I regained my confidence, changed approaches and worked hardly. From the above experience, I?ve learned that it is not only our talents and our efforts that help us achieve success. Faced with challenges, we should fight bravely instead giving up. 第二节 书面表达（满分 30 分） 假如你是高一学生李越，你要参加学校的演讲比赛，主题是“如何更好度过高中生活” 。 请用英语写一篇 120 词左右的演讲稿，谈谈高中三年你在为人处事、学习、交友等方面的打 算。 注意：演讲稿的开头和结尾已给出（不计词数） 。 Hello, everybody! I?m honored to be here sharing my ideas on high school life with you. _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ _______________________________________________________________________________ That?s all. Thank you.
高一英语期中考试参考答案 1-5 ABCBA 6-10 BCACA 11-15 ACBCA 16-20 CBCAB 21-25 DACBC 26-30 DCABC 31-35 DACBD 36-40 DGAFE 41-45 ABDAC 46-50 ADCBC 51-55 CDCAB 56-60 DABDB 61. Behind 62. to help 63. It 64. his 65. that 66. After 67. but 68. higher 69.natural 70.results 71.destroyed 72.curtains 73.injured 74.organize 75.voyages 76.shelter 77.determined 78.beneath 79.attitude 80.disadvantage In our daily life, we come across various challenges now and then. The biggest challenge of all in my life (was) happened when I entered senior high school. I was surprised to find what the English teacher taught totally beyond me. Thinking I just lacked the gift for English, I stopped making efforts. Fortunately, my teacher didn?t give up on me. Instead, she helped me analyze my problem and I realized I needed to meet the challenge bravely. I regained my confidence, changed approaches and worked hard. From the above experience, I?ve learned that it is not only our talents but our efforts that help us achieve success. Faced with challenges, we should fight bravely instead of giving up. 书面表达： Hello, everybody! I?m honored to be here sharing my ideas on high school life with you. To be a nice person, to my understanding, far outweighs anything else. We should do our utmost to develop good qualities, such as being optimistic and determined. Additionally, getting along well with others can never be ignored, which has helped me make good friends and live a happy life. Basically, to study efficiently really counts. A good habit like previewing and reviewing is of great significance to the challenging study. Besides, never should we forget to take part in sports and outdoor activities. Being energetic, I have dealt with my life in a more confident way. I hope what I have shared can help you lead a better life in senior high school. Wish everything a great success. That?s all. Thank you.