The Million Pound Bank Note 基础落实
1.Teaching disabled students takes imagination
as well as great patience . 2.It is u nbelievable that Zo
u Kai has won 3
gold medals in the 2008 Beijing Olympics.
3.The house has an underground passage . 4.The boss wants him to account for each sum of the money he spent.
5.On the contrary,I’ve just begun.
6.Nowadays most young men like adventures ___________ (冒险). 7.The first ______ scene (场景) of the opening ceremony is excellent.
8.Could you buy me writing paper and envelopes __________
(信封)? 9.It’s good ________ manners (礼貌) for us to wait in a line. 10.I like him despite his ___________________ faults/shortcomings (缺点).
1._________ bring up 抚养；培养 2.__________ go ahead 前进 3.__________ stare at 凝视 4._____________ by accident 偶然；不小心 5.____________ account for 导致；做出解释 6.________________ on the contrary 与此相反 7.______________ take a chance 冒险 8.________ in rags 衣衫褴褛 9._______ as for 关于；至于 10.____________ make a bet 打赌 11._______________ a large sum of 一大笔 12._____________ to be honest 坦率地说
1.If you have,what did you think of it? 如果你
What do you think of...？意为
“__________________ 你认为??怎么样 ？”，用来询问他人的兴 趣、爱好或观点，相当于How do you find...?/ How do you like...?
2.I wonder,Mr.Adams,if you’d mind us asking
a few questions.亚当斯先生,我想知道你是否介 意我们问你几个问题。 考点提炼 _____ 宾语 。 if至句末是_____ 宾语 从句，作wonder的
I wonder if/whether...我想知道是否?? at...对??感到惊奇/惊讶 wonder ? ? ? that从句想知道?? wonder+wh想知道??
3.(to owner) That was a wonderful meal.It’s
amazing how much pleasure you get out of the simple things in life,especially if you can’t have them for a while.(对店主)这顿饭 吃得真棒。从生活中如此简单的东西之中竟能得
段时间吃不到这些东西的时候。 考点提炼 it在此作________ 形式主语，真正的主语是其 后________________, how引导的感叹句 很多主语从句都可以用在it 作形式主语的句子中。
it作形式主语，真正的主语可以是_______ 不定式 、______ 动名词
或_____ 从句 ，it作形式主语的几种句型： (1)It+be+adj./n.+for sb.to do sth. (2)It+be+adj./n.+of sb.to do sth. (3)It+be+adj./n.+doing sth.
(5)It+be+p.p.+that-clause (6)It seems/appears+that-clause (7)It takes sb.+时间+that-clause (8)It seems/looks as if... (9)It doesn’t matter whether/if...
4.Perhaps he’s a very strange,rich man.(as if
yes!That must be it!或许他是一个非常怪异却 又富有的人。(好像发现了新大陆)啊，对了！一 定是这样！ 考点提炼 That must be it!表示推测。 (1)对过去发生事情的肯定推测用_______________ must have done 。 (2)否定和疑问推测用____ can 或______, could 不用must。 (3)语气不肯定的推测用____ may 或______ might 。
he has discovered something for the first time)
_______ Permit me to lead the way,sir.(回归课本P18) 观察思考 Dogs are not permitted in the building. 不得携狗进入楼内。 We do not permit smoking in the office. 我们不允许在办公室里吸烟。 You should apply for a permit. 你应该申请许可证。
permit ______ v. & n.认可，允许；准许；批准；通行证; 许可证；执照。 permit后可接双宾语、动词-ing形式，也可接动词 不定式的复合结构，即____________________ permit sb.to do sth.；作
及物动词。 permit sb.sth.
? ?允许某人做某事 permit sb.to do sth.? permit doing sth.允许做某事
permission n.［U］允许，许可 with/without one’s permission获取某人同意/没 有获得某人许可 ask for permission请求允许
(1)允许他同犯人谈话。 He _________________ was permitted to talk to the prisoner. (2)如果天气好，我们将在树林里野餐。 We’ll have a picnic in the woods,________ weather permitting ____________.
The fact is that I earned my passage by working as an unpaid hand,which __________ accounts for my appearance.(回归课本P18) 观察思考 Give us an account of what happened. 告诉我们发生了什么事情。 I account myself not so well-paid as you said. 我自认为我的工资并没有你说的那么高。 The imported goods account forty percent. 进口产品总共占40%。 I don’t have a bank account.我没有银行账户。
account _____________________________________ n.说明；理由；计算；账户； vt. & vi.认为； _____________ 说明；总计有 。 balance accounts with与??结清账目 by/from all accounts根据大家所说 in account with与??有账务往来 leave out of account不考虑 make much/little account of 重/轻视 on account of因为，由于 on all accounts无论如何 on no account绝不；切莫 take into account考虑；重视 account for导致；做出解释；(数量上，比例上)占
即学即用 (1)北海石油占我国出口收入的很大一部分。 North Sea oil _____________ accounts for a high part of our export earnings.
长期生病。 His exam results were not very good,but we must __________________ take into account his long illness.
The next morning I’d just about given myself up for lost when I was _________ spotted by a ship.(回归课本P18) 观察思考 They spotted a ship sailing on the sea. 他们发现一艘轮船在海上航行。 She spotted her friend in the crowd. 她在人群中认出了她的朋友。 She had spots on her face when she was ill. 当她生病的时候，她脸上有斑点。 There are a lot of spots to visit in the old city. 这座古城有许多可供参观的名胜。
归纳总结 spot ________________________________ v.发现；认出；n.污点；斑点；地点。
on/upon the spot当场，立即；在现场
put one’s finger on sb.’s weak spot指出某人
(性格上)的弱点 put sb.on the spot(故意)使某人处于难堪地位 be spotted with sth.满是??的斑点 be in the spotlight受(媒体等的)关注，瞩目 即学即用 (1)夜晚的天空繁星点点。 The night sky ________________ is spotted with stars. (2)事故发生时我在场。 I was ___________ on the spot when the accident happened.
Act I,______ Scene 3(回归课本P17) 观察思考 It’s a happy scene of children playing in the garden.
Firefighters were on the scene immediately. 消防队员立刻赶到现场。 Act Ⅰ,Scene 2 of “Macbeth”. 《麦克佩斯》第1幕第2场。
scene ____________________________________ n.场面；现场；情景；布景；(戏剧)一场。 on the scene在现场 come on the scene出现；登场 make the scene露面；到场
scene,scenery,sight,view (1)scene指展现在眼前的情景，也可以指scenery的 一部分，大多包括景物中的人及活动在内。 (2)scenery指某地总的自然风光或景色,尤指美丽的 乡间景色。
名胜、风景,在表示“名胜、风景”时,用复数形式。 (4)view常指从某个位置或角度所看到的景色。还可 表示“观点”。 即学即用
(1)The practice of hanging clothes across
the street is a common ____ C in many parts of the city.
(2)The little boy came riding full speed down
the motorway on his bicycle.____ A it was!
A.What a dangerous scene B.What dangerous a scene C.How a dangerous scene D.How dangerous the scene
a dangerous scene it was!=How dangerous the scene was!
_________,Mr.Adams.( 回归课本P18) Patience 观察思考
She has no patience with her noisy neighbours.
I’m beginning to lose my patience with you.
我对你渐渐失去耐心了。 After 3 hours of waiting for the train,our patience was finally exhausted. 我们等了3个小时的火车后，再也没有耐心了。
patience ____________________ n.耐性，忍耐力；耐心。 be out of patience with对??耐不住 have no/little patience with 不能容忍 with patience耐心地
have patience with sb./sth. 对某人/某事有耐心
have patience for sth./to do sth. 有做某事的 毅力 lose one’s patience with sb./sth.失去对某人 或某事的耐心
patiently adv.(=with patience)耐心地 be patient with sb./sth.对某人/某事有耐心 be patient of sth.能忍受某事；容许有某事 即学即用
I can’t ______________ be patient of your childish questions any more. (2)我已经完全失去了耐心。 I have _____________________ run out of patience completely.
重点短语与句型 6.bring up
He was ___________ brought up in Hannibal,Missouri, along the Mississippi River.(回归课本P17) 观察思考 He left her to bring up three young children on her own. 他留下她独自抚养3个年幼的孩子。 I shall bring up this question at the next meeting. 我将在下次会议上提出这个问题。 He was so sick that he brought up everything. 他病得很厉害，把所有的东西都吐出来了。
bring up意为：_______________________ 抚养，培养；提出；呕吐 。 bring about引起 bring along把??带来 bring back归还
bring in带进来；赚得，有收入 bring on使前进；使出现 bring out取出；说出；阐明；出版
(1)Phelps was ____ C by his mother after his parents divorced when he was young. A.brought in C.brought up B.brought about D.brought out
(2)April Fool’s Day is coming.Be careful not
to be ___ C when others play tricks on you. A.brought in B.caught in C.taken in D.made in
Not at all.___ Go right ______.( ahead 回归课本P18) 观察思考
The building of the new bridge will go
ahead as planned. 新桥的修建将按计划进行。
Go ahead!I want to hear more about your plan.
往下说，我想知道更多你的计划。 —I wonder if I could possibly use your car tonight? —Sure,go ahead.I’m not using it anyhow. ——我今天晚上能用你的汽车吗？ ——当然可以，用吧。反正我今天晚上也不用。
归纳总结 go ahead意为：_________________ 进行；干吧；说吧 。
go against反对；不利于 go along和??一道；往前走
go by走过，经过 go for接(某人)；去做(某事)；努力获取??
go out外出；(灯，火)熄灭 go over仔细检查；复习 go through浏览；翻阅；遭受，经历 go up上升，上涨
go wrong走错路；出毛病 即学即用 (1)—I’ve studied growing plants as one of my interests.Could I make some suggestions?
A.You will make it C.Don’t mention it B.Go right ahead D.Take it easy
You’ll make it.你会成功的;Go right
ahead.说吧/用吧/可以/行;Don’t mention it. 不用谢;Take it easy.别着急，慢慢来。根据句 意知B项正确。
(2)—Could I use your computer for a few
moments,please? —______.I’m not using it myself. C A.Come on B.It depends C.Go ahead D.That’s great
能用会儿你的电脑”以及后臵语境“我自己现在 不用”可知应选C项,Go ahead“用吧！去吧！干 吧！”而Come on“加油”，It depends“看情况 而定”,That’s great“太棒了”,均不合题意。
8.take a chance
Well,we’ll have to ______________.(回归课 take a chance 本P22) 观察思考 I’d like to take a chance and run a
我想冒险做生意。 We took a chance on the weather and planned to have the party outside.
归纳总结 take a/the chance意为：_____________ 碰运气；冒险 。
give sb.a chance给某人一次机会
have a chance to do sth.有机会做?? miss a chance错过一次机会 lose/seize the chance失去/抓住机会 by chance偶然，意外地
let go a good chance 错过一次好机会
The chance is that.../The chances are that... 有可能??(The和that可省略)
There is a chance that...可能??
have no chance of doing sth./to do sth.
不可能?? 即学即用 (1)我们原未打算相见，是偶然遇见的。
We hadn’t planned to meet.We met __________. by chance
(2)可能她已经听到那则消息了。 ______________________ The chances are (that) she’s already heard the news.
9.Well，towards nightfall I found myself
carried out to sea by a strong wind. 傍晚
典例体验 When he came to life,_____________________ he found himself in a deserted island. 他醒来后，发现自己在一个荒凉的岛上。 On hearing this，_____________________ I found myself in an ______________________. embarrassing position 听到这后，我突然发现自己处在很尴尬的境地。
Dick found himself walking in the direction
of Mike’s place. 迪克突然发现自己在朝迈克家的方向走去。 归纳总结 此句中含有“find sth.+_________”的形式，表示 过去分词 “发现??被??”,过去分词在句中作__________ 宾语补足语。 find后可接动词的_________ 现在分词 作宾语补足语，表示主 动或正在进行；也可接形容词、名词、_________ 介词短语 等 作宾补，表示主动。
When he came to life,he ____________________ found himself lying
in hospital. (2)然后我就发现自己已被六个男孩围住了。 Then I ________________________ found myself surrounded by half a dozen boys.
10.You must come whenever you want and have whatever you like.Just having you sit here is a great honour!您想来的时候 就一定得来呀！在这儿，无论您想吃点什么, 都是可以的。您就是在这儿坐一下也是我们莫 大的荣幸呀!
典例体验 _________ Whenever we met with difficulties,they came to help us. 每当我们遇到困难的时候，他们都会帮助我们。 ________ However great the difficulties are,we must complete the task on time. 不管困难有多大，我们都必须按时完成任务。
_________ Whatever your problems are (不用Whatever are your problems),you mustn’t lose heart.
不管你面临的是什么问题，都不要失去信心。 归纳总结 (1)whenever,wherever,however引导让步状语 ________从句,
相当于_________________________ no matter when/where/how 。
状语从句时相当于no matter what/who/which/whom 。
(3)“no matter+疑问词”只能引导让步状语从句， 可放在主句前或主句后。
①用作连接副词,相当于no matter how,引导让步状
however+形容词/副词+主语+谓语。 However rich people are，they always seem
anxious to make more money.
(1)This is a very interesting book.I’ll buy it,___. C A.how much may it cost B.no matter how it may cost
C.however much it may cost
D.how may it cost 解析 根据文意，“无论它可能会花去多少钱， 我都买它”。本题A项错误在于用了倒装语序,B项 错误在于遗漏了much，D项也遗漏了no matter... much。
(2)_____ A you prefer,I’ll give it to you,but
we haven’t any other models for you to choose from. A.Whatever C.However B.Whenever D.Whichever
【例1】She is very dear to us.We have been prepared to do ____ C it takes to save her life. (湖南高考) A.whichever B.however C.whatever D.whoever 解析 句意为：她对于我们非常珍贵,我们要不惜 一切代价挽救她的生命。动词do为及物动词,其后 跟宾语从句,所以空格处既要引导宾语从句,又要在 句中作take的宾语,表示“无论什么”用whatever。 课文原文 You must come whenever you want and have _________ whatever you like.
【例2】The medicine works more effectively
____ D you drink some hot water after taking it. (浙江高考) A.as 解析 B.until C.although D.if 句意为：吃了这种药之后，如果你再喝些
是前者的条件。 课文原文 I wonder,Mr.Adams,___ if you’d mind us asking a few questions.
【例3】It was ____ C he came back from Africa that year he met the girl he would like
to marry. A.when;then C.not until;that B.not;until D.only;when (江西高考)
强调句,强调的是not...until引导的时间状语从 句,再根据强调句的特点可以断定此题应该选C。 课文原文 And ________ it was the ship _____ that brought you to England.
【例4】—Bill,can I get you anything to drink? —_____. (江苏高考) C
A.You are welcome
C.I wouldn’t mind a coffee D.Doesn’t matter 解析 句意为：——Bill,你想喝点什么？——我 想喝杯咖啡。所以此题应该选C项。A项意为“不客 气”(用于回答他人的道谢);B项意为“没问题”; D项意为“没关系”。 课文原文 If you don’t _____ mind ,may I ask you how much money you have?
【例5】Just as Professor Scotti often ___ C it, success is ninety-nine percent mental
attitude. A.gets C.puts B.makes D.means (安徽高考)
功是由99%的心态决定的。get获得；make制造； mean打算；意味着，均不合题意。 课文原文 And you ____ put him in the back of the restaurant!
如何写好并列句(三) 运用不同功能的并列连词写并列句 在高考评卷时，阅卷的老师常常会读到这样的 文章，文章将内容要点都覆盖了，但通篇都是简单
句，当可提高文章的可读性与质量。其实，方法很 简单，可根据各要点形成几个简单句，再将简单句 中有内在逻辑联系的句子用适当的并列连词合并 为并列句。
将两个句子合并为一个并列句 1.This will cost quite some money.It’s worthwhile in a long run. This will cost quite some money; nevertheless, it’s worthwhile in a long run. 2.He would have won the game easily.He fell and broke his leg. He would have won the game easily; however, he fell and broke his leg.
3.Shakespeare was a writer.Shakespeare was also an actor. Shakespeare was not only a writer but also an actor. 4.He had failed many times.He was confident that he would succeed in the end. He had failed many times,but/yet he was confident that he would succeed in the end. 5.Donna was not satisfied with her own achievement.Donna was not satisfied with the team’s performance. Donna was neither satisfied with her own achievement nor with the team’s performance.
It was my birthday yesterday,so many
classmates gave me presents.
2.书籍增长了我们的见识，开拓了我们的视野。 Books not only enrich our knowledge but (also) widen our vision. 3.地震中有10人死亡，3 000多人无家可归。 Ten people were killed in the earthquake, and more than 3,000 people were left homeless.
4.兄弟俩很不同。一个喜欢看书，另一个热衷运动。 The brothers are very different:one likes reading while the other is crazy about
sports. 5.宠物通常很脏，甚至有的会伤人。 Pets are usually dirty and some might even hurt people.
1.Smoking is not p ermitted in our school. 2.He had his wallet stolen,so he had to earn
his p assage during the journey. 3.The reason he gave to a ccount for his absence was unbelievable. 4.As is known to all,we should never judge a
person only by his/her appearance . 5.To do this work well needs some p atience .
6.He was so hungry that he ordered a thick
steak and a glass of beer for lunch. 7.Seeing the snake，she couldn’t help s creaming . 8.His family is quite rich,so they hire a
s ervant to do the housework.
9.He was popular because of his sense of h umour . 10.We don’t like him because he is always jealous of other’s success.
make a bet,go ahead，by accident，account for,to be honest,be lost in,bring up，on the contrary,a large amount of,in a way 1.—You feel tired.
—________________ On the contrary ,I am relaxed.
2.I hear you are making a bet on whether she will marry him. 3.The girl ____ lost in listening to music was so ________ that she forgot the meeting.
4.He was ___________ brought up in America.
5.To capture Saddam Hussine cost the U.S.A.
_________________ a large amount of money. 6.—I wonder if I could use your typewriter? —Sure,__________. go ahead 7.—How did you find this important letter?
—Quite ____________. by accident
8.He has been asked to ___________ account for his absence. 9._________,it was one of our biggest mistakes. In a way
10.____________,I don’t like the way he does To be honest things.
1.He has discovered something ______________ for the first
______ time (第一次).
2.The man ________ in rags (衣衫褴褛) may be a beggar. 3._______ As for (就??而言，至于) me,I don’t like his songs at all. 4.You can take __________________ whatever you like ( 无论你喜欢
5.We won’t give up _______ even if (即使) we fail
6.Guilin ______________( is famous for 以??闻名) its beautiful mountains while Guangzhou _________ is famous ___ as (以??著称) “a flower city”. 7.They _____________________ were filled with joy ( 开心不已) when
they set foot on the Chinese soil.
1.—Shall I take your ____ B now?
—Yes,a glass of beer,beefsteak,crisp skin chicken and mushroom soup. A.menu 解析 B.order C.bill D.food
考查习惯用法。take one’s order点菜;
2.The book is of great value._____ A can be enjoyed unless you digest it.
收，那什么也欣赏不到。故选A项。 3.___ B in a poor family made Jack very hard working when he was still young. A.Bringing up C.Having brought up 解析 B.Being brought up D.Brought up
4.When the man was trying to break into the
bank,he was caught by the police ____. B A.in a spot B.on the spot C.off the spot 解析 D.to the spot 考查spot短语的用法。句意为：当那个人
spot在现场，当场，与本句的语境一致；in a spot陷入困境；off the spot不准确；离题。
5.We haven’t settled the question of ___ C it is necessary for him to study abroad.
A.if 解析 B.where C.whether D.that 由句子结构可知此处应选择一词引导从句
作介词of的宾语。另由语境“the question of”
6.On the top of this mountain,you can get a wonderful ____ A of the nearby hills. A.view B.sight C.look D.sign 解析 get a view of为固定搭配，意思是“看到 ??的景象”。
7.____ A if you passed the exam you would
receive a reward was telling lies. A.Whoever told you that B.Those who told you that C.No matter who told you D.Whoever told you 解析 whoever相当于anyone who,引导主语从句。
8.Used to TV shows,where everything is quick
and entertaining,many people do not have the ____ C to read a book that requires thinking. A.courage 解析 B.wisdom C.patience D.freedom 考查名词辨析。句意为:习惯于一切都是快
9.He couldn’t ____ C the fact that the money was found in his house.
A.answer for B.leave for
句意为：他对钱是从他房间找到的这个事实不能 解释清楚。 10.Wasn’t it until Michael ran into me ____ D he recognized I was once his partner? A.then 解析 关键。 B.when C.which D.that 这是强调句型的一般疑问形式,做题时要先
11.After losing $20,000 on my last business
venture,I’m not _____ A this time. A.taking a chance B.taking turns C.taking a dip 解析 D.taking a look
失了2万美元，这次我不打算冒险了。take a chance冒险；take turns轮流；take a dip游泳;
take a look看一看。
12.These wild flowers are so special that I
would do ____ A I can to save them. A.whatever B.that C.which 解析 D.whichever 考查宾语从句连接代词的选用。句意为:这
之后的宾语从句中承前省略了谓语动词do,故宾语 从句缺少do的宾语，故应用whatever引导。 whichever表示选择，用于指上文提到的事物，意 为“无论哪一个”。
13.Women have won equal rights as men._____ D racial discrimination，much progress has
been made,but there is still much to do. A.As long as C.But for B.As to D.As for
得了与男人同等的权力。至于种族歧视,已经取得 了很大进步,但仍然有大量的工作要做。as for至 于，关于，用于引入新话题。as long as只要,是 连词；but for要不是,往往引起虚拟语气；as to 一般只涉及内容而不涉及讲话人的态度。
14.Put the book ____ A it was,or I can’t find it immediately next time. A.where B.how C.what D.which
把书放在原处，否则我下次不能立马找到它。 15.—Do you mind my smoking here?
A.No,thanks C.Yes,please 解析 B.No.Good idea D.Yes.Better not
不要吸”。若不介意，可回答：Of course not./