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高中英语人教版新课标必修一 Unit 4 Earthquakes单元测试试题


高中英语人教版新课标必修一 Unit 4 Earthquakes 单元测试试题
I. 完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,满分 30 分) Do you know what kind of things the young people are reading? Moreand more__21 and

parents have noti

ced another kind of pollution, whichcame from the printed paper ___22__on streets. These printed things___23__newspapers but have hardly anything to dowith__24__,you can only find reading materials badly made up there—someare too strange for anyone to__25__;others are frightening stories of something__26__ However, many of the young readers are getting interested insuch __27__reading, which__28__them what they should pay for theirbreakfast and brings them nightmares (噩梦) and immoral (邪恶) ideas in__29__. Homework was left__30__; daily games were lost. These sellers shout on streets selling their papers well. The writers,publishers and printers,__31__they are, we never know, are__32__theirsilent money. The sheep-skinned wolf's story seems to have been forgotten once again Why not__33__this kind of thing? Yes, both teachers and parentshave asked each other for more strict control of the young readers.__34__,the more you want to forbid it, the more they want to have a look at it.__35__you may even find out several children, driven by the curious natures, __36__one patched paper, which has travelled from hand to hand. It really does__37__to our society. It has already formed a sort of moralpollution. The__38__teachers and parents need more powerful support in theirprotection of the young generation. At the same time the young__39__need moreinteresting books to help them__40__those ugly papers. 21.A. teachers 22.A. found 23.A. depend on 24.A. it 25.A. understand 26.A. more important 27.A. poisonous 28.A.takes B. writers B. sold B. work out B. them B. think B. still worse B. wonderful B. spends
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C. readers C. printed C. look like C. children C. believe C. even better C. interesting C. costs

D. students D. put D. act as D. young people D. know D. very good D. useful D. pays

29.A. use 30.A. undone 31.A. who 32.A. using 33.A. stop 34.A. Happily 35.A. Seldom 36.A. take 37.A. harm 38.A. worried 39.A. writers 40.A. get off

B. sight B. unknown B. what B. making B. forbid B. Luckily B. Always B. share B. good B. puzzled B. teachers B. come into

C. common C. much C. whoever C. spending C. separate C. Unfortunately C. Hardly C. get C. favour C. surprised C. parents C. break down

D. return D. less D. whatever D. wasting D. leave D. Badly D. Sometimes D. hold D. wrong D. disappointed D. readers D. get rid of

II. 语法填空(共 10 小题;每小题 1 分,满分 10 分)
Knowledge may __41__acquired through many ways, one of__42__ is from traveling __43__another is by conversation, __44___(especial)one with a great man. A person may also become __45__(knowledge) through other ways such as listening to the radio, watching television or, the best way, through __46__. But, there exists one problem about reading becausethere are all __47__of books in society. Good books are beneficial to our soul while __48__ ones are __49__(harm)to our mind. Therefore, it is of great importance for readers to read good books and reject harmful __50__

III、阅读(共两节,满分 40 分)
第一节 阅读理解(共 15 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 30 分)

A Will it matter if you don't take your breakfast? Recently a test was given in the United States. Those tested included people of different ages, from 12 to 83. During the experiment, these people were given all kinds of breakfasts, and sometimes they got no breakfast at all. Special tests were set up to see how well their bodies worked when they had eaten a certain kind of breakfast. The results show that if a person eats a proper breakfast, he or she will work with
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better effect than if he or she has no breakfast. This fact appears to be especially true if a person works with his brains. If a student eats fruit, eggs, bread and milk before going to school, he will learn more quickly and listen with more attention to class. Opposite to what many people believe, if you don't eat breakfast, you will not lose weight. This is because people become so hungry at noon that they eat too much for lunch, and end up gaining weight instead of losing. You will probably lose more weight if you reduce your other meals. 51. During the test, those who were tested were given ________. A. no breakfast at all B. very rich breakfast C. little food for breakfast D. different breakfast or none 52. The results of the test show that ________. A. breakfast has great effect on work and studies B. breakfast has little to do with a person s work C. a person will work better if he has a simple breakfast D. those working with brains should have much for breakfast 53. The passage mentions that many people believe that if you don't eat breakfast, you will _________. A. lose weight C. be healthier B. not lose weight D. gain a lot of weight

54. Which of the following is not true according to the passage? A. Poor breakfasts affect those who work with brains. B. Morning diet may cause one to get fatter. C. Reducing lunch and supper is of less value in weight losing. D. Eating less in lunch and supper may help to lose weight. 55. According to the passage, if a student does not eat breakfast, ___________. A. he will fall ill B. he will fail to listen to his teacher C. he will not make progress in his study
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D. his mind will work more slowly

B A young woman carrying a three-year-old child got on a bus. The conductor hurried to give her a warm welcome and then kindly asked the other passengers to make more room for the woman and her child. On seeing this, people began to talk. "You know this conductor used to be very rude. Now suddenly he has changed his bad behavior , "said a middle-aged man. "Yes, he should be praised and we must write a letter to the company," said a second passenger. "That's right," another lady said, "I wish a newspaper reporter were here so that more people could learn from this conductor. " Just then a gentleman who looked like a teacher turned to the conductor and said , "Excuse me, but can I know your name, please? Your excellent service must be praised..." Before he could open his mouth, the three-year-old child sitting on the young woman's lap interrupted, "I know his name. I call him Dad." 56. The passengers were ________ to see the conductor's kindness to the woman and the child. A. excited B. pleased C. interested D. surprised .

57. One passenger suggested writing a letter to the company to ______ A. make a demand for more buses B. thank the conductor for his good service C. criticize the conductor for his rude behavior D. invite a newspaper reporter to write about the conductor 58. What was the gentleman? A. A teacher. B. A newspaper reporter. C. Not known from the story. D. The conductor's friend from his company. 59. The word "he" in the last paragraph refers to _______. A. the gentleman B. the conductor
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C. the middle-aged man D. the three-year-old child 60. It is clear from the story that the conductor _______. A. has changed his attitude towards his work B. has now been kind and polite to all passengers C. has not changed his rude behavior to passengers D. has now been kind and polite to women with children

C Have you ever been afraid to talk back when you were treated unfairly? Have you ever bought something just because the salesman talked you into it? Many people are afraid to support themselves. Dr Robert Albert, author of Stand Up, Speak Out, and Talk Back thinks it' s because their self-respect is low. "There's always a' superior' around--- parent, a teacher, a boss---ho knows better." But Albert and other scientists are doing something to help people help themselves. They offer "assertiveness training" courses A.T. for short. In the A.T. Course people learn that they have a right to be themselves. They learn to speak out and feel good about doing so. They learn to be aggressive without hurting other people. In one way, learning to speak out is to get rid of fear. A group taking an A.T. Course will help the timid person to lose his fear. But A.T. uses an even stronger motive--- he need to share. The timid person speaks out in the group because he wants to tell how he feels. Whether or not you speak up for yourself depends on your self-respect. If someone you face is more "important" than you, you may feel less of a person. You start to doubt your answers to problems. You can get to feel good about yourself. And once you do you can learn to speak out. 61. The problem the writer talks about is that __________. A. some people buy things they don't want B. some people are afraid to speak out for their rights C. there are too many superiors D. some people don't think enough of themselves 62. The cause of the problem talked about in this passage is that _________.
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A. some people have a low self-respect B. there is always someone around who "knows better" C. salesmen talk people into buying things they don't want D. people don t share enough 63. The A.T. Course often _______. A. make people distrust their own answers B. make things more favorable for "superiors" C. help people know as much as their "superiors" D. help people become more important 64. One thing the A.T. Course don't do is to __________. A. share the need of people B. show they have a right to be themselves C. help people overcome fear D. help people to help themselves even if others suffer 65. A good title for this passage could be "__________". A. The Need to Share B. Talk Back When Necessary C. One Way to Build Self-Respect D. One Way to Train Speaking Ability 第二节 信息匹配(共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分) 阅读下列应用文及相关信息,并按照要求匹配信息。请在答题卡上将对应题号的相应 选项字母涂黑。 首先,请阅读下面有关购车的五条建议: 5 steps to getting the best price in buying a new car. Ideally, a dealership should help you find the right vehicle at a fair price. But some dealers place more emphasis on their profit margins than on satisfying their customers. Read the following situations and match the advice with them. 66. Many dealerships prey on the unprepared. Going into a showroom “cold”--without having gathered key facts and preliminary(初步的) pricing figures--gives the salesperson too much control over the buying process.
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67. The dealer invoice price is commonly available on Web sites and in pricing guides. But the invoice price isn't necessarily what the dealer paid. There are often behind-the-scenes bonuses(幕后红利), such as dealer incentives and holdbacks, that give the dealer more profit margin. 68. Salespeople like to mix financing, leasing, and trade-in negotiations together, often asking you to negotiate around a monthly payment figure. This tactic(策略) gives the dealer more latitude to offer you a favorable figure in one area while inflating figures in another. 69. The salesperson may try to sign you up for a higher rate than you could get elsewhere. 70. Dealers often try to sell you extras such as rustproofing, fabric protection, and paint protectant, or push etching your Vehicle Identification Number on windows to deter thieves. 请结合以上情形,与下面的建议进行匹配。 When buying a car, keep your interests front and center--and avoid common pitfalls (缺陷) that can cost you extra money--by following these tips: A. Don't assume that the sticker price(标价) is the purchase price(买价). To get the lowest price, go in with a starting price that's based not on the sticker price but on how much the dealer paid for the vehicle. A reasonable price to start negotiations is either 4 to 8 percent over what the dealer paid or the CR Wholesale Price, depending on the demand for the model. B. Do your homework. Thoroughly research your choices. Read a variety of reviews. Check the reliability, safety, fuel economy, and pricing of any models you're considering. And don't wait until the day you plan to buy to test drive the vehicles.If you have a trade-in, know its approximate worth. That will depend on the vehicle's age, condition, mileage, and equipment, as well as where you trade it in. C. Negotiate one thing at one time. Make clear that you want the lowest possible mark-up over your starting price. Add that you intend to visit other dealerships selling the same vehicle and will buy from the
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dealer with the best price. Only after you've settled on the price should you discuss financing, leasing, or a trade-in, as necessary. Negotiate each item individually. Remember, you're in charge and can leave at any time. Heading for the door can sometimes jump-start a slow-moving negotiation or bring a lower offer. D. Don't pay for extras you don't need. Don't accept those unnecessary services and fees. If the items are on the bill of sale, put a line through them. Vehicle bodies are already coated to protect against rust. And CR reliability surveys show that rust is not a major problem with modern cars. You can treat upholstery and apply paint protectant yourself with good off-the-shelf products. You can also do your own VIN etching with a kit that costs about $25. E. Other costs. In addition to the vehicle price, you need to consider other costs, including: Sales tax ; Registration fees ; Insurance premiums Taxes and registration fees can increase your out-of-pocket cost by as much as 10 percent or more, and driving a car that’s worth more than your current one will cost more to insure. Be sure to check with your insurance agent or get insurance quotes online so you understand what you’re getting into. F. Arrange financing in advance. Compare interest rates at several banks, credit unions, and loan organizations before checking the dealer's rates. If pre-approved for a loan, you can keep financial arrangements out of the negotiations. Automakers may offer attractive financing terms, but make sure you qualify for them. VI.书面表达(满分 25 分) 假如你是一名记者, 请根据以下提示, 用英语向 China Daily 写一篇有关台湾大地震的报 道。 时间:1999 年 9 月 21 日凌晨 1 时 47 分 震级:7.6 级 人员损失:到当晚 22 时,已有 1670 人死亡,3924 人受伤,2000 多人被困,数百人失 踪,许多人无家可归。 设施破坏:停电,房屋桥梁倒塌,交通受阻。 严重性:是台湾百年未遇的强烈地震。

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注意:1.词数在 100 左右。 2.生词提示:magnitude 7.6 7.6 级 IV.单词拼写(共 10 小题,满分 5 分) 1. We were ________ (震惊) when we heard of the news that the ship had sunk in the

storm. 2. He is very nervous. I noticed his hand ________(颤抖)
3. The pipes had b________and the house was under two feet of water. 4. The storm __________(毁坏) the farms.

5. The firemen r________ five people from the burning building. 6. The house was d___________ in the big fire.
7. The boy fell off the tree and i______his legs. 8. Mr. Wang couldn't_______ (判断)whether the lazy boy cheated in the exam or not.

9. The government is trying to provide______ (掩蔽处)for the homeless people. 10. The average temperature has r______by 2 degrees this year. V. 补全句子 1. 早睡早起 Early to bed, early to ________. 2. 她说的太快了,我听不懂。 She spoke _____ ________ 3. 好像谁也不知道这件事。 It ________ that ________ ________ ___________ about the matter. 4. 她给他设下圈套,他就径直钻了进去。 She had ______ _______ _______ ________ him and he had walked straight into it. 5. 吸烟会损害你的健康。 Smoking will _________ ________ ___________. ________ _________ to understand.

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Unit 4 Earthquakes 单元测试试题(答题卷)
Class_______________No.____________________Name_________________ I. 完形填空 21~25:___ ___ ___ ___ ___ 31~35:___ ___ ___ ___ ___ II. 语法填空 41._________ 46._________ III. 阅读 51~55:___ ___ ___ ___ ___ 61~65:___ ___ ___ ___ ___ 56~60: ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ 66~70: ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ 42._________ 47._________ 43._________ 44._________ 48._________ 49._________ 45.__________ 50.__________ 26~30: ___ ___ ___ ___ ___ 36~40: ___ ___ ___ ___ ___

(单词拼写和补全句子请在试题卷原题上作答)
VI.书面表达: _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ _____________________________________________________________________ ____________________________________________________________________
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UNIT4 Earthquakes 单元测试答案
I.完型填空解析: (20* 1.5’= 30’) 21. 解析:通过全文了解,垃圾书籍泛滥引起家长、老师及全社会的关注。 答案:A 22. 解析:指在街头摆摊叫卖的印刷品。答案:B 23. 解析:depend on“依赖,依靠” ,work out“演算出来” ,look like“看起来像” ,act as 答案:C

“充当、担任” 。

24. 解析:them 指代上文提到的 newspapers。 答案:B 25. 解析:指叫卖的印刷品中虚构的故事太离谱了,让人难以置信,而并非人们读不懂。 答案:C 26. 解析:still worse 更糟糕的是。答案:B 27. 解析:文章一开始称这些印刷品为 another kind of pollution,因而选择 poisonous,其他 三项均为褒义的词。答案:A 28. 解析: “cost sb. sth.”意为“使某人花费,使某人失去” 。Careless drivingcost him his life. 粗心驾驶使他丢了性命。spend 的主语应该是人。答案:C 29. 解析:考查固定搭配,in return 意为“作为报答” 。in use 意为“在使用” ,in sight 意为 “在视线之内” ,in common“共同的” 。 答案:D 30. 解析:指孩子们迷上这类书籍后,作业不做了,游戏不玩了。 答案:A 31. 解析:本句是 whoever 引导的状语从句,表示“无论是前面所提及的哪一类人”。 答案:C 32. 解析:make money 意为“赚钱” ,指上文提及的这些人在赚黑心钱。 答案:B 33. 解析:根据下文“the more you want to forbid it, the more you want tohave a look at it.” forbid 意为“禁止” 。 答案:B

34. 解析:上文指提出建议,但建议行不通,下面具体解释行不通的理由。badly 与句子结 构不符。 答案:C 35. 解析:sometimes“有时候” ,hardly“几乎不” 。答案:D 36. 解析:several children 分享/传阅,one patched paper。答案:B 37 解析:do harm to 为固定搭配,意思是“对??有害” 。 答案:A 38. 解析:与文章首段第二句话对应。父母老师对这种现象感到忧虑。B 项 puzzled 意为“迷 惑不解的” 。 答案:A 39. 解析:文章第一段中“young people”即为“young readers” 。答案:D 40 解析: get off 意为 “下车、 下来” ; come into 意为 “进入??” ; break down 意为 “抛锚;

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分解” ;get rid of 意为“摆脱、去掉” 。答案:D II. 语法填空 (10*1’=10’) 41. be 42. which 47. kinds 43. and 44. especially 49. harmful 45. knowledgeable 50. ones

46. reading

48. bad

III. 阅读 (20*2’=40’) 阅读理解 51-55 DAACD 信息匹配
66. B 代理商 prey on 无准备的,给销售人员全程控制。购车前的准备工作与经销商喜 欢控制那些无准备的吻合。 67. A 发票价目不一定是经销商要付的,往往有幕后的利润空间。主要讲价格问题,与 发票价,与经销商红利有关。 68. C 销售人员喜欢用各种策略来忽悠购买者,如月付,折扣等,使在不同地方的开支 显得不同。谈价要表现对同产品的其它店家很熟悉,买哪家的主动权在你。 69. F 销售人员可能跟你签比在别处买更高的价格。 这种情况下, 先对比多家银行利率。 70. D 经销商经常试图卖给你额外的项目如防锈处理等。 extras 是本题的核心词。

56-60DBCBC

61-65 BADDC

IV.单词拼写 (10*0.5’=5’) 1. shocked injured 8. judge 9. shelters 10. risen 2. shaking 3. burst 4. ruined 5. rescued 6. destroyed 7.

V. 补全句子 ( 5*2’=10’ ) 1. rise 2. too quickly for me 3. seemed; nobody knew anything

4. set a trap

5. injure your health

VI.书面表达:(25’)
参考答案: At 1: 47 a.m. on September 21st 1999,a terrible earthquake of magnitude 7.6 shook Taiwan. By 22:00 p.m. the number of people who were killed in the earthquake had reached 1670. As many as 3924 people were injured. Over 2000 people were trapped in the fallen buildings and hundreds ofpeople were still missing. A great number of people had lost their homes.The earthquake had the electricity cut off, the traffic stopped and a greatmany buildings and bridges

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were destroyed. It is the strongest earthquakethat has ever hit Taiwan in a century.

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