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【金榜名师推荐】2015高考英语(人教版)一轮复习课时作业1 必修1 Unit 1]

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必修 1 Ⅰ. 阅读理解 Most of the movies show our relationships and our society. What’s more important is that people love to watch highs and lows of the relationships in movies. Friendship has been the favorite subject of movie makers for a long time. Many movies are based on lovely relationships like friendship. Friendship can be between two persons or among more than two persons. Movies based on friendship make us remember that the relationship among friends is delicate(需要小心处理的). These movies also show how important it is to have a true friend in life and to own the friendship. Friendship is described in different ways in movies. These movies show different faces of this lovely relationship including the pleasant and interesting faces. Let us discuss how friendship is described in movies. Friends share common interests: In most of the movies, it is shown that two people become friends easily when they share some common interests. For example, two friends may be in love of the same sports, studying in the same school or living in the same neighborhood. You can see such friendship in movies such as“Harry Unit 1

Potter”and“Lord of Rings”. Harry Potter has two friends. All of them are interested in the use of magic. Friends make sacrifices(牺牲): In most of the movies, friends make sacrifices for each other. A good example is“Sholay”. In this movie, there are two friends Jay and Veeru who are there for each other till death. Jay sacrifices his life to save his friend. Friends never run away from difficulties: In movies, it is always shown that true friends always stand up for their friends in times of difficulties. Understanding: In movies, friends understand each other without even saying a word. A single smile can brighten up the faces of all the friends. 【文章大意】电影中的友谊是社会和现实生活中友情的反映。那么电影中的友 谊都有哪些特点呢? 读完本文你就会发现现实生活中的友谊和电影中的友谊的 异同点。 1. Which of the following may the author accept? A. Most movies are about relationships between friends. B. Most movies describe stories that happen in our life. C. Movies about friendship are popular with young men. D. Movies always show relationships in the same way. 【解析】 选 B。 细节理解题。 根据第一段“Most of the movies show our relationships and our society. ”可知, 多数电影反映人际关系, 反映社会, 内容都是与生活相关 的。 2. It can be inferred from Paragraph 1 that A. friendship needs skillful and careful treatment .

B. people should try their best to make more friends C. movies about friendship talk about just happiness D. most movie makers prefer movies about friendship 【解析】选 A。推理判断题。根据第一段“. . . the relationship among friends is delicate. ”可知, 朋友之间的关系需要小心处理, 谨慎对待。 3. Which of the following opinions agrees with the passage? A. Friends must part in the end. B. A good book is a good friend. C. A friend in need is a friend indeed. D. A friend is easier lost than found. 【解析】 选 C。 细节理解题。 四个选项的内容分别是: A. 朋友最后要分开。 B. 好 书如挚友。C. 患难见真情。D. 得朋友难, 失朋友易。其中, 只有“患难见真情” 与 本 文 中 列举 的电 影 中 的友 谊 的第 三 个 特点 “Friends never run away from difficulties. . . ”一致, 即困难时刻不离不弃。 4. What is mainly talked about in this passage? A. Movies about friendship. B. Friendship in movies. C. Ways of making movies. D. Ways of making friends. 【解析】选 B。主旨大意题。本文列举了电影中友谊的四个特点, 故本文主要讲 的是“电影中的友谊”。

Ⅱ. 完形填空 If you make one close friend in school, you will be the most fortunate. A true friend is someone who stays with you for life. 1 teaches that is right: A good .

friendship is not easily 2

It is possible that we simply do not stay in one place long enough for a 3 friendship to develop. However, there can be 4

disagreement on the need for each of us to think carefully about the kinds of friendship we 5 . 6 is considered very important, but we need to be clear in 8 at arm’s

To most of us,

our 7 about the kinds of friendship we want. Are they to be close or length? Do we want to

9 ourselves or do we want to walk on the surface? For 10 enough—and that’s all right.

some people, many friendships on the surface are

But at some point, we need to 11 that our expectations are the same as our friends’ expectations. The sharing of personal experience 12 our tears as well as our dark 13 be undertaken slowly

dreams is the surest way to deepen friendships. But it and carried on only if there are What are some of the

14 of interest and actions in return. 15 of friendship? The greatest is the attraction to 16 time. Another“major

expect too much too soon. Deep relationships

difficulty”is the selfishness to think one“possesses”the other, including his time and attention. Similarly, friendships 17 actions in return. In 18 words, you must

give as much as you take. Finally there is a question of taking care of the friendship. Unless you spend 19 time together, talking on the phone, and writing letters,

friendships will die 20 . 【文章大意】人人都渴望友谊。那么如何才能培养和发展真正的友谊呢 ? 现实 生活中 , 人与人之间的友谊又常常面临哪些困难呢 ? 该如何克服这些困难 , 让 你和朋友们的友谊不至于逐渐消失呢? 读完本文, 你就会找到这些问题的答案。 1. A. Knowledge B. Teacher C. Experience D. Parent

【解析】 选 C。 逻辑推理题。 由语境可知。 “A true friend is someone who stays with you for life. ”是由生活经验总结出来的。所以选 Experience。 2. A. understood C. realized B. formed D. produced

【解析】选 B 。背景常识题。友谊 (friendship) 是 form( 培养 ) 出来的 , 而不是 understand(理解), realize(实现)或 produce(生产)的。 3. A. true B. common C. deep D. actual

【解析】选 A。逻辑推理题。由上文的“A good friendship”可知, 此处应是 a true friendship“真正的友谊”。 4. A. no B. some C. any D. none

【解析】选 A。逻辑推理题。There is no disagreement on. . . “在……方面是没有 分歧的”。 5. A. find B. get C. want D. receive

【解析】选 C。逻辑推理题。由前文的 need 可断定这里应该选 want, the kinds of friendship we want“我们所想要的那种友谊”; 且下段有提示。 6. A. disagreement B. friendship C. want D. receive

【解析】选 B。词汇复现题。全文一直在谈友谊, 下文也有暗示。 7. A. hearts B. thoughts C. actions D. minds

【解析】 选 B。 词语辨析题。 下面几句列举的都是想法, 所以用 thought“思想, 想 法”, 指一般概念。mind 指“思维, 理智, 注意力”。 8. A. remained B. left C. stayed D. kept

【解析】 选 D。 词语辨析题。 这里表示的是“使友谊保持一定距离(at arm’s length)” 这一状态, 只能用及物动词 keep。 9. A. own B. owe C. share D. spare

【解析】选 C。词汇复现题。根据下文的 The sharing of personal experience 可知。 share ourselves“我们之间相互分享”。 10. A. that B. very C. not D. quite

【解析】选 D。逻辑推理题。由下文的“and that’s all right”可知, 这里要表达的是 肯定的意思, quite enough“足够”。 11. A. make sure B. remember C. expect D. check out

【解析】选 A。逻辑推理题。由上下文可知, 确保(make sure)我们的期望值和朋 友的期望值一样是获得友谊的基础。 12. A. and B. or C. including D. besides

【解析】选 C。逻辑推理题。including 表示包括。 13. A. can B. need C. will D. must

【解析】选 D。逻辑推理题。句意: (尽管别人分享自己的经历能加深友谊, )但这 一活动必须(must)在对方表现出兴趣或有回报的活动等类似的迹象时才能慢慢 进行。 14. A. marks B. sights C. scenes D. signs

【解析】选 D。词语辨析题。sign“征兆, 迹象”。 15. A. difficulties B. differences C. advantages D. things

【解析】选 A。词汇复现题。该部分讲述了发展友谊的两大困难: the attraction to expect too much too soon 和 the selfishness, 也可以从下面的 Another“major difficulty”得到启示。 16. A. cost B. spend C. ask D. take

【解析】选 D。词语辨析题。上文提到发展友谊最大的困难就是期望尽快得到 太多的东西, 也就是说像友谊这样的深层关系需要时间, take“需要, 花费”。 spend 也可以指花费时间, 但主语应是表示人的词语。 17. A. require B. request C. depend D. suggest

【解析】选 A。逻辑推理题。上文提到友谊的第二大困难: 自私, 想占有对方的 时间和注意力。因此要发展友谊需要(require)有回报的行动。 18. A. some B. many C. other D. different

【解析】选 C。固定搭配题。 “you must give as much as you take” 是对上句 “friendships require actions in return”的解释说明, 所以用 in other words, 意思是 “换句话说”。 19. A. enough B. comfortable C. less D. a lot

【解析】选 A。逻辑推理题。句意: 除非你们有足够的时间在一起、打电话、写 信 , 你们的友谊才不会停止。下文所列举的 “talking on the phone, and writing letters”需要足够的时间去做, 才能使友谊经久不衰。 20. A. for B. away C. out D. from

【解析】选 B。词语辨析题。die away 事物逐渐消失; 慢慢变弱。die for 为…… 而死; die out 灭绝; die from 死于……, 均不符合句意。

Ⅲ. 语法填空 阅读下面材料, 在空白处填入适当的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的 正确形式。 (原创)The Nobel Prize in Literature for 2013 is awarded to the Canadian author Alice Munro, “master of the contemporary short story”. Canada’s Alice Munro— 1 (call)the“master of the contemporary short

story”—won the 2013 Nobel Prize in Literature, the Swedish Royal Academy of Sciences announced Thursday. The prize committee compared the 82-year-old author 2 19th century Russian history. She’s the first Canadian-based writer 4 (win)the literature award. Saul Anton Chekhov, the

3 is considered one of the greatest short story writers in

Bellow, who won it in 1976, was born in Quebec but moved to the United States as a child and is regarded as 5 U. S. author.

Munro is the 13th woman to receive the literature prize. “On behalf of all Canadians, ”Canadian Prime Minister Stephen Harper said in a tweet, “ 6 (congratulation)to Alice Munro. ” 7 (announce), the Nobel committee said on 8

After the prestigious award

Twitter that it hadn’t been able to contact Munro and left a phone message to tell

the good news. But The Canadian Press contacted her, and she was quoted as saying the award was“quite wonderful”and she was“ “I knew I was in the running, yes, 9 (terrible)surprised”.

10 I never thought I would win, ”she said,

according to a Toronto Star story quoting The Canadian Press.

【文章大意】诺贝尔奖官方宣布, 2013 年诺贝尔文学奖授予加拿大女作家爱丽 丝· 门罗, 颁奖词称其为“当代短篇小说大师”。 1. 【解析】called。考查过去分词。call 和逻辑主语 Alice Munro 之间是被动关 系, 应用被动语态作定语。 2. 【解析】to。考查介词。compare. . . to . . . 把……比作……。本句句意是: 组 委会把这位 82 岁的女作者比作 19 世纪俄国作家契诃夫。 3. 【解析】 who。 考查关系代词。 who 引导定语从句修饰 Anton Chekhov, the 19th century Russian, 并在从句中作主语。 4. 【解析】to win。考查不定式。the first / second. . . 后要接不定式作定语。 5. 【解析】a。考查冠词。此处是泛指一位美国作家, 应用不定冠词表泛指。 6. 【解析】congratulations。考查名词。表示祝贺时, 应用 congratulation 的复数 形式。 7. 【解析】was announced。考查被动语态。announce 和 award 之间是被动关系, 且是发生在过去的事情, 应用一般过去时的被动语态。 8. 【解析】her。考查人称代词。指代上文中提到的 Munro。 9. 【解析】terribly。考查副词。修饰形容词(surprised), 应用副词。 10. 【解析】but。考查连词。句意: 我知道我有希望, 但我从来没想过会获奖。 上下文之间是转折关系, 应用 but 连接。 【技法导练】多学一点 棋高一着 完形填空——巧借词汇复现解题 词汇复现是指为了表达的需要, 在具体的上下文中通过原词、同义词、近义 词、同源词、反义词等形式重复某一信息。我们可以借助这些信息做出正确的

判断。请按照以下题号提示找出对应词。 题 6 9 15 答案: 题 6 9 15 号 选 B C A 项 原文及位臵 the kinds of friendship we want The sharing of personal experience Another“major difficulty” is the selfishness 号 选 项 原文及位置 the kinds of _______ we want The _______ of personal experience Another“major _______” is the selfishness

____ ____ ____

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