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早读材料 2-21 必修 5Unit 1 单词
characteristic n. 特征;特性

radium n. 镭 painter n. 画家;油漆匠 put forward 提出 scientific adj. 科学的 conclude vt. & vi. 结束;推断出 conclusion n. 结论;结束 draw a concl

usion 提出结论 analyse defeat expert vt. 分析 vt. 打败;战胜;使受挫 n. adj. 失败

熟练的;经验或知识丰富的 n. 专家;行家

attend vt. 照顾;护理;出席;参加 physician n. 医生;内科医师 expose vt. 暴露;揭露;使曝光 expose…to 使显露;暴露 cure n. 治愈;痊愈 vt. n. 挑战 治愈;治疗 vt. 向……挑战 challenge

victim n. 受害者 absorb vt. 吸收;吸引;使专心 suspect vt. 怀疑 n. 被怀疑者;嫌疑犯 enquiry n. 询问 neighbourhood n. 附近;邻近 severe adj. 严重的;剧烈的;严厉的 pump n. 泵;抽水机 vt. (用泵)抽(水) foresee vt. 预见;预知 blame vt. 责备;谴责过失;责备 pollute handle vt. 污染;弄脏 n. 柄;把手 vt. 处理;操纵

link vt. & n. 连接;联系 link…to… 将……和……联系或连接起来 announce vt. 宣布;通知 instruct construct vt. vt. 命令;指示;教导 建设;修建

construction n. 建设;建筑物 contribute vt. & vi. 捐献;贡献;捐助 apart from 除……之外;此外 firework n. 烟火(燃放) chart n. 图表 positive adj. 积极的;肯定的;确实的
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( be)strict with… 对……严格的 movement n. 移动;运动;动作 make sense 讲得通;有意义 backward adv. & adj. 向后地(的) ; 相反地(的) ;退步地(的) spin vi. & vt. (使)旋转; 纺(线或纱) enthusiastic adj. 热情的;热心的 cautious adj. 小心的;谨慎的 reject vt. n. 拒绝;不接受;抛弃 宇宙;世界 universe 必背篇目 A Strange Disease 奇怪的疾病 When the construction of the firework factory came to the stage of painting, a pump was put in. Then, all the painters in the neighbourhood were defeated by a severe disease whose characteristic was alike to that of a bad burn. An expert physician was instruct ed to attend to the victims and handle this case. He was enthusiastic, but he didn’t foresee that it was a hard challenge . After simple enquiry, he announce d that the pollute d paint was to blame . But without positive evidence, people suspected and rejected his view, saying the theory he put forward made no sense. Being much more strict with himself, he contribute d himself to the case. Apart from making enquiries, he made detailed charts and analyse d the data cautiously. Finally, he drew a scientific conclusion, link ing the disease to the radium in the pump. Expose d to radium, a kind of radioactive material in the universe, people absorbed radiation and got sick immediately. Spinning the pump backward, he took away the radium. This simple movement cure d all the victims. 当那座烟花工厂的建设到了油漆阶段时,一个水泵被安装进来,接着,在它附近的油漆 工都得了一种严重的疾病(疾病击败油漆工) ,其特征与烧伤相似。 一位经验丰富的内科医生被指定去照顾受害者并负责处理这一案例。他热情地投入到工 作中,但是却没有预见到这是一次艰难的挑战。在简单的询问后,他就宣布说罪魁祸首是受 污染的油漆(油漆应受责备) 。但是没有确实的证据,人们很怀疑并拒绝他的观点,大家都说 他提出的理论毫无道理。他对自己要求更加严格,全身心地投入。除了询问,他还制作了详 细的图表,谨慎地分析各项数据,最后,他终于得出了一个科学的结论,把疾病和水泵中的 镭联系起来。镭是宇宙中的一种放射性物质,当暴露在镭的辐射中时,人体吸收其射线,立 刻染上疾病。 他把水泵向后旋转,拿走了里面的镭,这个简单的动作治愈了所有的受害者。
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早读材料 2.22 必修五 Unit 2 单词
unite vi. & vt. 联合;团结 王国 kingdom n.

consist vi. 组成;在于;一致 consist of 由……组成 province n. 省;行政区 divide…into 把……分成 clarify vt. 澄清;阐明 vt. 完成;达到;实现 矛盾;冲突 accomplish conflict n.

unwilling adj. 不愿意(的) ;不乐意(的) break away (from) 挣脱(束缚) ;脱离 union n. 联合;联盟;结合;协会 credit n. 信任;学分;赞扬;信贷 to one’s credit 为……带来荣誉;值得赞扬;在……名下 currency n. 货币;通货 institution n. 制度;机制;公共机构 convenience n. rough roughly adj. adv. 便利;方便 粗糙的;粗暴的 粗略地;粗糙地 全国范围的

nationwide adj. 全国性的; attract vt. 吸引;引起注意 architecture n. 建筑学;建筑艺术 collection n. 收藏品;珍藏;收集 administration n. 管理;行政部门 port n. 港口(城市) countryside n. 乡下;农村 enjoyable adj. 令人愉快的;使人高兴的 leave out 省去;遗漏;不考虑 description n. 描写;描述

fax n. 传真(机)vt. 用传真传输(文件) possibility n. 可能(性) plus prep. 加上;和 adj. 加的;正的;零上的 quarrel alike n. 争吵;争论;吵架 相同的;类似的 vi. 争吵;吵架 adj.

take the place of 代替 break down (机器)损坏;破坏 arrange wedding vt. n. 筹备;安排;整理 婚礼

fold vt. 折叠;对折 sightseeing n. 观光;游览
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delight n. 快乐;高兴;喜悦 royal adj. 王室的;皇家的;高贵的 uniform n. 制服

vt.

使高兴;使欣喜

splendid adj. 壮丽的;辉煌的;极好的 statue n. 塑像;雕像 communism n. 共产主义 thrill vt. 使激动;使胆战心惊 pot n. 罐;壶 error n. 错误;过失;谬误 tense n. 时态 consistent 必背篇目 Sightseeing in the United Kingdom 观光联合王国 After the wedding, my cousin and his wife went to the United Kingdom for nationwide sightseeing. He faxed a letter to me in English yesterday. To my delight, he no longer made any tense error. And his description roughly clarified my questions about the UK--its currency, its administration, the institution which divide s it into four province s, and the historical conflicts and quarrels when Southern Ireland broke away from the UK. Unwilling to leave out any attraction, my cousin arrange d his enjoyable journey carefully. One attractive place he visited was a castle in the countryside of Scotland, which lies near a port. It used to be the headquarters (请注意:音频里面是 headquarter ,没有加 s ,是不对的。 )of the Communism Union but broke down during the war. Finding nothing could take the place of this splendid architecture, people accomplished rebuilding it in 1952. It was to their credit that all furnished rooms are consistent with what they used to be. My cousin was thrilled by its collections consisting of statue s plus royal uniform s folded in glass tanks. Though there was no possibility to buy some of these exhibits, it was convenient to take photos, which he sent me along with his fax. 我的表弟和他妻子在举办了婚礼后到联合王国做全国旅游观光去了。他昨天传真了一封 英文信给我,让我高兴的是,他再也不犯时态错误了,而且他的描述也粗略地向我阐明了关 于英国的一些问题——它的货币啦,行政管理啦,把它分成四个行政区的制度啦,还有在南 爱尔兰脱离联合王国时发生的一些历史上的冲突和争拗。 因为不愿意漏掉任何一个景点,我表弟仔细地安排了他愉快的旅程。他参观的其中一个 吸引人的地方是苏格兰乡村的一个城堡。城堡靠近一座港口,曾经是共产主义联盟会的总部, 但是在战争中倒塌了。人们发现没有任何东西可以取代这座辉煌的建筑,于是在 1952 年完成 了重建。值得赞扬的是,所有配备家具的房间都和它们过去一致的。由雕像加折叠在玻璃柜 里的皇家制服组成的收藏品使我表弟震撼不已。尽管没有可能购买这些展览品,拍照却很方 便,他在传真中一起发给了我
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adj.

一致的

早读材料 2.23 必修五 Unit 3 单词
aspect n. 方面;层面

impression n. 印象;感想;印记 take up 拿起;接受;开始;继续 constant adj. 时常发生的;连续不断的 constantly adv. 不断地 jet n. 喷气式飞机 previous adj. 在前的;早先的 uncertain adj. 不确切的;无把握的 guide n. 指导;向导;导游 tablet n. 药片 capsule n. 太空舱;胶囊 steward n. 乘务员;服务员 stewardess n. 女乘务员 opening n. (出入的)通路;开口;开端 sideways adv. 往(向、从)一侧;侧着; surrounding tolerate lack vt. vi. & n. vt. 周围的事物;环境 缺乏;没有 n. adj. 容忍;忍受 缺乏;短缺的东西 侧面朝前 周围的 vt. 指引;指导

adjustment n. 调整;调节 mask n. 面具;面罩;伪装 be back on one’s feet ( 困境后)恢复;完全复原 carriage n. 运输工具;四轮马车;客车 press vi. & vt. 按;压;逼迫 n. 按;压;印刷;新闻 fasten vt. 系牢;扎牢 belt n. 腰带;皮带 safety belt 安全带 lose sight of… 看不见…… sweep up 打扫;横扫 flash vt. & vi. (使)闪光; (使)闪现 switch n. 开关;转换 vt. 转换 timetable n. 时间表;时刻表 slide into (快捷而悄声地)移动;溜进…… optimistic adj. 乐观(主义)的 speed up 加速 mud n. 泥(浆) desert citizen n. n. 沙漠;荒原 公民;居民;市民

typist n. 打字员 typewriter n. 打字机
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postage n. 邮资 postcode n. 邮政编码 button n. 钮锃;按钮 instant n. 瞬间;片刻 adj. 立即的;立刻的 receiver n. 接受者;接收器;电话听筒 dustbin n. 垃圾箱 ecology n. 生态;生态学 greedy adj. 贪吃的;贪婪的;贪心的 swallow vt. 吞下;咽下 material n. 原料;材料 recycle vt. 回收利用;再利用 goods n. 货物 representative n. 代表;典型人物 adj. 典型的;有代表性的 settlement n. 定居;解决 motivation n. 动机 必背篇目 An Air Crash 飞机失事 I was a previous typist in a post office. Because I couldn’ t tolerate typing any more postage bills or postcodes on a typewriter every day, I resigned. With a greedy motivation of making big money, I took up working as a business representative for the G.E Ecology Company, which produced goods by recycling useful materials from our dustbins. My new job left me good impressions in many aspect s except that the working timetable was full of traveling by jets. Once, when speeding up, our jet was swallowed by a thunderstorm, which destroyed our GPS receiver and made us lose sight of the directions. A constantly flashing light showed that our jet was in danger. A steward instantly asked us to put on mask s and fasten the safety belts, and then press ed a button to switch on the escaping capsule . It slid sideways out of the opening at once and landed in a desert area safely. Lack ing food and tablets, we were nervous and uncertain at first. But we all kept optimistic and made good adjustment to the situation. We swept up the surrounding mud to make our settlement and were back on our feet soon. Finally, guide d by the smoke of our crashing jet, some local citizens came by carriage s and saved us. 我以前是一家邮局的打字员,因为忍受够了每天在打字机上打邮资账单或邮政编码,我 辞了职。带着想挣大钱的贪婪动机,我开始给一家叫 G.E 生态公司的企业当商务代表,这家 公司通过回收我们垃圾箱里的有用材料生产商品。我的新工作在多方面都给了我很好的印象, 除了一点:乘飞机旅行挤满了我的工作时间表。 有一次,我们的喷气飞机在加速时被一场雷暴吞没,不仅损坏了 GPS 信号接收器,还使 我们看不见方向。一盏持续闪亮的灯说明我们的飞机正处在危险中。一名乘务员立刻让我们 戴上面罩、系牢安全带,接着按下一枚按钮 打开逃生仓电源,逃生仓马上侧着滑出出口,安 全降落在一片荒凉的地区。因为缺少食品和药品,我们一开始都又紧张又心里没底,但是我 们都保持乐观,做好调整适应这一新境况。我们打扫干净周围的泥土,安顿下来,很快就恢 复过来。最后,在我们坠机烟雾的指引下,一些当地的居民搭乘马车到来,我们都获救了。
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早读材料 2-24 必修五 Unit 4 单词
journalist n. 记者;新闻工作者 vt. 给……照相

editor n. 编辑 photograph n. 照片 photographer n. 摄影师 delighted adj 快乐的;欣喜的 admirable adj.

值得赞扬的;令人钦佩的

unusual adj. 不同寻常的;独特的 assist vt. 帮助;协助;援助 assistant n. 助手;助理;售货员 submit vt. 递交;呈递(文件等) profession n. 职业;专业 n. 专业人员 professional adj. 专业的;职业的 colleague n. 同事 eager adj. 渴望的;热切的 concentrate vt. 集中;聚集 concentrate on amateur update n. vt. 集中;全神贯注于 业余爱好者 更新;使现代化

acquire vt. 获得;取得;学到 assess vt. 评估;评定 inform vt. 告知;通知 deadline n. 最后期限 meanwhile adv. 其间;同时 depend on 依靠;依赖 case n. 情况;病例;案例 accuse vt. 指责;谴责;控告 accuse…of 因……指责或控告…… deliberately adv. 故意地 so as to (do sth) 为了(做)…… sceptical adj. 怀疑的(<美>skeptical) guilty adj. 犯罪的;有罪的;内疚的 dilemma demand publish section technical n. n. (进退两难的)困境;窘境 需求;要求 vt. 强烈要求

vt. 出版;发行;发表;公布 n. 部分;节 adj. 技术(上)的;技巧方面的 adv. 技术上;工艺上

technically

thorough adj. 彻底的;详尽的 gifted adj. 有天赋的
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housewife n. 家庭主妇 crime n. 罪行;犯罪 edition n. 版(本) ;版次 ahead of 在……前面 department n. 部门;部;处;系 accurate adj. 精确的;正确的 senior adj. 年长的;高年级的;高级的 polish vt. 擦亮;磨光;润色 n. n. 首领;长官 过程;程序;步骤 chief adj. 主要的;首席的 approve vt. 赞成;认可;批准 process vt. 加工;处理 appointment n. 约会;任命 必背篇目 An Amateur Journalist 业余记者 Jane is a housewife , but delighted to work as an amateur journalist . It is a dilemma for her to rush between family and work, and it is also unusual for the News Department to depend on an amateur to cover crimes . But Jane is really gifted. It is admirable that she is seldom accuse d of making mistakes. And, eager to become more professional, she concentrates on her job and update s herself now and then. Once she is inform ed of a new case, her normal working process is as follows: first, she makes appointment s with guilty people for interviews. So as to acquire accurate stories, she usually demands to record what they say. Meanwhile , a technically good colleague will assist her in taking photographs. Second, she assess es whether they are deliberately hiding the truth. If she is skeptical about their words, she will look into the case herself. Third, she writes thorough stories ahead of the deadline and submits it to the senior chief editor, who polishes and approve s every section. Finally, her stories will be published in different editions of their magazine. 简是一名家庭主妇,但却非常乐意做一名业余记者。在家和工作之间奔波总是使她左右 为难,而且对于新闻部来说,依靠一名业余人员来报道罪案也是不同寻常的,但是简真的很 有天赋,让人钦佩的是她极少因为犯错而受到责备。因为渴望做得更加专业,她全神贯注于 工作,且时不时地就提升自身的业务水平。 一旦接到新案子的通知,她通常的工作程序如下:首先,她和有罪的人约了作采访。为 了获得准确的新闻,她通常要求做录音,同时,一位技术上好的同事会协助她拍照;接着, 她对受采访的人是否有故意隐瞒真相作出评估。如果她怀疑他们的话,就会亲自调查案件; 然后,她在截稿期限前写出详尽的报道,呈交给高级主编,由他对每个部分做润色和批准; 最后,她的新闻就发表在杂志的各个版本中了。

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早读材料 2.25 必修五 Unit 5 单词
aid n. & vt. 帮助;援助;资助

first aid (对伤患者的)急救 temporary adj. 暂时的;临时的 fall ill 生病 injury n. 损伤;伤害 bleed vi. & vt. (bled,bled) 流血 ankle n. 踝(关节) choke vi. & vt. (使)噎住; (使)窒息 cupboard n. 橱柜;衣柜 skin n. 皮;皮肤 organ n. 器官 毒害;使中毒 barrier n. 屏障;障碍(物) poison n. 毒药;毒害 vt. ray n. 光线;射线 complex adj. 复杂的 variety liquid radiation n. n. n. 变化;多样(化) ;多变(性) 液体 辐射;射线

mild adj. 轻微的;温和的;温柔的 mildly adv. 轻微地;温和地 pan n. 平底锅;盘子 stove n. 炉子;火炉 tissue n. (生物)组织;薄的织物;手巾纸 electric shock 触电;电休克 swell vi. & vt. (swelled,swollen) swollen adj. 肿胀的 scissors n. (pl.) 剪刀 unbearable adj. 难以忍受的;不能容忍的 basin n. 盆;盆地 squeeze vt. & vi. 榨;挤;压榨 squeeze out 榨出;挤出 over and over again 反复;多次 bandage n. 绷 in place 在适当的位置;适当 vital adj. 至关重要的;生死攸关的 symptom n. kettle n. 症状;征兆 (水)壶;罐 (使)膨胀;隆起

pour vt. & vi. 倒;灌;注;涌 wrist n. 手腕
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damp adj. 潮湿的 sleeve n. 袖子 blouse n. 女衬衫 tight adj. 牢的;紧的;紧密的 tightly adv. 紧地;牢牢地 firm adj. (动作)稳定有力的;坚定的 firmly adv. 坚固地;稳定地 throat n. 咽喉;喉咙 ceremony n. 典礼;仪式;礼节 bravery n. 勇敢;勇气 stab vt. & vi. 刺;戳;刺伤 a number of 若干;许多 put one’s hands on 找到 treat vt. & vi. 治疗;对待;款待 apply vt. 涂;敷;搽;应用;运用 pressure n. 压力;挤压;压迫(感) ambulance n. 救护车 make a difference 区别对待;有影响;起(重要)作用 必背篇目 First Aid 急救 A boy fell ill. His organs were damaged by the radiation of an infrared ray stove . But before the ambulance arrived, a number of other injuries happened to this unlucky boy over and over again. First, he was choke d by some poisonous liquid from the kettle on the cupboard. Then his wrist skin was burnt by electric shock . Finally, his ankle was cut by a pan. Fortunately, the boy’s nurse gave him proper temporary treatments according to his complex symptom s. She mildly squeeze d the poisonous liquid out of his throat and put bandage s firmly in place to apply pressure to the ankle wound to stop bleeding. As for the burn, she used scissors to remove his sleeve, poured a basin of cold water over the burn to cool it and put her hands on a damp blouse to cover his swollen tissue tightly. She also inspired his bravery to fight against the unbearable pain. Her first aid made a vital difference in saving his life. A ceremony was held to honour the nurse who overcame a variety of barriers to save the boy. 有个孩子病倒了,他的体内器官被一台红外线烤炉的放射线灼伤了。但是在救护车到来 前,这个不幸的孩子身上还一而再、再而三地发生了许多别的伤害。开始是被橱柜上水壶里 的有毒液体噎住,然后是手腕的皮肤被电击烧伤,最后,一只平底锅还割伤了他的脚踝。 幸运的是,男孩的保姆根据他的复杂症状给予了适当的临时治疗。她轻轻地从他喉咙里 把有毒液体挤了出来;并在脚踝合适的位臵紧紧扎上绷带,施加压力使伤口的流血止住;对 于烧伤,她用剪刀剪去他的袖子,倒了一盆凉水给烧伤位臵降温,并找来一件湿的女式衬衫 紧紧盖住他肿胀的皮肤组织。此外,她还激发起他的勇敢和难以忍受的疼痛做斗争。她的急 救在挽救他性命中起了至关重要的作用。人们举办了一场典礼来表彰这位克服各种障碍挽救 了男孩的小保姆。
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n.

款待;招待 vi. 申请;请求;使用;有效


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