Module 6 War and Peace
be at war
3.遭受失败 4. 撤退到 5.出发 6.从…接回 7.短暂的失败 8.使某人注意
retreat to set out bring back from temporary defeat draw attention to
a small number of
be forced to do
inspire sb to do
in the face of
? 温斯顿· 丘吉尔，政治家、画家、演说家、作家、 记者，1953年诺贝尔文学奖得主（获奖作品 《不需要战争》），曾于1940－1945年及1951 －1955年期间两度任英国首相，被认为是20世 纪最重要的政治领袖之一，带领英国获得第二 次世界大战的胜利。据传为历史上掌握英语单 词词汇量最多的人之一（十二万多）。被美国 杂志《展示》列为近百年来世界最有说服力的 八大演说家之一。2002年，BBC举行了一个名 为“最伟大的100名英国人”的调查，结果丘 吉尔获选为有史以来最伟大的英国人。
Group discussion 1. Who was Winston Churchill? He was a statesman, a politician and a British Prime Minister. 2. When did he live? During the Second World War
3. What did he do? He led Britain’s army, navy and air force during the war. 4. What is he famous for? He is famous for his leadership and
1. Which paragraphs are about the examples of Churchill’s great speeches?
2. How many examples are given about his great speeches?
3. How many parts can we divide the passage into?
Find out the main idea of the passage.
A. Winston Churchill is well-known as a statesman, politician and as the British Prime Minister. B. “In year to come,” he said,”… men will say , ?This was their finest hour.?” C. “… But it is , perhaps, the end of the beginning.” D. His speeches are still remembered and quoted today, and remain some of the finest examples of spoken English.
Match the main idea with each part?
Part one(Para 1)
Five examples of his great speeches and famous lines.
The influence of his great Part two (Para 2-6) speeches.
Part three (Para 7) Winston Churchill is
especially famous for his speeches.
13 May Autonomic learning
1940 June 1940 10 November 1942
18 June 1940
20 August 1940
He was invited to become Prime Minister and the leader of a new government.
“I have nothing to offer but blood, toil, tears and sweat.”
The British Army had retreated from Dunkirk in France.
“We shall fight on the beaches , we shall fight on the landing grounds, we shall fight in the fields and in the streets, we shall fight in the hills, we shall never surrender.”
He drew attention to the courage of everyone defending Britain.
“In years to come,… This was their finest hour.”
A small number of pilots resisted the much larger German Air Force.
“Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few.”
A Germany defeat in North Afirca.
“Now this is not the end. It is not even the beginning of the end. But it is, perhaps, the end of the beginning.”
careful-reading: choose the best answers. 1. Churchill’s speech on 13 May 1940 shows that___. (a) there was little he could do (b) the war would be over soon (c) he could only promise to do his best to defeat the Germans (d) the defeat of Britain by Germany was probable
2. After the British had retreated to Britain, Churchill suggested the British___. (a) would strongly resist the Germans in every possible way (b) would attack the German army at Dunkirk (c) would then use small boats to bring the British army back (d) hoped other European countries would help Britain
3 “….This was their finest hour.” suggests that___. (a) the Battle of Britain was over quickly (b) people will greatly admire everyone who defended Britain (c) soldiers will be proud of what they had done (d) the British were right not to surrender
4. In Churchill’s speech on 20 August
1940, the “few” refers to____. (a) the people of Britain (b) the British pilots (c) the German airplanes (d) the German attack on Britain
5. According to Churchill, the end of the
beginning was when___.
(a) the war ended
(b) the German attacks ended
(c) the British won the Battle of Britain (d) the British started to win the war
1. encourage v. 鼓励
eg. They encourage the children to paint pictures. encourage sb to do sth 派生词: courage n.勇气，胆量 encouraging adj. 鼓励的，赞助的，鼓 舞人心的 encouragement n.鼓励，奖励 Discourage v. 使泄气\丧失信心 Diacourage sb from doing sth
2. surrender (1)vt. 投降，屈服，使投降，放弃，交出 surrender oneself to Surrender sth/sb to sb 被迫放弃，交出
eg. We will never surrender ourselves to the enemy. 我们将永远不向敌人投降。
(2) n. 投降，屈服，放弃，交出
eg. Demand the surrender of all weapons. 要求交出所有的武器。
3. draw (one’s) attention to … (使某人)注 意…
eg. She tried to draw his attention to her new hat. 她试图让他注意她的新帽子。 catch\attract one’s attention 吸引某人的注意 pay attention to 注意… call one’s attention 唤起某人的注意 catch one’s eye 吸引某人的注意 focus one’s attention on 将注意力集中在 devote one’s attention to 专心于…
4. ..., “Never in the field of human conflict was so much owed by so many to so few.”
句意：在人类战争史上，从来没有一次像这样， 以如此少的兵力取得如此大的成功。(以少胜 多) =So much (success) was never given by so many ( Germany soldiers) to so few ( British soldiers) in the field of human conflict.
本句是一个否定词never开头的倒装句。 表示否定意义的副词或连词位于句首时， 句子常用倒装语序。
常见的否定词或短语有：never, not, no, neither, little, seldom, hardly, rarely , few, scarcely, at no time, in no way, on no condition, not until, not only…but also…, no sooner… than…, hardly…when…
【原题再现】 1. Little ______ about her own safety, though she was in great danger herself. (陕西2009) A. did Rose care B. Rose did care C. Rose does care D. does Rose care 2. Not until I came home last night ______ to bed. (四川2009) A. Mum did go B. did Mum go C. went Mum D. Mum went
1 .I have tried very hard to improve my English. But by no means _______ with my progress. (06重庆) A. the teacher is not satisfied B. is the teacher not satisfied C. the teacher is satisfied D. is the teacher satisfied D 2 .He seldom comes back on Sundays.(改成倒装句)
Seldom does he come back on Sundays
5.In (the ) face of 面临\面对, 在…的面前
Eg. You should keep calm even in (the) face of danger. He succeeded in the face of great difficulties. be faced with face to face lose face make a face 链接: in favor of in charge of in memory of in hornor of in need of
Never, never, never, never give up
--------(Winston Churchill) 永远不要放弃。
"Destiny is not a matter of chance, it is a matter of choice; it is not a thing to be waited for, it is a thing tobe achieved."