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【山东省各地市2012年高考英语最新试题分类汇编20:阅读理解(九))


专题三 阅读理解(九)
【山东省济宁市 2012 届高三第一次模拟考试】
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和 D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡 上将该项涂黑。 A Howard Dill is a giant among giant pumpkin growers. He grew world champion pumpkins for fou

r years running,from 1979 to 1982 , and missed winning the fifth year by a mere 5 pounds.Today,his Dill Atlantic Giant seeds are sold worldwide to more than 50 seed companies。The pumpkins grown from his Dill Atlantic Giant seeds commonly weigh in at over l,000 pounds. “I don’t have any training in genetics(遗传学); it 啪 s all trial and error, ” Dill says. He inherited his love of pumpkins from his father and has enjoyed growing them for years. Dill still grows giant pumpkins, but not for competition. In the fall, visitors come to enjoy the pumpkin patch on his 90-acre farm in Nova Scotia,Canada. He plants ten acres of pumpkins for Halloween and two acres 0f giant pumpkins. One of his giant pumpkins was recently baked into 442 pumpkin pies and sold at $5 each for charity. If you want to try growing a giant pumpkin,Dill recommends starting with a soil test and then adding fertilizer as needed. Plant the giant pumpkin seed. A giant pumpkin call gain 15 to 20 pounds a day,so careful watering—every day or two—is essential.You should wait about 130 days until the pumpkin matures and then you can harvest it. Dill’s favorite pumpkin set the Guinness Book record in 1981. It weighed 493.5 pounds. “I've grown them larger since, but that one meant a lot, ”he remembers.“I never would have predicted ten years ago that there would be a 1,000-pounder, but there are many of them now, ” says Dill.The 2006 world record holder is Larry Checkon of Pennsylvania.He grew a 1,469 pounder. Dill says, “These world champions are grown from my seeds, so I feel like a winner right along with them. ” 56.what can we learn about the world champion pumpkin of 1983? A.It weighed over 1,000 pounds.

B.It was missing after the competition. C.It was 5 pounds heavier than that of 1982. D.It was 5 pounds heavier than Dill's biggest one that year. 57.One of Dill's giant pumpkins earned A.$2210 B.$442 C.$1000 . D.$1469 .

58.in the third paragraph Dill mainly tells about A.how to do a soil test C.when to water the pumpkin

B.how to plant the giant pumpkin seed D.how to grow a giant pumpkin

59.Which of the following is true according to the passage? A.Howard Dill is well trained in genetics. B.Howard Dill grows pumpkins just for competition. C.Dill felt proud of Larry Checkon's champion pumpkin. D.Dill's favorite pumpkin is the heaviest of all those he has ever grown. 60.Which of the following is the best title for the passage? A.Gardening Giant:Howard Dill C.Dill Atlantic Giant Seeds B.World Champion Pumpkin D.How to Grow Giant Pumpkins B Although Paris is often considered the city of romance. close to a million adults who call it home are single. Many single people say that France's capital is one of the most difficult places to meet people. The complaints(抱怨)of this lonely group have respired a new phenomenon known as“supermarket dating. ”At Galerie Lafayette Gourmet,singles can shop for more than just the items on their grocery list. They can look for someone who has blue eyes,brown hair, and is 1.8 meters tall,or whatever may be on their romantic shopping list. At this Paris location single people of all ages can schedule their shopping for Thursday nights between 6:30 and 9:00 P.m. When they walk through the door,they pick up a purple basket to advise that they are looking for love.They try to arrive early because the baskets disappear quickly, and then they have to wait in line for their turn to wander the store aisles(过 道). With purple baskets in hand,shoppers can consider their romantic options while they pick out their groceries. When they are ready to pay,they can go to the checkout line for singles who

want to chat. Most of the people who look for love in the supermarket are skeptical of Internet dang. They know that it is easy to embellish(美化)one's appearance or to lie about one's age over the Internet. The supermarket,on the other hand,is considered a safe and casual environment in which to meet a potential match. In addition, what one finds in another's grocery basket can say a thing or two about that person's character or intentions. Buying pet food can be a man's way of showing a potential match that he has a sensitive side. Women who fill their baskets with low-fat food show their healthy style of riving.These days it's possible to find much more than food at a grocery store. 61.What do many single people in Paris complain about? A.The difficulty in meeting people. C.The items 0n their grocery list. B.The idea of supermarket dating. D.The inconvenience in shopping.

62.Which of the following can be inferred(推断)but is not clearly stated in the second paragraph? A.The dating supermarket is located in Paris. B.The dating supermarket is open only on Thursday evenings. C.People looking for love must get a basket of a particular colour. D.The dating supermarket has very good business. 63.How do love shoppers meet one another? A.They schedule their meeting in advance. B.They go through a special checkout. C.They pick out their groceries with great care. D.They dial the phone numbers Oil their shopping items. 64.According to the writer,a possible way to win a woman's heart is to A.pick up a purple basket C.embellish your appearance B.buy low-fat food D.buy pet food

65.Why do the people prefer the supermarket dating to Internet dating? A.The supermarket dating is more convenient. B.The supermarket dating is more casual. C.The supermarket dating can be trusted more.

D.The supermarket dating is less expensive.

C Generally there are two ways to name typhoons: the number-based method and the list-based method. Following the number-based method,typhoons are coded with various types of numbers such as a 4-digit or a 6-digit code.For example,the 14th typhoon in 2003 can be labeled either as Typhoon 0314 or Typhoon 200314. The disadvantage of this method, however, is that a number is hard to remember. The list-based method, on the other hand, is based on the list of typhoon names chosen in advance by a committee,and is more widely used. At the very beginning, only female names were used because at that time typhoons were named after girlfriends or wives of the experts on the committee. In 1979, however, male names were also included because women protested against the original naming practice for reasons of gender(性别)equality. In Asia,Western names were used until 2000 when the committee decided to use Asian names to raise Asians' awareness of typhoons.The names were chosen from a name pool consisting of 140 names,10 each from the 14 members of the committee.Each country has its unique naming preferences.Korea and Japan favor animal names and China likes names of gods such as Longwang (dragon king)and Fengshen(god of the wind). After the 140 names are all used in order,they will be recycled.But the names can be changed.If a member country suffers great damage from a certain typhoon,it can request that the name of the typhoon be deleted from the list at tile annual committee meeting.For example,the names of Nabi by South Korea,and Longwang by China Were replaced with other names in 2007.The deletion of both names was due to the severe damage caused by the typhoons bearing the names. 66.With the number-based method,the 3rd typhoon in 2012 can be named A.Typhoon 0314 C.Typhoon 201214 B.Typhoon 0312 D.Typhoon 1203 。 .

67.In 1979 male names began to be used for typhoons because A.men thought it was their right B.female names are hard to remember

C.women thought it unequal to use only female names D.the experts preferred to have more variety 68.There are A.2 B.10 Chinese names in the name pool for typhoons. C.14 D.140

69.Which of the following Chinese names is most likely to be on the name list now? A.Longwang C.Daxiang (elephant) 70.This passage is mainly about A.how typhoons are named C.the history of typhoons B.why to name typhoons D.equality between men and women D Spider webs are one of the most fascinating examples of animal architecture . The most beautiful and structurally ordered are the round webs.The main function of the web is to stop and hold flying insects,long enough for the spider to catch them.In order to do so,the threads of the web have to stand the forces from large and heavy insects as well as environmental forces from wind and rain for at least a day in most cases. The round web is found to have two main characteristics.The first is its geometry,which consists of an outer frame and a central part from which threads radiate out ward.Enclosed in the frame are capture spirals winding round and round from the web center out to the frame. The whole web is in tension and held in place by anchor threads, which connect the frame to the surrounding plants or objects.The second and perhaps most important characteristic is the material with which it is built.Spider silk is a kind of natural material that sires this lightweight fiber a strength comparable to that of steel,while at the same time making it very elastic(有弹性的).Two types of silk threads are used in the web.One is highly elastic and can stretch to almost twice its original length before breaking and,for most types of spiders,is covered in slue. This type is used in the capture spiral for catching and holding insects. The other is stiffer and stronger,and is used for the radius,frames and anchor threads,which allows the B.Fengshen D.Mayi (ant)

web to stand forces and to keep its structural strength through a wide range of environmental conditions. 71.What does the word“so”in the first paragraph refer to? A.To catch and keep small creatures. B.To find a good material for the web. C.To make the webs beautiful and well ordered. D.To make the threads long enough. 72.Which of the following is used for catching and holding insects? A.The center of the web. C.The anchor threads. B.The capture spirals. D.The radius.

73.Which of the following correctly gives the names of the numbered threads in the picture? A.①capture spiral②radius C.①anchor thread②frame thread B.①radius②capture spiral D.①frame thread②anchor thread

74.Which of the following best describes the threads used in the capture spiral? A.Natural and lightweight。 C.Smooth and elastic. B.Strong and stiff. D.Strong,sticky and elastic.

75.What is this passage mainly about? A.The wisdom of spiders. B.The function of round spider webs. C.The structure of round spider webs. D.The challenges for spider webs.

【答案】

【山东省日照市 2012 届高三第一次模拟考试】
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项 (A、B、 C 和 D)中选出最佳选项,并在答题 卡上将该项涂黑。 A Apple Inc co-founder and former CEO Steve Jobs, counted among the greatest American CEOs of his generation, died on Wednesday at the age of 56, after a years-long and highly public

battle with cancer. Mourners gathered stores around the world.

outside his house in Palo Alto, California, and Apple

Steve Jobs made technology fun. As tech leaders/they're really happy if they have one hit in their life. Steve Jobs has the Apple II, the Mac, the iPod, the iPhone, the iPad and Pixar. Steve Jobs was a college dropout. He was adopted by a machinist and his wife, an accountant, They supported his early interest in electronics. He and his friend Steve Wozniak started Apple Computer—now just called Apple—in 1976. They stayed at the company until 1985. That year, Steve chief executive. Mr. Jobs then formed his own company, called NeXT Computer. He rejoined Apple in 1997 after it bought NeXT, He helped remake Apple from a business that was in bad shape then to Wozniak returned to college and Steve Jobs left in a dispute with the

one of the most valuable companies in the world today. However, Steve Jobs stepped down as Apple's chief executive in August, 2011 because of his health. He died a day after the company released a new iPhone version that met with limited excitement. Steve left behind a company that only he could have built, and his spirit will forever be the foundation of Apple. President Obama said in a statement: by building one of the planet's most successful companies from his garage, Steve Jobs showed the spirit of American ingenuity (独创性). By making computers personal and putting the Internet in our pockets, he made the information revolution not only accessible. but intuitive (直觉的) and fun. The fact that he was able to redesign American commerce top to bottom and across is really astonishing. He probably will be considered an industrial giant on the scale of Thomas Edison and Henry Ford, so one of the greatest of all time. Steve Jobs not only revolutionized technology, he also revolutionized American business. Steve Jobs was remembered as a " great visionary and leader" and a ^marketing genius. 56. What does the underlined word "dispute" in Paragraph 3 probably mean? A. Discussion. B. Permission. C. Argument. D. Experiment.

57. According to Paragraph 2, the author wants to show that _____. A. Steve Jobs made fun of modem inventions B. Steve Jobs makes great contributions to the world C. tech leaders will be happy when they have one hit in their life

D. Steve Jobs owns many companies in America 58. Which of the following statements about Steve Jobs is NOT TRUE? A. Steve Jobs quitted college because of poor health. B. Steve Jobs and his friend built a company called Apple Computer in 1976. C. President Obama spoke highly of Steve Jobs for his achievements. D. Steve Jobs was remembered as the founder of Apple and the Internet. 59. How long did Steve Jobs work for Apple? A. 9 years. B. 14 years. C. 23 years. D. 35 years

60. This passage is mainly about _____. A. the inventions of Steve Jobs C. the childhood of Steve Jobs B. a brief introduction of Steve Jobs D. the death of Steve Jobs

【答案】
56-60 CBDCB

【山东省日照市 2012 届高三第一次模拟考试】
B The Staff Room is onestopenglish's exclusive (独家) subscription service, giving you access to our full database of resources as well as many other benefits. Here is just a taste of how the Staff Room can help and enhance (强化) your teaching: 1. Enjoy our entire database of resources You will be able to access our full database of over 8,000 resources, searchable by age, level, language focus and topic; the database is added to every week, so you're always sure to find something new. From articles and tips on a range of teaching aspects and approaches, to ready-to-use worksheets and lesson plans, and from games to listening materials, you'll have thousands of fantastic resources at your fingertips. . 2. Find everything you need Whether you teach children, teenagers, adults or business executives, onestopenglish is packed with resources for you. As a Staff Room member you'll find a wealth of materials in the core(核心) subject areas that matter most to you, including Grammar & Vocabulary, Exams, Business & ESP and Young Learners. You'll also find a special CLIL section for Content and Language Integrated 1 earning teachers, regularly updated with new materials.

3. Organize your teaching Every Staff Room member can benefit from a personal, interactive ( 交互的) Learning Calendar. This exciting new tool will allow you to save, organize and share all your favourite resources, and easily schedule your lessons in advance. You can find out more about the Learning Calendar here. 4. Refresh your classes with topical news lessons and authentic listening materials As part of your Staff Room subscription, we'll publish a news lesson from the Guardian every week, edited at three different language levels and complete with student worksheets. You'll also find regular news lessons from Business Spotlight as well as from Spot on, a magazine written especially for teenagers studying English. Our engaging listening materials include an ongoing series of authentic interviews with members of the public, an exclusive soap opera, and our exciting mini-plays on British culture: your students will be able to improve their listening skills with real-life contents and a huge variety of accents. 61.The purpose of the passage is to A.introduce the advantages of a column in a website B.persuade readers to join in an organization C.give some advice on how to teach English D.offer some suggestions on how to learn English 62.Which of the following is most likely to be the next part of the passags? A.Where the Staff Room is located B.How the Staff Room started .

C.What the Staff Room will do this year D.How to join in the Staff Room 63.According to the passage,the Staff Room is intended for A.students B.writers C.teachers D.editors .

64.What can't you do in the Staff Room? A.Solve all your problems. C.Share your resources B.Plan your lessons D.Enjoy British culture. . B. on the home page of a website D.on the preface of a book

65.The passage can be most probably found A. on the front page of a newspaper C.in an English course book

【答案】
61-65 ADCAB

【山东省日照市 2012 届高三第一次模拟考试】
"Children should not be left unsupervised (无人监督的) to play with a dog." say experts in this week's British Medical Journal. Their advice is part of a review aimed at doctors who deal with dog bites. "Dog bites and maulings are a worldwide problem, particularly in children." write Marina Morgan and John Palmer. Every year 250,000 people who have been bitten by dogs attend minor injuries and emergency units in the United Kingdom, and half of all children are reportedly bitten by dogs at some time, boys more than girls. Accurate death figures are difficult to obtain, but in the past five years, two to three cases a year have made news headlines. Based on the latest medical evidence, they advise doctors how to examine and treat a patient presenting with a dog bite. They discuss the risk of infection and when to refer to specialist care. For travelers bitten abroad, they suggest assessing the risk of rabies(狂犬病). In terms of prevention, they suggest that children should be taught to treat dogs with respect, avoid direct eye contact, and not tease them. They should be taught not to approach an unfamiliar dog; play with any dog unless under close supervision; run or scream in the presence of a dog; pet a dog without first letting it sniff you; or disturb a dog that is eating, sleeping, or caring for its babies. "Dog owners also need to change their behavior", says Rachel Besser, a children's doctor and lifetime dog owner, in an article. "It is clear that not all dog owners appreciate that children should not be left unsupervised with a dog", she says. Just as some parents are obliged to take parenting classes, she would like to see compulsive classes for expectant dog owners to teach them about the responsibilities of dog ownership. Educational programs are also needed to teach children about some precautionary (预防的) behaviors around dogs. Finally, she would like to see animal doctors advising dog owners about bite prevention, and doctors promoting bite prevention when treating patients who have been bitten by dogs. 66.Dog biting is a problem which _____.

A. should be paid attention to C. only boys may meet with

B. only happens to a few children D. has made news headlines

67. The underlined word "they" in Paragraph 4 refers to "________" . A. doctors B. parents C. experts D dog owners

68. To avoid dog bites, a child should be taught to_____. A. have direct eye contact B. approach an unfamiliar dog C. run or scream in the presence of a dog D. leave a dog feeding itself 69. What are Rachel Besser's words mainly about? A. It's necessary to teach children how to raise dogs. B. Children should be taught not to play with dogs. C. Some dog owners would like children to be left unsupervised with a dog. D. All the dog owners would like to attend classes on caring for dogs. 70. Which of the following can be the best title for the passage? A. Dogs, Dangerous To Children B. Children Should Know Behaviors Around Dogs C. Doctors, Treat Dog Bites Correctly D. Never Leave Children Unsupervised With Dogs

【答案】
66-70 ACDCD


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