高考英语语法填空专题训练 23 附答案 一 第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分) Once there lived a rich man 31 wanted to do something for the people of his town. 32 first he wanted to find out whether they deserve
d his help. In the centre of the main road into the town, he placed 33 very large stone. Then he 34 (hide ) behind a tree and waited. Soon an old man came along with his cow. “Who put this stone in the centre of the road?” said the old man, but he did not try to remove the stone. Instead, with some difficulty he passed around the stone and continued on his way. 35 man came along and did the same thing; then another came ,and another. All of them complained about the stone but not tried to remove 36 . Late in the afternoon a young man came along. He saw the stone, 37 (say) to himself: “The night 38 (be) very dark. Some neighbors will come along later in the dark and will fall against the stone.” Then he began to move the stone. He pushed and pulled with all his 39 (strong) to move it. How great was his surprise at last! 40 the stone, he found a bag of money. 二 第二节：语法填空（共 10 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） The Internet is an amazing information resource. Students, teachers, and researchers use it as __31_ investigative tool. Journalists use it to find information for stories. Doctors use it to learn more about unfamiliar diseases and the 32_ (late) medical development. Ordinary people use it for shopping, banking, bill-paying, and communicating with family and friends. People all over the world use it to connect with individuals from _33 countries and cultures. However, __34____there are many positive developments __35__ (associate) with the Internet, there are also certain fears and concerns. __36___ concern relates to a lack of control over__37__ appears on the Internet. With television and radio there are editors to check the accuracy or appropriateness of the content of programs, and with television there are 38 (restrict) on what kinds of programs can __39__ (broadcast) and at what times of the day. With the Internet, parents cannot check a published guide to determine what is suitable __40____ their children to see. 三 第二节：语法填空(共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分) Crying marriage? 31 (surprise), isn’t it? Factually, the custom of crying marriage existed a long time ago in many areas of Southwest China’s Sichuan Province, and 32 (remain) in fashion 33 the end of the Qing Dynasty. Though not so popular as before, the custom is still observed by people in many places, especially Tujia people, who view it as a 34 (necessary) to marriage procedure. It is very much 35 same in different places of the province. According to elderly people, every bride had to cry at the wedding. 36 , the bride’s neighbors would look down upon 37 as a poorly cultivated girl and she would become the laughingstock of the village. In fact, there were cases 38 which the bride was beaten by her mother for not crying at the wedding ceremony. In a word, crying at wedding is a 39 by custom to set off the happiness of the wedding through
falsely sorrowful words. However, in the 40 (arrange) marriages of the old days of China, there were indeed quite a lot of brides who cried over their unsatisfactory marriage and even their miserable life. 四 第二节：语法填空（共 10 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） In my free time, I really like surfing the Internet. When I get home from work, I turn on my computer, wait __31____it boots up completely, and then I go online. I usually check my email first and then write a few messages __32____ family and friends. I sometimes scan the local news headlines at ___33___ favorite news Website and read up on the latest local and international news. This Website often provides video news clips____34___ you can view online. I sometimes order products or service online to save money and time instead of going to a store and__35____(buy) what I'm looking for. For example, I ___36____ (order)a digital camera online the other day and saved about $50. Whatever I do, I realize that there are problems__37_____ using the Internet including scams, identify theft, and viruses, so I'm very careful not to give out my ____38_____ (person) information. Furthermore, I don't download or open files I don't recognize. Using the Internet can be fun and__39____ convenient way of shopping and finding out new information, _____40___ you just need to be careful 五 第二节：语法填空（共 10 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） In order to know a foreign language thoroughly, four things are neccessary. Firstly, we must understand the language when we hear ______31________ spoken.. Secondly, we must be able to speak it correctly with confidence and without hesitation. _____32_______ ,we must be able to read the language , and fourthly, we must be able to write it. We must be able to make sentences that are grammatically correct. There is no easy way to success _____33_______ language learning. _____34________ good memory is of great help, but it is not enough only _____35________(memorize) rules from a grammar book. It is not much use learning by heart long list of words and ______36_________meaning, studying the dictionary and so on. We must learn by using the language. _______37_______we are satisfied with only a few rules we have memorized, we are not really learning the languang. “Learn through use” is a good piece of _____38______(advise) for those ______39______are studying a new language. Practice is important. We must practise speaking and ____40____(write) the language whenever we can. 六 第二节：语法填空（共 10 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） At one point along an open highway, I came to a crossroads with a traffic light. I was alone on the road by now, but 31 I drove up to the light, it turned red, and I braked to a halt. I look left, right, and behind me. Nothing. 32 a car, no suggestion of headlights, but there I sat, 33 (wait) the light to change, the only human being for at least a mile in any direction. I started wondering 34 I refused to run the light. I was not afraid of 35 (catch) by the police, because there was obviously no cop anywhere around and 36 certainly would have been no danger in going 37 it. Much later that night, the 38 question of why I’d stopped for that light
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came 39 to me. I think I stopped because it’s part of a contract (合同) we all have with each other. It’s not only the law, but it’s an agreement we have, and we trust each other to honor 40 : we don’t go through red lights. Like most of us, I’m more ready to be stopped from doing something bad by the social agreement that disapproves of it than by any law against it. 七 第二节 语法填空（共 10 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） Nowadays, millions 31 lonely singles are now going online instead. 32 World Wide Web is quickly becoming the world’s most popular matchmaker(媒人). Singles are flocking(涌向) to the Internet 33 (main) because their busy lifestyles leave them little time to look for a significant other. Using dating sites(约会网址) is quick and convenient. Many singles say the regular dating scene 34 (just lead) them from one bad experience to 35 and are ready to try something else. Dating sites also make 36 easy to avoid someone 37 you are not interested in. In the real world, 38 , ignoring someone you don’t like can be difficult. Despite all the advantages, online dating also presents its own set of problems. People aren’t always those who they declare to be in their online 39 (describe). Safety is another concern. You are just 40 (like) to find a criminal online as you are Mr. Or Miss Right. 八 第二节 语法填空（共 10 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） Polar bears are suffering in a 31 (warm) world than ever before. Polar bears live in environments too cold for most animals. 32 much of the year, they live and hunt on the frozen Arctic sea ice. Nature has prepared 33 for the cold conditions. But nothing has prepared the bears for the danger that 34 (threat) the only home they know. The polar bears’ world is melting. Studies show that the polar ice has reduced by 9.8% every 10 years 35 1978. Now about 20,000 to 25,000 polar bears live in the Arctic. Polar bears depend on the sea ice for their 36 (survive). “The sea ice is more than just this platform that the bears walk over,” says Andrew Derocher, 37 scientist who studies North American polar bear populations. “ 38 it, they can’t exist.” Some melting and refreezing of the polar ice is natural. 39 in a warmer world, these cycles speed up, and bears have less time to hunt. Normally, they have three months in the spring when they gain more weight. The extra fat is used later, 40 the bears are not actively hunting. 九 语法填空（共 10 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 31 is possible that we simply do not stay in one place for a true friendship to develop. However, there can be no disagreement on the need for each of us 32 (think) carefully about the kind of friendships we want. To most of us, friendships are considered 33 (importance), but need to have clear in our own minds 34 kinds of friendships we want .Are they to be close or 35 (keep) at arm’s length? Do we want to share ourselves or do we want to walk on the surface? For some people, many friendships on the surface are quite enough—and that’s all right .But at some point we need to make
sure that our expectations are the same as our 36 (friend)expectations. If one wants more from the friendship than the other, 37 if this is not talked about, one is likely at last to fell that he’s holding the short end of the stick. The sharing of personal experience 38 (include) our tears as well as our dark dreams 39 (be) the surest way to deepen friendships. But it must be undertaken slowly and carried on only if there signs of interest and action 40 return. 十 第二节 语法填空(共 10 小题；每小题 1．5 分，满分 15 分) Many teachers believe that the responsibilities for learning lie with the student. 31_____ a long reading assignment is given, instructors expect students to be familiar with 32_____ (inform) in the reading even if they do not discuss it in class or take an examination. The ideal student is considered to be one who is motivated to learn for the sake of learning, not the one interested only in getting high grades. Sometimes homework is returned 33_____ brief written comments but without a grade. Even if a grade is not given, the student is 34_________(responsibility) for learning the material assigned. When research 35______( assign), the professor expects the student to take it actively and to complete it with minimum guidance. It is the student's responsibility to find books, magazines, and articles in the library. Professors do not have the time to explain 36_____ a university library works; they expect students, 37______(special) graduate students, to be able to exhaust the reference origins in the library. Professors will help students who need it, but prefer that their students should not be too dependent on them. In the United States, professors have many other duties 38 ______ teaching, such as administrative or research work. Therefore, the time 39______ a professor can spend with a student outside of class 40______( limit). If a student has problems with classroom work, the student should either approach a professor during office hours or make an appointment. 十一 第二节 语法填空（共 10 小题，每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） This is a true story which happened in the States. A man came out of his home to admire his new truck. To his 31 (puzzle), his three-year-old son was 32 (happy) hammering dents(凹痕) into the shiny paint of the truck. The man ran to his son, knocked him away, hammered the little boy's hands into pulp(果浆汁) as 33 (punish). When the father calmed down, he rushed his son to the hospital. 34 the doctor tried desperately to save the crushed bones, he finally had to cut the fingers from both the boy's hands. When the boy 35 (wake) up from the operation and saw his bandaged stubs, he innocently said, “Daddy, I'm sorry about your truck.” Then he asked, “ 36 when are my fingers going to grow back?” The father went home and committed suicide. Think about this story 37 next time someone steps on your feet or you wish to take revenge. Think first 38 you lose your patience with someone you love. Trucks can 39 (repair). Broken bones and hurt feelings often can't. Too often we fail to recognize the difference between the person and the performance. We forget that forgiveness is 40 (great) than revenge. People make mistakes. We are allowed to make mistakes. But the actions we take while in a rage will impress us forever.
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十二 语法填空（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） As I think back I realize how hard it is to view the world ____31____ the eyes of my childhood. ____32____ child’s mind is still filled with the idea that anything and everything is possible. They haven’t begun building the mental walls yet. Watch a child ____33____(learn) to walk and it’s amazing. No matter how many times they fall down, they hop back up ____34____ they instinctively know that eventually they’ll be able to walk. They don’t have to worry what ____35____ think. They have no need to put up a front(讲面子). They are who they are. But somewhere along the line they learn to be ____36____(practice). Their creativity is blocked over time, as the world ____37____(teach) them to fit in. Eventually they don’t bounce back as fast 38 they fail. Learning is now something you have to do that is very boring and unpleasant. You and I ____39____ tear down those walls that are closing in and start fresh. It’s time to bring back that sense of joy and wonder. When you’re setting your goals for the New Year, think like a child. Set your goals as if ____40____ is possible. 十三 In many countries, ___31___ is not unusual for families of different backgrounds to live together in the shared space. ___32___, in the United States, this idea may still be considered odd. But this type of housing, ___33___(call) co-housing, is gaining ___34___ (popular) in the United States, too. Co-housing complexes are popping up across the country. For many people, this way of life is a relief to the busy modern lifestyle. A co-housing community has ___35___ (private) owned houses and shared land. There is often a “common house” with a kitchen and dining room, meeting room, and maybe a workshop of library or music room. About 25 co-housing communities ___36___ (build) in recent years, and 150 more are planned. A co-housing complex is a place ___37___ residents shop, cook, and eat together. Residents of a co-housing complex like its sense of shared community. Children have other kids to play ___38___, ___39___ many families like. Other residents like the feeling of living in a “ village”. Residents also say that they can live in co-housing for ___40 ___ money than they would pay for nearby apartments. 十四 第二节： 语法填空（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） I now had the key to all languages, __31_ I was eager to learn to use it. Children __32__ can hear learn languages without any particular effort. __33__ hear other people speak, and enjoy trying to make the same sounds. The__34__ child must learn languages in a slow and often painful way. __35__ even though the learning may be slow and painful, the result is wonderful. We advance gradually from merely__36__ (name) objects to understanding the thought in a line of Shakespeare. At first, when my teacher told me about a new thing, I asked very__37__ questions. My ideas were not clear, and I didn’t know many. But as my knowledge of things__38__ ( grow） and I learned more and more words, I could ask more questions, and I would return again and again __39__ the same subject, eager for more information. Sometimes a new word made me remember an experience I had had__40__ (early).
十五 Mrs. Wilson, the wife of a rich man, 1.__________some of her friends to lunch. She was trying a new way to cook fish and she was very pleased with 2.__________when the fish was ready. As the fish was very hot, she put it near the open window to 3.__________ for a few minutes. Five minutes later, when she came back for it, she was 4.__________to find the neighbor’s cat at the fish. She was in time to stop the cat 5.__________ it was too late. That afternoon every one enjoyed the fish. They talked and laughed 6.__________four o’clock. After the guests left, Mrs. Wilson felt tired 7.__________ happy. She was sitting down in a chair near the window when she saw the neighbor’s cat dead in her garden. She was sure the fish was bad. What 8.__________happen to her friends? She at once telephoned the family doctor for help. The doctor liked each guest 9.__________ （meet）him. Once again Mrs. Wilson was alone in her chair still tired but not longer happy. Just then the telephone rang. 10.__________ was her neighbor, “Oh, Mrs. Wilson,” he cried.” My cat is dead. She was killed by someone in a car and put in your garden….” 十六 Nowadays, almost everyone 1.__________（realize）that smoking is 2._________（harm）to people’s health. Sometimes it 3.__________ causes fire. In China, about 38% of the people smoke. Every year, they smoke millions of packets of 4.__________. It’s bad news for the health of nation. It’s known that smoking can cause different kinds of disease. Every year, many people die 5.__________ these illnesses, such as lung and throat cancers. It also costs the government much money to look 6.__________ these sick people. Smoking is also harmful to those 7._________ don’t smoke, 8.__________ （especial）to children and women. In a word, smoking is no good. 9.__________ you want to smoke, just think of those who suffer from diseases 10.__________ the fires that destroy people’s lives and properties! 十七 Many people like to 1._________ the latest newspaper. But 2.__________ is it produced so quickly? The most important man may be 3.__________ chief editor. He decides 4.__________ to do. Every morning the 5.__________ （journal）are sent to report the events. Sometimes they need a face-to-face interview with people 6.__________ do telephone interviews. Meanwhile, the picture editor sends photographer to take the 7.__________ they need. Later in the day, they pass the stories and the 8.__________ （develop）photos to the editor. The chief editor will choose the most important news for the front page. 9.__________ editors read the stories, make some necessary changes and write headlines for them. 10.__________ the newspaper is printed and delivered to different places. 十八 With the 1.__________ （develop）of industry, air pollution is getting more and more serious. In Beijing, many people suffer different kinds of illnesses because 2.__________ air pollution. Air pollution is caused by the following 3.__________: about half of the problem is caused by vehicles. There are more and more cars, buses on the roads, and they give off 4.__________（poison） gases. 25% of air pollution is caused by factories. Another factor is the smokers. Smoking not only does harm to their health 5.__________ to others. 6.__________ these, about 10%of air pollution is caused by other reasons.
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We should take some measures to fight 7.__________ pollution. New fuel can be used to take 8.__________ place of gas. We can plant more trees. If everybody realizes the 9.__________ （important）of environment and does something to stop pollution, the problem will 10.__________ （solve）. 十九 Recently, a website has carried 1.__________ a survey about the common view on graduates 2.__________ Beijing University. 28% of the interviewed companies think that they 3.__________（satisfy）with the graduates from Beijing University. The graduates in their companies have a wide range of 4.__________ （know）and they learn things very quickly and easily. 5.__________, most of the companies don’t think much of graduates from Beijing University. In their eyes, the graduates always stick 6.__________ their own opinions and lack the teamwork spirit 7.__________ they are working. Besides, they may not be satisfied with their jobs even with big companies, and they usually ask too 8.__________. As a result, 34% of the companies insist that 9.__________ will not employ graduates from Beijing University. In brief, society and even the students themselves expect too much from graduates from Beijing University. That’s 10.__________ a graduate claims that he is rubbish. 二十 As soon as I returned from the USA, I called 1. Lily, one of my neighbours. I dialed several times, but I still could not get 2.__________ it. “Is it her telephone out of 3.__________ or 4.__________she changed the number?” I thought. “She used to help me greatly when I was in need of her. She is a kind lady, 5.__________ is thought highly of by others. Anyway , I must go to see her this time.” The next morning, 6.__________ wind was blowing hard. 7.__________ （Regard）of the bad weather, I went to the shop, buying some presents. Then I took a taxi and drove to her home. I arrived ten minutes later. I knocked at the door. Out came an old lady. “Is Lily’s home here?” I asked her. “Oh, you are Tony!” The lady cried 8.__________ amazement. “I myself am Lily!” “Is she Lily? She is much 9. .__________than Lily!” It’s my turn to be shocked this time. I starred at her for several minutes. “My God! She is Lily, 10.__________ can one person change so much?” 二十一 An idea to cycle to Tibet occurred 1.__________ me one year ago. I know it’s quite practical in economical 2.__________. For one thing, I can’t have too much money. For another, it is bound 3.__________（do）me good because I can take 4.__________ fresh air on the way there. I called Tom, who had borrowed me a sum of money, telling him my idea. He was excited at my words and promised to 5. off his debt as soon as possible. He also offered to team 6.__________ with me. 7. .__________（Apparent）, he also showed great interest in this trip. Five months before our trip, we kept taking exercise and built up our strong bodied 8.__________ we knew it would be impossible to realize or dream without being healthy. I used to hear that some people making a trip there died from 9.__________ lack oxygen—they 10.__________ devote their lives to their dream! But the cost is too much. So both of us insisted on running in the morning from time to time.
二十二 I went to the seaside to spend my holiday last summer holiday with my family. One day, I was swimming in the river 1.__________ someone shouted, “Look out. There is a shark not far away!” on hearing the shout, I was scared to 2.__________ because I was well aware 3.__________ its dangerous characteristic. “Just don’t worry, Tom!” my father said to me, “but in order to avoid being harmed, let’s go back to our hotel.” We stayed in the seaside for about two weeks. Though the weather was 4.__________ hotter than that in my hometown, I got used to 5.__________and 6.__________ at home. Every morning, I got up earlier than my parents and went for breakfast ahead of time. Then I went to have 7.__________ chat with my new friend, John, who I happened to come 8.__________ during my holiday. John was a native and he was familiar with the seaside well. He was a man with good 9.__________ （quality）. Soon we became very good friends. After we parted, we have been kept writing to each other. Now, I still often hear from him. We talked in our letter about things and persons 10.__________ we remembered in the seaside. 二十三 Tom is a boy with physical 1.__________ （disable） and he can’t walk as 2.__________ normal boy. In order to offer him more convenience, his mother bought him a robot 3.__________ name is Jimmy yesterday. Jimmy accompanies Tom every day after his parents leave for work, 4.__________ （take） care of him. Tom suffers from a rare disease. He can’t 5.__________ （动词短语）. Instead, he has to sit on an armchair all the day. Jimmy show sympathy to Tom and tries his best to make him happy. Some days ago, he took Tom to the park. He tried to protect him from being harmed. He gave Tom encouragement to have a try to walk. So Tom 6.__________. But to Jimmy’s disappointment, Tom sell on the ground, causing some other boys nearby to make fun 7.__________ him. “Don’t laugh at the disabled!” Jimmy turned 8.__________, warning those boys. They felt sorry and ran away immediately. The next day, Jimmy took Tom to the park once again. This time, Tom was 9.__________ to the circumstance and didn’t feel clumsy（笨拙的）any longer. He gets back his own confidence 10.__________ he is still a disabled boy.
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答案 一 31. who 32. But 33. a 34. hid 35. Another 36. it 37. saying 38. will be 39. strength 40. Under 二 31. an 32. latest 33.other/different 34. while 35.associated 36. One 37. what 38. restrictions 39. be broadcast(ed) 40.for 三 31. Surprising 36. Otherwise 四 32.remained 37. her 33. until/till 34. necessity 35. the 38. in 39. way/means 40. arranged
31. puzzlement 32. happily 33. punishment 34. Although / Though 35. woke 36. but 37. the 38. before 39. be repaired 40. greater 十二 31. through 32. a 33. learning 34. because 35. others 36. practical 37. teaches 38. when/if 39. can 40. anything 十三 31. it 32. However 33. called 34. popularity 35. privately 36. has been built 37. where 38. with 39. which 40. less 十四 31. and 32. who 33. They 34. blind 35. But 36. naming 37. few 38. grew 39. to 40. earlier
1．until 2．to 10．but
3．my 4．you 5．buying 6．ordered 7．with 8．personal
五 31.it 32. Thirdly 33. in 34. A 35. to memorize 36. their 37. If 38. advice 39. who 40. writing 六 31. as / when 32. Not 33.waiting 34. why 36. there 37. through 38.same 39.back
十五 1. invited
2. herself 3. cool 4. surprised 5. before 6. till/until 7. but 8. would 9. to meet 10. It
35. being caught 40. it
七 31. of 32. The 33. mainly 34. has just led 35. another 36. it 37. who / whom 38. however 39. description 40. likely 八 31 warmer 32 for/during 33 them 34 threatens 35 since 36 survival 37 a 38 without 39 But 40 when 九 31. It 32. to think 33. important 34.the 35. kept 36.friends’ 37. and 38. including 39.is 40. in 十 31. If / When 32. information 33. with 34. responsible 35. is assigned 36. how 37. particularly/especially 38. besides 39. which/ that 40. is limited 十一
十六 1 has realized 2. harmful 3. even 4. cigarettes 5. of/from 6. after 7. who 8. especially 9. If 10. and 十七 1. read 2. how 3. the 4. what 5. journalists 6. or 7. pictures/photos 8. developed 9. Other 10. Finally 十八 1 development 2. of 3. reasons 4. poisonous 5. but（also） 6. Besides 7. against 8. the 9. importance 10. be solved 十九 1. out 2. from 3. are satisfied 4. knowledge 5. However 6. to 7. when/while 8. much9 they 10. why 二十 1. up 2. through 3. order 4. has 5. who 6. the 7. Regardless 8. in 9. older 10. How 二十一 1. to 2. way 3. to do 4. in 5. pay 6. up 7. apparently 8. because 9. the 10. did 二十二 1. when 2. death 3. of 4. much 5. it 6. felt 7. a 8. across 9. qualification 10. that 二十三 1. disability 2 a 3. whose 4. taking 5. stand up 6. did
9. adaptable/ used
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