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走向高考(四川专用)2016届高三一轮复习新课标版英语课件 选修8 Unit 3


走向高考 ·英语
人教版(课标卷地区) · 高考总复习

路漫漫其修远兮 吾将上下而求索

第一部分 选修八 Unit 3

基础知识聚焦

Inventors and inventions

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基础知识梳理

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高考真题对接

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考点探究演练

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基础知识巩固

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单 元 语 法

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课 时 作 业

基础知识梳理

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Ⅰ.单词速记 A.识记单词 1.__________ (vi. & vt.)显示??的差别; distinguish 使??有所不同;辨别 2.__________ (n.) 产品 product 3.__________ (adj.) 被动的;消极的;被动语 态的 passive 4.__________ (vt.) 抓住;捉住;夺 seize 5.__________ (n.) 文件;档案;文件夹 file (vt.) 提交;将??归档 6.__________ (vt.) 忍受;忍耐;负担 bear

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7.__________ (vt. & vi.) 轻打;轻拍;轻敲 tap (n.) 轻轻地敲击(声);(水)龙头 8.__________ (n.) (水或气)流;电流 current (adj.) 现在的;当前的 9.__________ (adj.) 稳固的;稳定的;安定的 stable 10.__________ (adj.) 实际的;实践的;实用 的 practical 11.__________ (n.) 能力;胜任;本领 competence

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B.联想串记 merciful 12.__________ (adj.)宽大的;仁慈的;慈悲的 mercy →____________ (n.)宽大;仁慈 abrupt 13.__________ (adj.)突然的;意外的 abruptly →____________ (adv.)突然地,唐突地 convenient 14.__________ (adj.)便利的,方便的,就近的 convenience →____________ (n.)方便,便利 conveniently →____________ (adv.)便利地,方便地

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caution 15.__________ (n.)小心,谨慎 →____________ (adj.)小心的,谨慎的 cautious →____________ (adv.)小心地,谨慎地 cautiously 16.expectation __________ (n.)预料;期待;期望 →____________ (v.)预料;期待;期望;认为 expect 17.__________ (adj.)清白的;无罪的;天真的 innocent →____________ (n.)天真,清白 innocence 18.__________ (vt.)联想;联系(n.)同伴;伙伴 associate →____________ (n.)社团;协会;联合;联想 association

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Ⅱ.短语互译 1.给……打电话 ______________________ call up 2.开始;着手 ______________________ 3.迅速把手伸入;一心投入 ______________________ set about 4.开始(做) ______________________ dive into 5.设法联系上(尤指打通电话);(设法) 做完;通过 set out (to do) ______________________
get through

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6.now and then ______________________ 有时;偶尔 7.hang on ______________________ 不挂断;紧紧握住;稍等 8.out of order ______________________ 次序颠倒;发生故障 9.ring back ______________________ 回复电话 10.ring off ______________________ 挂断电话

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Ⅲ.典句析练 1.before引导时间状语从句 The next morning I got up early _____________天还不 热). 【仿写】很长一段时间之后,我才重新入睡。 It was a long time __________________________. 2.“only+状语”置于句首的倒装句 ____________(只有……之后) you have had that recognition _________ (你才能)say that you are truly an inventor. 【仿写】只有当你见到他时,你才知道他变化有多大。 _____________________________________________.

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3.祈使句+and/or+陈述句 _____________(跟随它),explore all around it, ____________before you know it, you will have something worth thinking about to occupy your mind. 【仿写】快点,你就会赶上早班车。 ______________________________________________ __. 答案:1.before the sun was hot; before I got to sleep again 2.Only after, can you;Only when you see him will you know how much he has changed. 3.Follow it up, and;Hurry up, and you'll catch the early bus

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Ⅳ.课文缩写语法填空 When I called __1__ my mother in the countryside on the phone, she told me snakes came to my home now __2__ then, and they seemed to have made their home there. I got the chance to distinguish__3__ by inventing something to catch snakes. No products can help me catch snakes, so I set __4__ researching the habits of snakes __5__ (trap) them.

I decided __6__ three approaches: firstly removing their habitat; secondly,attracting them into a trap; thirdly, __7__(cold) them. I used some __8__(freeze) bowl to make the snakes __9__(active), and then collected them, the next day released __10__ into the wild. ? 答案:1.up 2.and 3.myself 4.about 5.to trap 6.on ? 7.cooling 8.frozen 9.less active 10.them
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考点探究演练

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1.distinguish vt. & vi.显示……的差别;使??有 所不同;辨别 [教材原句]Here was a chance for me to distinguish myself by inventing something merciful that would catch snakes but not harm them.(P20) 这回我有机会表现一下自己,我要发明某种仁 慈的东西,既可把蛇抓到又不会伤害到它们。

(1)distinguish...from... 把??与??区分开来 必 distinguish between A and B 区分A与B

会 (2)distinguished adj.卓越的;杰出的
be distinguished as 作为??而闻名

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①She was distinguished __________ the other girls by her height. 她身材高挑有别于其他女孩。 ②Research suggests that babies learn to see by distinguishing __________ areas of light and dark. 研究表明小孩是通过辨别明暗来学会看东西的。 ③Over the next few years, he has been distinguished ______ a leading scholar. 在接下来的几年里,他作为杰出的学者已享有 盛名。 答案:①from ②between ③as

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2.expectation n.预料;期待;期望
(1)beyond expectation出乎意料 必 come (live) up to one's expectations符合(某人的)期待,不 会 辜负(某人的)期望 (2)expect vt.预料;预计;期望

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①The result of the experiment was beyond my wildest __________. 试验的结果出乎我的预料。 ②We should __________ __________ __________ __________ __________ __________. 我们不应辜负父母的期望。 答案:①expectation ②live/come up to our parents' expectations

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3.seize vt.抓住;捉住;夺
必 会 seize sb. by the arm 抓住某人的胳膊 seize the opportunity/chance to do sth. 抓住机会做某事

seize on/upon sth. 抓住;利用(借口)

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①She __________ __________ __________ __________ sleeves. 她抓住我的袖子。 ②His father asked him to __________ __________ __________ to make some money. 父亲叫他抓住时机赚些钱。 ③The critics seized on my mistake and said I was ignorant. 批评家抓住我的错误,说我无知。

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[名师点拨] seize指突然一把“抓住”某人或某物,可直 接用被抓的部位作宾语,也可用“ seize sb. by the+部位” 结构(这里表示部位的名词前 不可用物主代词)。 答案:①seized me by the ②seize the chance/opportunity

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4.bear vt.(bore,borne)忍受;忍耐;负担; 生育 [教材原句]I cannot bear the smell of burnt sausage on the barbecue.(P24) 我忍受不了架子上烤香肠的味道。 观察句子,写出黑体部分的含义。 ①He can't bear people smoking while he's eating.( ) ②In this case, the victim must bear some responsibility for the crime.( ) ③She was not able to bear children.( )

bear doing/to do sth. 忍受做某事(bear意为“忍受”时, 必 可与can/could连用) 会 bear responsibility/the blame for 承担责任/受责备 bear/keep sth. in mind 记住
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④He can't bear being laughed at in public.= He can't bear to be laughed at in public. 他无法忍受在公共场合遭人嘲笑。 ⑤You may choose any theme you like. However, you should bear in mind an essential point. 你可以选择任何你喜欢的主题。但关键的一 条你应该牢记于心。

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答案:①忍受 ②承担;负担 ③生育

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5.associate vi.联想;联系 [教材原句]Although he is most often associated with the invention of the telephone,...(P26) 虽然人们常把他与电话的发明联系在一起, (1)associate...with... 使??与??联系起来;结合;合 但是?? 伙
必 associate with sb. 与某人交往/共事

会 be associated with 与??有关
(2)association n.联合;联想;交往;协会;社团

in association with 与??联合;与??有关联

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①Through science we've got the idea of __________ progress __________ the future. 通过科学,我们知道了应该把进步与未来联 系起来。 ②The earthquakes are said to __________ __________ __________ large-scale ice loss events. 据说地震与大规模的冰川消融有关系。

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③The first step to making friends is associating with other people. 交朋友的第一步就是要跟他人联系。 ④We are working in association with a number of local companies to raise money for the homeless. 我们与很多本地公司联合为无家可归的人筹 款。 答案:①associating;with ②be associated with

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1.call up给……打电话;使??回忆起 [教材原句]When I called up my mother in the countryside on the telephone she was very upset.(P20) 我给住在乡下的母亲打电话的时候,她感到 很心烦。

①call for需要;要求;呼吁;(去)接(某人)
②call on/upon要求;请求;拜访某人 ③call at(火车等)停靠;拜访某地

④call off取消
必 会 ⑤call out大声说;召唤某人 ⑥call in请来,召来;收回 ⑦与打电话相关的短语: 打电话:give sb. a ring/call;call (sb.) up 回电话:ring back 挂断电话:ring off;hang up 别挂断电话:hang/hold on

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[名师点拨] “拜访某人”可用如下说法:call on sb.;drop in on/upon sb.;pay a visit to sb.;go on a visit to sb.;visit sb.。“拜访某地”可用如下 说法:call at a place;drop in at a place;pay a visit to a place;go on a visit to a place; visit a place。 ①I'll call __________ you at 8 o'clock. 我8点钟来接你。 ②Why don't you call __________ my sister when you're in Brighton?

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③The Ministry of Education calls __________ students to exercise for an hour every day. 教育部呼吁学生每天锻炼一个小时。 ④The game was called __________ because of the bad weather. 比赛因天气恶劣被取消。 ⑤When I called __________ this morning, nobody answered the phone. 今天早上我给你打电话了,没人接。 答案:①for ②on ③for ④off ⑤up

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2.set about开始;着手(about是介词,其后 常接名词或动名词) [教材原句]I set about researching the habits of snakes to find the easiest way to trap them.(P20) set out (to do)出发;企图;打算(做) 我着手研究蛇的习性,以使能找到捕蛇的最 set down让??下车;记下;写下 简易的方法。

必 set off使爆炸;引起;使(某人)开始(做某事) 会 set up树立(榜样);设立;创立;造成;产生 set sth. aside将??放在一边;省(钱、时间);不理会?? set off for=set out for=leave for出发到某地去

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①He tries to set __________ a few days each month to stay with his old parents. 他每月都尽量抽出几天来陪伴年迈的父母。 ②If you want to catch that train, we'd better set __________ for the station immediately. 你要是想赶上那班火车,咱们最好马上动身 去火车站。

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③They succeeded in what they set __________ to do. 他们打算做的事已经做成了。 ④They set __________ many beautiful fireworks. 他们燃放了许多漂亮的焰火。 ⑤I set __________ what my teacher said yesterday. 我把昨天老师说的话都记下了。

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[名师点拨] set out表示“开始做某事”,后多跟动词不 定式;set about表示“开始(着手)做某事”, 多跟doing结构;set off表示“启程,开始”, 多指踏上征程,常和on,for等搭配。 答案:①aside ②off/out ③out ④off ⑤down

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3.get through设法联系上(尤指打通电话); (设法)做完;通过;度过;用完;耗尽 [教材原句]I can't get through.(P26) 我打不通电话。

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观察句子,写出黑体部分的含义。 ①I managed to get through the game and the pain was worth it in the end.( ) ②I've got through the driving test recently.( ) ③I tried ringing you several times yesterday but I couldn't get through (to you).( ) ④We got through a fortune while we were in New York!( ) ⑤We thought he could not get through the winter.( )

get across 被理解;使人了解 get away with 被放过;受到从轻发落

必 get down to 着手认真做某事
会 get over 克服

get on 进展;进步
get in 收获

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⑥How can I get_it_across to you people how important this is? 我怎么做才能让你们这些人理解这件事的重 要性? ⑦For such a serious mistake he was lucky to get_away_with a fine. 他犯了那么严重的错误,却侥幸只交罚款了 事。 答案:①设法做完 ②通过 ③打通电话 ④用完 ⑤度过

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“祈使句+and (or)+将来时”结构 [教材原句]Follow it up, explore all around it, and before you know it, you will have something worth thinking about to occupy your mind.(P25) 跟随它,在它的周围探索,那么在你知道它 之前,你将有值得考虑的某些东西占用的你 大脑。

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①______________________ understand it. =If you listen carefully, you'll understand it. 仔细听,你就会明白。 ②______________________ fail in your exams. 认真学习,否则你会考试不及格。 =If you don't study hard, you'll fail in your exams. 如果你不认真学习,你考试会不及格的。

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[方法规律]本句句式结构为:祈使句+and+ 陈述句。 “祈使句+and+陈述句”句型的三种变化形 式: (1)“祈使句+破折号+陈述句” (2)“名词词组+and+陈述句”(名词词组中通 常含有more, another, further, earlier等词) (3)“祈使句+or+陈述句”or表示“否则、要 不然的话”,or可用or else或otherwise替换, 从反面来预测结果。

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③______________________—perhaps you'll like it. 尝尝这种果汁,也许你会喜欢。 ④It is really very dangerous. ______________________, __________ the baby will fall into the well. 真危险。再多迈一步,这个小孩儿就掉进井 里了。 ⑤____________________ I can finish the work 再给我一个小时,我就能完成工作。

单元语法

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过去分词 1.Lidia,I finally had some pictures from the camping trip __________(print) and brought them to you since you lost your camera in the trip. 答案:printed 考查非谓语动词。分析句子 可知,“from the camping trip”是宾语 “some pictures”的后置定语,且pictures与 print之间构成被动关系,即have sth.done, 意为“请别人做某事”。
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2.It is said that sixty percent of all energy __________ (produce) in the world today is being lost as wasted heat. 答案:produced 考查非谓语动词。句意: 据说现在世界上生产的60%的能源正在以废 热的形式流失。分析句子成分可知,produce 与其逻辑上的主语energy之间是逻辑上的动 宾关系,故此处用动词的-ed形式作定语。

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3.It was quite dark,but I could see a man __________(lie) on the floor __________(tie) up. 答案:lying; tied 考查非谓语动词。see经常 用于see sb./sth.doing结构中,意为“看见某 人/某物正在做某事”,所以第一空用现在分 词形式;第二空动词tie与其主语man之间是 逻辑上的被动关系,所以用其过去分词形式。

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4.The guests left most of the dishes __________(touch) because they did not taste delicious. 答案:untouched 考查非谓语动词。分析句 子成分可知,所填词作宾语补足语,逻辑主 语是句子宾语“most of the dishes”,非谓语 动词与其主语是逻辑上的动宾关系,应用过 去分词,表示被动和完成。

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5.Greatly __________(move) by the movie, the audience could hardly hold back tears. 答案:moved 考查非谓语动词。过去分词 作状语,其主语要和句子的主语保持一致, 此处moved为move的被动形式,意为“被感 动”,即观众被电影感动得流泪了。

高考真题对接

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1.(2014·天津改编)Give me a chance, __________ I'll give you a wonderful surprise. 答案:and 考查特殊句式。句意:给我一 次机会,我会给您一个惊喜。本句是“祈使 句+and +陈述句”句型。 2.(2014·湖北改编)I've been trying to phone Charles all evening, but there must be something wrong with the network; I can't seem to get __________. 答案:through 句意:我一晚上都在尽力给 查尔斯打电话,但是网络肯定出问题了。我 好像是打不通。get through 打通(电话);完成。

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3.(2012·浙江卷改编)Armed with the information you have gathered, you can set __________ preparing your business plan. 答案:about 此处根据语意“收集到信息后, 你能够开始你的商业计划了”知,set about 表示“开始做,着手做……”,其后跟动名词 形式。 4.(2013·四川改编)Read this story, __________ you will realize that not everything can be bought with money. 答案:and 考查“祈使句+连词+句子”结 构。前后两句话为顺承关系,所以选and。句

基础知识巩固
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课时作业
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