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外研版高中英语必修4短语分单元归纳


Book4 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 除……外别无选择; alternative energy an alternative plan load … with sth. load the tru

ck with coal be on fire catch fire set fire to sth command sb to do sth

Module 1.. 31. 32. 33. 34. 35. 36. 37. 38. carry out an operation be optimistic about… be optimistic that… in shape in the shape of out of shape look out of look out! Watch out! ; Be careful! Take care! 39. 40. 41. 42. 43. 44. 45. 1. for a start to start with = to begin with from the start = from the beginning on the way out on the way n./pron./to doing can’t…too 或 never…too Not all…=All…not… Module 2 be on display be on show be on exhibition 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. permit sb to do sth permit doing sth provide sb with sth provide sth for sb sth impress sb sb be impressed by impress sth on sb = impress sb with sth sth is impressed on one’s mind 某事被印在脑海里 have/leave/make/ a …impression on sb 给某人留下…的印象 be convenient to sb It is convenient for sb It is convenient to do sth be convenient for sth get around=get about be connected to/with 对某人方便 对某人方便 做某事方便 对某事方便 到处旅游; 四处走动 订购 与…..相连, 接通 使某人铭记 某物给某人留下影响 允许某人做某事 允许做某事 为某人提供某物 展览 从开头, 从开始 即将被淘汰; 即将过时 即将,来到,接近 “不可能太….”, 并非所有的 首先 首先, 第一 做手术 .对……乐观的 对…..乐观 处于良好状态,在形状上 以….形状;呈……形 变形,走样 向……外看 小心,当心

have no alternative but (=have no choice but) 只要…… 替代方案 给… 装某物 给汽车装上煤 着火(强调状态) 失火(强调动作,无被动语态) 放火烧某物 命令某人做某事 原形, should 可省略) free of charge in charge of in the charge of take charge of be charged with… attach sth to sth attach oneself to be attached to… 免费,不花钱 负责,管理 由…负责 负责管理,负责照顾 充满 把某物固定/附在某物上 参加;和…在一起,缠着 连在…上; 附属于….; 系在……上 attach importance/value to sth. 认为某事很重要/有价值 for sure sb. is sure to do sth be sure + that-clause make sure of /about sth make sure + that-clause sb. run out of sth sth. run out rely on/upon rely on it that… get rid of =rid…of 肯定地,有把握地 某人一定/肯定做某事 确信,相信…… 确保…… 确保 某人用完了某东西 某物用完了(没有了) 依靠,信赖;取决于 指望…..,对……不怀疑 摆脱,丢掉;除去,赶走,消灭 可代替能源

command that… (that 从句中要用 should+动词

“再怎么….也不过分”

with + 复合宾语结构,常用的结构形式有: ①with+ 宾语+ 现在分词 ( 强调宾语是现在分词动作 的发出者或某状态、动作正在进行) ②with+ 宾语+ 过去分词 ( 强调宾语是过去分词动作 的承受者或动作已经发生) ③with+宾语+形容词(强调宾语的特性和状态) ④with+宾语+副词 ⑤with+宾语+不定式(不定式动作尚未发生) ⑥with+宾语+介词短语

30.

place an order

15. 16.

be stuck in get dressed get washed get lost get married get charged get separated

困住,动不了 穿衣 洗脸 迷路 结婚 充电 被分散 马上,一会儿 按时 及时 从前 与此同时 曾经, 一度,从前有个时期 决不,在任何时候都不 值得做…..

4. 5. 6. 7.

involve sb in… involve oneself in… be/get involved in… more than more than 100 = over 100 , more than surprised more …than…

允许某人参与 积极参与…… 被卷入到….之中 不仅仅 超过 100 十分/非常 吃惊

与其说…不如说…(强调前者) (保持)警惕;值班,站岗 度假 休班 值班 举起,抬起,承受住,支撑 阻挡 等会儿, 坚持 限制 维持 泄露,出卖,暴露,让步,赠送,捐赠 发出(烟、光、热、气味等)

17. 18. 19. 20.

in no time on time in time once upon a time at the same time at one time at no time

He was more an artist than a writer. 8. 9. on guard on holiday on leave on duty 10. 11. hold up hold back hold on hold down hold out 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24. 25. 26. give away give off give out make a deal communicate with sb be busy with sth shake hands with sb stare at sb/sth stare into the distance request sb to do sth request that sb (should) do… make a request for… at the request of sb = at sb’s request by request(of) do sb a favour ask sb a favour in favour of do sb a favor = do a favor for sb lift up ①up and down ②up and down = back and forth = backwards and forwards 按要求 帮某人一个忙 请某人帮个忙 赞成 帮某人的忙 举起;太高;吊起 上上下下 前前后后 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. 32. mind reader

21.

be worth doing be worth + n. = be worthy of + n

sth. is worth doing = sth is worthy of being done = sth is worthy to be done 22. “祈使句 + and +简单句”可以改为 if 条件句 Think hard, and you’ll have an idea. 使劲想,你就会 有主意。 =? 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30. 31. “祈使句 + or +简单句”也可以改为 if 条件句 Listen to me, or you won’t understand. = ? under construction be limited to in rush hours react to… react with sth. occur to sb 正在建设之中 局限于….. 处于交通高峰期 对…产生反应 与某物起(化学)反应 (主意或想法突然)浮现与脑中, 被想起,被想到 It occurs to sb to do sth It occurs to sb that have sth done keep cool keep quiet keep still keep silent 32. no way 请别人做某事 保持冷静 保持安静 不动 保持沉默 肯定不, 没门儿 (用于句首时,句子要倒装) Module 3 1. 2. 3. vary in… vary from…to… vary with 在……方面不同 从…..到……变化 随着….而变化,因….而不同 某人想到……

发出;放出(消息、声音等);用完,耗尽 能看透别人心思的人 达成协议,做成交易 和某人交流 忙于某事 和某人握手 注视着某人/某物 凝视着远方 要求某人做某事 要求某人做某事 要求….. 应某人的请求

③up and down = here and there ④up and down

处处 来来往往

= to and from 33. by accident Module 4 1. 2. 3. experiment with sth. experiment on sth. carry out perform conduct do make 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. make a breakthrough convert A into/to B take the place of = replace in place of instead of 取得重大突破(进展) 把 A 转换成 B 取代,代替 取代,代替(介词短语) 代替,而不是(介词短语) an experiment 做实验 用某物实验 对某物进行实验 偶然地,无意地

25. 26. 27.

a fire escape clear up be known for be known an be known to

紧急出口;安全门 (天气)放晴;整理;收拾 因…..而出名/闻名 以……而知名,著称 为……所知 谋生 谋生 过着…..的生活 掌权;执政 取得政权 当权,执政 不能胜任,力所不及 可能…… 一定…….

28.

earn one’s living = make a living get/gain a living 比较:live/lead a…life

29. 30.

come to power take power in power out of one’s power = beyond one’s power

31. 32.

It is possible that…. It’s certain that... =sb/sth is certain to do It’s certain that you’ll succeed. = ?

a quantity of + 不可数名词,谓语动词用单数 quantities of+可数名词复数,谓语动词用复数 quantities of+不可数名词,谓语动词用复数 bring up bring down bring about bring back bring in 抚育;教养,呕吐,提出(话题等) 降低 导致,引起 归还;恢复;回想 赚(钱);带进;传入 寻找 搜查某人或某地 寻求/寻找…… 由于…..的结果 因此,结果 1. 由于… 2. ……的关键 问题的答案 课文注释 会议的结束 大厦的入口 出口某物到…… 第二重要的 对……感兴趣 从…..(地方)毕业 从某地逃脱;逃走 逃避现实 九死一生 5. 6. 7. 4. 3. 35. 34. 33.

It’s likely that…… =sb/sth is likely to do

可能…..

It’s likely that he is doing his homework. = ? It seems that =sb/sth seems to do It seems that he knows the secret. =? at war 在交战中 被诊断出…, 患有… 成为…的代言人 一部分因为 sb 用某人包围某人 被某人所包围 在周围环境 九死一生 在远处,在远方 从一定距离,从远处 在一定距离处,隔一段距离 对某人冷淡; 与某人保持距离 at the edge of on the edge of at least = at the least not in the least = not all at most = at the most 在……的边缘(侧重于在边 缘点上) 在…边缘上(侧重在边缘较 广阔的地域) 至少 一点也不 至多 36. be diagnosed with 37. become the voice of 38. partly because of Module 5 surround sb with in the surrounding a narrow escape in the distance from a distance at a distance keep sb at a distance be surrounded by sb 好像……

13. 14. 15. 16. 17.

search for search sb/sp in search of as a result of as a result owing to thanks to due to because of

18.

the key to… the answer to the question notes to the text an end to the meeting the entrance to the building

19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24.

export sth to the second most important be interested in… graduate from….. escape from (out of)+sp. escape from reality have a narrow escape

8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18. 19. 20. 21. 22. 23. 24.

be heavy with make a detour have four weeks off go through forbid sb to do sth forbid doing sth require to do sth require sb to do sth sth require doing = sth require to be done on a spot rip off rip sth off get a kick out of enjoy doing be fond of go in for Module 6

有大量的 绕道而行 休四周假 穿过;经历 禁止某人做某事 禁止做某事 要求去做某事 要求某人去做某事 某物需要被做 在现场,当场 敲竹杠;敲诈 偷窃,盗取 从……中得到乐趣 喜欢干….. 喜欢….. 爱好,从事

22. 23. 24. 25. 26. 27. 28. 29. 30.

come straight to the point beside/off the point to the point be on the point of go for adapt oneself to according to be connected with in order to = so as to

谈正题;开门见山 不切正题,无关紧要 切题,中肯 正要

适用于,应用于;喜欢,偏爱 使自己适应于…… 根据 与…..有关系 为了 本模块重点语法

require that sb (should) do sth 要求某人做某事

一. 情态动词 + have + p.p. 用法归纳 1. must have done sth. He knew the film. 2. may/might have done 肯定做了某事 He must have seen it. 可能/大概已经做了某事 (表示对过去的某事做出肯定的判断)

(表示对过去情况的可能性推测) Tom may have bought a new pen because I don’t see the old one.. 3. can’t/ couldn’t have done sth. 不可能已经做了某事 (表示对过去情况的否定性推测)

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18.

attack sb with sth be attacked with a disease make an attack on/upon a heart attack come into existence a struggle for existence calm down sb. is unlikely to… It is unlikely that… be likely to... be related to relate sth to sth There happens to be… There appears to be… There seems to be…

用某物攻击某人 患/害病 对…发动攻击 心脏病突发 开始存在;形成;成立 生存竞争 (使)安静下来 某人不可能 不可能…… 可能…… 与…有关,与…有联系 把…..与……联系起来 碰巧有…… 似乎有…… 好像有 幸好(幸运)做某事

The ground is dry, so it can’t have rained last night. 4. should = have done sth. 过去应该做某事(而没做) ought to have done sth 过去不该做某事(却做了)

You are late. You should have come 1 minute earlier. 5. shouldn’t have done sth. = oughtn’t to have done sth. She is crying. You shouldn’t have told her the sad news. 6. could have done sth. 7. needn’t have done sth. your pen. 8. would rather have done sth. but I was too busy at that time. 二、情态动词表推测的其他用法 1、 情态动词 + 动词原形 表示对现在或将来情况的推测 2、情态动词 + be doing 表示对现在或将来正在进行 的情况进行推测 3、情态动词 + have been doing 表示对过去正在发生 的事情的推测 本来想做某事 (却未做成) I would rather have come to help you with your English, 本来能够做 (却没有做某事) 原来不必做某事(却已经做了)

Tom has bought a new pen. You needn’t have lent him

have the fortune (luck) to do sth make a fortune try one’s fortune die out 发财 碰碰运气 (家族、物种)灭绝;灭亡; (习俗等)渐渐消失 (火)逐渐熄灭

19. 20. 21.

throw light on come to light bring to light

帮助弄清楚;阐明某事 暴露,被发现,表现出来 让人知道,公布于世


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