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必修三 unit2 词汇学案


Learning aims: 1. Students are able to accumulate some words related to the topic of this unit. 2. Students are able to master the usage of some important words and phrases. 一.单词释义: 1._____ n. a sort of food that is usually eaten by a person 2.______ n. something that you say is not true 3._______ not to be punished for something 4._______ uncooked 5._______ n. the strong wish to know about something 6._______ n. someone who buys things or services from a shop, company, etc. 7._______n. a particular quality that gives someone or something an advantage 8._______ vt. to get by working hard, by being better than others; to be successful 9. _______ to reduce the size, amount or number of sth. 10.________ vt. to join together 二.短语积累与拓展 1. eat a healthy/ balanced diet 2.feel frustrated 3.put on weight/lose weight 4.out of curiosity 5. tell a lie/lies 6. win the customers back 7.before long/ long before 8.earn one’s living=earn a living=make one’s living 9.in / out of debt 10. pay one’s debts 11. keep /lose one’s balance 12. combine A with B=combine A and B 13.had better do sth.( had better not do sth.) 三.重点词汇用法详解 1. diet n. ______ be/go on a diet_______ put sb. on a diet 控制某人饮食 keep a balanced diet_______ E.g. 我的日常饮食包括米饭和蔬菜。____________________________________________. I have put on so much weight that I have to go on a diet. ______________________________. The doctor__________________after operation. 手术之后,医生规定了他的饮食。 v. ______ 她正在节食。_________________________. 2. balance n. ____________ keep one’s balance 保持平衡 lose one’s balance 失去平衡 E.g. 他失去平衡跌倒了。_________________________________. 维护自然平衡是我们的责任。___________________________________________________. 搭配:in the balance 悬而未决,紧要关头 on balance 总的来说 v. 使平衡,使均衡 Can you balance yourself on skates? _______________________________________________? 3. curiosity n. ____________ 搭配: out of curiosity ____________ satisfy one’s curiosity __________________ show curiosity about sth. ____________ arouse one’s curiosity about sth. 激起某人对…的兴趣 curious adj. __________ be curious about…. 对……感到好奇 be curious to do sth. 极想做某事 It is curious that……奇怪的是……. E.g. Just _________________, how much did you pay for your car? 我只是出于好奇心,请问你这辆车花了多少钱? If you are ______ about American cities, just read the book written by Dr. Johnson. A. interested B. anxious C.upset D. curious Children are ________ about everthing, so teachers and parents should satisfy their _______. 4. get away with [教材原句] He could not have Yong Hui getting away with telling people lies. 翻译:___________________________________________________________. I won’t have you _____________cheating in the exam. 我不会让你在考试中作弊而不受惩罚。

没有人因违反法律而不受惩罚。_______________________________________________. I think the student ought to be punished. He shouldn’t ____________________ telling lies. A come up with B. keep up with C. get away with D. get along with 与 get 有关的重要短语: get across (使)被理解, (把……)讲清楚 get rid of…. 摆脱,除掉 get down to( doing )sth. 开始认真做某事 get in touch with……与……取得联系 get along well with… 与……相处得好,进展顺利(多用进行时) E.g. 他们有许多共同之处,因此他们相处的很好。 __________________________________________________________________________. 5.win back 重新获得,赢回 我们队决心明年重新夺回这个奖。 _________________________________________________. 也许打个折他能够重新赢回他的顾客。_____________________________________________. 6.consult vt. (1) to go to a place for advice or information ___________________________ consult sb. about sth. 咨询某人关于某事 e.g. The mother consulted the doctor about her son’s illness.______________________________. (2) to look in or at sth. to get information _____________ 他查阅了字典。___________________________________________ vi. to discuss with 商议,商量 他们协商了很久,但是不能作出决定。____________________________________________. consult with…_____________________ consult on sth. _______________________ 同根词汇:consultation n._____________ consultant n._______________ 7.debt n. _______ in debt __________ out of debt ____________ in debt to sb. 感激某人 pay one’s debts ________________ owe a debt ______________________ e.g. 若还清所有债务,我就分文不剩了。___________________________________________. 他借了许多钱,不能还清债务。___________________________________________________. 8. limit n. ___________ v._____________ (limit 常与 to 连用) (n..) e.g. There is a limit to the amount of money I can afford. ___________________________. His car exceeded the speed limit. __________________________________________________. 我们规定了这次旅游的费用限额。_______________________________________________. (v.) 我们必须限制开支。________________________________________________________. 本次欢迎会仅限于几个密友参加。 _________________________________________________. 9.benefit n. for the benefit of/for one’s benefit ___________ be of benefit to… _______________ e.g. 这场雨对植物大有好处。_____________________________________________________ v. __________e.g.科学家所做的一切有益于这个世界。_______________________________. benefit from/by… 从……中受益 e.g. ______________________________植物得益于这场雨。 10.cut down (1) 削减,缩小(尺寸、数量或数目) (2)砍倒 e.g. 我们得把这篇文章压缩到一千字。___________________________________________. 医生让我少抽烟,少喝酒。____________________________________________________. 砍倒一棵树_______________ 相关短语:cut in _________ cut out_____________ cut up _________ cut off _____________


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