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【学海导航】2015届新课标高中英语一轮总复习课件M7 Unit 4 Public transport(1)(共37张PPT)


Module7·Unit 4 Public transport(1)

1、postpone vt. 延期, 推迟

◆The weather being bad, we had to postpone our trip. 因为天气不好,我们不得不延期出行。 ◆The party was postponed until 8 o'

clock. 晚会推迟到8点举行。

delay, postpone, put off这些动词或短语均有“推延,延 期”之意。 delay 普通用词,多指因外界原因推迟或耽误,也可指 有意推迟。 postpone 正式用词,语气较强,多指有安排的延期, 常指明延期到一定的时间。 put off 口语用词,与postpone同义,但较通俗。

由于(考虑到)最近无船,我们同意推迟装船日期。 the shipping date, (that) We agree to there is no steamer recently.

postpone; considering

2、辨析 annoy, bother annoy 指由于干扰、不顺利或受不了某种外界情况等而 “使烦恼、懊恼”。 bother 指不停地“扰乱”、“麻烦”, 使人不能安宁, 而产生烦恼的心理。 ◆I was annoyed by his bad manners. 他的无礼使我恼怒。 ◆Pardon me for bothering you with such a small matter. 请原谅我为这点小事麻烦你。

The lady got ______ because the boy broke her window. A. happy B. annoy C. annoyed D. anger

C get annoyed with sb. 对……恼火; 生……的气。

3、convey vt. ①运载; 运送某人/某物 convey sb./sth. (from…to…) = take sb./sth.; carry sb./sth.; transmit sb./sth. ◆Pipes convey hot water from the boiler to the radiators. 通过管道把热水从锅炉输送到散热器里。 ◆This train conveys both passengers and goods. 这列火车既载人又载货。

②表达或传达(思想、感情等) convey sth. (to sb.) convey (to the reader) the poet's feelings / what the poet feels (向读者)充分地表达出诗人的思想感情 ◆Words cannot convey how delighted I was. 言辞无法表达我内心的喜悦。 ◆Please convey my good wishes to your mother. 请向您母亲转达我的祝愿。

convey sth. (to sb.) (法律) 转让(土地﹑ 财产等) conveyor 运送者; 传送者; 传达者; 转让者; 运输设备; 传送装置

他们请我向你们转达他们真诚的歉意,他们还 保证用新滚筒替换这些滚筒。 you and They asked me to promised to replace these rollers by new ones.

convey their sincere apology to

4、user-friendly adj. 方便使用的;易于掌握的 英语中以 “ -ly” 结尾的词多为副词,但有些却是形容 词。这类形容词常见的有如下几类: (1) 在friend, brother, woman这类名词后加“-ly”构成形 容词。这类词通常没有相应的副词形式,其意义为 “ 具有那种本性或本质的 ” 。如: beastly, cowardly, earthly, fatherly, gentlemanly, heavenly, leisurely, manly, masterly, motherly, princely, queenly, kingly, scholarly, sisterly等。

◆It wasn't very friendly of you to slam the door in his face. 你当着他的面用力关门是不友好的。 ◆They have brotherly relations. 他们具有兄弟般的关系。 (2) 在hour, day等表示时间的名词后加“-ly”构成形容词。 这类词通常表示“每……的”,“每……时间一次的”。 如:hourly, daily, weekly, monthly, quarterly, yearly, biweekly, bimonthly等。

The public show great interest in the president's weekly radio talk. 公众对总统每周一次的广播讲话表现出极大的兴趣。 ◆I read this poem in a quarterly magazine. 我在一本季刊上看到过这首诗。 注意:这类词也可兼作名词,表示报刊,还可兼作副 词。 ◆Popular Medicine is a monthly. 《大众医学》是月刊。

(3)有些词加“-ly”成为形容词,表示人的外貌、心理 或事物的特征、环境等情况。常见的有:sickly, deadly, lively, lonely, costly, orderly, homely, likely等。 ◆Hong Kong is one of the costliest cities in the world. 香港是全球生活费用最高的城市之一。 (4) 一些与方位有关的词加“-ly”构成形容词。这类与 方位有关的词加“-ly”构成的形容词可译为“从…… 方向来的”或“来自……方向的”。这类词有 easterly, southerly, westerly, southeasterly, northwesterly 等。

◆The plane flew off in a southerly direction. 这架飞机飞向南方。 ◆An easterly wind blew across the ground gently. 东风吹拂大地。 (5) 英语中有些形容词本身就是以“-ly”结尾的词。常 见的有ugly, silly, early, only等。 ◆Don't make ugly faces. 别做鬼脸。 ◆He is the only man for the task. 他是完成这项任务唯一合适的人。

①In spite of repeated wrongs done to him, he looks ______ to people greeting him. A. friendly B. lively C. worried D. cold ①A 句意为:尽管接连不断的麻烦烦扰着他, 但他看起来还是对和他打招呼的人非常友善。 friendly友好的;lively 充满活力的;worried 焦虑的;cold冷淡的。

②她把慈母般的爱献给了他们。 She showed ____________ to them.

②motherly love

③经理正在主持年会。 The manager was holding ________________.

③the yearly conference

④这种杂志每月出版一期。 This magazine is published ________.

④monthly

⑤我们勘探了有可能发现煤的地区。 We explored the ________ regions for the discovery of coal.

⑤likely

5、undertake vt. & vi. (undertook, undertaken) 承担; 承受;许诺;开始进行 undertake后接名词、代词或不定式作宾语,但不能接 动词的-ing形式。同时,也可接宾语从句。 undertake to do sth. 答应做某事 undertake a task/a project/a research 负责一个任务/工程/研究

◆I'll undertake that I will buy you a birthday present. 我保证给你买一个生日礼物。 ◆I undertook to teach the children English. 我答应教孩子们英语。 ◆He is going to undertake a new experiment. 他打算着手进行一项新的实验。

如果设备达不到议定的规格质量,我们将负责调换。 If the equipment is not up to the agreed specifications and quality, we will ______ to replace it.

undertake

6、辨析 rise, arise, raise 这3个动词的音、形近似,且含义也相近,都有“上升” 的意思,但它们的含义和用法有所不同。 (1) rise vi. (rose, risen)没有被动语态,使用范围较广。它 可以指太阳、月亮、河水、物价、数量等“升起、上升、 增长”,也可以指人“起立、起床、地位升高”等。 (2) arise意为“上升;发生”,是比较庄重的用语,主要 用于诗歌或带古风的文体,含有比喻的韵味;当 difficulty, problem, crisis, conflict等词用作主语时,习惯 上与arise搭配,不用rise。

(3) raise vt. 它一般指“升起、举起、抬起、提出”等具 体行为、动作,有时也用于借喻,表示“提高”工资、 价格、地位,“增加”数量、容量等。 ◆The sun rises in the east. 太阳从东方升起。 ◆They raised a national flag. 他们升起了一面国旗。

①The question ______ then. What are we going to do when we graduate from the university? A. raises B. arouses C. arises D. rises

①C 句意:然后问题出现了。我们大学毕业后 将做什么?表示出现不愉快的“问题”,常 用arise。

②Having heard the unfair conditions, the angry man ______ from the chair, ______ his voice. A. raised; raising B. rose; raising C. raised; rising D. rose; rising ②B 句意:听到那不公平的条件,那位生气的人提 高嗓音从椅子上站起来。前一空后面没有宾语, 故用不及物动词rose。后一句后面接有宾语,故用 及物动词raise的现在分词形式,表伴随状况。

③总产量增长了20%。 The total output

by 20%.

③rose

④旧问题解决时新问题又来了。 New problems ________ when the old ones are solved.

④arise

⑤他由职员提升到经理。 He ____________ from clerk to manager.

⑤was raised

1、link up 联系,连接 ◆The two spacecraft will link up (with each other) in orbit. 两艘宇宙飞船将于轨道上(互相)连接。 ◆The two highways link up here. 两条高速公路在这里衔接起来。 ◆The electrician joined the wires up. 电工把电线连接起来。

铁路把各个城镇与首都连接起来。 country towns Railway lines capital.

the

link; with

2、drop off (1) 让……下车 ◆Please drop me off at the bank. 请让我在银行下车。 (2) 减少;下降 ◆The business of the company was dropping off. 这家公司的生意日益清淡。 (3) 睡着 ◆She dropped off during the lesson. 她在听课时睡着了。

My old friend Jack was on business in the city and he ______ me yesterday. A. dropped out of B. dropped in at C. dropped in on D. dropped off

C drop in on sb. 顺便拜访某人。

3、split up 分裂,破裂,离婚 ◆Jenny and Joe have split up. 珍妮和乔闹翻了。

这个政党分裂成3个小派别。 The party ________________ three small groups.

split up into


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