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2016届高考英语第二轮阅读理解调研复习题22


江苏徐州市 2016 高考英语阅读理解二轮基础选练(7)及答案

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出最 佳选项。 【2014 统一模拟】 Now Hear This What do former American president Bill Clinton and rock musician Pete Townshend have

in common.'? Both men have hearing damage from exposure to loud music, and both now wear hearing aids as a consequence. As a teenager, Clinton played saxophone in a band. Townshend, who has the more severe hearing loss, was a guitarist for a band called the Who. He is one of the first rock musicians to call the public's attention to the problem of hearing loss from exposure to loud music. Temporary hearing loss can happen after only 15 minutes of listening to loud music. One early warning sign is when your ears begin to feel warm while you listen to music at a rock concert or through headphones. One later is that an unusual sound or a ringing is sometimes produced in your head after the concert. "What happens is that the hair cells in the inner ear are damaged, but they're not dead," says physician and ear specialist Dr. Sam Levine. According to Dr. Levine, if you avoid further exposure to loud noise, it's

possible to recondition the cells somewhat. However, he adds, "Eventually, over a long period of time, hair cells are permanently damaged." And this is no small problem. What sound level is dangerous? According to Dr. Levine, regular exposure to noise above 85 decibels (分贝) is considered dangerous. The chart below offers a comparison of decibel levels to certain sounds. Here's another measurement you can use. If you're at a rock concert and the music is so loud that you have to shout to make yourself heard, you' re at risk for hearing loss. That's when wearing protective devices such as earplugs becomes critical. The facts are pretty frightening. But are rock bands turning down the volume.'? Most aren't. "Rock music is supposed to be loud," says drummer Andrew Sather. "I wouldn't have it any other way. And neither would the real fans of rock. " Continued exposure to loud music and the failure to wear earplugs can lead to deafness, according to Dr. Levine. He states, "There's no cure for hearing loss. Your ears are trying to tell you something. That ringing is the scream of your hair cells dying. Each time that happens, more and more damage is done. " Levels of Common Noises Normal conversation 50 — 65 dB

Food blender dB Jet plane flying above a person standing outside 103 dB Rock band during a concert 110 — 140 dB 63. From Paragraph 1, we can learn that A. loud music is a major cause of hearing loss B. famous people tend to have hearing problems C. teenagers should stay away from school bands D. the problem of hearing damage is widely known 64. In Paragraph 3, the underlined word "recondition" means A. not to be seen C. to become larger in size . B. to fill with sound D. to make good again .

88

65. The purpose of the chart at the end of the article is to show . A. a list of harmful sounds B. the effect of rock concerts C. the noise levels of familiar sounds D. relationship between daily activities and hearing loss 66. Which of the following statements will Dr. Sam Levine probably

agree? A. When your ears feel warm, your hair cells are dead. B. Drummer Andrew Sather gives good advice. C. Many are taking the risk of losing hearing. D. Doctors know how to cure hearing loss. 【参考答案】63. A 64. D 65. B 66. C

2016 高考英语阅读理解--人生百味类 You feel happiest when you create a healthy balance between giving and receiving. If you give and give without making time to fill your own needs, then it’s likely you will burn out, or feel upset. When you take and take without giving anything back, you never feel a sense of achievement,so you are always searching for ways to fill the void in your life. The way to create a healthy balance between giving and receiving so as to achieve real happiness is to know and then live by your values. I break values up into two groups which I call “being” and “having” values. Your “being” values are the character traits(特征)of the ideal person you would like to be. An example of some “being” values are: kind, loving, generous, inspirational, peaceful, wise and even powerful. By acting on these values, you give to others through your actions and

you inspire others by “being” a positive role model. Mastering “being” these character traits becomes your life purpose. Your “having” values are the feelings you need to create in order to be happy. These could be companionship, achievement, support, “being” valued or financial security. This is what you receive. You take responsibility for filling your own needs by taking steps to create these feelings and conditions in your life. When you make a commitment to live by your “being” values, it becomes easier to make conscious choices rather than reactionary( 保守的) ones. If your usual habit is to complain about your problems, you could choose to think and act like a calm person. A calm person might go for a walk, meditate(沉思), or set a time limit before responding. If your usual pattern is to worry, you could choose to act like a responsible or wise person. In other words, you would act like the person you choose to be—this is the key to personal power. When you choose to act on your values, you not only feel good about yourself, but you reinforce(增强)your chosen beliefs. Over time acting in this way changes how you see the world, and in turn the way other people think of you. 【小题 1】The underlined word “void” in Paragraph 1 probably means . A.a feeling of emptiness B.a loss of power

C.a lack of energy D.a state of being confused According to the text, by acting on your own “being” values, 【小题 2】 you will . A.gain a lot of power B.fill your own needs C.seek all human virtues D.form positive personality 【小题 3】Which of the following does NOT belong to your “having” values? A.Your success in the competition. B.The support from your friends. C.Your own peaceful mind. D.The friendship with others. 【小题 4】What can be inferred from the text? A.“Having” values are better than “being” values. B.The way other people think of you decides who you are. C.A calm person does not choose to complain easily. D.A responsible person does not care about financial security. 【小题 5】The main purpose of this passage is to . A.persuade the readers to make a commitment B.inform the readers how to be truly happy

C.explain to the readers what personal values are D.instruct the readers how to make wise choices

2016 高考英语阅读理解--人生百味类 Thirteen can be a challenging age. Not only did I have to adapt to my changing body, I also had to deal with my parents’ bitter divorce, a new family and the upsetting move from my country home to a crowded town. When we moved, my beloved companion, a small brown pony had to be sold. I was heartbroken and terribly lonely. I couldn’t eat or sleep and cried all the time. Finally, realizing how much I missed my pony, my father bought me another horse, Cowboy. Cowboy was without doubt the ugliest horse in the world. But I didn’t care. I loved him beyond all reasons. I joined a riding club. When Cowboy and I entered the events where the horse was judged by appearance, we were quickly ”shown the gate”. I

knew nothing could turn Cowboy into a beauty. My only chance to compete would be in the timed speed events. I chose the jumping race. For the whole next month we practiced running and jumping for hours in the hot sun and then I would walk Cowboy home, totally exhausted. All of our hard work didn’t make me feel confident by the time the show came. One girl named Becky rode a big brown horse in the race events. She always won the blue ribbons. I sat at the gate and sweated all out while I watched Becky and her horse charge through the court and finish in first place. My turn finally came. At the signal, we dashed toward the first fence, jumped over it without trouble and raced on to the next one. Cowboy then flew over the second, third and fourth fences like a bird and I turned him toward the finish line. No cheers filled the air. The end of our run was met with surprised silence. Cowboy and I had beaten Becky and her fancy horse by two seconds. I gained much more than a blue ribbon that day. At thirteen, I realized that no matter what the odds, I’d always come out a winner if I wanted something badly enough to work for it. I can be the owner of my fate. 【小题 1】Why did the author like Cowboy so much in spite of its

ugliness? A.Because she loved horses more than anything else. B.Because Cowboy was a strong and smart young horse. C.Because Cowboy had a lot in common with her pony. D.Because she was sad and lonely and needed a companion. 【小题 2】The audience fell into silence at the end of the run probably because_________. A.they didn’t expect Cowboy would win the event B.they were unhappy that Becky was beaten in the event C.they didn’t like cowboy, for it was too ugly D.they never saw a horse running as fast as Cowboy After the competition, the author came to realize that _______. 【小题 3】 A.she ought to gather the courage to solve all the problems B.it was time to forget her pony and treat Cowboy better C.she needed to work harder to win more blue ribbons D.she could be the god of her own fate if she tried hard enough 【小题 4】It can be inferred from the story that _________. A.all of their hard training was totally in vain B.a blue ribbon must be the second highest prize C.Cowboy lost in the event of being judged by appearance D.both Becky and the author won in the jumping event

阅读下列短文,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最佳 答案。 【2014 高考英语二模试题】 People People is America's No. 1 magazine about fascinating people. It's a guide to who and what's hot in the arts, science, business, politics, television, movies, books, music and sports. It is published weekly. Publisher: The Time Inc. Magazine Company Cover Price: $ 211.47 Our Price: $ 117.00 Issues:53 issues/12 months Lucky Lucky is the shopping magazine with the best buys,and the fashion tips you'll need before you hit the stores. What makes Lucky really special is that it gets you the information you need before anyone else has it.

Publisher: Conde Nast Publications Inc. Cover Price: $ 35.40 Our Price: $ 15. 00 Issues:12 issues/12 months Parents The most trusted magazine for parents who want to raise smart, loving and self-confident children. Each issue has age-specific child-development guidance, advice on your child's health and safety, an the best ways to encourage your child's learning. Publisher : Meredith Corporation Cover Price: $ 42. 00 Our Price: $ 9. 97 Issues:12 issues/12 months Entertainment This magazine covers movies , television , music , Broadway

stage productions , books , and popular culture. Unlike celebrity-focused magazines like People,its main concentration is on entertainment media and reviews. It's intended for a more general audience. Publisher: The Time Inc. Magazine Company Cover Price: $ 199. 50 Our Price: $ 38. 95

Issues:57 issues/12 months 56.Which of the following targets common readers?

A. Lucky.

B. Entertainment.

C. Parents.

D. People. 57.According to the passage, what makes Lucky so special? A.Its exclusive information related to shopping. B. Its pictures of fashion stores. C. The access it provides to bargains. D. Its competitive price. 58.Celebrity-focused magazines are probably ones focusing on . B. festivals

A.political events and celebrations C. hot events and famous stars

D.television programs

59.You're most likely to find the above information A.in an educational magazine C.on a magazine club website 60.Every issue of A. Lucky B. in a magazine sales report D. in a cultural magazine

costs the subscriber least. B. Parents C.People

D. Entertainment 【参考答案】56-60 BACCD


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