(一) 阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 You must have heard stress contributes to 80% of major illness and is responsible for 75% to 90% of doctor ’s visits. But tha
t’s not stress; it’s distress. ―Stress is the only anti-aging agent we know of – the exact opposite of what we think,‖ says psychologist James E. Loehr. What really brings happiness is meeting obstacles and overcoming them. The damage occurs when stress levels never go down. A recent study showed it took nine days longer for the constantly stressed family caregivers of chronically(慢性地) ill patients to heal from wounds than it took other people the same age. Stress is essential. Life without it would be like having a brand-new cherry-red Porsche and driving it only in the driveway. [写作内容] 1)以约 30 个词概括短文的要点； 2) 然后以约 120 个词就“你如何看待压力”的主题发表看法，并包括如下要点： a)你是如何看待压力的？ b)在你的学习或生活中压力是否大？如何正视压力？ [写作指导] (1)扼要概括：本文的论点、论据、结论。 论点 Stress is the only anti-aging agent we know of 论据 Distress contributes to 80% of major illness and is responsible for 75% to 90% of doctor ’s visits. 结论 Stress would bring you happiness. 用自己的话表达： 论点→stress is not an obstacle but a power in our life, it is good for us to stay young. 论据和结论→According to the study, we know that stress is necessary in our life, which can motivate us to go ahead. (2)构思经历：作者认为压力是抗衰老的有效药剂，生活的真正快乐来源于压力给予我们的不断 的动力。因此，可以介绍我们在平时学习中是如何将压力变为动力，及如何正视压力。 (二) 阅读下面的短文，然后按要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 Years ago it was very difficult to travel from one place to another. The journeys were often long, tiring and dangerous. Today the picture has changed. Science has improved transportation and communication facilities a great deal. Traveling has become safer, more enjoyable and above all, more economical. Traveling—whether within one’s country or abroad—brings many invaluable benefits. People travel for pleasure, business or for education and knowledge. In the world of yesterday most people were only able to read about strange and fascinating places across the mountains and seas. Later, with the coming of the cinema and television, man’s curiosity about faraway places with strange sounding names was further stirred up. Today man’s curiosity can be satisfied in luxurious comfort. There are first-class ships and airplanes to take him where his dreams lie. We travel to increase our knowledge of the world in which we live. Knowledge obtained from books alone is not enough. New knowledge of different lands and peoples enrich our mind and soul. Books generally do not give us a very true picture of lands beyond our shores. Some of them are even misleading. [写作内容]
1)以约 30 个词概括短文的要点； 2)然后以约 120 个词就“现代交通的利与弊”的主题发表看法，并包括如下要点： a)通过古今对比说明现代交通给我们带来的好处； b)现代交通方式给我们带来的负面影响； c)就如何消除这些负面影响提出你的建议。
(1)写摘要：首先，找准主题句，①Science has improved transportation and communication facilities a great deal. Traveling has become safer, more enjoyable and above all, more economical.(第一段最后两 句) ②论点：Traveling brings many invaluable benefits.(第二段第一句)；论据是：People travel for pleasure, business or for education and knowledge. (第二段第二句) We travel to increase our knowledge of the world. (第三段第一句)。然后，用一两句自己的话把他们有机地联系起来。 (2)列要点：根据要点列提纲，表达个人看法。 Para. 2: advantages—In the past…. But now… disadvantages—air pollution, traffic jams, lack of energy… Para. 3: suggestions—a) make rules b) use bicycles instead of cars (3)扩展成句，连句成文：①使用句子连接。如，用 I can’t agree more.把摘要和个人看法联接起 来。②使用连词或连接性副词。如：a)also b) Firstly…. Secondly… c) To begin with… What’s more /Besides /Moreover… Last but not least … (三) 阅读下面的短文，然后按照要求写一篇 150 词左右的英语短文。 When we meet with difficulties in life, we notice that some of us choose to bury heads in the sand. Unfortunately, however, this attitude will do you no good, because if you have no courage to face them, how can you conquer them? Thus, be optimistic; as it can give you confidence and help you see yourself through the hard times. Keeping optimistic, you will be able to realize, in spite of some hardship, there’s always hope waiting for you, which will lead you to the ultimate success. Thomas Edison is optimistic; if not, the light of hope in his heart could not give light to the whole world. Alfred Nobel is optimistic; if not, the explosives and the Nobel Prize would not have come into being. A rose may be beautiful, or may be not. That depends on your attitude only. So does success, and so does life. Difficulties do exist, but if you are optimistic, then they are only episodes(插曲) on your long way to success; there are more bridges than obstacles! The great British poet Shelley’s lines say, ―If winter comes, can spring be far behind? [写作内容] 1)以约 30 个词概括短文的要点； 2)然后以约 120 个词就“人为什么要乐观？”的主题发表看法，并以自己的亲身体验为例，说 明乐观至少有下列好处： a)使人身心健康； b)使人每天心情愉悦，开心度过每一天； c)使我们能够勇敢地面对学习中所遇到的挫折； d)使人性格随和，能与他人和谐相处。
参考范文 (一) Stress keeps you young The passage tells us that stress is not an obstacle but a power of success in your life. What’s more, it is good for us to stay young. According to the study, we know that stress is necessary in our life, which can motivate us to go ahead. Everyone is affected by stressful situations. How to manage your stress? I hold the same view with the author: stress is essential and we should be lucky to be together with it. As for me, I am keen on studying and enjoy the stress from study now. Once upon a time, I was discouraged because of too much stress from heavy study task. Later, I found the key to taking stress head-on is being relaxed. The better you relax, the better mood you can get from study. Don’t be pessimistic when stress comes into view, maybe it’s a turning point in your life. (二) On Modern Transportation With the help of science, transportation makes traveling safer and easier, which brings lots of benefits like satisfying man’s curiosity and increasing man’s knowledge of the world. I can’t agree more. As the legend goes: To carry the news of the Greek victory, Pheidippides, a professional runner, had to run 42 kilometers without stopping. He dropped dead of exhaustion after shouting, ―Rejoice, we conquer!‖ That happened in 490BC, but now it’s easy for us to cover this distance by car. With the help of modern transportation, we can go everywhere we prefer to. Even the journey to outer space is not a dream any more. Despite the obvious advantages of modern transportation, it has also created many negative effects such as air pollution, traffic jams and lack of energy. To solve the problems, in my mind, there are two ways. On one hand, rules should be made for drivers to follow. On the other hand, if possible, we’d better use bicycles instead of cars to save energy as well as easing traffic jams. (三) Keeping optimistic We can know from the passage if we are optimistic we can conquer different kinds of difficulties in life when we meet them, and we will succeed in the end. In my study, I will get discouraged when I fail in an exam. I think I’m hopeless and can’t go to my ideal university. Whenever I am in bad mood, my teachers, especially my homeroom teacher, encourages me to be optimistic by saying the proverb ―Nothing is difficult if you put your heart into it.‖ They also tell me to study harder and give me good advice on my study. I’m grateful to them and agree with them. From now on, I’ll no longer feel frustrated when I fail in an exam. On the contrary, I will still keep optimistic and study harder because I know failure is the mother of success. As long as I don’t lose heart and work hard, I’m sure I’ll succeed in the end.