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2014 高考英语完形填空预演复习训练(14)及答案

【北京市东城区 2014 高考英语调研检测题】
完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,共 30 分) 阅读下面短文,掌握其大意,从每题所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中,选出最 佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。 Jay Wilson was my English teacher at Lake Forest High School. It was him realized my potential in writing, and his He was kind to me, but I had no There were other 39 38 37 made me a writer eventually. that he took particular notice of me. 40 36

kids in the class, and soon I fell back into my usual

and thought that I was just a little over average in most things. Near the end of the term, we began to read the play--Macbeth. Believe me, this is not an easy play for high school students to understand, 41 I spent a lot of time reading it. After 42 — the

working till the night before it was due, I wrote a paper about the first paper I typed on a typewriter — and turned it I got a good 44 43

the next day. 45

on it, and below the grade Mr. Wilson wrote, “Sure

you become a writer.” That was it. Those six words were written in his clea r and neat handwriting. It was the first time he or anyone had was a 47 46 in any way that writing

option for me. We’d never had any writers in our family line, and we 48 , so writing for a living didn’t seem

didn’t know any writers personally, even something 50 49

to me. But then, just like that, Jay Wilson tapped my hidden

and let me see a wider world. Over the next 10 years, I often 51 about Mr. Wilson’s six words.

Whenever I felt discouraged, it was those six words that came back to me and gave me 52 . When a few instructors in college gently and not-so-gently tried to tell 53 before me to protect myself. I

me I had no talent, I held Mr. Wilson’s didn’t 54

what anyone else thought. Mr. Wilson, head of the whole English 55

department at Lake Forest High, down and struggled forward. 396 36. A. when 37. A. knowledge 38. A. intention B. who B. confidence B. concern

I could be a writer. So I put my head

C. how C. influence C. doubt

D. where D. assignment D. sense

39. A. older 40. A. location 41. A. so 42. A. work 43. A. on 44. A. grade 45. A. wonder 46. A. arranged 47. A. career 48. A. distantly 49. A. necessary 50. A. talent 51. A. worried 52. A. impression 53. A. actions 54. A. care 55. A. proved

B. smarter B. position B. but B. term B. off B. praise B. hope B. persuaded B. study B. frequently B. precious B. memory B. thought B. wisdom B. predict B. said

C. richer C. motivation C. or C. class C. in C. idea C. make C. announced C. hobby C. actually C. different C. secret C. heard C. words C. ignore C. promised

D. luckier D. qualification D. for D. play D. up D. start D. help D. indicated D. method D. obviously D. available D. opinion D. wrote D. strength D. duty D. learn D. answered
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B. improvement C. imagination

【参考答案】完形填空(共 20 小题;每小题 1.5 分,共 30 分) 36.B 41.A 46.D 51.B 37.C 42.D 47.A 52.D 38.D 43.C 48.A 53.C 39.B 44.A 49.D 54.A 40.B 45.B 50.A 55.B

完形填空----A Twelve years ago, my mother gave birth to the most beautiful girl. were later given the 2 1 , we

that this little girl, who was three and a half months old, 3

would only have 14 days on earth. It ’s hard to understand what kind of you have when you find out that you’re know. As time went on, the number of days kept growing, which gave us 5 4

something that you don’t even

. When

the doctors said that we could take her home, that was no 7 . 8


reality hit. We had

I am from a small town with

hospitals, but when you don’t have money, 9

you just don’t have it. My mother tried for days to get the money, but nothing each time. A caseworker(社会工作者) was even doing her best. It ’s almost felt as if we had to 11 a baby from the hospital. 12 10

that it

One day the caseworker walked into her boss’s office to walked out, 14 13

again. As she

do wn yet again, out of nowhere a man walked up to her. He 15 , so she

her a handful of money and said, “Please give this to the lady in

can take her daughter home .” She looked down at her hand with tears in her eyes. As she looked back up to thank him, he was hospital and he was no where to be Thanks to the guy that I will 17 18 . know, we could take home that 19 16 . They searched all over that

baby girl that was only given 14 days to live, and celebrated her 12th birthday yesterday. I am grateful to this man and feel that his act of everyone. 20 should be shared with

(B)1. A. Besides

B. However

C. Otherwise

D. Therefore

(D)2. A. idea

B. order

C. point

D. news

(B)3. A. character

B. feeling

C. habit

D. friendship

(B)4. A. wasting

B. losing

C. explaining

D. gaining

(C)5. A. trouble

B. freedom

C. hope

D. information

(D)6. A. how

B. where

C. whether

D. when

(A)7. A. money

B. knowledge

C. shelter

D. car

(C)8. A. modern

B. large

C. small

D. good

(B)9. A. set up

B. came up

C. made up

D. gave up

(C)10. A. interesting

B. necessary

C. sad

D. impossible

(D)11. A. save

B. protect

C. visit

D. buy

(B)12. A. apologize

B. try

C. research

D. interview

(B)13. A. moved

B. let

C. knelt

D. fell

(B)14. A. took

B. handed

C. paid

D. lent

(D)15. A. danger

B. advance

C. reward

D. need


(B)16. A. shy

B. gone

C. disappointed

D. proud

(C)17. A. avoided

B. persuaded

C. found

D. stopped

(B)18. A. even

B. never

C. almost

D. still


(C)19. A. nervous

B. naughty

C. beautiful

D. dangerous

(B)20. A. courage

B. kindness

C. gentleness

D. politeness

【解析】B。考查句子间的逻辑关系。此处是转折关系。 【解析】D。考查语境中名词的辨析。That 引导的是同位语从句,根据句意可知此

处是噩耗之意。 【解析】B。考查逻辑推理。作者的小妹妹非常漂亮,这本是好事,可是医生突然 宣布死神将很快夺走她的生命,这种“感觉”难以理解。 【解析】B。考查上下文暗示。根据医生透露的消息可知,小妹妹只能存活 14 天, 全家会很快“失去”她。 【解析】C。考查生活常识。第一段提到小妹妹只能活 14 天,而此处提到随着时 间的推移她的存活时间不断延长,这显然给了全家“希望”。 【解析】D。考查逻辑推理。联系上下文便知用 when,其它三项均不适合。 【解析】A。 【解析】C。考查逻辑推理。 【解析】B。考查短语搭配。come up 此处是“发生”之意。 【解析】C。考查逻辑推理。作者的母亲为了 筹钱东奔西走,结果总是空手而归; 社会工作者虽然竭尽全力,仍然无能为 力。这种现实让人感到十分“悲伤” 。 【解析】D。考查逻辑推理。作者一家人为了带回家需要千方百计四处筹钱,可是 没有任何结果。这几乎让作者一家人感到好像是从医院“购买”孩子一样。 【解析】B。考查上下文暗示。 【解析】B。考查逻辑推理。此处的 let sb. do wn 表示“使人失望” 。 【解析】B。考查逻辑推理。根据下文的内容可知这位神秘的男士想帮助作者一家 人渡过难关,所以把钱“递”给社会工作者,让她转交给作者的母亲。 【解析】D。考查短语搭配。 【解析】B。考查逻辑推理。根据下一句内容可知,当这个社会工作者去感谢他时, 他已经走了。 【解析】C。考查上下文的暗示。他们找遍了整个医院,都没“发现”他。 【解析】B。考查逻辑推理。 【解析】C。考查上下文对照。此处与第一段第一句中的 the most beautiful little girl 相呼应。 【解析】B。考查语篇理解。男士是替别人着想,为别人排忧解难,这是“善良” 的行为。

完形单词单选巩固 1. [2005 湖南,21] —It's cloudy outside. Please take an umbrella.— _____. A)Yes, take it easy B)Well, it just depends C)OK, just in case D)All right, you're welcome 2. [2005 广东,26] You'd better take something to read when you go to see the doctor _____ you have to wait. A)even if B)in case C)as if D)in order that

3. [2005 浙江,1] My brother is an actor. He _____ in several films so far. A)appears B)appeared C)has appeared D)is appearing

4. [2005 浙江,11] —I'm afraid Mr. Wood can't see you until 4 o'clock.—Oh, _____ I won't wait. A)no doubt B)after all C)in that case D)in this way 5. [2005 四川,9] I always take something to read when I go to the doctor's _____ I have to wait. A)in case B)so that C)in order D)as if

6. [2006 福建,35] Always read the _____ on the bottle carefully and take the right amount of medicine. A)explanations B)instructions C)descriptio ns D)introductions 7. [2006 辽宁,32] School children must be taught how to deal with dangerous _____. A)states B)conditions C)situations D)positions

8. [2006 天津,15] Finding information in today's world is easy. The _____ is how you can tell if the information you get is useful or not. A)ability B)competition C)challenge D)knowledge

9. [2007 四川,31]Of the two coats, I'd choose the _____ one to spare some money for a book. A)cheapest B)cheaper C)more expensive D)most expensive

10. [2007 北京,33] Leave your key with a neighbor _____ you lock yourself out one day A)ever since B)even if C)soon after D)in case

11. [2007 上海 ,36] The Town Hall _____ in the 1800's was the most distinguished building at that time. A)to be completed B)having been completed C)completed D)being completed

12. [2007 天津,4] _____ fire, all exits must be kept clear. A)In place of B)Instead of C)In case of D)In spite of

13. [2007 重庆,22] My parents live in a small village. They always keep candles in the house _____ there is a power cut. A)if B)unless C)in case D)so that

14. [2008 湖南,30] _____ the project as planned, we'll have to work two more hours a day. A)Completing B)Complete C)Completed D)To complete

15. [2008 天津,2]My brother is really _____. He often works in his office far into th e night. A)open-minded B)hard-working C)self-confident D)warm-hearted

16. [2009 安徽,24]Do you think it's a good idea to make friends with your students? — _____, I do. I think it's a great idea. A )Really B)Obvio usly C)Actually D)Generally

17. [2009 天津,4] _____ the project in time, the staff were working at weekends. A)Competing B)Having completed C)To have completed D)To complete
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18. [2010 福建, 34]In April, thousands of holidaymakers remained _____ abroad due to the volcanic ash cloud. A)sticking B)stuck C)to be stuck D)to have stuck

19. [2010 江西, 25]Parents _____ much importance to education. They will do their best to give their children that priceless gift. A)attach B)pay C)link D)apply

20. [2010 山东, 23]I have a lot of readings _____ before the end of this t erm. A)completing B)to complete C)completed D)being completed

记叙文型完形填空] (二)


One of my father's favourite sayings as I was growing up was “Try it! ” I couldn't say I didn't like I've come to everything, whatever it might be, until after I tried it.Over the years

__1__ how much of my success I owe to my accept ance of those words

as one of my values.My first job was just one I decided to try for a couple of years until I __2__ what I want to do as a career(职业).__3__ I believed I would work

for a few years, get married, stay home and raise a family, so I didn't think the job I took __4__ that much.I couldn't have be en more __5__.I mastered the skills of that through the

beginning level positions and I was given the opportunity(机会)to __6__ company in to different

positions.I accepted each new opportunity with the __7__, __8__ position.” every

“Well,I'll try it; if I don't like it I can always go back to my

But I was with the same company for the past 28 years,and I've career change I've made.I've discovered I possess


a large number of different

talents(才能)and skills tha t I never would have thought were within me had it not been for my be ing __11__ __10__ trying new opportunities.I've also discovered that if I

what I'm doing and work hard at achieving my goal, I will __12__

succeed.That's why I'm so excited to be a part of CareerFables.com.I think has come and I am determined to make it a success. 1. A.consider B.argue C.include D.realize 2. A.determined B.examined C.experienced D.intr oduced 3. A.Actually B.Gradually C.Finally D.Usually 4. A.helped C.expressed 5. A.careful B.required

D.mattered B.mistaken

C.interested D.prepared 6. A.look up B.take up

C.move up D.put up 7. A.thought B.reply

C.action D.advice 8. A.easier B.newer

C.earlier D. higher 9. A.permitted B.counted

C.organized D.enjoyed 10. A.lucky for B.slow at C.open to D.afraid of B.give away D.turn into B.time

11. A.think of C.believe in 12. A.dream

C.power D.honour (二) 【要点综述】 本文是一篇励志记叙文,描述了父亲最喜爱的“Try it! ”对作 者选择职业、工作目标和生活斗志方面的影响。 1. D 这么多年来, “我”开始意识到“我”很多的成功都归功于父亲的那些 话。 2. A 通过下文可以看出,作者在从事第一项工作的时候,只是想先试试看, 如果遇到热衷的想当成自己固定职业的工作的话,还是会离开的。 determine 确 定,决心。 3. A 这里作者在表明自己的态度。事实上, “我”自认为“我”会工作几年, 之后 结婚?? 4. D 根据前一句可知,作者并没有把这项工作看得特别重要。matter 在这里 作动词,意为“有关系,要紧” 。 5. B 根据下文可知, 作者本不具有的一些生活技能居然在通过各种经历后具 有了,也就是说作者开始的想法是错误的。 6. C move up 上升,这里指工作上取得了提升。

7. A with the thought 带着这种想法。作者每一次得到一个新机会,总有那种

“如果我不喜欢这个新的机会,我就会回到原来的那个职位”的想法。 8. C 根据上题解析可知 C 项正确。 earlier 早些时候的。

9. D 通过“But?”可以看出作者的态度发生了变化,在过去的 28 年中,作 者一直待在同一个 公司, 并且很享受每次的工作变化。 count 重要, 认为??重要。 10. C 要不是作者愿意尝试新的机会,就不会拥有这么多的才能。 be open to

对??开放。Had it not been for = If it had not been for?要不是?? 11. C 作者还发现如果相信自己并且一直努力去做,就一定能够达到目标、

取得成功。believe in 相信,信任。 12. B 作者认为时机(time)已到,决心一定要取得成功。

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