湛江一中 2015-2016 学年度第二学期第一次大考考试 高二级英语科试卷
考试时间：120 分钟 满分：150 分 第一部分：阅读理解（共两节，满分 40 分） 第一节（共 15 小题；每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下列四篇短文，从每小题后所给的 A、B、C、D 四个选项中，选出最佳选项，并在答題卡上将该 选项涂黑。 A China news, Beijin
g, June 5 — The Horizon Research Group conducted a survey about Chinese parents and their children in May last year and this year. Based on a random sampling method, the survey, done in May last year, investigated about 1,095 people living in cities such as Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Xinjiang, Jinzhong, and Luzhou. All these people were aged between 18 and 60. The survey shows that 55.5% of the parents did not know who their children’s best friends were. Fathers, in particular, knew even less about their children than mothers, as the survey shows only 33.8% of fathers knew who their children’s best friends were while 50.8% of mothers did so, China Youth Daily reported. Parents with little education were less concerned with their children’s life, or whom their children played with. The survey shows that among parents that graduated from primary schools or without any educat ional background, only 33.1% knew who their children’s best friends were. Among parents that had received middle school education, the related proportion reached 45.5%. This year’s survey was also based on random sampling. In May 2007, the Horizon Research Group investigated some 1,456 families in Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Wuhan, Changsha, Xi’an, Chengdu and Harbin. The survey shows that children under the age of 12 play for less time with their playmates than their parents did when they were young. The survey also shows that most children at present spend only 21.9% of their time playing with their friends, while their parents spent 36.8% of their time with their playmates when they were young. Nowadays, most children spend more time with their grandparents or babysitters than with their parents. 1. The article tells us that the two surveys show the following aspects EXCEPT that ______. A. parents at present spend less time playing with their children than with the older generation. B. some parents do not know their children’s best friends. C. educated parents are more concerned about their children’s life than those with little education. D. parents at present are concerned little about their children’s life. 2. The passage can be found in _________. A. a magazine B. a newspaper C. a science journal D. a school book 3. What can be inferred from the passage? A. Parents need to take their responsibilities for their children. B. Parents should provide better conditions for their children. C. Parents don’t play an important part in the growth of their children now. D. Parents should let their children have more friends.
B Here a re some of our favorite study tips that will help any student study smarter, not harder： Recite As You Study Reciting — saying things out loud should first take place as you read through each paragraph or section. Test yourself. This will help you to understand as well as learn faster because it is more active than reading or listening. It will also help y ou to notice your mistakes and the topics you have trouble understanding. Take Fuller Notes Notes should be in your own words, brief and clear. They should be tidy and easy to read. Writing notes will help you better than just underlining as you read, since it forces you to rewrite ideas in your own words. Study the Middle The best time to review is soon after you've learned something. You are more likely to remember the material at the beginning and the end of th e lesson, so make sure you focus on the middle when you review. Sleep on It Study before going to bed, unless you are very tired. It's easier to remember material you've just learned after sleeping than after an equal period of daytime activity, because your brain continues to think even after you've fallen asleep. Combine Memory and Understanding There are two ways to remember: by memorizing and by understanding. Multiplication tables(乘 法表), telephone numbers, and math formulas are better learned by memorizing, while ideas are best learned by understanding. The more ways you have to think about an idea, the more meaning it will have; the more meaningful the learning, the better you can remember it. Pay attention to similarities in ideas and concepts, and then try to understand how they fit in with things you already know. Never be satisfied with anything less than a completely clear understanding of what you are reading. If you are not able to follow the thought, go back to the place where you first got confused and try again. 4．You can notice your mistakes by ________. A. saying things out aloud B. taking notes C. studying the middle D. sleeping on it 5．When taking notes, you should ________ to better help you with reading. A. underline important notes B. write notes in your own words C. take down every detail D. write as quickly as possible 6．The writer advises you to ________ as it is easier for you to remember ma terial. A. study after a period of activity B. do some exercise after studying C. study as soon as you get up D. study before going to sleep 7．Which of the following is NOT helpful for your understanding? A. Thinking about an idea in different ways. B. Relating ideas and concepts with what you already know. C. Reading from the beginning to the end without stop. D. Going back to what first made you confused and start again. C Do you like shopping? Or does the thought of wandering round the shops fill you with terror? For some of us, shopping is an enjoyable way of spending our spare time and our money. For me,
it's something I would rather avoid. Thank goodness for the Internet! It's more convenient to buy CDs, electrical items, even food, from the comfort of your sofa. But that’s not the only reason: price is an important factor. We can buy goods and services cheaper online. But sometimes the problem is knowing what to buy. This has led to a type of shopping called “showrooming”. Showrooming is something I've done. I will go to a shop to see, touch and try out products but then go home and buy them online at a lower price. I'm not alone in doing this. Research by a company called Foolproof, found 24％of people showroomed while Christmas shopping in 2013. Amy Cashman, Head of Technology at TNS UK, says the reasons for this new shopping habit are that “people are lacking time, lacking money and they want security about the products they are buying.” She explains that consumers are not only shopping online at home but they are using the Internet in store or on their smartphones to shop around. But does this mean technology will kill shops? Certainly shops will change. They will have to offer more competitive prices or encourage people to buy more by giving store discounts or free gifts. We mustn’t forget that buying in a shop means you can get expert advice from the sales assistant and you can get good aftercare. It’s good to speak to a real human rather than look at a faceless computer screen but at least by showrooming, you get the best of both worlds! 8. The two questions in Paragraph 1 are raised to A. give two examples B. introduce the topic C. compare different opinions D. get answers from readers 9. What does showrooming mean in the text? A. Trying in shops and buying online. B. Showing products in a room. C. Buying something in a store. D. Shopping on the Internet. 10. What can be inferred from Paragraph 4? A. Online shops will disappear. B. Free gifts will surely promote sales. C. Shops need necessary changes. D. Shops will be replaced by online shops. 11. The author's attitude towards showrooming is . A. critical B. negative C. casual D. supportive D My oldest child, Emma, just returned to campus after a long holiday break to finish up her last period of college. These days, friends and family have begun flooding me with one question: What is she going to do after graduation? The job market is, after all, awfully tough. Just this month the Federal Reserve Bank published a study showing that “recent graduates are increasingly working in low-paid jobs or working part-time.” The bright spot, according to the study, is for students who majored(主修) in STEM — science, technology, engineering and mathematics — areas in which recent graduates “have tended to do relatively well”. But Emma is a student of the humanities(人文) at a small college. She’s an American Studies major with a focus on the politics and culture of food. For quite a while, I think her field of study is so fashionable right now that I’m not the least bit worried she will find a good job. Yet the more I’ve thought about it, the more I’ve decided to be honest. “I’m not sure what Emma is going to do,” I now say. “But she’s gotten a great education and has really found her interest. — and I know those things will serve he r well over the course of her life.” Nowadays, more and more universities and colleges are being measured by the salaries of their recent graduates. In this climate, encouraging your kid to study the humanities, seems, at best, unwise or, at worst, unconcerned with earning a living. But a college is not a
vocational(职业) school. And promoting STEM subjects should not be society’s only answer to helping the next generation grow in a competitive world. From the beginning, we never urged Emma to pick a college or a major with an eye on its expected return on money, as more and more families are doing. To Emma, what really matters will be something that we may not be able to measure for quite a long time: Emma’s contribution to the world and how happy she is in it. 12. The author’s friends and family_________. A. are worried about Emma’s safety B. have been worrying about the flood C. are concerned about Emma’s future D. are worried about the job market 13. What can we learn from Paragraph 2? A. The number of the graduates is increasing. B. STEM graduates can be better employees. C. STEM graduates are in relatively greater demand. D. More and more graduates like to do a part-time job. 14. Why did Emma choose a major in the humanities? A. Because she is interested in it. B. Because her mother told her to. C. Because it is increasingly popular. D. Because she wants further education. 15. According to the author, what matters most in choosing a major is that_________. A. it should be among the STEM B. it should be fashionable and interesting C. it should allow a good job and a high salary D. it should bring achievements and happiness 第二节（共 5 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 根据短文内容，从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。选项中有两 项为多余选项。 There are thousands of coral reefs( 珊瑚礁 ) in the world. Unfortunately, however, they are now in serious danger. More than one-third are in such bad shape that they could die within ten years. 16 Here are the three main causes discovered. The first cause is pollution on land. The pollutants run with rainwater into rivers and streams, which carry the poisons into the ocean. 17 So they will be easily infected with diseases. 18 Higher ocean temperatures kill the important food source( 来 源 ) for the coral— the algae(海藻 ), the tiny greenish-gold water plants that live on coral. 19 This process has happened more and more frequently in recent years. The last factor contributing to the disappearance of coral reefs is people. People sometimes crash into reefs with their boats, breaking off large blocks of coral. 20 Moreover, some people even break coral off to collect for souvenirs since it is so colorful and pretty. A. Global warming is another reason. B. Many might not even last that long! C. Divers who walk on reefs can also do serious damage. D. Reefs provide a home for 25% of the fish in the ocean. E. Chemicals from the poisons kill reefs or make them weak. F. Steps must be taken now to stop over-fishing and pollution of the oceans. G. When the algae die, the coral loses its color and it also dies in the end.
第 II 卷 第二部分： 英语知识运用 （共两节, 满分 45 分）
第一节：完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 阅读下面短文，掌握其大意，然后从第 21—40 各题所给的四个选项（A、B、C 和 D） 中，选出最佳选项，并在答题卷上将该项涂黑。 There were two teenage girls in the same school. One had 21 appearance, wealthy family background and remarkable study records. She entered a good 22 after high school. The other, who was less attractive, with 23 background and worse records, entered a TAFE (Technical and Further Education) and became a receptionist at a five-star hotel. With no 24 , the first girl got a job in a big company, got to know someone who was well-educated, 25 and wealthy. They went on a marriage after a two-year's love relationship. 26 thought it was a marriage that was made by the Heaven. The other girl got to know a visiting Professor from USA by 27 at work. People had no idea how they would finally get 28 with a large age gap and poorer communications in English, but anyway, both of them seemed to be 29 about each other. Later on, the first girl gave birth to a baby girl. The 30 had been OK for a few y ears; however, with the growth of her husband's 31 , the man started having some affairs with other women, which came to light one day and were 32 by a divorce. What's worse, she had no 33 in re-gaining her happiness. Presently she is still alone and lonely. How about the other one? Later on, she went to the States, and 34 two children. She went to university while looking after her children. Once the children 35 their school age, she had already gained graduate 36 for accounting and went to work more professionally. She had a 37 life (not only in everyday life but also mentally). She now has a good career, 38 life and social circle. Life seems to have been kind to her. But we can see she 39 her own opportunity and happiness. Life is a long run. The longer distance in a race, the less 40 the starting point is. So just work and try harder. 21. A. poor B. bad C. rich D. good 22. A. family B. university C. hospital D. job 23. A. perfect B. ordinary C. strong D. pretty 24. A. exception B. influence C. connection D. information 25. A. c autious B. handsome C. disabled D. beautiful 26. A. Someone B. Anyone C. Everyone D. No one 27. A. heart B. mistake C. skill D. chance 28. A. praised B. admired C. married D. changed 29. A. happy B. foreign C. lucky D. careful 30. A. marriage B. society C. generation D. influence 31. A. health B. strength C. warmth D. wealth 32. A. quarreled B. argued C. received D. followed 33. A. convenience B. confidence C. patience D. practice 34. A. brought B. provided C. mothered D. occupied 35. A. touched B. reached C. got D. arrived 36. A. certificate B. application C. association D. appetite 37. A. worrying B. disappointing C. satisfying D. discouraging
38. A. daily B. private C. social 39. A. accepted B. relaxed C. created D. missed 40. A. significant B. interesting C. violent 第二节：语法填空（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分）
D. family D. favorite
阅读下面材料，在空白处填入适当的内容（1 个单词）或括号内单词的正确形式。将答案填写在答题卡 的相应位置。 Now many singers and bands have little to do with good music. They know little about 41 good music means. What is the cause? Most of these singers so far 42 (see) music as a “job” because it is a good source of making money. And if you have a good 43 (appear) and also original or expensive clothes to show off at your concerts then your voice is not 44 important as it should be. The public will prefer to admire more the most interesting parts of your body and even forget that you are there 45 (show) your music skills, not your dancing, which is important too, but not at such a high level. Therefore, many young girls on TV choose to wear the most provocative (挑逗性的) clothes to catch attention, but when it comes to singing they are in 46 complete mess and one doesn’t need to have an ear 47 music to notice their lack of talent. However, the young generation should understand talent and a good voice matter more in their musical career. All the bands 48 have little to do with good music fail to be viewed as 49 (succeed) on stage. If a young man has a great voice and wants to become a singer, he should take some special courses in this area, because the courses will help 50 improve singing abilities. 第三部分 51. 52. 53. 54. 55. 56. 57. 58. 59. 60. 课本知识运用（共两节，满分 30 分）
第一节：根据所给的单词或汉语提示写出所缺的单词和其恰当形式（每空 1 分，共 10 分） 。 They got ___________（离婚）two years ago. You can’t look down upon the young man, because he is ______________(ambition). The exhibition is held ____________(annual). My father likes the chair very much because it is ____________(adjust). Tom’s company is so big that it has hired 5,000 __________(员工) to work for it. The system is easily _____________(access) to new beginners. Reading aloud is ____________ (benefit) to your oral English. Don’t walk close to the well which is 20 meters in __________(deep). From James’s face, I could see he was terrified of _______________(abandon) by us. Finally, the prisoner _____________（flee） from the prison successfully.
第二节：根据所给的汉语提示补全句子，每空一词（每空 1 分，共 20 分） 。 61. The play is said ______ ______ ______ _______ a novel.(改编) 62. As he has no opportunity to get a promotion, he intends to ______ ______ (辞职)the company. 63. He ______ ________through his school and university years until 1942, a year after he had gained a ________ __________(硕士学位) in chemistry. 64. To be honest, I doubt ___________（是否）I’m______ ______ _______ (有所改变) to these boys’ lives at all.
65. After visiting the orphanage, we showed ______________ ___________ (同情) the orphans. 66. I have a very busy life____ _____ _______ to sit around _______sorry for myself. (没有时间顾影自怜) 第四部分 写作（共两节，满分 35 分）
第一节 短文改错（共 10 题；每小题 1 分，共 10 分） 假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文，请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有 10 处语言 错误，每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。 增加：在缺词处加一个漏词符号（/\)，并在其下面写出该加的词。 删除：把多余的词用斜线（\ )划掉。 修改：在错的词下划一横线（一） ，并在该词下面写出修改后的词。 注意：1.每处错误及修改均仅限一词； 2.只允许修改 10 处，多者(从第 11 处起)不计分 I've learned from the newspaper that your company is looking for receptionist．I’m very interesting in the job and I’d like to apply to the position． First of all, allow me to introduce myself．I had just graduated from high school and taken the University Entrance Examination．I want to find out a part-time job this summer．I'm 18 year old and have a good command of English, especial in terms or speaking and listening. In fact, I once won the first prize in the English speech competition hold in our school. Besides, I'm quite easy-going but therefore very popular amon g my classmates． I sincerely hope you can give us a chance. I’m looking forward to your reply.
第二节 书面表达 (满分 25 分) 假如你是李华，是高三某班班长。为了丰富同学们的课外生活，班级准备成立一个自行车俱乐部 (cycling club)。请你根据下面的提示，用英语写一则口头通知。通知如下： 1. 每周训练一次，由体育老师辅导，安排在每周三下午第三节的课外活动时间； 2. 注意事项：自备自行车；活动免费。 3. 到班长那里报名。 注意： 1. 词数 120 左右； 2. 可适当增加细节，以使行文连贯。 3. 文章开头与结尾已给出，不计入总词数。 Attention, please, everyone. Ever since we entered Senior 3, we’ve burdened ourselves with a lot of work. __________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________
___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ ______________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ ___________________________________________________________________________________________ _________________________________________________________ That’s all. Thank you.
湛江一中 2015-2016 学年度第二学期第一次大考考试 高二级英语科试卷答案 第一部分：阅读理解（共 15 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 30 分） 1-3 ABA 4-7 ABDC 8-11 BACD 第二节（共 5 小题，每小题 2 分，满分 10 分） 16-20 BEAGC 第二部分：英语知识运用 第一节：完形填空（共 20 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 30 分） 21-25 DBBAB 41. what 46. a 26-30 CDCAA 42. have seen 47. for 31-35 DDBCB 36-40 ACDCA 45. to show 50. him 第二节：语法填空（共 10 小题；每小题 1.5 分，满分 15 分） 43. appearance 44. as (so) 48. that 49. successful/successes 12-15 CCAD
第一节：根据所给的单词或汉语提示写出所缺的单词和其恰当形式。 （每空 1 分，共 10 分） 51. divorced 56. accessible 52. ambitious 57. beneficial 53.annually 58.depth 54. adjustable 59. being abandoned 55. staff 60.fled
第二节：根据所给的汉语提示补全句子，每空一词。 （每空 1 分，共 20 分） 61. to be adapted from 63. helped out ; master’s degree 65. sympathy for 62. resign from 64. whether，making any difference 66. with no time , feeling
第三节 短文改错（共 10 题；每小题 1 分，共 10 分） I have learned from the newspaper that your company is looking for∧ receptionist. a I’m very interesting in the job and I’d like to apply to the position. interested for First of all, allow me to introduce myself. I had just graduated from high school have and taken the University Entrance Examination. I want to find out a part-time job this summer. I’m 18 year old and have a good command of English, especial in terms of speaking years especially and listening. In fact, I once won the first prize in the English speech competition hold in our held school. Besides, I’m quite easy-going but therefore very popular among my classmates. and I sincerely hope you can give us a chance. I’m looking forward to your reply.
me 第四节 书面表达 (满分 25 分) 参考范文： Attention, please, everyone. Ever since we entered Senior 3, we’ve burdened ourselves with a lot of work. To make ourselves enjoy a colorful life out of our daily study, we’ve decided to set up a cycling club and organize some activities. We plan to offer basic training once a week, which will be instructed by our PE teacher. It will fall on the third period in the afternoon, when students can have after-class activities. It is desired that you take time to join our club, as it is a great way to keep fit and a good chance to relax ourselves. What needs to be specifically noted is that the activity is free of charge, but you should bring your bicycle along. Those who have interest can go to the monitor and sign up. That’s all. Thank you. (118 words)