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【步步高】2015届高中英语外研版(通用)【配套课件】:Book 4 Module 5


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外研版

Book 4 Module 5 A Trip Along the Three Gorges

知识排查与背诵
1.colleague /′k?li? ɡ/ n.同事 重 2.trade /treI d/ vi.做生意 点 3.forbid /f?′bI d/ vt.禁止 单 4.immens

e /I ′mens/ adj.极大的 词 5.remote /rI ′m??t/ adj.遥远的;偏远的 6.view /vju? / n.景色;风景;v.看;考虑
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7.spot /sp?t/ n.地点,场所;v.发现 8.downstream /? da ?n′stri? m/ adv.向下游;随波 重 单 而下 点 9.mountainous /′ma?ntI n?s/ adj.多山的 →mountain n.山,山脉 →surrounding adj.周围的;附近的 →surroundings n.环境
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词 10.surround /s?′ra?nd/ vt.围绕;环绕

11.distant /′dI st?nt/ adj.遥远的;冷淡的,疏远 重 的→distance n.距离,间距 点 12.exploit /I k′spl?I t/ vt.开发→exploitation n.利 单 用;开发 词 13.naturally /′n?t? ?r?li/ adv.自然地→natural adj.自然的→nature n.自然;天性,性格

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重 2.be heavy with 有大量的?? 点 短 3.be surrounded by 被??所包围 语 4.rip off 敲竹杠;敲诈 5.get a kick out of (俚语)从??中得到乐趣

1.at the edge of 在??的边缘

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重 7.at least 至少 点 短 8.in the distance 在远处 语 9.go through 经过;经历;通过 10.be against 反对;违反

6.take advantage of 利用

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经 典 句 型

1.He and a colleague were to spend two years there teaching English at a teacher training college. 他和另一位同事将在那里的一所教师进修学 院教两年英语。

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2.We could see the sun setting behind the white 经 典 pagoda. 我们目睹太阳在白塔后西沉。

句 3.On a distant mountain was a sign in 20foot 型 characters. 远山上写着20英尺大的汉字。

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4.Nearly 100 million people live here,most of 经 典 句 型 them in the east. 大约有一亿人住在这里,其中大部分在东部。 5.I’m allowed to stick one in only if I’ve been in a place for more than 24 hours. 只有在一个地方待超过 24 小时才能钉一个( 图钉)。
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Shandong is an immense region in the east 语 of China,with a varied landscape from plains 境 to hilly areas.The beautiful natural surroundi记 ngs,a wide variety of green plants and 忆 narrow,winding lanes make it an ideal spot for holiday.

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ship 构 词 记 忆

hardship /′hɑ? d? I p/ n.[C]&[U]苦难;

困苦;苦事 *membership /′memb?? I p/ n.[C]&[U]会员资 格;会员人数 ownership /′??n?? I p/ n.[U]所有(权);所有制 relationship /rI ′leI ? ?n? I p/ n.[C]&[U]关系;联 系
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重点单词突破
语境填词——常用单词自测
1.My hometown is surrounded with mountains.I like the surroundings 2.Many very much.(surround) (多山的)regions attract

mountainous

many visitors nowadays. 3.The river

narrows (变狭窄) at this point.

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4.Just smile you.

naturally (自然地) while I take a photo of

5.Women here are forbidden (禁止) to go out without a veil. 6.Some university graduates ask to be sent to work in

remote (偏远的) and poor rural areas.
7.People used to think the earth was

flat

(平的).

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8.I don’t know the exact happened. 9.The

spot (地点) where the thing

view ( 景 色 ) from the top of the tower is

spectacular. 10.All the goods (货物) in the shop are made in China.

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重点掌握的单词
1 surround vt.围绕;环绕
surround...with...使??包围?? be surrounded with/by被??包围 surrounding adj.周围的 surroundings n.环境

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The small churchyard was surrounded by a rusted wroughtiron fence. 小教堂墓地的周边围着一圈生锈的熟铁栅栏。 When the car stopped in the town square it was surrounded by soldiers and militiamen. 当汽车停在城镇广场时立刻被士兵和民兵包 围了。
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【夯实基础】 (1)用 surround 的适当形式填空 ①The surrounding villages have been absorbed by the growing city. ②Some insects take on the color of their surroundings to protect themselves.

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③He tried to run away but gave up when he found himself surrounding . (2)The baby was playing on the carpet surrounded

by all kinds of toys (周围是各种各样的玩具).

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2 trade n.贸易;交换;行业;v.做买卖;做??交易
trade in 做??方面的生意 trade...with sb.和某人做生意 trade...for... 用??换?? They trade in fruit and vegetables. 他们做水果和蔬菜的生意。 They’ll trade with Central Asian and Eastern European countries. 他们将与中亚及东欧国家进行贸易往来。
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【夯实基础】 语法填空 (1)Stan trades in fossils from many countries.

(2)We need to trade with Western Europe more. (3)I’ll trade my book for your watch. (4)They trade their goods and camel hair

with

people of the farmers for wheat and fruit.
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3 forbid v.禁止;不准
forbid doing sth.禁止做某事 forbid sb.from doing... 禁止某人做?? forbid sb.to do sth.禁止某人做某事 It’s forbidden to do sth.做某事是禁止的

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They’ll forbid you to marry. 他们不会准许你结婚。 She was shut away and forbidden to read. 她被关了起来,并且不允许看书。

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【夯实基础】 (1)用所给词的适当形式填空 ①It’s forbidden to marry (marry) someone who is

not a member of the same faith. ②The new law forbids smoking (smoke) in offices. ③He was forbidden to smoke (smoke) here. (2)He was in poor health,so the doctor forbade him to

drink wine (禁止他喝酒).
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4 spot n.斑点;污渍;地点;场所;v.看见;发现

on the spot 当场;在现场 be spotted with 满是??的斑点 spot sb. doing ... 发现某人做?? She has a white dress with blue spots. 她有一件白底蓝点的连衣裙。 I finally spotted my friend in the crowd. 我终于在人群中发现了我的朋友。
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【夯实基础】 (1)The night sky is spotted with stars (满天星星). (2) I was on the spot happened. (3)When the thief found the police had already spot(我在现场) when the accident

ted him (警察已经发现了他),he ran away quickly.

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重点短语突破
选词填空——常用短语自测
in the distance, rip off, at least, be against, at the edge of 1.It was hot summer and 2.I could see a weak light

at the edge of in the distance

the .

desert it was like a furnace(火炉).

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3.I know you are against 4.They really ripped off 5.

the plan. us at that hotel!

At least

people should not smoke in public.

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重点掌握的短语
1 at least 至少
at most至多;最多;不超过 at best充其量;最好 Rooms will be cleaned and bedcovers changed at least once a week. 一周至少一次打扫房间,更换铺盖。 Generally speaking,it will cost a few pence at most.一般来说,这个东西最多值几便士。
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【夯实基础】 (1)Can you building? (2)These reports all seem secondhand 其量).

at least (至少) tell me what you’re

at best

(充

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2 in the distance在远处

at a distance隔一段距离;距离稍远 from the distance从远处 keep sb.at a distance对??冷淡,与??疏远 within walking distance在步行可及的地方 I saw some smoke in the distance. 我看到远处有些烟。 My parents live within walking distance of me. 我父母住在我家附近。
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【夯实基础】 语法填空 (1)Church bells rang in the distance. (2)It’s better for you to keep him

at a distance.

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句法与语法突破
完成句子——常用句式自测
1.Einstein’s theory universe. 爱因斯坦的理论势必改变(人类)对宇宙的看法。 2.He stood at the window,the sun shining face. 他站在窗前,阳光洒在他的脸上。
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was to change

the views to the

upon his

3.While going past that village,I saw a group of children

playing sand by the roadside.
我经过那座村庄时看到一群孩子正在路边玩沙子。 4.I told him he would succeed only if 我告诉他,只有努力才能成功。 5.In front of the house 房子前面有一棵大树。 he worked hard. .

stands a tall tree

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重点突破的句式
1 He and a colleague were to spend two years there teaching English at a teacher training college.他 和另一位同事将在那里的一所教师进修学院教两 年英语。

句型公式:be to do...

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be to do 有五层意义: ?1?表示预定,“预定”,相当于 be going to do。 ?2?表示义务,“应该”,相当于 should。 ?3?表示可能,“会做”,相当于 can/could。 ?4?表示命运,“注定”?通常用于过去时,描述过去的 事实? ?5?用于 if...were to do,虚拟语气

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He is to return from German tomorrow. 他明天将从德国回来。 【夯实基础】 (1)The discovery of gold in Australia led thousands to believe that a fortune was to be made (2)翻译句子 你要在 9 点以前回家。 (要发财了).

You are to be back by 9 o’clock.

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2 Nearly 100 million people live here,most of them in the east.大约有一亿人住在这里,其中大部分 在东部。

句型公式:独立主格结构

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most of them in the east为独立主格结构,在句中作状 语。独立主格结构由“逻辑主语+逻辑谓语”构成,逻 辑主语由名词或主格代词构成,逻辑谓语可以是名词、 代词、形容词、副词、数词、介词短语、不定式、分词 等构成。

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Leaves falling here and there,I suddenly notice autumn is drawing upon. 树叶到处飘着,我一下子意识到秋天来临了。 His dinner eaten alone,Philip walked straight into the library. 独自一个人吃完饭后,菲利普径直走进图书馆。

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【夯实基础】 把下列句子改为独立主格结构 (1)Because he is ill,we’ll have to do his work. He being ill,we’ll have to do his work. (2)After the ceremony was over,we went home directly. The ceremony over,we went home directly. (3)When George yawned,the conversation dropped. George yawning,the conversation dropped. (4)His first shot was a failure and Dyke fired again. His first shot a failure,Dyke fired again.
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单元语法
选词填空 must,should,can,may,could (1)It’s usually warm in my hometown in March,but it can be rather cold sometimes. (2)The soccer team has been doing well this season,so they should win the championship.

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(3)—Why didn’t you pick up the MP4? —I could have bought it,but I didn’t carry

that much money. (4)Naturally,after I tell my brother what to do,he
must

go and do the opposite.

(5)—Where are you going for your holidays? —I haven’t decided yet.I may go to England.
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Ⅰ. 教材活用——根据课文内容完成下面的短文 In August 1996 , I came to 1. the finished,3. my town of

Fuling to teach English.2. When the first semester colleague and I had a trip along the Three Gorges.We took the boat for Jiangyou and left

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the docks 4. on a beautiful afternoon.As the sun set we docked at Fengdu,and we could see the sun 5. setting (set) behind the white pagoda,6. which

was very beautiful.

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We missed seeing the first gorge,the Qutang Gorge,because of 7.our sleeping.The next morning we went through the Wu Gorge.We passed the Xiang River,home of Qu Yuan.We had a 8. pleasant (pleasantly) time during this Gorge.As we came out of the third gorge,the Xiling Gorge,we sailed into the construction site of the dam.We 9. weren’t

allowed (not allow) to get off the boat,10. so we
took pictures on deck in the distance.
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Ⅱ.课外拓展 ——阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当 的内容(不多于 3 个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式 The most important holiday in spring, especially for Christians,is Easter.This Christian holiday is not on the same date every year, 1.but it’s always on a Sunday. 2. It can he any Sunday between March 22 and April 25.Many people celebrate Easter by 3. buying (buy) new clothes.Children celebrate it by

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hunting for colored eggs,4. which their parents have hidden around the house.People also give Easter baskets filled 5. with candy and other goodies to one another.Many people go to church 6. to celebrate (celebrate) Jesus’ resurrection (复活).

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People from many different cultures celebrate Easter.In both America and Belgium,children look for Easter eggs 7. hidden (hide) on lawns and in bushes.In America children believe the eggs are hidden by the Easter bunny (复活节兔子).But in Belgium, the hidden eggs are supposed to have fallen from church bells.In Bulgaria,red Easter eggs are

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8. lucky

(luck) in churches ; Bulgarian families

also hit these Easter eggs together to see 9.whose is the strongest.The winner looks forward 10. to good fortune that year.Still dozens of other Easter traditions exist.In parts of Austria,for example, children sing from door to door and are rewarded with colorful eggs.

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