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英语单项知识的讲解与练习(49)


英语单项知识的讲解与练习(49)
241、be likely to do something
(1) 、likely 像……的、可能的,是形容词;很可能,是副词, 不能单独使用,必须由 very, quite, more, most 等到来修饰。如: It is going to rain likely;要改为: It is likely to rain/ I

t is going to rain very likely. (2) 、likely 暗示从表面迹象判断,某事有可能发生或可能是 真的。如:This looks a likely field for wheat. (3 ) 、possible 有可能,强调客观上有可能性,但也含有实际 上希望很小。如:He is a possible choice. (4 ) 、probable 很有可能,指有根据、合乎情理、值得相信的 事物,有大概、很可能的意味。如:I don’t think the story is probable. 练习: ①He is ___ to come this afternoon. A. possible B. probable C. possibly D. likely

② You may ___ remember some idioms in your study, but you couldn’t ___ remember all the idioms in English. A. probably; possibly C. likely; possibly B. possibly; probably D. probably; likely

③Only in this way ___ master it well.

A. you will possibly

B. will you be possible to D. you can

C. will it be possible for you to

④The train was ___ to arrive at 11:30, but it was an hour late. A. about B. likely C. certain D. supposed

⑤I can’t go out. It is very_____ that Mary will ring me tonight. A. likely B. possibly C. probably D. perhaps

⑥Tom was_____ to win first prize in the competition, but his illness made him miss the chance. A. possible B. probable C. likely D. Maybe

242、look down upon/ on
(1) 、表示人的外貌、美貌、模样时用 looks。如:We can’t judge a person by his looks. (2) 、look out, be careful, take care 都表示“当心、小心、留神”, look out 语气最强, 常用在紧急情况或危险的场合, 只用在祈使句中, 在陈述句中用 take care 或 be careful。 表示“留心、注意”的还有:watch, watch out, see to 等。提醒别 人注意时常用:Mind your steps/ manners 慢走/注意你的礼节; (3) 、look down upon/ on 看不起、轻视。如:The farm laborer used to be looked down upon. look … up and down 上下打量。如:The man looked him up and down and said nothing.

(4) 、look up to somebody 尊敬、赞美某人;look at 看、观看; look after 照料、照顾;look around/ round 四处看看;look back 回 头看、回忆;look down upon 看不起、轻视;look forward to 盼望; look on somebody as 把某人看作……;look out 当心、小心;look over 审阅、检查;look through 翻阅、浏览;look up 查寻、向上看;look somebody up and down 上下打量某人; look in 探访、 参观 (短时间) ; (5) 、look 看、注视,着重看的动作,表示有意识地注意看, 是指看的过程,常和 at 连用。如:I am looking at the picture. (6) 、see 看见,着重表示通过视觉器官看见物体,表示看的结 果,不能用于进行时。如:Let me see your ticket, please. (7) 、watch 观看、注视,指全神贯注地观看、观察或注视某事 物的活动、变化和发展。如:In the evening we watch TV at home. (8) 、 observe 观察、注意到。如:We observed that it had turned cloudy. 练习: ①Mum, I’ve cut my finger. It’s bleeding. ___. A. Let me see B. don’t worry C. Be careful D. Let me have a look ②She ___ his number in the phone book to make sure that she had got it right. A. looked up B. looked for C. picked out D. picked up

③The woman is older than she ___. A. looks B. look at C. is looked D. is looked at

④___ pretty in the white dress, she decided to buy it. A. Look B. To look C. Looked D. Looking

⑤You don’t look very ___. Are you ill? No, I’m just a bit tired. A. good B. well C. strong D. healthy

⑥The old teacher is really worth ___. A. looking up to C. looking for B. being looked up to D. looking out for

⑦What does Mr Smith think of John? He ___ John as a very good student. A. thinks about B. thinks C. looks D. looks on

⑧Don’t you like to have your house ___ clean and tidy? A. look B. to look C. looking D. looked

⑨He ___, but ___ nothing. A. looked; saw B. saw; look C. looked at; saw D. saw; looked at

243、managed to do something
(1) 、 manage 后跟不定式, 不跟动名词, 常与 can, could, be able to 等连用;指过去某时或某个场合设法做到某事或做成某事,不用 could; 表示过去泛指的能力,可用 was/ were able to 或 could。 (2) 、manage to do something 是努力、设法,并且成功地做某 事;try to do something 侧重努力试试,并不一定成功。 (3) 、managed to do something = succeeded in doing something =

was able to do something 设法做了某事; 练习: ①“You should ___ to finish the work ahead of time,” said the teacher. A. try B. managed C. succeed D. be able

②He ___ to pass the driving test, which made him pleased. A. managed B. tried C. succeeded D. operated

③He studied very hard and ___ the university. A. managed to enter C. was able to enter B. succeeded in entering D. all the above

④He ___ a company in Hong Kong. A. manages B. keeps C. runs D. operates

244、mean doing something
( 1) 、mean 具有“意味着、意指”之意时,后用名词、代词或不 定式引出另一个相近的意义“当真”, 强调并非玩笑。 如: You are joking. No, I mean it 不,我是认真的。 (2) 、means 方法、手段(单、复数同形) ,类似的:works 工 厂; bellows 减压舱; lazybones 懒骨头; headquarters 司令部; species 种类;means 作“财富”讲时,形式及语法上都是复数。如:His means permit him to live comfortably. (3) 、mean 后跟动名词作宾语时,表示“意味着”,与非人称主 语连用,跟不定式表示“打算、意欲”,与人称主语连用。

(4) 、 1) 、I had meant to do something 我本想做某事; 2) 、 mean doing something 意味着/意指; 3) 、There is no means of doing something 无法(得知)做某事; 4) 、The cross means that he is well; (5) 、by all means 用一切可能的方法、想尽一切办法(by every possible means) ,但在口语中,经常用作一种坚定的肯定语,意思与 certainly 相当。如:We must help him by all possible means. (6) 、 by any means 是用来对前述的内容给予概括或总结并使语 气加强, 意为“无论如何、总而言之 (in a word)”。如: If the weather is by any means suitable, we will play the match on Tuesday. (7) 、 by no means 决不、 在任何情况下都不、 一点儿也不 (not … at all) , 位于句首时, 句子要部分倒装。 如: By no means can teaching in school be separated from practice. (8) 、by this means 用这种方法或办法(in this way) 。如: The ant “talk”s a great deal by this means. (9) 、by means of 依靠、通过。如:We express our feelings by means of words. (10) 、 manner 表示个人喜欢采用的方式。 如: The manner of their meeting makes a good story. (11) 、means 方法、手段、工具、财产、资力,复数形式,单 数内容。 means 作主语且有 every, each 等词修饰时, 谓语动词用单数; 有 some, several, many, few 等词修饰时,谓语动词用复数。一般多用 于抽象或概括性的意义,但也可指具体工具。常作 by 的宾语,后可

跟 to do something 或 of doing something 作它的定语。如: The quickest means of travel is by plane. (12) 、method 指做某事的具体步骤或程序,也指系统的、抽 象概念的原理。如:He is a man of method(有条理的) ; (13) 、 way 本义是通路, 引申为方式, 含义很广。 如: Where there is a will, there is a way. way 可代替上述三个词使用在各种场合, way 后不能接 of something。 如:We can’t make use of ways (改为:means) of travel (交通工具) ; (14) 、 mean 打算、 想做某事, 不涉及决心和行动。 如: What do you mean to do with it ? (15) 、 manage 指某人的一种成功的行为, 已有结果 succeed in。 如:John managed to send his son to school. (16) 、try 指某人的一种决心、努力,即力图、企图做某事,已 有行为。如:He tried to find a job to make a living. (17) 、 intend 指心里已有某事为确定的目标或计划。 如: I study hard and intend to be a doctor. 练习: ①Every possible means ___ but no one knows which is suitable. A. has discussed B. have been discussed

C. has been discussed D. were discussed ②May I borrow these books? ___. You may keep them for a month.

A. Certainly not

B. Yes, by all means

C. Sorry, I’m afraid not D. Yes, by no means ③All possible means ___ to save the forest but ___ worked. A. have been tried; none C. has tried; none of them B. has been tried; no D. have tried; none of it

④I’m sorry, but I didn’t mean ___ out your secret. But you know, letting out one’s secret means ___ one’s feelings. A. to let; to hurt C. to let; hurting B. letting; hurting D. letting; hurt

⑤In some parts of London, missing a bus means ___ for another hour A. waiting B. to wait C. wait D. to be waiting

⑥You should have thanked her before you left. I meant ___, but when I was leaving I couldn’t find her anywhere. A. to do B. to C. doing D. doing so

⑦You are so lucky. What do you mean ___ that? A. for B. in C. of D. by

⑧I didn’t mean ___ you because what I said meant ___ you good. A. to hurt; to do C. to hurt; doing B. hurting; doing D. hurting; to do

⑨A rest today means ___ extra work tomorrow. A. to do B. do C. doing D. Done

245、more 的用法
(1)、once more(再一次)不和否定词连用。 (2)、双重比较级 more and more 只能用来修饰原级形容词,不可 与单音节形容词连用。 (3)、 涉及数量或程度时要用 no more。 如: There is no more bread. (4)、more + 复数名词 + than one 做主语,动词用复数。如: More persons than one have been late. More than one + 单数名词 + 单数动词。 (5)、在比较结构中,比较两个表语用的形容词,不管词尾有多少 个音节, 都需要 more+ 形容词+ than 结构, 不可以在形容词后加上-er; 其意思往往相当于…rather than…,可译为“是…而不是…”或“与其说… 不如说…”。修饰名词时,该名词可用冠词,也可不用。如:The young girl is more shy than timid.(胆怯); (6)、 数词 + more + 名词 = another + 数词 + 名词。 如: ten more minutes = another ten minutes. (7)、more + 复数名词,前不用 much,但可用 far/ many, many more + 复数名词(当形容词比较级修饰可数或其本身当作可数使用 时,常用 many/ much 加强程度)。 (8)、某些双音节词,尤其第一个音节重读的,加 more 构成比较 级。 (9)、只有当 more 代表复数,或后接复数名词时,在它前面才可 用 a few/ many/ a good (great) many 或数词。如:many more friends

另外许多朋友; more 后接不可数或无名词, 只有形容词、 副词时, 它前面用 much/ rather/ a little/ a bit/ a great (good) deal。如:a bit more time 另外一点 时间; 上述两种情况, 前面都可用 far/ some/ any/ no/ lots/ a lot。 如: lots more friends/ money. more than +从句时常具有否定意义, 意为“并非、 不是”, 如: That is more than I can tell you 这一点我是不能告诉你的;other than 除…… 之外、只能是(用于否定句) ; 练习: ①Bamboo is used for ___ building. It can also be used to make beds, chairs and so on.. A. more than B. no more than C. not more than D. no more

②The meeting is to begin in a minute, but there are ___ 50 people in the meeting hall. A. more than C. no more than B. not more than D. much more than

③China Daily is ___ a newspaper. It helps us a lot in our English learning. A. only B. just C. no more than D. more than

④In that case, there’s nothing you can do ___ than wait. A. more B. other C. better D. any

⑤China Daily is ___ a newspaper. It can also help us to learn English. A. no more than B. more than C. less than D. no less than

⑥He came all the way to China for building up friendship ___ for making money. A. other than B. much than C. better than D. rather than

⑦John is slow at learning maths. In my opinion, he’s ___ lazy than stupid. A. more B. less C. much D. very

⑧You can’t go to the island ___ by boat. A. rather than B. except than C. more than D. other than

⑨He is ___ my teacher. He is my close friend. A. much than B. over C. above D. more than

⑩We advertised for pupils last autumn, and got ___ 60. A. more than B. more of C. as much as D. so many as

⑾At the sight of the accident, the little girl was ___ frightened. A. over B. more than C. less than D. quiet

⑿Actually the girl, with her eyes looking straight ahead, was ___ frightened than hurt. A. much B. quite C. too D. more

⒀The school’s music group will be giving a big show tomorrow night and two ___ on the weekend. A. more B. other C. else D. another

Keys: 241、DACDA C 242、DAADB ADAA 243、AAD④ABCD 244、CBACA BDCC 245、ACDBB DADDA BDA


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